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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
15 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
8 Vulnerary *
1 Vitamin-A-Activity *
1 Vibriocide *
1 Verrucolytic *
1 Vermifuge *
4 VEGF-Inhibitor *
1 Vasoprotective *
4 Vasopressor *
16 Vasodilator McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
2 Vasoconstrictor Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
1 Vasoactive *
1 Varroacide *
1 Uterotrophic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
1 Uterotonic *
1 Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Urine-Deodorant Martindale's 29th
1 Urine-Acidifier Martindale's 28th
1 Urinary-Acidulant Martindale's 29th
5 Uricosuric Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Ulcerogenic *
11 Ubiquiot Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
2 Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
7 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
2 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
2 Tumor-Promoter J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
1 Trypanocide *
6 Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
1 Tremorigenic Martindale's 28th
2 Transdermal *
4 Tranquilizer *
2 Toxic Martindale's 28th
6 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Sun, N. J., Woo, S. H., Cassady, J. M., Snapka, R. M. 1998. DNA Polymerase and Topoisomerase II Inhibitors From Psoralea corylifolia. J Natural Products, 61: 362-366.
5 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor *
1 Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 167.1999.
2 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
5 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor *
1 Tineacide Martindale's 29th
1 Thymoprotective Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Thermogenic *
1 Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
2 Termiticide *
2 Teratologic *
2 Teratogenic *
1 Taenicide Martindale's 28th
4 Sweetener Martindale's 28th
1 Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
8 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
1 Succinoxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Styptic *
1 Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
2 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Spermicide Martindale's 28th
1 Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Sialogogue Martindale's 29th
2 Serotoninergic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Sequestrant Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
15 Sedative *
3 Secretogogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Scabicide Martindale's 29th
1 Rodenticide Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Roborant Merck 11th Edition
1 Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor McKenna, D. J., Hughes, K., and Jones, K. 2000. Green Tea Monograph. Alternative Therapies, 6(3): 61-82.
1 Retinoprotectant Optometry *
1 Respirodepressant *
1 Renotoxic Merck 11th Edition
1 Refrigerant Martindale's 28th
1 Radioprotective *
8 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer *
4 PTK-Inhibitor *
1 Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
5 Protisticide Meckes, M., Calzada, F., Tapia-Contreras, A., Cedillo-Rivera, R. 1999. Antiprotozoal Properties of Helianthemum glomeratum. Phytotherapy Research, 13(2): 102-105.
3 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor *
1 Protease-Inhibitor *
1 Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor *
6 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Ibewuike, J. C., Ogungbamila, F. O., Ogundaini, A. O., Okeke, I. N., Bohlin, L. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antibacterial Activities of C-methylflavonol from Piliostigma thonningii. Phytotherapy Research, 11(4): 281-284.
1 Prostaglandin-Sparer Fujita, T., Nakatani, E., Funaishi, N., Sakuma, S., Fujimoto, Y. Potent inhibition of prostaglandin inactivation in rabbit gastric antral mucosal slices by selenium ions in-vitro. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 655-657, 1990.
5 Prostaglandigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Propecic *
11 Prooxidant *
2 Proliferant *
1 Prolactinogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Previtamin-A *
2 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 PKD-Inhibitor *
1 PKC-Inhibitor *
1 Pituitary-Stimulant *
3 Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
8 Pigment Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Phytohormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
1 Phospholipase-Inhibitor *
1 Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor *
6 Phagocytotic Planta Medica, 56(6): 671, 1990.
1 PGE2-Inhibitor *
86 Pesticide *
2 Peroxynitrite-Scavenger *
2 Peristaltic *
14 Perfumery *
2 Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
1 Parasiticide Martindale's 29th
1 Paralytic *
2 Pancreatogenic *
2 PAF-Inhibitor *
1 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
3 P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
1 Oxidase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Oxidant Larson, R.A. 1987. Review Article Number 30. The Antioxidants of Higher Plants. Phytochemistry. 27: 969-978.
