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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
4 Laxative *
1 Leptingenic Challem, J., Berkson, Burt, and Smith, Melissa Dianne. 2000. Syndrome X - The complete nutritional program to prevent and reservse insulin resistance. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 272 pp. $24.95
2 Leucocytogenic *
1 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
5 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Litholytic *
2 Lubricant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
1 MAO-A-Inhibitor *
1 MAO-Inhibitor *
1 Mast-Cell-Stabilizer *
1 Memory-Enhancer Science News, 138: 189, 1990.
2 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 Metal-Chelator (Copper) Seidel, V., Verholle, M., Malard, Y., Tillequin, F., Fruchart, J-C., Duriez, P., Bailleul, F., Teissier, E. 2000. Phenylpropanoids from Ballota nigra L. Inhibit in vitro LDL Peroxidation. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 93-98.
1 Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor *
1 Metastatic Science News, 146: 421.
2 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
1 Mosquitocide *
2 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
1 Mucogenic Li, K.M. Effect of zinc sulphate on acetic acid-induced gastric ulceration in rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 657-659, 1990.
2 Mutagenic *
1 Myorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor *
1 Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
1 Natriuretic *
4 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Neoplastic CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
1 NEP-Inhibitor *
1 Nephrotoxic Martindale's 29th
2 Neuroprotective *
1 Neurotoxic R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
1 Neurotransmitter *
1 Neurotropic *
3 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
2 NO-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Synthase-Inhibitor *
4 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
1 P450-Inducer Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 P450-Inhibitor Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
1 PAF-Inhibitor *
2 Parasiticide *
1 Percutaneostimulant Seki, T., Toeda, C., Kawaguchi, T., Juni, K., Sugibayashi, K., and Morimoto, Y. 1990. Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Zidovudine in Rats and Human Skin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3086-3089, 1990.
6 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
22 Pesticide *
1 PGE2-Inhibitor *
2 Phagocytotic *
1 Phospholipase-Inhibitor *
1 Phytoalexin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1 Plasmodicide Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 Proliferant *
2 Prooxidant *
4 Propecic *
3 Prostaglandigenic *
6 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Xu, L. N., Yu, W. G., Tian, J. Y., Liu, Q. Y. 1990. Effect of Sodium Ferulate on Arachidonic Acid Metabolism. Yao Hsueh Hsueh Pao, 25(6): 412-416.
1 Protease-Inhibitor *
1 Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor Naim, M., Zehavi, U., Nagy, S., and Rouseff, R.L. Hydroxycinnamic Acids as Off-Flavor Precursors in Citrus Fruits and Their Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.14.
2 Protisticide Chemical Express, 7: 285, 1992.
1 PTK-Inhibitor *
1 Purgative Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
3 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer *
4 Rodenticide *
1 Schizophrenigenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
6 Sedative Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Soap Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 Spermigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
1 Suppository Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Teratologic *
2 Termiticide *
1 Testosteronigenic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
2 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 Tonic *
2 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
2 Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor Santti, R., Makela, S., Strauss, L., Korman, J., Kostian, M. L. 1998. Phytoestrogens: Potential Endocrine Disruptors in Males. Toxicol Ind Health, 14: 223-237.
2 Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor Constantinou, A., Mehta, R., Runyan, C., Rao, K., Vaughan, A., Moon, R. 1995. Flavonoids as DNA Topoisomerase Antagonists and Poisons: Structure-Activity Relationships. J Natural Products, 58: 217-225.
2 Tranquilizer *
1 Transdermal Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
2 Trichomonicide Martindale's 29th
1 Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Trypanocide *
1 Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
2 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
5 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
1 Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 170.
1 Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
1 Uricosuric *
1 Uterorelaxant Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
1 Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Uterotonic *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.