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# Chemicals Activity *Reference
3 (-)-Chronotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 (-)-Inotropic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 ABeta-Inhibitor *
3 Abortifacient Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
7 Acaricide *
4 ACE-Inhibitor *
1 AChE-Inhibitor Grundy, D. L. and Still, C. C., Inhibition of acetylcholinesterases by pulegone-1,2-epoxide, Oest. Biochem. & Physiol., 23, 1985, 383-8.
1 Acnegenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor *
8 Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor Okamura, K., Iwakami, S., Matsunaga, T. 1992. Biological Activity of Monoterpenes from Trees. Toyama-Ken Yakuji Kenkyusho Nenpo, (20): 95-101.
4 Allelochemic *
6 Allelopathic Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
14 Allergenic *
12 Analgesic Martindale's 28th
1 Ancylostomicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Androgenic *
11 Anesthetic *
1 Angiogenic *
1 Ankylostomacide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Anorexic Martindale's 28th
5 Anthelmintic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Anti-LDL *
1 Antiacetylcholine Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
9 Antiacetylcholinesterase *
6 Antiacne *
2 Antiadenomic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antiadenoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
6 Antiaggregant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Antiaging *
2 Antiallergenic Yakugaku Zasshi, 111: 193, 1991.
6 Antiallergic J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jap. 33(6): 569.
1 Antialopecic *
4 Antialzheimeran Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
3 Antialzheimeran? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
2 Antianaphylactic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
1 Antiandrogenic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
1 Antiarachidonate *
4 Antiarrhythmic *
2 Antiarthritic Planta Medica, 57: A56, 1991.
3 Antiasthmatic *
1 Antiatherogenic *
4 Antiatherosclerotic *
1 Antibacillary *
35 Antibacterial Martindale's 29th
1 Antibradykinic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 366.
3 Antibronchitic *
8 Anticancer *
2 Anticancer (Breast) *
2 Anticancer (Cervix) Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
2 Anticancer (Colon) Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
1 Anticancer (Forestomach) *
1 Anticancer (Gastric) *
1 Anticancer (Liver) *
1 Anticancer (Lung) *
1 Anticancer (Pancreas) *
1 Anticancer (Skin) *
2 Anticapillary-Fragility Martindale's 28th
3 Anticarcinogenic *
2 Anticarcinomic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
10 Anticariogenic *
1 Anticatarrh Martindale's 29th
1 Anticholestatic Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
2 Anticholinesterase L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
1 Anticholinesterase? L. Gracza (1985) as cited by Buchbauer re antiacetylcholinesterase.
1 Antichoreic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
2 Anticirrhotic *
1 Anticlastogen *
1 Anticoagulant Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
1 Anticolic *
2 Anticomplement Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
1 Anticomplementary *
5 Anticonvulsant *
1 AntiCVI *
1 Anticystinuric *
1 Anticytotoxic *
2 Antidementia *
2 Antidepressant *
2 Antidiabetic Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
1 Antidiabetic? Martindale's 29th
2 Antidiarrheic Wealth of India.
1 Antidiuretic Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Mar-92.
1 AntiDNA *
1 Antidote (Strychnine) *
2 Antidysenteric *
1 Antidyskinetic Martindale's 28th
1 Antidysmenorrheic *
1 AntiEBV Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
8 Antiedemic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 95.
1 Antielastase *
1 Antiemetic Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
3 Antiescherichic *
1 Antiesophagitic *
3 Antiestrogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antifatigue *
10 Antifeedant *
2 Antifertility *
1 Antifibrosarcomic *
1 Antifibrositic Martindale's 28th
5 Antiflu Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
1 Antigenotoxic *
1 Antigingivitic *
1 Antigliomic *
1 Antiglutamaergic *
1 Antigoiter Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Antigonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Antigonadotropic Jim Duke's personal files.
2 Antihalitosic American Health, 12(4): 17, 1993.
2 Antihelicobacter *
2 Antihemolytic Int. J. Immunopharmacology. Vol 10: 729, 1988.
1 Antihemorrhoidal *
1 Antihepatoadenomic *
6 Antihepatotoxic *
5 Antiherpetic Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
5 Antihistaminic *
5 AntiHIV *
1 Antihomocysteine *
1 Antihypercholesterolemic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
2 Antihyperlipidemic *
1 Antihyperlipoproteinaemic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Antihypertensive *
2 Antihyperthyroid *
18 Antiinflammatory *
1 Antiintegrase *
1 Antiischemic *
1 Antikeratotic *
1 Antilaryngitic *
1 AntiLegionella *
1 Antileishmanic *
1 Antilepric Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
6 Antileukemic Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
5 Antileukotriene *
1 Antilipolytic *
1 Antilipoperoxidant *
1 Antilithic *
1 Antilithic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 Antilymphomic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
