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  1. Chemid

  2. Dosage

    LD50=>2,000 (orl rat) Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).

    LD50=160 (orl mus)
  3. Ubiquitous

  4. Data Views

    Total Plants: 361
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    Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
    Abelmoschus moschatus Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
    Abelmoschus esculentus Flower -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
    Abutilon theophrasti Flower -- -- Matlawska, I. 1990. Investigation of Flavonoid Compounds of Selected Species from Malvaceae Family. Herba Pol., 36(3): 65-69.
    Abutilon theophrasti Root -- -- Paszkowski, W. L., Kremer, R. J. 1988. Biological Activity and Tentative Identification of Flavonoid Components in Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medik.) Seed Coats. J. Chem. Ecol., 14(7): 1573-1582.
    Abutilon theophrasti Leaf -- -- Matlawska, I. 1990. Investigation of Flavonoid Compounds of Selected Species from Malvaceae Family. Herba Pol., 36(3): 65-69.
    Acacia catechu Plant -- -- *
    Acacia senegal Plant -- -- *
    Acacia nilotica Plant -- -- *
    Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- Tunon, H., Thorsell, W., and Bohlin, L. 1993. Mosquito Repelling Activity of Compounds Occurring in Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae). Economic Botany 48(2): 111-120, 1994.
    Acinos suaveolens Shoot -- 430.0 1.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
    Actinidia chinensis Plant -- -- *
    Aesculus hippocastanum Seed -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
    Aesculus hippocastanum Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
    Agathosma betulina Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
    Ageratum conyzoides Plant -- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
    Agrimonia eupatoria Shoot -- -- *
    Agrimonia eupatoria Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
    Ailanthus altissima Leaf -- -- *
    Albizia lebbeck Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
    Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 0.08 200.0 -1.0 *
    *Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.