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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus manihotLeaf17700.0 152586.0 1.92 *
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed160000.0 220000.0 -0.24 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed145000.0 164000.0 -0.53 Wealth of India.
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit1000.0 10000.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abrus precatoriusSeed25000.0 28000.0 -1.25 *
Abutilon theophrastiSeed-- 153000.0 -0.59 Wealth of India.
Acacia tortilisFruit24400.0 31000.0 -0.4 *
Acacia senegalFruit-- 10000.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaSeed20000.0 78000.0 -0.99 *
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 46000.0 -0.21 *
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 60000.0 -1.08 *
Acacia senegalSeed-- 58000.0 -1.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia niloticaSeed35000.0 115000.0 -0.79 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf6000.0 32280.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 61000.0 0.09 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 67000.0 0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia melanoxylonSeed-- 76000.0 -1.0 *
Acacia decurrensSeed-- 123000.0 -0.75 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf14000.0 71800.0 0.31 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefoliumPlant7080.0 40000.0 -0.17 *
Achillea millefoliumSeed223000.0 334000.0 0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 279400.0 1.49 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 667500.0 2.12 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 15000.0 -0.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea racemosaSeed326000.0 451000.0 0.98 *
Actinidia chinensisFruit700.0 38400.0 -0.35 *
Aegle marmelosFruit2000.0 8860.0 -0.57 *
Aegle marmelosSeed-- 119000.0 -0.77 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed30000.0 50000.0 -1.13 *
Aframomum meleguetaSeed10000.0 20000.0 -1.29 Wealth of India.
Aframomum meleguetaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.49 Wealth of India.
Agave americanaPlant-- 13000.0 -0.57 *
Ageratum conyzoidesSeed-- 256000.0 -0.05 Wealth of India.
Agrimonia eupatoriaSeed-- 350000.0 0.45 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Agrostemma githagoSeed58000.0 68000.0 -1.04 *
Ailanthus altissimaSeed555000.0 591000.0 1.72 *
Akebia quinataSeed180000.0 383000.0 0.62 *
Albizia julibrissinSeed85000.0 111000.0 -0.81 *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf85000.0 160000.0 2.06 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 68000.0 -1.04 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed570000.0 690000.0 2.24 *
Aleurites fordiiSeed300000.0 600000.0 1.76 *
Aleurites fordiiFruit140000.0 200000.0 0.89 *
Alisma plantago-aquaticaRhizome-- 42000.0 -0.07 *
Alliaria petiolataSeed-- 220000.0 -0.24 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot3000.0 13000.0 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumRoot3000.0 22000.0 -0.03 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb2000.0 12000.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf3000.0 47000.0 -0.19 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf5000.0 37000.0 -0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf6000.0 77000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot3330.0 9000.0 -0.46 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf3000.0 89518.0 0.66 *
Allium cepaBulb1000.0 36079.0 1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower5000.0 30000.0 -0.44 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower2000.0 17000.0 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot1000.0 19000.0 -0.13 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf1000.0 63000.0 0.13 *
Aloe spp.Leaf40.0 8000.0 -0.97 *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 8000.0 -0.97 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Alpinia galangaRhizome4000.0 28000.0 -0.38 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Althaea officinalisRoot540.0 5000.0 -0.6 *
Althaea officinalisSeed128000.0 172000.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amaranthus sp.Leaf2410.0 53000.0 -0.07 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf3000.0 45000.0 -0.23 *
Ammi majusSeed-- 129400.0 -0.72 *
Ammi visnagaSeed120000.0 180000.0 -0.45 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 33000.0 -0.26 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot600.0 16000.0 -0.23 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 9000.0 -0.46 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataSeed50000.0 160000.0 -0.56 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf6000.0 20000.0 -0.73 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit1000.0 49000.0 -0.27 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed370000.0 482000.0 1.14 *
Anamirta cocculusFruit110000.0 180000.0 0.73 *
Ananas comosusFruit1000.0 42772.0 -0.31 *
Andira inermisBark-- -- *
Anemone coronariaSeed207000.0 266000.0 0.0 *
Anethum graveolensFruit68000.0 180200.0 0.74 *
Anethum graveolensSeed68000.0 180200.0 -0.45 *
Anethum graveolensPlant43000.0 47000.0 -0.07 *
Angelica sinensisRoot3960.0 18000.0 -0.16 *
Angelica archangelicaSeed189000.0 203000.0 -0.33 *
Annona glabraFruit16000.0 121000.0 0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona reticulataSeed-- 400000.0 0.71 *
Annona muricataFruit2000.0 24000.0 -0.46 *
Annona reticulataFruit2000.0 21000.0 -0.48 *
Annona squamosaSeed140000.0 490000.0 1.18 *
Annona cherimolaSeed200000.0 258000.0 -0.04 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit1600.0 5615.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona squamosaFruit2000.0 21000.0 -0.48 *
Annona muricataSeed-- 221000.0 -0.23 *
Annona cherimolaFruit1000.0 15000.0 -0.53 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 36000.0 -0.41 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumSeed105000.0 156000.0 -0.58 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf39000.0 42040.0 -0.29 *
Apium graveolensLeaf1300.0 42000.0 -0.29 *
Apium graveolensFruit13860.0 66000.0 -0.14 *
Apium graveolensSeed13860.0 279483.0 0.07 *
Apocynum cannabinumSeed226000.0 238000.0 -0.14 *
Aquilegia vulgarisSeed-- 269000.0 0.02 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant22000.0 95000.0 0.63 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf6000.0 28000.0 -0.57 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed194800.0 526834.0 1.38 *
Aralia cordataLeaf2000.0 42550.0 -0.28 *
Arbutus unedoSeed34000.0 368000.0 0.54 *
Arctium lappaRoot1645.0 7000.0 -0.53 *
Arctium lappaLeaf1300.0 8335.0 -0.96 Wealth of India.
Arctium lappaFruit150000.0 300000.0 1.65 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiSeed20000.0 500000.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf3016.0 26000.0 -0.61 *
Areca catechuSeed44000.0 180000.0 -0.45 *
Areca catechuShoot3000.0 23000.0 -0.44 *
Arecastrum romanzoffianumSeed-- 522000.0 1.35 Wealth of India.
