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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
22 Pesticide *
16 Antiinflammatory *
15 Antioxidant *
15 Antiseptic Martindale's 29th
13 Antibacterial *
13 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
11 Antispasmodic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
11 Antitumor Cancer Research, 54: 701, 1994.
11 Antimutagenic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 235.
11 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
10 Hepatoprotective Advance in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. 1985. Eds. H. M. Chang, H. W. Yeung, W. -W. Tso and A. Koo. World Scientific Publishing Co., Philadelphia Pa., page 211.
10 Analgesic *
9 Insectifuge Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
9 Hypotensive Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
9 Antiviral Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
9 Fungicide *
9 Diuretic *
8 Cytotoxic Planta Medica, 57: A113, 1991.
8 Choleretic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
8 Antiarthritic *
8 Antiulcer *
8 Allergenic *
8 Antiedemic *
8 Vasodilator *
7 Antihepatotoxic Joyeux, M., Rolland, A., Fleurentin, J., Mortier, F., and Dorfman, P. 1989. Tert-Butyl Hydroperoxide-Induced Injury in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes: A Model for Studying Anti-Hepatotoxic Crude Drugs. Planta Medica 56(2): 171-173, 1990.
7 Antiarrhythmic *
7 Antileukemic Life Sciences 55: 1061.
7 Immunomodulator *
7 Antidiabetic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
6 COX-2-Inhibitor *
6 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
6 Sedative *
6 Antiradicular *
6 Antiaggregant Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 333.
6 Antiperoxidant *
6 Perfumery Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
6 Anesthetic *
6 Hypocholesterolemic Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
5 Antiallergic *
5 Immunostimulant *
5 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor Oszmianski, J. and Lee, C.Y. 1990. Inhibitory Effect of Phenolics on Carotene Bleaching in Vegetables. J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 688-690.
5 Candidicide *
5 AntiHIV Kashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
5 Antidepressant *
5 Antihypertensive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
5 Carcinogenic Science News, 146: 421.
5 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
5 Antiplaque Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
5 Antiherpetic Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
5 Antiosteoporotic *
5 Antihistaminic *
5 Antitumor-Promoter Cancer Research, 48: 5941.
5 Cardioprotective *
4 5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor *
4 Propecic *
4 Antimalarial Khalid, S.A., Farouk, A., Geary**, T.G., and Jensen, J.B. 1985. Potential Antimalarial Candidates From African Plants: An In Vitro Approach Using Plasmodium falciparum*. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 15: 201-209, 1986.
4 Antiatherosclerotic *
4 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor *
4 Rodenticide *
4 Antipyretic *
4 Antinitrosaminic *
4 Antialcoholic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Antitumor (Colon) *
4 Antiprostatitic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
4 Antinociceptive *
4 Antialopecic *
4 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
4 Nematicide Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
4 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor *
4 Anxiolytic *
4 AntiPMS *
4 Laxative *
4 Antistaphylococcic *
4 Irritant *
4 CNS-Depressant Martindale's 29th
4 Anticancer Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
3 Antiestrogenic *
3 Antianemic Martindale's 29th
3 Antiinsomniac Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
3 Antinephritic *
3 Antieczemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 AntiMS Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
3 Emetic Martindale's 28th
3 Antiangiogenic *
3 Antiepileptic Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
3 Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
3 Anticariogenic *
3 Antiplasmodial *
3 Hemolytic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
3 Vulnerary *
3 Allelochemic Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
3 Antitumor (Breast) *
3 ACE-Inhibitor *
3 Antileukotriene Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.