5 Antimalarial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
1 Antimange *
1 Antimanic Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
1 Antimelanogenic *
6 Antimelanomic *
2 Antimetastatic *
1 Antimetastatic (Stomach) *
1 Antimetrorrhagic Fitoterapia No.55-1984.
1 Antimite *
2 Antimitotic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
12 Antimutagenic *
1 Antineoplastic *
4 Antinephritic *
1 Antineuralgic Martindale's 28th
1 Antineuritic *
1 Antineuropathic? Werbach, M. 1993. Healing with Food. Harper Collins, New York, 443 pp.
5 Antinitrosaminic Ki Soon Rhee. Oilseed Food Ingredients Used To Minimize Oxidative Flavor Deterioration in Meat Products. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.18.
1 Antinitrosating *
4 Antinociceptive Rao, V.S.N., Menezes, A.M.S., Viana, G.S.B. 1990. Effect of myrcene on nociception in mice. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 42: 877-878, 1990.
1 Antiobesity *
1 Antiobesity? Internat. J. Oriental Med. 16: 4.
1 Antiodontalgic Martindale's 28th
3 Antiophidic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 363.
1 Antiotitic *
18 Antioxidant *
3 Antioxidant (LDL) *
1 Antipeptic *
2 Antiperiodontic *
4 Antiperoxidant *
1 AntiPGE2 *
1 Antipharyngitic *
5 Antiplaque *
5 Antiplasmodial Rukunga, G. and Simons, A. J. 2006. The Potential of Plants as a Source of Antimalarial Agents - A Review. Africa Herbal Antimalaria Meeting. PlantaPhile Publications, Berlin. 72 pp.
1 Antipneumonic *
1 Antiprogestational Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
6 Antiproliferant *
1 Antiproliferative *
7 Antiprostaglandin *
1 Antiprostatadenomic Merck 11th Edition
1 Antiprostatitic *
1 Antiproteolytic Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
2 Antipruritic *
1 Antipulmonotic Tyler, V.E.. 1994.
3 Antipyretic *
9 Antiradicular *
1 Antirenitic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
1 Antirheumatalgic Martindale's 28th
2 Antirheumatic *
1 Antirhinitic *
1 Antirhinoviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
1 AntiRNA *
4 Antisalmonella *
1 Antisarcomic *
23 Antiseptic *
1 Antiserotonin Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Antishock Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Antisinusitic *
19 Antispasmodic *
9 Antistaphylococcic *
1 Antisteatotic *
2 Antistomatitic Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
3 Antistreptococcic *
1 Antisunburn *
2 AntiTGF-beta *
1 Antithiamin Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 69.
1 Antithrombic Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
3 Antithromboxane Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jul-87.
1 Antithyreotropic *
2 Antithyroid Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Antithyrotoxic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 AntiTNF *
1 Antitrichinosic Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Antitriglyceride *
1 Antitrypanosomic *
1 Antitubercular *
11 Antitumor *
1 Antitumor (brain) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
5 Antitumor (Breast) *
3 Antitumor (Cervix) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
4 Antitumor (Colon) *
1 Antitumor (Forestomach) *
1 Antitumor (Gastric) *
1 Antitumor (Kidney) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
1 Antitumor (Liver) *
3 Antitumor (Lung) *
1 Antitumor (Ovary) Chiang, L. C., Chiang, W., Chang, M. Y., Ng, L. T., Lin, C. C. 2003. Antileukemic activity of selected natural products in Taiwan. Am J Chin Med, 31(1):37-46.
3 Antitumor (Pancreas) *
1 Antitumor (Prostate) *
2 Antitumor (Skin) *
2 Antitumor (Stomach) *
5 Antitumor-Promoter *
5 Antitussive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
11 Antiulcer *
1 Antiulcerogenic *
1 Antiuremic *
2 Antivaccinia Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
16 Antiviral Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
1 Antiyeast *
3 Anxiolytic *
1 Apifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
5 Apoptotic *
2 Aromatase-Inhibitor *
1 Arrhythmigenic *
1 Artemicide Jung, J.H., Pummangura, S., Chaichantipyuth, c., Patarapanich, C., and McLaughlin, J.L. 1989. Bioactive Constituents of Melodorum fruticosum. Phytochemistry. 29(5): 1667-1670. 1990.
1 Arteriodilator Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Ascaricide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
1 Ataxigenic Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
1 Bacteriostatic Chin. J. Tuber. Respir. Dis.
1 Barbituate-Synergist *
2 Beta-Blocker *
2 Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor *
1 Bitter Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Bronchoprotectant *
1 Bronchorelaxant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
1 Bruchifuge *
6 Calcium-Antagonist *
20 Cancer-Preventive Stitt, P. A. Why George Should Eat Broccoli. Dougherty Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1990, 399 pp.