Argemone mexicanaSeed200000.0 393000.0 0.67 *
Arisaema triphyllumSeed-- 28000.0 -1.25 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot5040.0 28000.0 0.17 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot1000.0 3460.0 -0.65 *
Artemisia maritimaSeed-- 220000.0 -0.24 *
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf334000.0 381000.0 6.47 *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot72000.0 78000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf8000.0 63000.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculusSeed-- 381000.0 0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus altilisSeed25900.0 128000.0 -0.72 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed4000.0 8265.0 -1.35 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit1000.0 34400.0 -0.38 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit1000.0 11200.0 -0.56 *
Arundo donaxPlant11000.0 13000.0 -0.57 *
Arundo donaxStem-- 30000.0 0.08 *
Asclepias syriacaSeed91000.0 318000.0 0.28 *
Asimina trilobaFruit6000.0 59000.0 -0.19 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 17000.0 -0.56 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot2400.0 24000.0 0.04 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot2000.0 41000.0 -0.1 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot3200.0 20000.0 -0.1 *
Avena sativaSeed11000.0 97000.0 -0.89 *
Avena sativaPlant1540.0 7000.0 -0.65 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit1000.0 40000.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Averrhoa carambolaFruit800.0 52000.0 -0.24 *
Azadirachta indicaSeed-- 450000.0 0.97 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 42000.0 -0.32 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 6000.0 -0.77 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 313000.0 0.25 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bactris gasipaesFruit28000.0 163400.0 0.61 *
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 15000.0 -0.6 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit-- 17000.0 -0.51 *
Balanites aegyptiacusSeed300000.0 550000.0 1.5 *
Balanites aegyptiacusLeaf-- 42000.0 -0.29 *
Basella albaLeaf3000.0 43475.0 -0.26 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit1000.0 51280.0 -0.25 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 43000.0 0.67 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 43000.0 1.75 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed649190.0 700000.0 2.29 *
Beta vulgarisRoot1000.0 16000.0 -0.23 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf2000.0 58000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgarisSeed28000.0 70000.0 -1.03 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Betula lentaLeaf-- 86000.0 0.59 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Bixa orellanaFruit3000.0 19230.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellanaSeed15000.0 50000.0 -1.13 *
Blighia sapidaSeed12000.0 611000.0 1.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril200000.0 649000.0 1.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria niveaShoot32000.0 44000.0 -0.05 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf5000.0 38460.0 -0.36 *
Borago officinalisSeed130000.0 383000.0 0.62 *
Borago officinalisLeaf7000.0 100000.0 0.87 *
Brassica rapaLeaf2000.0 42740.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf2200.0 36058.0 -0.41 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf3160.0 41242.0 -0.3 *
Brassica rapaRoot1000.0 12300.0 -0.35 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot2000.0 19340.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Seed-- 350000.0 0.45 Wealth of India.
Brassica chinensisLeaf2000.0 42740.0 -0.27 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf3160.0 41242.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf1090.0 33559.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower1800.0 29400.0 -0.45 *
Brassica nigraSeed282000.0 305195.0 0.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica oleraceaStem1000.0 11110.0 -1.45 *
Brassica junceaSeed300000.0 380000.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf2000.0 28560.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraLeaf2220.0 46841.0 -0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf7000.0 45050.0 -0.23 *
Brassica junceaLeaf12700.0 138000.0 1.62 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot1700.0 40000.0 -0.12 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit5000.0 31250.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot2200.0 20000.0 -0.1 *
Buxus sempervirensSeed416000.0 443000.0 0.94 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit13000.0 75580.0 -0.06 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cajanus cajanSeed6000.0 55354.0 -1.11 *
Cajanus cajanFruit6000.0 20000.0 -0.49 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 60000.0 0.12 *
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- 69000.0 0.25 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower2000.0 25975.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calendula officinalisSeed260000.0 450000.0 0.97 *
Calotropis sp.Seed268000.0 366000.0 0.53 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf20000.0 165000.0 2.16 *
Camellia japonicaSeed640000.0 670000.0 2.13 Wealth of India.
Canarium indicumSeed-- 728400.0 2.44 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed23000.0 36000.0 -1.21 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit2000.0 26000.0 -0.44 *
Canna indicaSeed5000.0 8000.0 -1.36 *
Canna indicaRoot1000.0 7000.0 -0.53 *
Cannabis sativaSeed296000.0 358000.0 0.49 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf4900.0 15000.0 -0.83 *
Capparis spinosaFruit-- 37500.0 -0.35 *
Capparis spinosaSeed316000.0 360000.0 0.5 *
Capparis spinosaFlower-- 4700.0 -0.84 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisSeed170000.0 360000.0 0.5 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant3200.0 42000.0 -0.14 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit1000.0 16320.0 -0.52 *
Capsicum annuumSeed100000.0 150000.0 -0.61 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Capsicum frutescensSeed100000.0 150000.0 -0.61 *
Capsicum annuumFruit2000.0 144000.0 0.46 *
Carapa guianensisSeed550000.0 650000.0 2.03 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carica papayaLeaf8000.0 136000.0 1.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaSeed-- 253000.0 -0.07 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carica papayaFruit2970.0 22000.0 -0.47 *
Carica pentagonaFruit1000.0 14705.0 -0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaLatex Exudate-- 24000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed200000.0 626000.0 1.9 *
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant16000.0 51000.0 -0.01 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower8820.0 63000.0 0.08 *
Carum carviSeed100000.0 180000.0 -0.45 *
Carum carviFruit127000.0 176826.0 0.71 *
Carya illinoensisSeed712000.0 753000.0 2.57 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit300.0 22222.0 -0.47 *
Casimiroa edulisSeed4000.0 8000.0 -1.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia toraPlant-- 44000.0 -0.11 *
Cassia toraSeed33000.0 74000.0 -1.01 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed10600.0 20648.0 -1.29 *
Castanea sativaSeed16000.0 36520.0 -1.21 *
Castanea dentataSeed12600.0 24208.0 -1.27 *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- 81000.0 0.49 *
Castanospermum australeSeed-- 7000.0 -1.36 *
Catalpa bignonioidesSeed44000.0 330000.0 0.34 *
Catha edulisSeed-- 500000.0 1.24 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot660.0 6000.0 -0.56 *
Cedrela odorataSeed-- 214000.0 -0.27 *
Cedrus deodoraSeed-- 447000.0 0.96 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed200000.0 400000.0 0.71 *
Celosia cristataSeed-- 134000.0 -0.69 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed85000.0 94000.0 -0.9 *
Cenchrus biflorusShoot10000.0 28000.0 -0.35 *
Centaurea cyanusSeed158000.0 181000.0 -0.44 *
Centaurea calcitrapaSeed154000.0 246000.0 -0.1 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf5992.0 56000.0 -0.01 *
Ceratonia siliquaSeed2000.0 18000.0 -1.3 *
Ceratonia siliquaFruit5000.0 13000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 39000.0 -0.3 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf6900.0 69000.0 0.25 Tramil
Chelidonium majusSeed-- 466000.0 1.06 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesSeed25000.0 92000.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chenopodium albumLeaf8000.0 50960.0 -0.11 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf7000.0 48000.0 -0.17 *
Chenopodium albumSeed55000.0 85000.0 -0.95 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 12000.0 -0.58 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf8640.0 48000.0 -0.17 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumSeed-- 312000.0 0.25 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud1700.0 22850.0 -1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 48000.0 -0.05 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 5000.0 -0.79 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf3000.0 46155.0 -0.21 *
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumSeed-- 171000.0 -0.5 Wealth of India.
