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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
2 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 Abortifacient *
4 Acaricide *
2 ACE-Inhibitor *
1 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
2 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
3 Allelochemic *
4 Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
9 Allergenic *
4 Analgesic *
1 Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
4 Anesthetic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
4 Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
4 Antiacne Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Antiadenomic *
1 Antiaflatoxin *
1 Antiaggregant Tramil, 42: 511.
2 Antiallergic *
3 Antialzheimeran? Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
1 Antiarthritic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
2 Antiasthmatic *
2 Antiatherosclerotic *
1 Antibacillary *
16 Antibacterial Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
2 Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Anticancer *
1 Anticancer (Pancreas) *
3 Anticariogenic *
1 Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
2 Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
1 Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
1 Anticonvulsant *
1 Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
1 Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
1 Antidysenteric Wealth of India.
1 AntiEBV *
1 Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Antiesophagitic *
1 Antifatigue *
5 Antifeedant Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
3 Antiflu *
2 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
2 Antihelicobacter *
2 Antiherpetic *
6 Antiinflammatory *
1 Antilaryngitic *
1 Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Antilithic *
1 Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antilymphomic *
1 Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
3 Antimelanomic *
1 Antimetastatic (Stomach) *
2 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
1 Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antineuritic *
3 Antinitrosaminic *
2 Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
1 Antiobesity *
7 Antioxidant *
2 Antioxidant (LDL) *
1 Antiperiodontic *
1 Antipharyngitic *
3 Antiplaque *
1 Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
1 Antipneumonic *
1 Antiprostaglandin *
1 Antipruritic Merck 11th Edition
2 Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
1 Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
2 Antirheumatic *
1 Antirhinitic *
2 Antirhinoviral Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
3 Antisalmonella *
13 Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antisinusitic *
13 Antispasmodic *
4 Antistaphylococcic *
2 Antistreptococcic *
1 Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Antitubercular *
3 Antitumor Zheng, G-Q., Kenney, P.M., and Lam, L.K.T. Sesquiterpenes From Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) As Potential Anticarcinogenic Agents. Journal of Natural Products 55(7): 999-1003, 1992.
1 Antitumor (Breast) *
2 Antitumor (Colon) *
2 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
1 Antitumor (Prostate) *
1 Antitumor (Skin) *
1 Antitumor (Stomach) *
4 Antitussive Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
6 Antiulcer *
7 Antiviral *
1 Antiyeast *
1 Apoptotic *
1 Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
1 Bronchoprotectant *
4 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
6 Candidicide *
1 Candidistat *
1 Carcinogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
3 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
3 Chemopreventive *
1 Choleretic *
1 Cholesterolytic *
3 CNS-Stimulant *
1 Coleoptophile *
2 Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
1 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Counterirritant Martindale's 28th
1 Culicide *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
2 Decongestant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Degranulant *
1 Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
2 Dentifrice Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Deodorant Martindale's 28th
1 Dermatitigenic *
1 Detoxicant *
1 Diuretic *
1 Ecbolic *
1 Edemagenic *
1 Embryotoxic *
2 Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
1 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
2 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
1 Epileptigenic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2 Estrogenic *
11 Expectorant Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
21 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
13 Fungicide Singh*, G., Upadhyay, R.K. 1990. Fungitoxic Activity of Cumaldehyde, Main Constituent of the Cuminum cyminum Oil. Fitoterapia 62(1): 86, 1991.
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
1 Fungistat *
1 Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Glutathionigenic *
2 Gram(+)icide *
2 Gram(-)icide *
1 GST-Inducer *
1 Hepatotonic *
8 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Histaminic *
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hypotensive *
1 Hypothermic *
1 Immunomodulator *
1 Inflammatory *
1 Insect-Repellent *
4 Insecticide *
15 Insectifuge *
3 Insectiphile Merck 11th Edition
1 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
12 Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
2 Larvicide Berenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
1 Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Lipolytic *
1 Molluscicide *
1 Motor-Stimulant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
1 Mycobactericide *
5 Myorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
8 Nematicide *
1 Neurotoxic *
1 NO-Genic *
1 Occuloirritant *
1 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
4 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
2 P450-Inducer *
1 Pediculicide *
1 Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
18 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
1 Peristaltic *
25 Pesticide *
1 Pheromone *
1 Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
1 Prostaglandin-Inhibitor *
1 Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
1 Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Rubefacient Martindale's 29th
1 Secretogogue *
11 Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
5 Spasmogenic *
1 Spasmolytic *
1 Spermicide *
1 Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
1 Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
2 Stomachic *
1 Surfactant *
1 Termiticide *
1 Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer *
2 Tracheorelaxant *
1 Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
5 Transdermal *
6 Trichomonicide *
1 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
1 Ulcerogenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 Varroacide *
1 Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Vermifuge *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.