11 Candidicide *
2 Candidistat *
1 Capillariprotective Martindale's 29th
5 Carcinogenic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 Carcinogenic? Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Cardiac Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Cardioactive Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Cardiodepressant *
2 Cardioprotective *
2 Cardiotonic *
5 Carminative Yamamoto, A., Umemori, S., and Muranishi, S. 1993. Absorption Enhancement of Intrapulmonary Administered Insulin by Various Absorption Enhancers and Protease Inhibitors in Rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 46: 14-18, 1994.
1 Caspase-8-Inducer *
1 Catabolic *
1 Cerebrotonic *
1 Chelator *
5 Chemopreventive *
3 Cholagogue Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
8 Choleretic *
2 Cholesterolytic *
1 Cholinergic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Cicatrizant *
1 Clastogenic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 CNS-Active Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
5 CNS-Depressant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
4 CNS-Stimulant List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1 CNS-Toxic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Co-carcinogenic *
1 Coleoptophile *
1 Collagen-Sparing *
1 COMT-Inhibitor *
4 Convulsant *
1 Cosmetic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Counterirritant Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
2 COX-1-Inhibitor *
5 COX-2-Inhibitor *
3 Culicide *
7 Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor Ringbom, T., Seguar, L., Noreen, Y., Perera, P., Bohlin, L. 1998. Ursolic Acid from Plantago major, a Selective Inhibitor of Cyclooxygenase-2 Catalyzed Prostaglandin Biosynthesis. J. Nat. Prod., 61(10): 1212-1215.
3 Cytochrome-P450-Inducer *
1 Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J. 1998. Total Wellness. Prima Health, a division of Prima.
2 Cytoprotective *
5 Cytotoxic *
2 Decongestant *
1 Degranulant *
1 Deiodinase-Inhibitor Jim Duke's personal files.
1 Deliriant Merck 11th Edition
2 Dentifrice Martindale's 29th
2 Deodorant Martindale's 28th
1 Dermal Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Dermatitigenic *
1 Detoxicant *
1 Differentiator *
5 Diuretic *
1 DNA-Active Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 DNA-Binder Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 DNA-Protective *
1 Ecbolic *
1 Edemagenic *
2 Elastase-Inhibitor *
1 Embryotoxic *
3 Emetic *
2 Emmenagogue Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Enterocontractant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
3 Enterorelaxant J. Aromatherapy 4: 22.
1 Enterotoxic Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
3 Epileptigenic *
3 Estrogenic *
13 Expectorant Michael Castleman 1991. The Healing Herbs. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA 436 pp.
1 Febrifuge Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
31 FLavor Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
22 Fungicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Fungiphilic J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 2283.
2 Fungistat *
1 GABA-nergic *
1 Gastroirritant Martindale's 29th
1 Gastroprotective *
1 Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor *
1 Goitrogenic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 Gonadotrophic Malini, T. and Vanithakumari, G. 1989. Rat Toxicity Studies With B-Sitosterol. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28: 221-234, 1990.
2 Gram(+)icide *
2 Gram(-)icide *
1 GST-Inducer *
3 Hepatocarcinogenic Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
9 Hepatoprotective *
1 Hepatotonic *
2 Hepatotropic *
12 Herbicide Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
1 Histamine-Inhibitor *
1 Histaminic *
1 Hydrocholerectic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Hyperthyroid *
1 Hypnotic *
3 Hypocholesterolemic Martindale's 28th
1 Hypocholesterolemic? Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Hypoglycemic *
1 Hypolipemic *
3 Hypolipidemic *
4 Hypotensive *
5 Hypothermic Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Ileorelaxant *
4 Immunomodulator *
4 Immunostimulant *
1 Immunosuppressant *
1 Inflammatory *
1 Inhalant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2 Insect-Repellent *
14 Insecticide *
28 Insectifuge Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
3 Insectiphile J. Stored. Prod. Res., 22:141, 1986.
2 Interleukin-6-Inhibitor *
17 Irritant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1 Juvabional Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
6 Larvicide Misra, L.N. and Singh, S.P. Alpha-Thujone, The Major Component Of The Essential Oil From Artemisia vulgaris Growing Wild In Nilgiri Hills. Journal of Natural Products, 49: 941, 1986.
2 Laxative *
2 Leucocytogenic *
1 Leukotriene-Inhibitor *
1 Lipolytic *
2 Lipotropic *
6 Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor *
1 Litholytic Martindale's 28th
1 Lyase-Inhibitor *
1 MAO-Inhibitor *
1 MDR-Inhibitor Critchfield, J. W., Welsh, C. J., Phang, J. M., Yeh, G. C. 1994. Modulation of Adriamycin Accumulation and Efflux by Flavonoids in HCT-15 Colon Cells. Activation of P-Glycoprotein as a Putative Mechanism. Biochem Pharmacol, 48(7): 1437-1445.
