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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
1 Cicatrizant *
1 Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
2 CNS-Depressant *
3 CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Coleoptophile *
1 Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
2 Convulsant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
3 Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
1 COX-1-Inhibitor *
1 COX-2-Inhibitor *
2 Culicide *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
1 Cytotoxic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
1 Decongestant *
1 Decongestant? Eccles, R., et al. 1989. The effects of oral administration of (-)-menthol on nasal resistance to airflow and nasal sensation of airflow in subjects suffering from nasal congestion associated with the common cold. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 652-654, 1990.
1 Degranulant *
2 Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
2 Deodorant Martindale's 28th
3 Dermatitigenic *
1 Detoxicant *
1 Diaphoretic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Edemagenic *
1 Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
1 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
4 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
7 Expectorant *
25 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
12 Fungicide *
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
1 Fungistat *
1 Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Gastrosedative Merck 11th Edition
1 Glutathionalytic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
2 Gram(+)icide *
2 Gram(-)icide *
1 GST-Inducer *
1 Hallucinogenic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
2 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
2 Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
9 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Histaminic *
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hypotensive *
1 Hypothermic *
1 Immunomodulator *
1 Immunostimulant *
1 Inflammatory *
1 Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Insect-Repellent *
12 Insecticide Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
17 Insectifuge J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
1 Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
12 Irritant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
4 Larvicide Berenbaum, M. R., The natives knew, Chemtech, (May), 1990, 275-279.
1 Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Lipolytic *
1 Molluscicide *
1 Mosquitofuge *
3 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
1 Mutagenic *
6 Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
12 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
1 Nephrotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
1 Neurodepressant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Neuropathogenic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
3 Neurotoxic *
1 NO-Genic *
1 Nociceptive Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
3 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
2 P450-Inducer *
1 Pediculicide *
1 Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
22 Perfumery Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Peristaltic *
27 Pesticide *
1 Pheromone *
1 Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
1 Prostaglandin-Inhibitor *
1 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor *
1 Psychoactive *
1 Pulifuge *
2 Pulmonotoxic *
1 Refrigerant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Respiraparalytic *
2 Rubefacient *
1 Secretogogue *
11 Sedative *
5 Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
1 Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
1 Surfactant *
4 Termiticide *
1 Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer *
1 Toxic Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
2 Tracheorelaxant *
2 Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
6 Transdermal *
6 Trichomonicide *
1 Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
2 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
1 Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
1 Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
2 Varroacide *
1 Vasodilator *
1 Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
2 Vermifuge *
1 Vibriocide *
1 Vulnerary *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.