Chrysophyllum cainitoSeed-- 66000.0 -1.05 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit7000.0 93000.0 0.07 *
Cicer arietinumSeed59000.0 69750.0 -1.03 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf1000.0 29000.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf2000.0 32200.0 -0.48 *
Cichorium intybusRoot2000.0 16000.0 -0.23 *
Cicuta maculataSeed-- 159000.0 -0.56 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot3150.0 15000.0 -0.26 *
Cimicifuga racemosaSeed326000.0 451000.0 0.98 *
Cinchona sppSeed5000.0 160000.0 -0.56 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 35000.0 1.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum verumBark11000.0 14000.0 -0.37 *
Cinnamomum verumSeed300000.0 350000.0 0.45 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum camphoraSeed-- 420000.0 0.81 *
Citrullus colocynthisSeed150000.0 510000.0 1.29 *
Citrullus lanatusSeed200000.0 571000.0 1.61 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit200.0 89000.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantiumFruit-- 8000.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit1000.0 19000.0 -0.5 *
Citrus limonSeed300000.0 400000.0 0.71 *
Citrus mitisJf5300.0 53000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensisFruit1100.0 16000.0 -0.52 *
Citrus limonFruit-- 28000.0 -0.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Citrus mitisFruit24100.0 240000.0 1.19 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus mitisFruit Juice5300.0 53000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus aurantiumSeed-- 448600.0 0.97 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Citrus reticulataFruit1900.0 22000.0 -0.47 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit2000.0 26700.0 -0.44 *
Clematis vitalbaSeed-- 140000.0 -0.66 *
Cnicus benedictusSeed258000.0 271000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnicus benedictusPlant1463.0 11000.0 -0.59 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf16000.0 80000.0 0.47 *
Coccinia grandisFruit1000.0 14490.0 -0.53 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed58400.0 719000.0 2.39 *
Coffea arabicaLeaf55000.0 59000.0 0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabicaSeed74000.0 170000.0 -0.5 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed31000.0 79000.0 -0.98 *
Coix lacryma-jobiPlant-- 28000.0 -0.35 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cola acuminataSeed4000.0 30000.0 -1.24 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot1000.0 16000.0 -0.23 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf6000.0 107000.0 1.01 *
Colubrina texensisShoot-- 45000.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensisSeed-- 179000.0 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensisLeaf4000.0 28985.0 -0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Conium maculatumSeed116000.0 179000.0 -0.46 *
Consolida ajacisSeed-- 390000.0 0.66 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf2500.0 20350.0 -0.72 *
Corchorus olitoriusSeed113000.0 148000.0 -0.62 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf6000.0 50000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumFruit110000.0 210000.0 0.96 *
Coriaria thymifoliaSeed-- 226000.0 -0.21 *
Cornus floridaSeed24000.0 494000.0 1.2 *
Corylus avellanaSeed500000.0 650000.0 2.03 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 39000.0 -0.34 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit10881.0 39000.0 -0.34 *
Crescentia alataSeed397000.0 411000.0 0.77 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style56300.0 134000.0 1.0 *
Crotalaria junceaSeed-- 43000.0 -1.17 *
Croton tigliumSeed300000.0 500000.0 1.24 *
Cryptostegia grandifoliaSeed-- 108000.0 -0.83 *
Cucumis sativusFruit900.0 43037.0 -0.31 *
Cucumis meloSeed300000.0 446000.0 0.95 *
Cucumis sativusSeed300000.0 425000.0 0.84 *
Cucumis meloFruit2600.0 29355.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed300000.0 520000.0 1.34 *
Cucurbita maximaSeed-- 366000.0 0.53 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaSeed243000.0 428000.0 0.86 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit1000.0 11905.0 -0.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita maximaLeaf17500.0 124000.0 1.35 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 40000.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita sppFruit2100.0 33230.0 -0.39 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower700.0 14430.0 -0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminumSeed134000.0 270380.0 0.03 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit134000.0 270380.0 1.42 *
Curcuma longaRhizome18000.0 153000.0 2.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longaPlant28830.0 93000.0 0.6 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf-- 9000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 2000.0 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot2400.0 24000.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed-- 27000.0 -1.26 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cycas revolutaSeed1200.0 4300.0 -1.38 *
Cycas revolutaFruit-- 39000.0 -0.34 *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit1000.0 35100.0 -0.37 *
Cydonia oblongaSeed140000.0 192000.0 -0.39 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit1000.0 17000.0 -0.51 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 71000.0 0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculusFlower1000.0 20000.0 -0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit600.0 64000.0 -0.15 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot1000.0 6800.0 -0.54 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisLeaf6000.0 54545.0 -0.04 *
Cytisus scopariusSeed-- 60000.0 -1.08 *
Daphne mezereumSeed60000.0 654000.0 2.05 *
Datura metelSeed100000.0 120000.0 -0.77 *
Datura innoxiaSeed120000.0 220000.0 -0.24 *
Datura stramoniumSeed150000.0 300000.0 0.18 *
Daucus carotaSeed87000.0 302000.0 0.19 *
Daucus carotaRoot1700.0 29000.0 0.2 *
Digitalis purpureaSeed-- 500000.0 1.24 *
Digitalis purpureaLeaf-- 12200.0 -0.88 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 6000.0 -0.56 *
Dioscorea alataRoot300.0 5700.0 -0.57 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot1000.0 5390.0 -0.58 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot1440.0 6000.0 -0.56 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber1000.0 12800.0 -0.17 *
Diospyros digynaFruit100.0 485.0 -0.64 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginianaSeed-- 26000.0 -1.26 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit4000.0 11230.0 -0.56 *
Dipsacus fullonumSeed210000.0 283000.0 0.09 *
Dipteryx odorataSeed-- 250000.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Dodonaea viscosaSeed76000.0 190000.0 -0.4 *
Dryopteris filix-masRhizome50000.0 60000.0 0.34 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Duranta repensSeed-- 14000.0 -1.32 *
Durio zibethinusFruit8000.0 73800.0 -0.08 *
Echinacea purpureaRoot3263.0 13000.0 -0.33 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 13000.0 -0.33 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus angustifoliaSeed18000.0 263000.0 -0.01 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit9500.0 51435.0 -0.25 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit9000.0 65000.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit460000.0 819000.0 5.61 *
Elaeis oleiferaSeed290000.0 450000.0 0.97 *
Elaeis oleiferaFruit290000.0 500000.0 3.18 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber2000.0 16000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed67000.0 100000.0 -0.87 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit10000.0 100000.0 0.12 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot4830.0 23000.0 0.0 *
