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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
24 Pesticide *
20 Antibacterial *
19 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
19 Antioxidant *
16 Antiinflammatory *
14 Antitumor *
14 Antimutagenic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
13 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Yoshikawa, M., et al. 1999. Medicinal Flowers. I. Aldose Reductase Inhibitors and Three New Eudesmane-Type Sesquiterpenes, Kikkanols A, B, and C, From the Flowers of Chrysanthemum inducum L. Chem Pharm Bull, 47(3): 340-345.
13 Fungicide *
12 Antispasmodic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
12 Choleretic *
12 Antiviral Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
11 Antiseptic *
11 Antiradicular *
10 Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 210.
10 Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
9 Antiherpetic Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
9 Antihepatotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
8 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
8 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
8 Antiaggregant *
8 Cytotoxic Planta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
8 Antihistaminic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
7 Apoptotic *
7 Antifeedant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Antitumor-Promoter *
7 Antitumor (Skin) *
6 Analgesic *
6 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
6 AntiHIV Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
6 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
6 Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
5 Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
5 Antinitrosaminic *
5 Vasodilator *
5 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
5 Antiestrogenic *
5 Diuretic *
5 Hypoglycemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 158.
5 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
5 Antiallergic *
5 Chemopreventive *
5 Candidicide Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 155.
5 Sunscreen *
5 Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
5 COX-2-Inhibitor *
5 MAO-Inhibitor *
5 Carcinogenic Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
5 Allergenic *
5 Antiarrhythmic *
5 Prostaglandigenic *
5 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
4 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer *
4 Anticarcinogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
4 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
4 Anticancer *
4 Immunostimulant *
4 Allelopathic *
4 Antiprostaglandin *
4 Antiulcer *
4 Antitumor (Lung) *
4 Antipolio Jim Duke's personal files.
4 iNOS-Inhibitor *
4 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
4 Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
4 Hypocholesterolemic *
4 Antiedemic *
4 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
4 Vulnerary *
4 Antiaflatoxin *
4 Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
3 Antileukotriene *
3 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
3 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
3 Antiasthmatic *
3 Herbicide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Inotropic *
3 Mutagenic *
3 Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
3 Antiaging *
3 Antimelanogenic *
3 AntiLegionella *
3 Antipyretic *
3 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
3 Antiangiogenic *
3 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
3 Hypotensive *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.