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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 11B-HSD-Inhibitor *
1 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
1 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
4 Acaricide *
5 ACE-Inhibitor *
1 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
10 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
2 Allelochemic *
6 Allelopathic *
8 Allergenic *
1 Anabolic *
5 Analgesic *
1 Ancylostomicide *
2 Androgenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Anesthetic *
3 Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
5 Antiacne *
1 Antiadenomic *
1 Antiaflatoxin *
2 Antiaggregant *
5 Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
1 Antialopecic *
1 Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
2 Antianaphylactic *
1 Antiandrogenic *
1 Antianemic Martindale's 29th
1 Antiangiogenic *
1 Antiarrhythmic Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antiarteriosclerotic *
1 Antiarthritic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Antiasthmatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis., 4:203, 1982.
1 Antiatherogenic *
1 Antibacillary *
20 Antibacterial *
1 Antibradiquinic Fitoterapia No.61: 277, 1990.
1 Antibronchitic *
4 Anticancer Joseph, J., Nadeau, D. and Underwood, A. 2001. The Color Code. Hyperion, NY.
1 Anticarcinogenic *
2 Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Anticariogenic Muroi, H. and Kubo, I. 1993. Combination Effects of Antibacterial Compounds in Green Tea Flavor against Streptococcus mutans. J. Agric. Food Chem. 41: 1102-1105.
1 Anticataract Shin*, K.H., Chung, M.S., Chae, Y.J., Yoon, K.Y., Cho, T.S. 1992. A survey for aldose reductase inhibition of herbal medicines. Fitoterapia 64(2): 130, 1993.
1 Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
1 Anticholinesterase *
1 Anticlimacteric Martindale's 28th
1 Anticolic *
1 Anticomplementary *
2 Anticonvulsant *
1 Anticoronary Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antidermatic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
1 Antidermatitic *
1 Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
1 Antidote (Amanitin) Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 276.
1 Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
1 Antieczemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
4 Antiedemic Bruneton, J. 1999. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. 2nd Ed. Lavoisier Publishing, Paris. 1119 pp.
1 Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Antiesophagitic *
1 Antiestrogenic *
2 Antifatigue *
7 Antifeedant *
1 Antifertility Kumar, P., Dixit*, V.P., and Khanna, P. Antifertility Studies of Kaempferol: Isolation and Identification from Tissue Culture of some Medicinally Important Plant Species. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 193-201, 1989.
1 Antifibrinolytic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 1: 53.
1 Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiflatulent *
3 Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
1 Antigingivitic *
1 Antiglutamaergic *
1 Antigranular *
1 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
1 Antihelicobacter *
1 Antihemophilic Martindale's 29th
3 Antiherpetic *
6 Antihistaminic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
2 AntiHIV *
1 Antihypogonadic Martindale's 28th
1 Antiimplantation *
18 Antiinflammatory *
1 Antilaryngitic *
5 Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
1 Antileukotriene-D4 *
1 Antilithic *
1 Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antilymphocytic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Antilymphomic *
5 Antimalarial *
1 Antimange *
1 Antimelanomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antimenorrhagic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antimetastatic (Stomach) *
1 Antimite *
1 AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
5 Antimutagenic *
1 Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antinitrosaminic *
3 Antinociceptive *
1 Antiobesity *
1 Antiosteoporotic Martindale's 29th
15 Antioxidant *
1 Antiperiodontic *
2 Antiperoxidant Planta Medica, 57: A110, 1991.
1 Antipharyngitic *
2 Antiplaque *
1 Antiplasmodial *
1 Antipneumonic *
2 Antipolio Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
2 Antiprolactin *
2 Antiproliferant *
1 Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
2 Antiradicular *
1 Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antirheumatic *
1 Antirhinitic *
2 Antirhinoviral *
13 Antiseptic *
1 Antiserotonin *
1 Antiserotoninic *
1 Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Antisickling Planta Medica, 56(6): 681, 1990.
1 Antisinusitic *
14 Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
5 Antistaphylococcic *
1 Antistreptococcic *
1 Antithyroid Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6 Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
1 Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Antitumor (Breast) *
2 Antitumor (Colon) *
1 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Lung) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
2 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
1 Antitumor (Prostate) *
1 Antitumor (Skin) *
2 Antitumor (Stomach) *
1 Antitumor (Thyroid) *
2 Antitumor-Promoter *
3 Antitussive *
4 Antiulcer *
10 Antiviral *
2 Aphidifuge *
1 Aphrodisiac Martindale's 29th
3 Apoptotic *
2 Aromatase-Inhibitor Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 235.1999.
1 Ascaricide *
1 Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
1 Barbituate-Synergist *
1 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Bronchoprotectant *
1 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Calcium-Antagonist *
1 Calcium-Sparing Martindale's 29th
3 cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
12 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
4 Candidicide *
2 Candidistat *
5 Carcinogenic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
3 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Cathartic Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
3 Chemopreventive *
4 Choleretic *
1 Cholesterolytic *
1 Cicatrizant *
1 CNS-Depressant *
2 CNS-Stimulant *
1 Coleoptophile *
1 Collagenic *
1 Comedolytic *
3 Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
1 Copper-Chelator *
1 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
1 COX-2-Inhibitor *
1 Culicide *
1 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
5 Cytotoxic *
2 Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Degranulant *
1 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
1 Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
1 Detoxicant *
1 Diaphoretic? Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
1 Differentiator *
4 Diuretic *
1 Dye Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ecbolic *
1 Edemagenic *
2 Emetic *
2 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Estrogenic Journal of Medicinal Food 2: 227.1999.
9 Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
13 Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
1 Fungistat *
1 GABA-nergic *
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Goitrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Gram(+)icide *
1 Gram(-)icide *
1 GST-Inducer *
5 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
9 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Histaminic *
2 HIV-RT-Inhibitor Garcia, J., Morin,* C., Nyasse, B., Sondengam, B-L., Tchouankeu, J-C., and Tsamo, E. Complete Structural Assignments Of An Ergosterol Derivative From Entandrophragma utile. Journal of Natural Products, 54(1): 136-142, 1991.
1 Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Hypnotic *
2 Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Hypotensive *
2 Hypothermic *
2 ICAM-1-Inhibitor *
1 IKK-Inhibitor *
2 Immunomodulator *
1 Immunostimulant *
1 Immunosuppressant *
1 Inflammatory *
2 iNOS-Inhibitor *
1 Inotropic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.