Elytrigia repensSeed18000.0 121000.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elytrigia repensRhizome-- 15000.0 -0.67 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elytrigia repensPlant15000.0 38000.0 -0.2 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant3990.0 19000.0 -0.48 *
Equisetum arvensePlant5778.0 27000.0 -0.36 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit2000.0 50000.0 -0.26 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriobotrya japonicaSeed350000.0 450000.0 0.97 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf18040.0 82000.0 0.51 *
Eruca sativaSeed225000.0 351000.0 0.45 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 49000.0 0.05 *
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 26500.0 -0.38 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Erythrina berteroanaShoot2000.0 13000.0 -0.63 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf8000.0 43000.0 -0.27 *
Erythrina crista-galliSeed-- 167000.0 -0.52 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf16000.0 53475.0 -0.06 *
Eschscholzia californicaSeed-- 468000.0 1.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eucommia ulmoidesFruit-- 270000.0 1.42 Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
Eugenia unifloraFruit1000.0 60275.0 -0.18 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit-- -- -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit2000.0 20408.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia unifloraSeed-- 5000.0 -1.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant1710.0 19000.0 -0.48 *
Eupatorium odoratumSeed157000.0 275000.0 0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Euphorbia lathyrisSeed400000.0 475000.0 1.1 *
Euphorbia hirtaLeaf-- 17100.0 -0.78 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant1386.0 9000.0 -0.62 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed19800.0 24000.0 -1.27 *
Feijoa sellowianaFruit2000.0 12500.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaSeed240000.0 300000.0 0.18 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaStem Bark-- 27000.0 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ficus caricaLeaf17000.0 59000.0 0.05 *
Ficus caricaFruit2000.0 24000.0 -0.46 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant4000.0 46000.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareSeed17604.0 163000.0 -0.54 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit120000.0 280000.0 1.5 *
Fragaria sppFruit2350.0 59893.0 -0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fragaria sppSeed-- 190000.0 -0.4 *
Frangula purshianaBark8864.0 32000.0 0.95 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant3540.0 30000.0 -0.32 *
Garcinia mangostanaSeed-- 30000.0 -1.24 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Gardenia jasminoidesSeed140000.0 200000.0 -0.34 *
Genipa americanaFruit3000.0 9250.0 -0.57 *
Gentiana luteaSeed-- 260000.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gentiana luteaRoot2860.0 13000.0 -0.33 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed16000.0 38020.0 -1.2 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf5520.0 23000.0 -0.67 *
Glaucium flavumSeed300000.0 350000.0 0.45 *
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed8000.0 30000.0 -1.24 *
Gleditsia triacanthosFruit-- 46000.0 -0.29 *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed161000.0 204000.0 -0.32 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf5000.0 33000.0 -0.47 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower2000.0 103000.0 0.71 *
Glycine maxSeed45000.0 218000.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxPlant25000.0 62000.0 0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling14000.0 102000.0 2.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxFruit51000.0 160000.0 0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot1570.0 10000.0 -0.43 *
Gossypium spSeed160000.0 207000.0 -0.31 *
Grindelia squarrosaSeed-- 196000.0 -0.37 *
Guarea rusbyiBark-- 25000.0 0.43 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf3990.0 21000.0 -0.71 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot4750.0 25000.0 0.07 *
Hedera helixSeed-- 351000.0 0.45 *
Heimia salicifoliaSeed-- 287000.0 0.11 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber4550.0 5000.0 -1.59 *
Helianthus annuusSeed222000.0 523800.0 1.36 *
Heliotropium europaeumSeed-- 238000.0 -0.14 *
Helleborus nigerSeed-- 352000.0 0.46 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower1100.0 10000.0 -0.75 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower3600.0 35290.0 -0.35 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed168000.0 223000.0 -0.22 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf3000.0 33000.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit20000.0 50000.0 -0.26 *
Hippophae rhamnoidesBark-- 30600.0 0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hippophae rhamnoidesSeed92000.0 121300.0 -0.76 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Holarrhena pubescensSeed190000.0 300000.0 0.18 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 29000.0 -0.0 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed5000.0 55000.0 -1.11 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant19000.0 64000.0 0.18 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulusFlower5394.0 29000.0 -0.45 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 29000.0 -0.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydnocarpus wightianaSeed-- 632500.0 1.93 *
Hydnocarpus kurziiSeed300000.0 550000.0 1.5 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot7000.0 20000.0 -0.1 *
Hydrangea paniculataSeed-- 313000.0 0.25 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot6371.0 23000.0 0.0 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit1700.0 25640.0 -0.45 *
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit2100.0 34850.0 -0.38 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed250000.0 389000.0 0.65 *
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 328000.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hyptis suaveolensSeed143000.0 244000.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ilex paraguariensisSeed161000.0 173000.0 -0.49 *
Inga edulisSeed7000.0 19075.0 -1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuilleiAril-- -- -1.22 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inula heleniumRoot4180.0 19000.0 -0.13 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf2000.0 58000.0 0.03 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf2000.0 156000.0 1.98 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot1400.0 14000.0 -0.3 *
Isatis tinctoriaSeed126000.0 384000.0 0.62 *
Jatropha curcasSeed300000.0 480000.0 1.13 *
Juglans nigraSeed563000.0 612000.0 1.83 *
Juglans nigraPericarp6240.0 52000.0 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 52000.0 -0.24 *
Juglans regiaSeed400000.0 701000.0 2.29 *
Juglans cinereaSeed564400.0 595044.0 1.74 *
Juncus effususSeed-- 50000.0 -1.13 *
Juncus effususLeaf-- 24000.0 -0.65 *
Juniperus communisSeed-- 539000.0 1.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juniperus communisFruit17360.0 56000.0 -0.21 *
Justicia adhatodaSeed-- 258000.0 -0.04 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf6000.0 40000.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 95000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusFruit1000.0 5682.0 -0.6 *
Lablab purpureusSeed2000.0 16488.0 -1.31 *
Lactuca scariolaSeed-- 352000.0 0.46 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf3000.0 50000.0 -0.13 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed450000.0 525400.0 1.37 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit200.0 4485.0 -0.61 *
Lagerstroemia indicaSeed-- 83000.0 -0.96 *
Lantana camaraSeed90000.0 480000.0 1.13 *
Larrea tridentataSeed-- 117000.0 -0.78 *
Larrea tridentataPlant15134.0 46000.0 -0.08 *
Laurus nobilisFruit200000.0 550000.0 3.56 *
