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  1. Chemid

  2. Dosage

    LDlo=250 (ipr rat)
  3. Ubiquitous

  4. Data Views

    Total Plants: 13
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    Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
    Berberis vulgaris Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
    Berberis vulgaris Plant -- -- *
    Berberis vulgaris Stem Bark -- 10000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
    Berberis vulgaris Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
    Berberis vulgaris Root Bark -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
    Mahonia aquifolium Seed -- -- Kostalova, D., Hrochova, V., Tomko, J. 1986. Tertiary Alkaloids of Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. III. Chem Pap, 40(3): 389-394.
    Mahonia aquifolium Bark -- -- Mulelr, K., Ziereis, K., Gawlik, I. 1995. The Antipsoriatic Mahonia aquifolium and its Active Constituents, II. Antiproliferative Activity Against Cell Growth of Human Keratinocytes. Planta Medica, 61(1): 74-75.
    Mahonia aquifolium Plant -- -- Galle, K., Muller-Jakic, B., Proebstle, A., Jurcic, K., Bladt, S., Wagner, H. 1994. Analytical and Pharmacological Studies on Mahonia aquifolium. Phytomedicine, 1(1): 59-62.
    Mahonia repens Root -- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
    Mahonia aquifolium Shoot -- -- Khusainova, K. S. and Sadykov, Y. D. 1986. Alkaloids from Aerial Parts of Mahonia aquifolium. Izv Akad Nauk Tadzh Ssr Otd Fiz Mat Khim Geol Nauk, 1: 41-46.
    Mahonia repens Stem -- -- *
    Mahonia aquifolium Root -- -- *
    Xanthorhiza simplicissima Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
    *Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.