1 Ovulant *
2 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ovicide *
1 Osteolytic *
1 Osteogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
10 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
1 Odontolytic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Scavenger *
7 NO-Inhibitor *
3 NO-Genic *
6 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
2 Neurotransmitter *
2 Neurotoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Neuroprotective *
2 Neuroinhibitor *
1 Neuroexcitant Martindale's 28th
5 Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
2 NEP-Inhibitor *
1 Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
10 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
2 Natriuretic *
1 Narcotic *
1 NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor *
1 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
6 Myorelaxant *
1 Myoprotective *
3 Mycobactericide *
6 Mutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Mucolytic Martindale's 29th
3 Mucogenic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
2 Mosquitofuge *
1 Mosquitocide *
1 Monoaminergic *
3 Monoamine-Precursor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
3 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
1 Mitotic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
2 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
3 Metal-Chelator (Copper) *
4 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
1 Memorigenic *
1 Mast-Cell-Stabilizer *
2 MAPK-Inhibitor *
3 MAO-Inhibitor *
2 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
1 Lymphokinetic *
2 Lymphocytogenic Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
4 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Litholytic Martindale's 29th
2 Lithogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
17 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
1 Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor *
4 Lipotropic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Lipolytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
2 Leucocytogenic *
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Laxative? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-91.
7 Laxative *
8 Larvistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Larvicide *
3 Keratolytic Martindale's 28th
1 Keratitigenic *
6 Juvabional Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
2 JNK-Inhibitor *
14 Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
2 Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor *
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
1 Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor *
2 Interferonogenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
1 Interferon-Synergist *
1 Insulinotonic J. Agri. & Food Chemistry, 36: 1079.
7 Insulinogenic *
1 Insulinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 157.
2 Insulin-Sparing Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Insectifuge? Martindale's 28th
13 Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
6 Insecticide *
3 Inotropic *
3 iNOS-Inhibitor *
6 Immunosuppressant *
17 Immunostimulant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 124.
14 Immunomodulator *
1 Ileorelaxant *
1 IKK-Inhibitor *
1 IKB-kinase-Inhibitor *
2 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 Hypouricemic *
1 Hypotriglyceridemic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
2 Hypothermic *
22 Hypotensive *
4 Hypolipidemic *
1 Hypolipemic *
19 Hypoglycemic *
27 Hypocholesterolemic Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
1 Hypoarginanemic Martindale's 29th
1 Hypoammonemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Hypnotic *
2 Hypertensive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Hyperglycemic *
2 Hypercholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
1 Hydroperoxidase-Inhibitor *
1 Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Hormonal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Nakane, H., Fukushima, M., and Ono*, K. Differential Inhibition Of Reverse Transcriptase And Various DNA Polymerases By Digallic Acid And Its Derivatives. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5): 1234-1240, 1990.
2 Histaminic *
2 Histamine-Inhibitor *
1 HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor *
6 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
3 Hepatotropic *
3 Hepatotoxic *
3 Hepatotonic *
27 Hepatoprotective *
2 Hepatomagenic Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
1 Hepatocarcinogenic *
2 Hemostatic Merck 11th Edition
10 Hemostat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hemorrhagic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hemopoietic *
2 Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
1 Hematopoietic Merck 11th Edition
1 GST-Inducer *
1 Gram(-)icide *
1 Gram(+)icide *
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Goitrogenic *
1 Glutathionigenic Martindale's 29th
1 Glutathione-Depleting *
3 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
3 Gastroprotective *
1 GABA-nergic *
1 Fungitoxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Fungistat Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
32 Fungicide Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
1 FPTase-Inhibitor *
1 Floral-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
23 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Flatugenic Singh, J., Gupta, K., and Arora, S.K. 1993. Changes in the anti-nutritional factors of developing seeds and pod walls of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition. 46: 77-84, 1994.
1 Fistula-Preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Fibrinolytic *
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Fatal Martindale's 29th
7 Expectorant *
1 Ethanolytic *
1 Estrogenic? Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
9 Estrogenic *
8 Essential Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Erythrocytogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Ergogenic *
1 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Energizer *
1 Encephalopathic Martindale's 29th
1 Emmenagogue Wealth of India.
4 Emetic *
1 Embryotoxic *
4 Elastase-Inhibitor *
3 Dye Merck 11th Edition
1 DNA-Protective *
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 DME-Inhibitor Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 134.