Lawsonia inermisSeed56000.0 122220.0 -0.75 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling5200.0 19335.0 -0.71 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed7000.0 11800.0 -1.34 *
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed280000.0 380000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Leonurus cardiacaSeed-- 302000.0 0.19 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf7000.0 66040.0 0.19 *
Lepidium sativumSeed150000.0 255000.0 -0.05 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot16000.0 22000.0 -0.03 *
Levisticum officinaleFruit-- 147000.0 0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Licania platypusFruit2600.0 13840.0 -0.54 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ligustrum japonicumSeed-- 149000.0 -0.61 *
Ligustrum lucidumFruit100000.0 150000.0 0.5 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Limonia acidissimaFruit6000.0 55770.0 -0.22 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed270000.0 281250.0 0.08 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimumSeed40000.0 450000.0 0.97 *
Linum usitatissimumHay33000.0 61000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Liquidambar styracifluaSeed-- 297000.0 0.17 *
Lobelia inflataSeed-- 30000.0 -1.24 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lobelia inflataLeaf3164.0 28000.0 -0.57 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit2000.0 40000.0 -0.34 *
Luffa aegyptiacaSeed200000.0 450000.0 0.97 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf-- 17000.0 -0.79 *
Lupinus albusSeed97400.0 108630.0 -0.83 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed140000.0 240000.0 -0.13 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit51000.0 178000.0 0.72 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf6000.0 58000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium chinenseSeed-- 191000.0 -0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumSeed150000.0 250000.0 -0.08 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit1330.0 47441.0 -0.28 *
Lycopodium clavatumPollen Or Spore400000.0 500000.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Macadamia sppSeed714000.0 775000.0 2.68 *
Maclura pomiferaFruit51600.0 183400.0 0.76 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Maclura pomiferaSeed-- 420000.0 0.81 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Maclura pomiferaLeaf-- 18700.0 -0.75 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Malpighia glabraFruit3000.0 34924.0 -0.37 *
Malus domesticaSeed180000.0 230000.0 -0.19 *
Malus domesticaFruit3210.0 34200.0 -0.38 *
Malva parvifloraSeed130000.0 180000.0 -0.45 *
Malva sylvestrisSeed97000.0 167000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva parvifloraLeaf2000.0 15000.0 -0.83 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf-- 14000.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva neglectaSeed70000.0 152000.0 -0.6 *
Mammea americanaFruit1000.0 68275.0 -0.12 *
Mandragora officinarumSeed-- 226000.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mangifera indicaSeed-- 107000.0 -0.83 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf4000.0 38000.0 -0.37 *
Mangifera indicaFruit1000.0 16890.0 -0.51 *
Manihot esculentaRoot1000.0 12.385 -0.76 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf2000.0 20000.0 -0.73 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit7000.0 44000.0 -0.31 *
Maranta arundinaceaRoot1000.0 6000.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Marrubium vulgareSeed264000.0 372000.0 0.56 *
Mauritia flexuosaFruit250000.0 534475.0 3.44 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativaSeed101000.0 123000.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaPlant8084.0 43000.0 -0.13 *
Melia azedarachSeed40000.0 400000.0 0.71 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit800.0 13000.0 -0.54 *
Melilotus indicaPlant17000.0 19000.0 -0.48 *
Melilotus albaSeed56000.0 83000.0 -0.96 *
Melilotus officinalisSeed19000.0 83000.0 -0.96 *
Melissa officinalisSeed-- 115000.0 -0.79 *
Menispermum canadenseSeed-- 160000.0 -0.56 *
Mentha spicataPlant6000.0 50519.0 -0.02 *
Mentha x rotundifoliaSeed-- 282000.0 0.09 *
Mentha pulegiumSeed-- 266000.0 0.0 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf8046.0 54000.0 -0.05 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 45000.0 -0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mercurialis annuaRoot-- 1200.0 -0.72 *
Mimosa pudicaSeed24000.0 170000.0 -0.5 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf-- 32000.0 -0.49 *
Mimosa hostilisPlant-- 30800.0 -0.31 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot8000.0 80000.0 0.63 *
Mirabilis jalapaSeed39000.0 46000.0 -1.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mirabilis expansaRoot2500.0 27000.0 0.14 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf4000.0 39000.0 -0.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaSeed10000.0 496000.0 1.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Monarda punctataSeed-- 313000.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf78000.0 348200.0 5.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaShoot14000.0 65600.0 0.36 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit2000.0 16950.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaSeed200000.0 500000.0 1.24 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf17000.0 68000.0 0.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaSeed330000.0 380000.0 0.6 *
Morus albaLeaf68000.0 74000.0 0.35 *
Morus albaFruit4000.0 32000.0 -0.4 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed7000.0 63000.0 -1.07 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit4000.0 97000.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigiiLeaf10000.0 63000.0 0.13 *
Murraya spFruit2970.0 12758.0 -0.54 *
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 87000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaSprout Seedling-- 23000.0 -0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaFruit2970.0 12758.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 2000.0 -0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 1000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 118000.0 1.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaShoot8480.0 115000.0 1.29 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit-- 109000.0 0.19 *
Myrica ceriferaBark1744.0 8000.0 -0.81 *
Myrica ceriferaSeed-- 133000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- 22000.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril244000.0 324000.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed250000.0 400000.0 0.71 *
Myrtus communisSeed120000.0 150000.0 -0.61 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nandina domesticaSeed-- -- *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb1000.0 20000.0 -1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit24000.0 26667.0 -0.44 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed2000.0 27000.0 -1.26 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome1000.0 6790.0 -0.86 *
Nepeta catariaSeed-- 212000.0 -0.28 *
Nerium oleanderSeed170000.0 294000.0 0.15 *
Neurolaena lobataSeed-- 348000.0 0.44 *
Nicotiana tabacumSeed250000.0 350000.0 0.45 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nigella sativaSeed354900.0 416000.0 0.79 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumSeed-- 155000.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- 21700.0 -0.44 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf12000.0 89000.0 0.65 *
Ocimum sanctumSeed-- 155000.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ocimum basilicumSeed-- 242000.0 -0.12 *
Oenanthe aquaticaFruit-- 200000.0 0.89 *
Oenothera biennisSeed140000.0 320000.0 0.29 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Oenothera biennisPlant23000.0 43000.0 -0.13 *
