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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
1 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
1 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
4 Acaricide *
5 ACE-Inhibitor *
1 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
10 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor *
2 Allelochemic *
6 Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
8 Allergenic *
1 Anabolic *
5 Analgesic Martindale's 28th
1 Ancylostomicide *
2 Androgenic *
3 Anesthetic *
3 Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
5 Antiacne *
1 Antiadenomic *
1 Antiaflatoxin *
2 Antiaggregant *
5 Antiallergic *
1 Antialopecic *
1 Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
2 Antianaphylactic *
1 Antiandrogenic *
1 Antianemic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiangiogenic *
1 Antiarrhythmic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antiarteriosclerotic *
1 Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Antiasthmatic *
1 Antiatherogenic *
1 Antibacillary *
20 Antibacterial *
1 Antibradiquinic Fitoterapia No.61: 277, 1990.
1 Antibronchitic *
4 Anticancer *
1 Anticarcinogenic *
2 Anticarcinomic Biosyn. Prod. Cancer Chemotherapy (Petit et al)
3 Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
1 Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
1 Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
1 Anticholinesterase *
1 Anticlimacteric Martindale's 28th
1 Anticolic *
1 Anticomplementary *
2 Anticonvulsant *
1 Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
1 Antidermatitic *
1 Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
1 Antidote (Amanitin) Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 276.
1 Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
1 Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
4 Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
1 Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Antiesophagitic *
1 Antiestrogenic *
2 Antifatigue *
7 Antifeedant Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
1 Antifertility Kumar, P., Dixit*, V.P., and Khanna, P. Antifertility Studies of Kaempferol: Isolation and Identification from Tissue Culture of some Medicinally Important Plant Species. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 193-201, 1989.
1 Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
1 Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiflatulent *
3 Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
1 Antigingivitic *
1 Antiglutamaergic *
1 Antigranular *
1 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
1 Antihelicobacter *
1 Antihemophilic Martindale's 29th
3 Antiherpetic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 204.
6 Antihistaminic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 AntiHIV *
1 Antihypogonadic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiimplantation *
18 Antiinflammatory *
1 Antilaryngitic *
5 Antileukemic *
1 Antileukotriene-D4 *
1 Antilithic *
1 Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Antilymphomic *
5 Antimalarial *
1 Antimange *
1 Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antimetastatic (Stomach) *
1 Antimite *
1 AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
5 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
1 Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antinitrosaminic *
3 Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
1 Antiobesity *
1 Antiosteoporotic Martindale's 29th
15 Antioxidant *
1 Antiperiodontic *
2 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
1 Antipharyngitic *
2 Antiplaque *
1 Antiplasmodial *
1 Antipneumonic *
2 Antipolio *
2 Antiprolactin *
2 Antiproliferant *
1 Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
2 Antiradicular *
1 Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antirheumatic *
1 Antirhinitic *
2 Antirhinoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
13 Antiseptic *
1 Antiserotonin *
1 Antiserotoninic *
1 Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Antisickling Planta Medica, 56(6): 681, 1990.
1 Antisinusitic *
14 Antispasmodic *
5 Antistaphylococcic *
1 Antistreptococcic *
1 Antithyroid Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
1 Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Antitumor (Breast) *
2 Antitumor (Colon) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
1 Antitumor (Prostate) *
1 Antitumor (Skin) *
2 Antitumor (Stomach) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Thyroid) *
2 Antitumor-Promoter Yasukawa, K., Takido, M., Takeuchi, M., Sato, Y., Nitta, K., and Nakagawa, S. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Flavonol Glycosides on 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-Induced Tumor Promotion. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(3): 774-776, 1990.
3 Antitussive *
4 Antiulcer *
10 Antiviral *
2 Aphidifuge *
1 Aphrodisiac Martindale's 29th
3 Apoptotic *
2 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
1 Ascaricide *
1 Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
1 Barbituate-Synergist *
1 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Bronchoprotectant *
1 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Calcium-Antagonist *
1 Calcium-Sparing Martindale's 29th
3 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
12 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
4 Candidicide *
2 Candidistat *
5 Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
3 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Cathartic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
3 Chemopreventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
4 Choleretic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Cholesterolytic *
1 Cicatrizant *
1 CNS-Depressant *
2 CNS-Stimulant *
1 Coleoptophile *
1 Collagenic *
1 Comedolytic *
3 Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
1 Copper-Chelator *
1 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
1 COX-2-Inhibitor *
1 Culicide *
1 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
5 Cytotoxic *
2 Decongestant *
1 Degranulant *
1 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
1 Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
1 Detoxicant *
1 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
1 Differentiator *
4 Diuretic *
1 Dye Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ecbolic *
1 Edemagenic *
2 Emetic *
2 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
9 Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
13 Fungicide *
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
1 Fungistat *
1 GABA-nergic *
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Goitrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Gram(+)icide *
1 Gram(-)icide *
1 GST-Inducer *
5 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
9 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Histaminic *
2 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Garcia, J., Morin,* C., Nyasse, B., Sondengam, B-L., Tchouankeu, J-C., and Tsamo, E. Complete Structural Assignments Of An Ergosterol Derivative From Entandrophragma utile. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 136-142, 1991.
1 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Hypnotic *
2 Hypocholesterolemic *
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Hypotensive *
2 Hypothermic *
2 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 IKK-Inhibitor *
2 Immunomodulator *
1 Immunostimulant *
1 Immunosuppressant *
1 Inflammatory *
2 iNOS-Inhibitor *
1 Inotropic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.