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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
20 Pesticide *
15 Insectifuge *
15 FLavor *
13 Antibacterial Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
12 Irritant Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
12 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
10 Antispasmodic Jim Duke's personal files.
9 Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
8 Antiseptic Merck 11th Edition
8 Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
8 Antiinflammatory *
8 Antifeedant Bettarini, F., Borgonovi, G.E., et al. 1991. Antiparasitic Compounds from East African Plants: Isolation and Biological Activity of Anonaine, Matricarianol, Canthin-6-One and Caryophyllene Oxide. Insect Sci. Applic. 14(1): 93-99, 1993.
7 Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
6 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
6 Transdermal *
6 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
6 Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
5 Myorelaxant *
5 Allelochemic *
5 Allergenic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.