Olea europaeaFruit127000.0 583000.0 3.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaTwig-- 61000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaSeed-- 300000.0 0.18 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 73000.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed54000.0 182000.0 -0.44 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit4000.0 29400.0 -0.42 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 24800.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant88940.0 125000.0 1.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant8000.0 77950.0 0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed15000.0 27000.0 -1.26 *
Oryza sativaPlant9000.0 15000.0 -0.54 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot6000.0 37000.0 0.47 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed392000.0 414000.0 0.78 *
Pachira aquaticaSeed-- 580000.0 1.66 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber2000.0 18435.0 0.86 *
Pachyrhizus erosusSeed-- 200000.0 -0.34 *
Paeonia officinalisSeed-- 236100.0 -0.15 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 10000.0 -0.61 *
Panax ginsengRoot3752.0 17700.0 -0.17 *
Panicum maximumLeaf7000.0 32000.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Papaver bracteatumSeed450000.0 480000.0 1.13 *
Papaver somniferumSeed400000.0 550000.0 1.5 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot3200.0 20000.0 -0.1 *
Passiflora edulisFruit7000.0 28000.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit2000.0 95000.0 0.08 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower9130.0 83000.0 0.4 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit1000.0 12500.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora foetidaFruit400.0 22220.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFruit33000.0 120000.0 0.28 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Passiflora ligularisFruit1000.0 118145.0 0.26 *
Passiflora edulisSeed230000.0 238000.0 -0.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed13000.0 60000.0 -1.08 *
Passiflora foetidaSeed-- 248000.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pastinaca sativaSeed173000.0 288000.0 0.12 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot3000.0 24000.0 0.04 *
Paullinia cupanaSeed-- 30000.0 -1.24 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Peganum harmalaSeed135000.0 175000.0 -0.48 *
Peganum harmalaPlant15000.0 46450.0 -0.08 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf3000.0 38460.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit1000.0 81400.0 -0.02 *
Perideridia gairdneriRoot-- 16100.0 -0.23 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 6000.0 -1.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensSeed13000.0 481000.0 1.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea schiedeanaFruit55500.0 323000.0 1.83 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americanaFruit40000.0 864000.0 5.96 *
Petasites japonicusPt400.0 7270.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispumSeed130000.0 330000.0 0.34 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant3792.0 48000.0 -0.05 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 5000.0 -0.6 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling5000.0 53763.0 0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit2000.0 47000.0 -0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusFruit3000.0 10000.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf-- 48000.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed4700.0 15000.0 -1.32 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed3000.0 24000.0 -1.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusFruit-- 6000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling2900.0 22000.0 -0.62 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay19000.0 35000.0 -1.0 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf4000.0 54000.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusSeed15000.0 24000.0 -1.27 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1000.0 28898.0 -1.25 *
Phellodendron amurensePlant-- 517000.0 6.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phellodendron amurenseCr-- 517000.0 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed60000.0 100000.0 -0.87 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit1000.0 25000.0 -0.45 *
Phoradendron serotinumLeaf-- 56000.0 -0.01 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 23000.0 -0.44 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 9000.0 -0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit1000.0 31000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidusFruit4000.0 209000.0 0.96 *
Phyllanthus emblicaSeed-- 160000.0 -0.56 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Physalis ixocarpaFruit6000.0 87000.0 0.02 *
Physalis angulataFruit4000.0 40000.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruvianaSeed-- 63000.0 -1.07 *
Physalis alkekingiSeed-- 110000.0 -0.82 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit2000.0 12000.0 -0.55 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed3300.0 26850.0 -1.26 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp6200.0 426925.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas macrocarpaSeed-- 16000.0 -1.31 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower20000.0 68495.0 0.17 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americanaShoot4000.0 48000.0 0.03 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf36000.0 41000.0 -0.31 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed80000.0 304000.0 0.2 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit176000.0 304000.0 1.68 *
Pinus strobusPlant-- -- *
Pinus pineaSeed474000.0 560500.0 1.55 *
Pinus wallicianaSeed-- 202000.0 -0.33 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus cembroidesSeed605000.0 637000.0 1.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus gerardianaSeed320000.0 540500.0 1.45 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus edulisSeed609000.0 648035.0 2.02 *
Piper nigrumFruit30940.0 100000.0 0.12 *
Piper betelLeaf8000.0 135000.0 1.57 *
Piper auritumLeaf14000.0 79000.0 0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pistacia veraSeed470370.0 567000.0 1.59 *
Pistacia lentiscusSeed130000.0 312000.0 0.25 *
Pisum sativumFruit2000.0 19782.0 -0.49 *
Pisum sativumSeed3670.0 20481.0 -1.29 *
Pisum sativumPlant15000.0 54000.0 0.03 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 34000.0 -1.0 *
Plantago asiaticaSeed-- 81000.0 -0.97 *
Plantago ovataSeed50000.0 51000.0 -1.13 *
Plantago psylliumSeed8066.0 37000.0 -1.2 *
Plantago majorSeed54000.0 180000.0 -0.45 *
Platonia insignisFruit20000.0 72200.0 -0.09 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot9000.0 12000.0 -0.36 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf4000.0 71430.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 15000.0 -0.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot3000.0 33000.0 0.34 *
Portulaca oleraceaSeed-- 174000.0 -0.48 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Portulaca oleraceaHerb1900.0 63000.0 1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf34000.0 190000.0 2.66 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit3000.0 16665.0 -0.51 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimitoFruit4000.0 42470.0 -0.32 *
Pouteria viridisFruit2000.0 6330.0 -0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit4000.0 20000.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 30000.0 -0.41 *
Prosopis julifloraSeed53000.0 78000.0 -0.99 *
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 29000.0 -0.55 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit2600.0 15950.0 -0.52 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus laurocerasusSeed250000.0 450000.0 0.97 *
Prunus domesticaFruit6000.0 43243.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaFruit2200.0 41000.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persicaSeed399000.0 456000.0 1.0 *
