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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
1 Detoxicant *
1 Diuretic *
1 Edemagenic *
1 Elastase-Inhibitor *
2 Embryotoxic *
1 Emetic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Sep-97.
1 Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
1 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
2 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2 Estrogenic *
8 Expectorant *
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
22 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
11 Fungicide Geibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
2 Fungistat *
1 Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Gram(+)icide *
2 Gram(-)icide *
1 GST-Inducer *
1 Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
4 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
1 Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
8 Herbicide Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
1 Histaminic *
2 Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Hypoglycemic Ivorra, M.D., Paya, M., and Villar, A. 1989. A Review of Natural Products and Plants as Potential Antidiabetic Drugs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 27: 243-275, 1989.
1 Hypolipemic Choi, J.S., Yokozawa, T., and Oura, H. 1990. Improvement of Hyperglycemia and Hyperlipemia in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats by a Methanolic Extract of Prunus davidiana Stems and Its Main Component, Prunin. Planta Medica, 57: 208.
1 Hypolipidemic *
2 Hypotensive *
1 Hypothermic *
3 Immunomodulator *
1 Immunostimulant *
1 Inflammatory *
1 Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Insect-Repellent *
7 Insecticide *
16 Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 Insectiphile Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
11 Irritant Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Larvicide *
1 Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Leucocytogenic *
1 Lipolytic *
2 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
1 Molluscicide *
1 Mosquitofuge *
2 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
1 Mycobactericide *
6 Myorelaxant *
7 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
1 Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
2 Neuroprotective *
2 Neurotoxic *
1 NO-Genic *
2 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
1 Oviposition-Stimulant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
3 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
2 P450-Inducer *
1 P450-Inhibitor *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.