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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
27 Pesticide *
25 FLavor *
22 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
17 Insectifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
16 Antibacterial *
14 Antispasmodic *
12 Antiseptic *
12 Irritant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
12 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
12 Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
12 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
12 Insecticide *
11 Antiinflammatory *
11 Sedative Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
10 Candidicide *
10 Allergenic *
9 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
8 Antioxidant *
8 Antistaphylococcic *
7 Analgesic Kauderer, B., Zamith, H., Paumgartten, F.J.R., and Speit, G. Evaluation of the Mutagenicity of B-Myrcene in Mammalian Cells In Vitro. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 18: 28-34, 1991.
7 Acaricide *
7 Expectorant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7 Antifeedant Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
6 Transdermal *
6 Anesthetic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
6 Myorelaxant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
6 Trichomonicide *
5 Spasmogenic Fitoterapia No.59-1984.
5 Antitumor *
5 Antisalmonella *
5 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
4 Antiradicular Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
4 Termiticide *
4 Allelochemic *
4 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
4 Antibronchitic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
4 Choleretic *
4 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
4 Antiaggregant *
4 Larvicide *
4 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
4 Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
4 Antipyretic *
4 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
4 Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
4 Antiviral *
4 ACE-Inhibitor *
4 Calcium-Antagonist *
3 Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
3 Antinitrosaminic *
3 Dermatitigenic *
3 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
3 Antiacne *
3 Antihistaminic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
3 Neurotoxic *
3 Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
3 Counterirritant Martindale's 29th
3 Antiescherichic *
3 CNS-Stimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
3 Antiasthmatic *
3 Antirheumatic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
3 Anthelmintic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
3 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
3 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
3 Anticariogenic *
3 Antistreptococcic *
3 Antiplaque Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
3 Antiulcer *
3 Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
3 Anticancer *
3 Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
2 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Vermifuge *
2 Cerebrotoxic J. Aromatherapy 4: 24.
2 Antilisteria *
2 Culicide *
2 Hepatoprotective *
2 Antioxidant (LDL) *
2 Antinociceptive *
2 Varroacide *
2 Hepatotoxic Lewis, E.J. and Friedrich, E.C. 1989. The Essential Oil of Poliomintha incana. Planta Medica 56(2): 224-226, 1990.
2 Antiprostaglandin *
2 Gram(-)icide *
2 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
2 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Deodorant Martindale's 28th
2 Antibacillary *
2 Antimelanomic *
2 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
2 Tranquilizer *
2 Antiherpetic *
2 Rubefacient *
2 Antiedemic Shimizu,*M., et al. 1990. Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Topically Applied Crude Drugs. IV.1) Constituents and Anti-inflammatory Effect of Paraguayan Crude Drug 'Alhucema' (Lavandula latifolia Vill.)2). Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(8): 2283-2284, 1990.
2 Convulsant *
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
2 CNS-Depressant *
2 Chemopreventive *
2 P450-Inducer *
2 Antisinusitic *
2 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor *
2 Gram(+)icide *
2 Pulmonotoxic De Smet, P.A.G.M., Keller, K., Hansel, R. and Chandler, R.F., eds. 1993. Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs 2. Springr-Verlag, Berlin. 348pp.
2 Anticonvulsant *
2 Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
2 Antiatherosclerotic *
2 Tracheorelaxant *
1 Antipharyngitic *
1 Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Antiyeast *
1 Antifatigue *
1 Mutagenic *
1 Antiotitic *
1 Addictive Science News, 145: 294.
1 Respiraparalytic *
1 Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
1 Laxative Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Congestant Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
1 Encephalopathic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jan-92.
1 Antitumor (Breast) *
1 Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
1 Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
1 Ciliotoxic Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Peristaltic *
1 Antitartar *
1 Antibacillus *
1 Inflammatory *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.