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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 Antitumor (Liver) *
6 Antitumor (Lung) *
1 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
5 Antitumor (Prostate) *
3 Antitumor (Skin) *
5 Antitumor (Stomach) *
1 Antitumor (Thyroid) *
4 Antitumor-Promoter *
2 Antitussive *
18 Antiulcer *
3 Antiulcerogenic Rafatullah, S., Tariq, M., Al-Yahya, M.A., Mossa, J.S., and Ageel, A.M. 1989. Evaluation of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) for Gastric and Duodenal Antiulcer Activity in Rats. J. of Ethnopharmacology, 29: 25-34, 1990.
1 Antiuremic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antiurethrotic *
1 Antiuricosuric Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
2 Antivaginitic Martindale's 28th
2 Antivaricose *
1 Antivertigo *
17 Antiviral *
1 Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
1 Antivitiligic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiwrinkle Martindale's 28th
1 Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
8 Anxiolytic Merck 11th Edition
1 AP-1-Inhibitor *
1 Aphidifuge *
1 Aphrodisiac *
1 Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
9 Apoptotic *
1 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
2 Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
1 Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Astringent *
1 Autotoxic *
1 Avifuge *
1 Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
1 Barbituate-Synergist *
1 Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker *
2 Beta-Blocker *
2 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Bronchoprotectant *
2 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Bruchifuge *
1 Bruchiphobe Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
12 Calcium-Antagonist *
1 Calcium-Channel-Blocker *
1 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
41 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
9 Candidicide *
2 Candidistat *
2 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
5 Carcinogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
4 Cardiodepressant Martindale's 29th
1 Cardiomyopathogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
13 Cardioprotective *
4 Cardiotonic *
1 Cardiotoxic *
3 Carminative *
1 Caspase-8-Inducer *
3 Catabolic *
1 Cataractagenic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 Cerebroprotective Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Cerebrostimulant *
1 Cerebrotonic *
1 Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
8 Chemopreventive *
3 Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
9 Choleretic *
1 Cholesterolytic *
2 Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Cicatrizant *
1 Circulatory-Stimulant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Circulotonic *
2 Clastogenic Friedman, M. and Dao, L. 1990. Effect of Autoclaving and Conventional and Microwave Baking on the Ergot Alkaloid and Chlorogenic Acid Contents of Morning Glory (Ipomoea tricolor Cav. cv.) Heavenly Blue Seeds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 805-808.
2 CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
9 CNS-Depressant *
1 CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 CNS-Sedative Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 CNS-Stimulant *
1 Co-carcinogenic *
1 Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Coleoptophile *
2 Collagen-Sparing *
2 Collagenic *
14 Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Comedogenic Martindale's 29th
1 Comedolytic *
1 COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
2 Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
1 Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
3 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 COX-1-Inhibitor *
3 COX-2-Inhibitor *
1 Culicide *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
2 Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
2 Cytoprotective *
9 Cytotoxic *
1 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Deliriant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Deodorant Martindale's 29th
1 Depressant Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
2 Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Dermatitigenic *
2 Detoxicant *
1 Detoxicant (Alcohol) *
1 Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
2 Diaphoretic *
1 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
1 Differentiator *
1 Digestive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
14 Diuretic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 DNA-Protective *
2 Dye *
1 Embryotoxic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
4 Emetic Martindale's 29th
1 Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
3 Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
1 Endocrinactive Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
1 Energizer *
1 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Epidermal-Stimulant *
1 Ergogenic *
1 Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
8 Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Estrogenic *
1 Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
1 Ethanolytic *
7 Expectorant *
1 Fatal Martindale's 29th
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Fibrinolytic *
1 Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
34 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 FPTase-Inhibitor *
24 Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
2 Fungistat *
1 GABA-nergic *
3 Gastroprotective *
1 Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
1 Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 GST-Inducer *
1 Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
1 Hematopoietic Merck 11th Edition
3 Hemolytic UNESCO. 1960. Medicinal Plants of the Arid Zones. eds.(botany) I.C. Chopra, B.K. Abrol and K.L. Hands; eds (pharmacology), R. Paris and G. Dillemann UNESCO, Place de Fontenoy, Paris 7E. 96 pp.