1 Memorigenic *
2 Metal-Chelator McEvily, A.J., Iyengar, R., and Gross, A.T. Inhibition of Polyphenol Oxidase by Phenolic Compounds. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.25.
1 MMP-9-Inhibitor *
1 Molluscicide *
2 Mosquitofuge *
4 Motor-Depressant Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
1 Mutagenic *
1 Mycobactericide *
9 Myorelaxant Fitoterapia No.61: 254, 1990.
2 Narcotic Merck 11th Edition
14 Nematicide Shoyakugaku Zasshi, 44: 183.
1 Nephrotoxic *
1 Neuroprotective *
4 Neurotoxic *
1 NF-kB-Inhibitor *
1 NO-Genic *
1 NO-Inhibitor *
1 Occuloirritant *
5 Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor Hagerman, A.E. Tannin-Protein Interactions. Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, Ch.19.
1 Osteoblastogenic *
1 Ozone-Scavenger *
5 P450-2B1-Inhibitor *
4 P450-Inducer *
1 P450-Inhibitor *
1 Parasympathomimetic Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
1 Pediculicide *
1 Perfume Aloe Research Council - Duke writeup of non-peer reviewd book by Coats and draft by Henry
29 Perfumery Merck 11th Edition
1 Peristaltic *
48 Pesticide *
2 Phagocytotic *
1 Pheromone *
1 Photosensitizer Rinzler, C. A. 1990. The Complete Book of Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Facts on File, New York. 199 pp.
2 Piscicide ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
1 Potassium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
1 PPAR-Gamma-Antagonist *
1 Preservative Merck 11th Edition
1 ProHLDL *
2 Prooxidant Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
2 Prostaglandigenic *
1 Prostaglandin-Inhibitor *
3 Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor Chen, S. J., Wang, M. H., Chen, I. J. 1996. Antiplatelet and Calcium Inhibitory Properties of Eugenol and Sodium Eugenol Acetate. Gen Pharmacol, 27(4): 629-633.
1 Protease-Inhibitor *
2 Protisticide *
1 Psychotropic Uchida, U., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G-i., Nishioka, I., and Zaki, M. 1989. Prolongation of Life Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRSP) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(4): 1049-1052, 1990.
1 Quinone-Reductase-Inducer Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
2 Radioprotective *
1 Renoirritant Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
1 Respirainhibitor Merck 11th Edition
1 Respirastimulant Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
2 Rubefacient *
2 Secretogogue Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
19 Sedative *
1 Sodium-Sparing Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
5 Spasmogenic *
2 Spermicide *
1 Sprout-Inhibitor Duke, J.A.. Personal Communication.
1 Stimulant R.J. Hixtable (Huxtable, R.J. (as T. Max). 1992. This and That:The Essential Pharmacology of Herbs and Spices. Tips 13:15-20 Huxtable, R.J. 1992b. The Myth of Benficent Nature. The Risk of Herbal Preparations. Anns. Intern. Med. 117(2):165-6; Huxtable, R.
2 Sunscreen Lazarova*, G., Kostova, I., Neychev, H. 1992. Photodynamic damage prevention by some hydroxycoumarins. Fitoterapia 64(2): 134-136, 1993.
1 Surfactant *
1 Sweetener Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3 Termiticide *
1 Termitifuge Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
1 Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer *
1 Testosterone-Inducer *
1 Thyrotropic Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
1 TNF-alpha-Inhibitor *
1 TOPO-2-Inhibitor *
2 Tracheorelaxant *
2 Tranquilizer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
6 Transdermal *
9 Trichomonicide *
1 Trichomonistat Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Trypanocide *
1 Trypsin-Enhancer Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-93.
1 Tumor-Promoter *
1 Tumorigenic Jim Duke's personal files.
2 Tyrosinase-Inhibitor *
2 Ubiquiot Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
3 Ulcerogenic Phytotherapy Research, 4: 93.
1 Urinary-Antiseptic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
1 Uterosedative Ozaki, Y. and Ma, J-P. 1989. Inhibitory Effects of Tetramethylpyrazine and Ferulic Acid on Spontaneous Movement of Rat Uterus in Situ. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(6): 1620-1623, 1990.
1 Uterotonic *
2 Varroacide *
1 Vasodilator *
3 Vasopressor *
1 Venoprotective *
1 Venotonic *
1 Vermicide Madaus, G. 1976. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Hilfmittel. Vol,. 1-3. 2862 pp. (+ 144 p. index). Georg Olms Verlag, Hildescheim. Reprint of 1938 Madaus.
2 Vermifuge *
1 Verrucolytic Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
1 Vibriocide Wealth of India.
3 Vulnerary *
2 Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.