20 Diuretic *
1 Disinfectant Martindale's 29th
3 Differentiator *
3 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
1 Diaphoretic *
1 Diagnostic Martindale's 28th
1 Detoxicant (Alcohol) *
4 Detoxicant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
5 Dermatitigenic *
1 Depressant Cooper-Driver, G. A., Chemical substances in plants toxic to animals, pp. 213-47 in Rechcigl, M., Jr., ed. CRC Handbook of Naturally Occurring Food Toxicants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1983, 339 pp.
2 Deodorant Martindale's 29th
1 Demulcent *
1 Deliriant Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
16 Cytotoxic *
2 Cytoprotective Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
1 Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor *
1 CYP1A1-Inhibitor *
13 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Activator Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 Culicide *
14 COX-2-Inhibitor Subbaramaiah, K., Michaluart, P., Chung, W. J., Dannenberg, A. J. 1998. Resveratrol Inhibits the Expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 in Human Mammary and Oral Epithelial Cells. Pharm. Biol. Suppl., 36: 35-43.
7 COX-1-Inhibitor *
1 Counterirritant Merck 11th Edition
2 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Corrosive Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Copper-Chelator *
1 Copper-Antagonist Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Contraceptive Martindale's 28th
1 COMT-Inhibitor *
4 COMP-Inhibitor Dullo, A. G., et al. 1999. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, 70: 1040-1045.
2 Comedolytic *
1 Comedogenic Martindale's 29th
9 Colorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Collagenic *
2 Collagenase-Inhibitor *
2 Collagen-Sparing *
1 Coleoptophile Merck 11th Edition
1 Cold-preventive Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Co-carcinogenic *
3 CNS-Stimulant *
1 CNS-Paralytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 CNS-Inhibitor Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
5 CNS-Depressant *
2 CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2 Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Circulotonic *
1 Circulatory-Stimulant *
1 Cicatrizant *
1 Chronotropic *
2 Cholinergic *
2 Choline-Sparing *
4 Cholesterolytic *
18 Choleretic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
3 Cholagogue Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
14 Chemopreventive *
1 Chelator *
2 Catabolic *
1 Caspase-8-Inducer *
1 Casein-Kinase-II-Inhibitor *
1 Carminative *
1 Cardiovascular Borchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
1 Cardiotoxic *
8 Cardiotonic *
16 Cardioprotective *
1 Cardiomyopathogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Cardiodepressant *
1 Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
12 Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
2 Capillaritonic *
4 Capillariprotective Merck 11th Edition
2 Capillarigenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Capillarifortificant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Candidistat *
11 Candidicide *
1 Candida-SAP-Inhibitor *
65 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
4 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 cAMP-Inhibitor Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
1 Calmodulin-Antagonist Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Calcium-Channel-Blocker *
5 Calcium-Antagonist *
4 Bruchiphobe *
1 Bruchifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Bronchoprotectant *
1 Bronchodilator Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Bradycardiac Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
6 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
4 Beta-Blocker *
9 Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker *
1 Barbituate-Synergist *
6 Bacteristat Lamikanra, A., Ogundaini, A.O., and Ogungbamila*, F.O. Antibacterial Constituents of Alchornea cordifolia Leaves. Phytotherapy Research 4(5): 198.
