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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
43 Pesticide *
25 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
25 Antibacterial *
23 Antispasmodic *
22 Insectifuge J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
21 Antiinflammatory *
20 Allergenic *
19 Fungicide Singh*, G., Upadhyay, R.K. 1990. Fungitoxic Activity of Cumaldehyde, Main Constituent of the Cuminum cyminum Oil. Fitoterapia 62(1): 86, 1991.
18 Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 Antioxidant *
18 Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
18 Antiseptic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
16 Sedative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
15 Antifeedant *
15 Antitumor *
14 Cancer-Preventive Jim Duke's personal files.
12 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
12 Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
12 Candidicide *
12 Analgesic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
11 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor *
10 Hypocholesterolemic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
10 Antiaggregant *
10 Expectorant *
9 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
9 Antiviral *
9 Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
9 Antiarthritic *
9 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
9 Hypotensive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
9 Antiulcer *
8 Antistaphylococcic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
8 Immunostimulant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
8 Cardioprotective *
8 Trichomonicide *
8 Anesthetic Martindale's 28th
7 Antiradicular *
7 Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
7 Antidiabetic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
7 Acaricide *
7 Antiosteoporotic *
7 Diuretic *
7 Antiatherosclerotic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
7 Vasodilator *
7 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
7 Myorelaxant *
7 Antirheumatic *
6 Antiobesity *
6 Antidepressant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
6 Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
6 Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
6 Transdermal *
6 Antimigraine *
6 Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
6 Anticariogenic *
6 Larvicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
6 Anxiolytic *
6 Antifatigue *
6 Anticonvulsant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
6 Immunomodulator *
6 Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
6 Anticataract *
6 Antiallergic *
6 Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
5 ACE-Inhibitor *
5 Antihypertensive *
5 Choleretic *
5 Antiplaque *
5 Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
5 Antiprostaglandin *
5 Anticancer *
5 AntiLyme *
5 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
5 Anthelmintic *
5 Calcium-Antagonist *
5 Dermatitigenic *
5 Spasmogenic *
4 Apoptotic *
4 Antialzheimeran *
4 Antistress *
4 COX-2-Inhibitor Newmark, T. M. and Schulick, P. 2000. Herbal Cox-2 Inhibition - Nature's Challenge to Arthritis, Cancer & Alzheimer's Disease. Hohm Press, Prescott AZ.
4 Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
4 Antimenopausal *
4 Antialcoholic *
4 Antiherpetic Martindale's 28th
4 Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
4 Antiepileptic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
4 Tranquilizer *
4 Allelochemic *
4 Vulnerary Martindale's 28th
4 Antipyretic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
4 Antidementia *
4 Antimaculitic *
4 Hepatoprotective *
4 Antistreptococcic *
4 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
4 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
4 Antihangover *
4 AntiPMS *
4 Anticlimacteric *
4 Antiproliferant *
4 Antilymphomic *
4 Anticoronary Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
4 Antitumor (Lung) *
4 Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
4 Antitumor (Breast) *
3 Termiticide *
3 Antimelanomic *
3 CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
3 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 Insulinogenic *
3 Antiaging *
3 Antinitrosaminic *
3 Deodorant Martindale's 29th
3 Antitumor (Prostate) *
3 AntiCFS *
3 Antisalmonella *
3 P450-Inducer *
3 Antiflu *
3 Antidecubitic *
3 Ulcerogenic *
3 Antilepric Martindale's 28th
3 Antiarrhythmic *
3 Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
3 Hypothermic *
3 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
3 CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Antihistaminic *
3 Gastroprotective *
3 Anticervicaldysplasic *
3 Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
3 AntiRaynaud's *
3 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 Vermifuge *
3 Antifibrotic *
3 Gram(+)icide *
3 Insect-Repellent *
3 Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Antiparkinsonian Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Antiangiogenic *
3 Antidote (Lead) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Anticanker Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Antinociceptive *
3 Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
3 Antibronchitic *
3 Antilithic *
3 Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker *
3 Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
2 Antiosteoarthritic *
2 Antigastritic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 AntiHIV *
2 Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
2 Gonadotrophic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
2 Antiestrogenic *
2 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
2 Anticolitic *
2 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
2 Anorexic Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
2 Candidistat *
2 Antiendometriotic *
2 Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
2 Antieczemic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Antianginal *
2 Hypolipidemic *
2 Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
2 Antidote (Cadmium) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antionychyotic Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
2 Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
2 Varroacide *
2 Antiadenomic *
2 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
2 Gram(-)icide *
2 Serotoninergic Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
2 Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
2 Antipneumonic *
2 GABA-nergic *
2 Rubefacient *
2 Antineuropathic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Estrogenic *
2 Beta-Blocker *
2 Antianorectic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Pheromone *
2 Antimetastatic *
2 Collagenic *
2 Antiglaucomic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Emetic *
2 Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
2 Detoxicant *
2 VEGF-Inhibitor *
2 Spermicide *
2 Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
2 AntiCrohn's Martindale's 29th
2 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
2 Antipoliomyelitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Secretogogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antiencephalopathic Martindale's 29th
2 COX-1-Inhibitor *
2 Androgenic *
2 Antianxiety Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antitriglyceride Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Antianemic Martindale's 29th
2 Antirhinitic *
2 Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
2 Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
2 Antidote (Aluminum) Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antidermatitic *
2 Antiprostatitic *
2 Antihepatotoxic *
2 Depressant Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
2 Antidandruff Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antistroke *
2 Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
2 Antitumor (Stomach) *
2 Ubiquiot Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Fungistat *
2 Antineuritic *
2 Culicide *
2 Antitumor (Colon) *
2 Anticheilitic *
2 Tracheorelaxant *
2 Hypnotic *
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
2 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
2 Antihyperkinetic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 AntiAGE Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
2 Anticold *
2 Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Anticholinesterase *
2 Mosquitofuge *
2 Antipellagric *
2 Antisecretory *
2 Anticephalagic *
2 Antioxidant (LDL) *
2 Antiinfertility Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Emmenagogue Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
1 Hypercalcuric Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
1 Anticardiospasmic *
1 Detoxicant (Alcohol) *
1 Antiyeast *
1 Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
1 Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antimalarial *
1 Hepatotonic *
1 Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
1 Anticancer (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
1 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antihepatitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antivaginitic Martindale's 28th
1 AntiCTS *
1 Antiacrodermatitic Martindale's 29th
1 NO-Genic *
1 Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
1 Antilupus Martindale's 28th
1 Cardiotoxic *
1 Antiberiberi *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.