Prunus dulcisSeed350000.0 621000.0 1.87 *
Prunus cerasusFruit3000.0 48000.0 -0.27 *
Prunus persicaFruit860.0 18000.0 -0.5 *
Prunus domesticaSeed390000.0 420000.0 0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus armeniacaSeed400000.0 514000.0 1.31 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Psidium cattleianumFruit3000.0 33000.0 -0.39 *
Psidium guajavaSeed100000.0 143000.0 -0.64 *
Psidium guajavaLeaf-- 60000.0 0.07 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Psidium guajavaFruit1000.0 43200.0 -0.31 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber9000.0 21127.0 1.35 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed5430.0 180020.0 -0.45 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf11000.0 47520.0 -0.18 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 36800.0 0.46 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed-- 100000.0 -0.87 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf1000.0 11494.0 -0.9 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome12000.0 13333.0 -0.71 *
Pueraria montanaShoot16000.0 35000.0 -0.22 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montanaRoot1000.0 3185.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumSeed50000.0 200000.0 -0.34 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Punica granatumFruit1000.0 38000.0 -0.35 *
Pyrus communisFruit2790.0 32198.0 -0.4 *
Quararibea cordataFruit1000.0 15000.0 -0.53 *
Quercus albaSeed78000.0 253100.0 -0.06 *
Quercus albaFlower-- 253100.0 3.08 *
Quercus albaBark912.0 4000.0 -1.1 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed230000.0 270000.0 0.02 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf6000.0 52000.0 -0.09 *
Raphanus sativusSeed298000.0 410000.0 0.76 *
Raphanus sativusFruit3000.0 50000.0 -0.26 *
Raphanus sativusRoot1000.0 187000.0 5.47 *
Rauvolfia serpentinaSeed10000.0 97000.0 -0.89 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt1000.0 32000.0 1.0 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf1000.0 65000.0 0.17 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf34000.0 36000.0 -0.41 *
Rhus glabraSeed87000.0 120000.0 -0.77 *
Rhynchosia minimaSeed-- 6000.0 -1.37 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 42000.0 -0.09 *
Ribes rubrumSeed160000.0 250000.0 -0.08 *
Ribes nigrumFruit3150.0 27977.0 -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes rubrumFruit2000.0 12460.0 -0.55 *
Ribes uva-crispaSeed183000.0 200000.0 -0.34 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit5800.0 47815.0 -0.28 *
Ribes nigrumSeed250000.0 305000.0 0.21 *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 54000.0 -0.05 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ricinus communisSeed430000.0 700000.0 2.29 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed108000.0 133000.0 -0.7 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf30000.0 33000.0 -0.47 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit2000.0 8775.0 -0.57 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa multifloraSeed-- 80000.0 -0.98 *
Rosa caninaSeed80000.0 108000.0 -0.83 *
Rosa caninaFruit3553.0 19000.0 -0.5 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant58600.0 187418.0 1.98 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusSeed145000.0 240000.0 -0.13 *
Rubus idaeusFruit5100.0 44130.0 -0.3 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeusLeaf2873.0 17000.0 -0.79 *
Rumex acetosellaSeed17000.0 36000.0 -1.21 *
Rumex crispusRoot10537.0 41000.0 0.6 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf3000.0 50000.0 -0.13 *
Rumex crispusLeaf3000.0 40540.0 -0.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosaFruit-- 47000.0 -0.28 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot6040.0 20000.0 -0.1 *
Ruta graveolensSeed-- 370000.0 0.55 *
Salix albaBark840.0 5000.0 -1.03 *
Salvia sp.Seed228000.0 360000.0 0.5 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf21666.0 138000.0 1.62 *
Salvia sclareaSeed-- 318000.0 0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salvia officinalisSeed-- 250000.0 -0.08 *
Sambucus nigraSeed-- 123000.0 -0.75 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit5000.0 24750.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- 48200.0 -0.16 *
Sambucus nigraFruit800.0 5045.0 -0.6 *
Sambucus canadensisSeed201000.0 320000.0 0.29 *
Sanguisorba officinalisSeed-- 135000.0 -0.69 *
Sanguisorba minorSeed16000.0 203000.0 -0.33 *
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- 94000.0 0.62 *
Santalum acuminatumSeed-- 600000.0 1.76 *
Santalum acuminatumFruit2000.0 8585.0 -0.58 *
Santalum albumSeed500000.0 600000.0 1.76 *
Sassafras albidumSeed119000.0 604000.0 1.78 *
Satureja hortensisPlant16500.0 65000.0 0.19 *
Satureja hortensisSeed-- 420000.0 0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Saussurea lappaRoot-- 180000.0 5.24 *
Schinus molleFruit77000.0 124000.0 0.31 *
Schinus terebinthifoliusSeed80000.0 322000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit17100.0 114000.0 0.23 *
Schoenocaulon officinaleSeed90000.0 250000.0 -0.08 *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed530000.0 600000.0 1.76 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit1000.0 12000.0 -0.55 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant2055.0 15000.0 -0.54 *
Secale cerealeSeed14000.0 40425.0 -1.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 23000.0 -0.67 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium eduleShoot22000.0 297300.0 4.74 *
Sechium eduleLeaf23200.0 131100.0 1.49 *
Sechium eduleFruit1000.0 42860.0 -0.31 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed52900.0 63000.0 -1.07 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf2030.0 10000.0 -0.93 *
Senna alataSeed29000.0 35000.0 -1.21 *
Senna occidentalisSeed23000.0 39000.0 -1.19 *
Serenoa repensFruit3510.0 27000.0 -0.44 *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 48000.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sesamum indicumSeed328000.0 576321.0 1.64 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit200.0 7935.0 -0.58 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf14000.0 71000.0 0.29 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 58000.0 0.09 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianumLeaf12760.0 58000.0 0.03 *
Silybum marianumSeed160000.0 450000.0 0.97 *
Simaba cedronSeed-- 120000.0 -0.77 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Simarouba glaucaSeed620000.0 677000.0 2.17 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed456000.0 538000.0 1.44 *
Sinapis albaSeed283271.0 312364.0 0.25 *
Skimmia arborescensSeed-- 268000.0 0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Smilax sppRoot4410.0 21000.0 -0.06 *
Smilax officinalisRoot4410.0 21000.0 -0.06 *
Smilax chinaSeed-- 111000.0 -0.81 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber1000.0 9000.0 -0.86 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf4000.0 53000.0 -0.07 *
Solanum melongenaFruit1000.0 38000.0 -0.35 *
Solanum torvumFruit4000.0 27000.0 -0.44 *
Solanum melongenaSeed198300.0 212000.0 -0.28 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit1000.0 16900.0 -0.51 *
Solanum nigrumSeed215000.0 300000.0 0.18 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf4000.0 29000.0 -0.55 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf3000.0 44000.0 -0.25 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed134000.0 252000.0 -0.07 *
Sophora japonicaSeed69000.0 121000.0 -0.76 *
Sorbus aucubariaSeed-- 210000.0 -0.29 *
Spartium junceumStem-- 46000.0 1.37 *
Spartium junceumSeed100000.0 124000.0 -0.74 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed11000.0 12000.0 -1.33 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot2000.0 6000.0 -0.56 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant3070.0 46672.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 21000.0 -0.45 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 21000.0 -0.45 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias mombinFruit2000.0 121000.0 0.28 *