1 Bactericide Wealth of India.
1 Autotoxic *
1 ATPase-Inhibitor Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
6 Astringent Martindale's 29th
1 Asthma-preventive Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
3 Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
4 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
14 Apoptotic *
1 Aphrodisiac *
1 Aphidifuge *
1 AP-1-Inhibitor *
8 Anxiolytic *
3 Antiyeast *
1 Antixerotic Martindale's 29th
1 Antixerophthalmic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antiwrinkle *
1 Antivitiligic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiviral? Martindale's 29th
39 Antiviral *
1 Antivertigo *
3 Antivaricose Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Antivaginitic *
1 Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
1 Antiuricosuric Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Antiurethrotic *
1 Antiuremic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antiurease *
2 Antiulcerogenic *
24 Antiulcer *
1 Antitympanitic Merck 11th Edition
4 Antitussive Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 200.
14 Antitumor-Promoter *
1 Antitumor (Thyroid) *
5 Antitumor (Stomach) *
7 Antitumor (Skin) *
8 Antitumor (Prostate) *
4 Antitumor (Pancreas) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Antitumor (Ovary) *
1 Antitumor (Mouth) *
1 Antitumor (Mammary) *
10 Antitumor (Lung) *
2 Antitumor (Liver) *
3 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (GI) *
1 Antitumor (Gastric) *
2 Antitumor (Forestomach) *
1 Antitumor (Esophagus)? Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
12 Antitumor (Colon) *
1 Antitumor (CNS) *
3 Antitumor (Cervix) *
11 Antitumor (Breast) Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
3 Antitumor (brain) *
3 Antitumor (Bladder) *
39 Antitumor Yu, S.G., Anderson, P.J., and Elson, C.E. 1995. Efficacy of B-Ionone in the Chemoprevention of Rat Mammary Carcinogenesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2144-2147.
3 Antitubercular *
3 Antitrypanosomic *
2 Antitriglyceride Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Antitoxoplasmotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
1 AntiTourette's Martindale's 28th
2 Antitinnitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antithyrotoxic Wealth of India.
4 Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antithromboxane *
2 Antithrombogenic *
3 Antithrombic *
2 Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
2 AntiTGF-beta *
6 Antisyndrome-X Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Antisyncopic *
3 Antisunburn *
3 Antistroke *
5 Antistress *
4 Antistreptococcic *
2 Antistomatitic Martindale's 28th
8 Antistaphylococcic *
1 Antisprue *
1 AntiSpina-Bifida Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antispasmophilic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
19 Antispasmodic *
1 Antispare-Tire Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Antisilicotic Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
5 Antisickling *
1 Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Antishingles Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
29 Antiseptic Martindale's 28th
1 Antisecretory Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antiseborrheic *
1 Antiscotomic *
1 Antiscorbutic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiscoliotic *
2 Antisclerodermic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antischizophrenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antisarcomic *
4 Antisalmonella *
1 Antirhinitic *
1 Antirheumatitic? Martindale's 29th
12 Antirheumatic *
2 Antiretinotic *
1 Antiretinopathic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
1 Antiretinitic Optometry *
1 Antiretardation Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
3 AntiRaynaud's *
30 Antiradicular *
6 Antipyretic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Antipurpuric *
3 Antipsychotic Martindale's 29th
6 Antipsoriac *
1 Antipsittacotic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
1 Antipseudomonic *
2 Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antiprotozoal *
1 Antiproteolytic *
1 Antiprostatotic *
8 Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antiprostanoid *
8 Antiprostaglandin *
1 Antiproliferative *
11 Antiproliferant Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antiprolactin Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Antiporphyric Martindale's 28th
1 Antipolyneuritic Martindale's 28th
2 Antipoliomyelitic *
6 Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
2 Antipodriac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antipodagric *
2 Antipneumonic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
6 AntiPMS *
1 Antiplatelet *
5 Antiplasmodial *
11 Antiplaque Martindale's 29th
1 Antipityriasic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
2 Antiphotophobic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Antiphenylketonuric Martindale's 29th
1 Antipharyngitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 AntiPGE2 *
1 Antiperoxynitrite *
18 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A54, 1991.
1 Antipermeability *
1 Antiperistaltic *
5 Antiperiodontitic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Antiperiodontic *
4 Antiperiodontal Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antiperiodic *
3 Antipellagric Martindale's 28th
1 Antiparotitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
8 Antiparkinsonian Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antipapillomic *
1 Antipancreatitic Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Antiozenic *
2 Antioxidant? *
5 Antioxidant Synergist Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
75 Antioxidant *
1 Antioxalate *
1 Antiototic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Antiotitic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiosteotic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
9 Antiosteoporotic *
4 Antiosteoarthritic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Antiorchitic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
5 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
1 Antionychyotic *
1 Antioncychomycotic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
10 Antiobesity Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
3 Antinyctalopic *
11 Antinociceptive *
1 Antinitrosic Martindale's 28th
6 Antinitrosaminic *
1 AntiNF-kB *
1 Antineurotic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antineuropathic? Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
4 Antineuropathic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.