1 Hemorrhagic *
2 Hemostat *
1 Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
1 Hepatocarcinogenic *
1 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
1 Hepatomegalic *
16 Hepatoprotective *
2 Hepatotoxic *
2 Hepatotropic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
10 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
2 Histamine-Inhibitor *
2 Histaminic *
1 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
2 Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
2 Hyperglycemic Merck 11th Edition
2 Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Hypnotic Martindale's 29th
1 Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hypoarginanemic Martindale's 29th
22 Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 Hypoglycemic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
3 Hypolipidemic *
16 Hypotensive Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
3 Hypothermic *
1 Hypouricemic *
1 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 IKK-Inhibitor *
1 Ileorelaxant *
11 Immunomodulator *
10 Immunostimulant *
1 Immunosuppressant Martindale's 29th
1 iNOS-Inhibitor *
8 Insecticide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
22 Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 Insectiphile Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
2 Insulin-Sparing Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
3 Insulinogenic *
1 Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
1 Interferon-Synergist *
2 Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
1 Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
20 Irritant *
3 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Keratitigenic *
1 Keratolytic Martindale's 29th
4 Larvicide *
3 Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Laxative *
1 Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
1 Lipolytic *
3 Lipotropic *
9 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
2 Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Litholytic Martindale's 29th
3 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
1 Lymphocytogenic Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
1 MAO-Inhibitor *
1 MAPK-Inhibitor *
2 Memorigenic *
1 Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
1 Memranolytic *
2 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
1 Miotic Martindale's 29th
1 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
3 Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Mosquitocide *
2 Mosquitofuge *
5 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
3 Mucogenic *
2 Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
1 Musculotropic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
3 Mutagenic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Mycobactericide *
1 Myocontractant *
1 Myopic *
1 Myoprotective *
6 Myorelaxant *
1 Myostimulant UNESCO. 1960. Medicinal Plants of the Arid Zones. eds.(botany) I.C. Chopra, B.K. Abrol and K.L. Hands; eds (pharmacology), R. Paris and G. Dillemann UNESCO, Place de Fontenoy, Paris 7E. 96 pp.
1 Myotonic Martindale's 29th
2 Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
1 Natriuretic *
9 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
1 Nematistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 NEP-Inhibitor *
4 Nephrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Neuroexcitant Martindale's 28th
1 Neuroinhibitor Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Neuroprotective *
4 Neurotoxic *
2 Neurotransmitter *
3 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
3 NO-Genic *
2 NO-Inhibitor *
1 Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
5 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
1 Osmoregulator *
1 Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Osteolytic *
2 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ovulant *
3 Oxidant Larson, R.A. 1987. Review Article Number 30. The Antioxidants of Higher Plants. Phytochemistry. 27: 969-978.
1 Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
1 P21-Inducer *
2 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
1 P450-Inducer *
1 PAF-Inhibitor *
2 Parasiticide Martindale's 29th
2 Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
20 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Peristaltic *
63 Pesticide *
1 Phagocytotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor *
1 Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
3 Phytoalexin Russell, G. B., Phytochemical resources for crop protection, N. Z. J. Technol., 2, 1986, 127-134.
1 Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Pituitary-Stimulant *
1 Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Previtamin-A *
1 ProHLDL *
1 Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Proliferant *
5 Prooxidant *
6 Propecic *
2 Prostaglandigenic *
1 Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
4 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor *
3 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor *
2 Protisticide *
1 PTK-Inhibitor *
1 Pulifuge *
1 Pulmonotoxic *
1 Pyrogenic Cabanac, M., Leydier, M. C., Poirier, L. J. 1976. The Effect of Capsaicin on Temperature Regulation of the Rat. Pfluegers Arch, 366: 217.
3 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
1 Radioprotective *
1 Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
1 Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
1 Repellent *
1 Respirasensitizer *
1 Respirotoxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 Retinoprotectant Optometry *
1 Roborant Merck 11th Edition
3 Rodenticide *
2 Rubefacient Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Scabicide Martindale's 29th
1 Schistosomicide *
1 Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
15 Sedative Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
2 Serotoninergic Martindale's 28th
2 Sialogogue *
2 Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
3 Spermicide Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Spinoconvulsant *
1 Stimulant *
1 Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
1 Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Sweetener Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Tachycardic *
1 Taenicide Martindale's 28th
3 Teratogenic *
3 Termiticide *
2 Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Thermogenic Yoshida, T., Yoshioka, K., Wakabayashi, Y., Nishioka, H., Kondo, M. 1988. Effects of Capsaicin and Isothiocyanate on Thermogensis of Interscapular Brown Adipose Tissue in Rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol, 34(6): 587-594.
1 Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
2 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor *
2 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Bernard, F. X., Sable, S., Cameron, B., Provost, J., Desnottes, J. F., Crouzet, J., Blanche, F. 1997. Glycosylated Flavones as Selective Inhibitors of Topoisomerase IV. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 41: 992-998.
2 Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Tranquilizer *
5 Transdermal *
1 Tremorigenic Martindale's 28th
4 Trichomonicide *
1 Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
2 Tumor-Promoter *
1 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
3 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
1 Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
6 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Ulcerogenic HerbalGram No. 20, page 9.
1 Urate-Solvent *
4 Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
1 Urine-Acidifier Martindale's 28th
1 Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
1 Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
2 Varroacide *
17 Vasodilator *
2 Vasopressor *
2 VEGF-Inhibitor *
2 Vermifuge *
1 Verrucolytic *
1 Vertigenic *
3 Vitamin-A-Activity *
7 Vulnerary *
3 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 1772.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.