Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil159000.0 400000.0 *
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant3065.0 5150.0 2.55 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil3000.0 233000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisiFruit420.0 700.0 1.03 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant350.0 3150.0 1.23 *
Aloysia citrodoraPlant150.0 1820.0 0.35 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonEssential Oil42.0 236.0 1.0 *
Cistus ladaniferusLeaf27.0 1090.0 -0.22 *
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant17.0 1290.0 0.0 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Monarda fistulosaPlant15.0 837.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit10.0 680.0 0.97 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Melissa officinalisShoot10.0 1425.0 3.11 *
Citrus sinensisFruit6.0 7.0 -1.0 *
Citrus reticulataFruit5.0 6.0 -1.0 *
Citrus paradisiPericarp4.0 700.0 *
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil2.0 12.0 -1.0 *
Achillea millefoliumLeaf1.0 50.0 -0.4 *
Salvia sclareaPlant0.8 580.0 -0.47 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Hypericum perforatumPlant0.35 6.3 -0.84 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.005 0.05 -0.41 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Myrtus communisShoot-- 1.5 -0.62 *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf-- 18090.0 2.64 *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 1.0 -0.41 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 50.0 -0.49 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Acinos suaveolens (Sibt. et Smith). G. Don fil. Growing in Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:191-2.
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil-- 1300.0 *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil-- 17600.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 15.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 15.0 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Zea maysHull Husk-- -- *
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 5.0 -0.61 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8.0 -0.6 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8.0 -0.6 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 2100.0 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -1.0 *
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 470.0 -0.54 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Citrus limonPetiole-- 60.0 *
Tamarindus indicaEssential Oil-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusFruit Juice-- -- *
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 7.0 -0.61 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf-- -- *
Thymus capitatusPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 475.0 0.62 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 475.0 0.62 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Honda, G., Yuba, A., Nishizawa, A., Tabata, M. 1994. Genetic Control of Geranial Formation in Perilla frutescens. Biochem. Genet, 32(5/6): 155-160.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 5.0 -0.85 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 5.0 -0.85 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Zea maysHusk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 31.0 -0.4 *
Prunus armeniacaEssential Oil-- -- *
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 525.0 0.75 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 52.0 -0.49 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Carum carviSeed-- -- *
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- -- -0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 52.0 -0.49 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 820.0 -0.31 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
Eugenia unifloraLeaf-- -- Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 252.0 0.04 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 980.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.