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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumLeaf1.0 50.0 -0.4 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 50.0 -0.49 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Acinos suaveolens (Sibt. et Smith). G. Don fil. Growing in Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:191-2.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant150.0 1820.0 0.35 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf-- -- *
Cistus ladaniferusLeaf27.0 1090.0 -0.22 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit Juice-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit6.0 7.0 -1.0 *
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil-- 17600.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil3000.0 233000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit5.0 6.0 -1.0 *
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 31.0 -0.4 *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 1.0 -0.41 *
Citrus paradisiFruit420.0 700.0 1.03 *
Citrus limonEssential Oil42.0 236.0 1.0 *
Citrus limonPetiole-- 60.0 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit10.0 680.0 0.97 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus paradisiPericarp4.0 700.0 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil-- 1300.0 *
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant17.0 1290.0 0.0 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 15.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 5.0 -0.61 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 15.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 525.0 0.75 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Eugenia unifloraLeaf-- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant3065.0 5150.0 2.55 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hypericum perforatumPlant0.35 6.3 -0.84 *
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Melissa officinalisShoot10.0 1425.0 3.11 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.005 0.05 -0.41 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 475.0 0.62 *
Micromeria variaShoot-- 475.0 0.62 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Monarda fistulosaPlant15.0 837.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 470.0 -0.54 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myrtus communisShoot-- 1.5 -0.62 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 5.0 -0.85 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -1.0 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant350.0 3150.0 1.23 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 5.0 -0.85 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 2100.0 *
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 7.0 -0.61 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 252.0 0.04 *
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil2.0 12.0 -1.0 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Honda, G., Yuba, A., Nishizawa, A., Tabata, M. 1994. Genetic Control of Geranial Formation in Perilla frutescens. Biochem. Genet, 32(5/6): 155-160.
Pimenta racemosaLeaf-- 18090.0 2.64 *
Prunus armeniacaEssential Oil-- -- *
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
Salvia sclareaPlant0.8 580.0 -0.47 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Tamarindus indicaEssential Oil-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 820.0 -0.31 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 52.0 -0.49 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8.0 -0.6 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- -- -0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8.0 -0.6 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 52.0 -0.49 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus capitatusPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Zea maysHusk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zea maysHull Husk-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 980.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil159000.0 400000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.