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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Ferula assa-foetidaSeed Essent. Oil-- 77100.0 1.39 *
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil-- 8100.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil10850.0 49600.0 0.51 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 -0.84 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 -1.0 *
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- 400.0 -1.05 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumEssential Oil-- -- *
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 2050.0 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Alpinia galangaRhizome-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- 27000.0 *
Eucalyptus globulusEssential Oil-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- -- *
Apium graveolensShoot-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil-- 1200.0 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.1 1.0 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Boswellia sacraResin Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Ferula assa-foetidaEssential Oil-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.