Spondias purpureaFruit1000.0 12000.0 -0.55 *
Spondias dulcisFruit1000.0 8000.0 -0.58 *
Spondias pinnataFruit30000.0 309000.0 1.72 *
Stachys officinalisPlant3024.0 18000.0 -0.49 *
Stellaria mediaPlant3984.0 48000.0 -0.05 *
Stellaria mediaSeed48000.0 59000.0 -1.09 *
Sterculia urensSeed200000.0 260000.0 -0.03 *
Sterculia urensGum-- 2800.0 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 19000.0 -0.75 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stillingia sylvaticaSeed30000.0 32000.0 -1.23 *
Strophanthus hispidusSeed-- 320000.0 0.29 *
Strychnos nux-vomicaSeed40000.0 50000.0 -1.13 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 17000.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf1320.0 12000.0 -0.89 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower89000.0 201000.0 2.26 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit89000.0 201000.0 0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium jambosFruit2000.0 19350.0 -0.49 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit1000.0 18400.0 -0.5 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit1000.0 62000.0 -0.17 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark895.0 5000.0 -1.03 *
Tagetes erectaSeed200000.0 205000.0 -0.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indicaSeed60000.0 74000.0 -1.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 90000.0 0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaLeaf36000.0 44000.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit3000.0 16000.0 -0.52 *
Tanacetum partheniumSeed-- 312000.0 0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 48000.0 -0.05 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot2288.0 16000.0 -0.23 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf7000.0 143000.0 1.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tecoma stansSeed200000.0 230000.0 -0.19 *
Tephrosia purpureaSeed-- 91000.0 -0.92 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf24000.0 27000.0 -0.59 *
Tephrosia vogeliiSeed109000.0 134000.0 -0.69 *
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- 400000.0 2.41 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia belliricaSeed250000.0 700000.0 2.29 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Terminalia catappaSeed500000.0 596000.0 1.74 *
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 47000.0 -0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia chebulaSeed343000.0 364000.0 0.52 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf2000.0 33335.0 -0.46 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 11000.0 1.0 *
Teucrium poliumSeed-- 146000.0 -0.63 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacaoSeed371000.0 582300.0 1.67 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed342300.0 562000.0 1.56 *
Theobroma speciosumFruit92000.0 235900.0 1.16 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacaoFruit44000.0 104760.0 0.16 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolorFruit2900.0 36900.0 -0.36 *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed174800.0 460200.0 1.03 *
Thespesia populneaSeed190000.0 200000.0 -0.34 *
Thevetia peruvianaSeed500000.0 670000.0 2.13 *
Thevetia neriifoliaSeed500000.0 600000.0 1.76 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thuja occidentalisSeed-- 150000.0 -0.61 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf13440.0 80000.0 0.47 *
Thymus vulgarisSeed370000.0 389000.0 0.65 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant69480.0 80000.0 0.41 *
Tilia sp.Leaf29000.0 33000.0 -0.47 *
Tilia sp.Fruit30000.0 580000.0 3.79 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit218000.0 334773.0 1.92 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot2000.0 39150.0 0.54 *
Tribulus terrestrisSeed292000.0 378000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf-- 5000.0 -1.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tribulus terrestrisFruit35000.0 50000.0 -0.26 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trichosanthes anguinaSeed-- 321000.0 0.29 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit3000.0 55555.0 -0.22 *
Tridax procumbensLeaf-- 18000.0 -0.77 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trifolium pratenseShoot11000.0 36000.0 -0.2 *
Trifolium pratenseSeed-- 85000.0 -0.95 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Trifolium pratenseFlower6480.0 36000.0 -0.34 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed8320.0 64000.0 -1.06 *
Triticum aestivumSeed8000.0 39000.0 -1.19 *
Triticum aestivumPlant10000.0 30000.0 -0.32 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot2000.0 42850.0 0.67 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot12000.0 87600.0 0.78 *
Tropaeolum majusSeed72000.0 102000.0 -0.86 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf9450.0 45000.0 -0.23 *
Ulex europaeusPlant9000.0 19000.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulex europaeusSeed117000.0 125000.0 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ullucus tuberosusRoot2000.0 14600.0 -0.28 *
Ulmus rubraBark1312.0 8000.0 -0.81 *
Urtica dioicaSeed231000.0 382000.0 0.61 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf4600.0 23000.0 -0.67 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit3740.0 25090.0 -0.45 *
Vaccinium myrtillusSeed-- 310000.0 0.23 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit2280.0 19000.0 -0.5 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit1760.0 22000.0 -0.47 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot2714.0 23000.0 0.0 *
Valerianella locustaPlant4000.0 55555.0 0.06 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit47000.0 212000.0 0.98 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf5720.0 13000.0 -0.87 *
Verbascum thapsusSeed35000.0 271000.0 0.03 *
Vernonia cinereaSeed38000.0 380000.0 0.6 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesLeaf11000.0 21000.0 -0.71 *
Vicia fabaSeed6000.0 31580.0 -1.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit1000.0 6850.0 -0.59 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataSeed8000.0 24300.0 -1.27 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed31000.0 92000.0 -0.91 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling1350.0 23625.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 29000.0 -0.42 *
Vigna mungoPlant-- 28000.0 -0.35 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed6000.0 24520.0 -1.27 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed13100.0 14306.0 -1.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaPlant-- 18000.0 -0.49 *
Vigna radiataSeed10060.0 14234.0 -1.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoFruit-- 23000.0 -0.47 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant-- 19000.0 -0.48 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot2500.0 24462.0 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot2500.0 24462.0 -0.42 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit4000.0 32922.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaFruit-- 55000.0 -0.22 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 19000.0 -0.75 *
Vigna mungoSeed9000.0 25000.0 -1.27 *
Vigna angularisSeed5300.0 6123.0 -1.37 *
Virola surinamensisSeed600000.0 680000.0 2.18 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 23000.0 -0.67 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 526000.0 1.37 *
Vitex agnus-castusSeed38000.0 100000.0 -0.87 *
Vitis viniferaSeed60000.0 200000.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis viniferaFruit5010.0 33898.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot1000.0 9000.0 -0.46 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf16600.0 103100.0 0.93 *
Xylopia aethiopicaFruit128800.0 345000.0 1.99 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Yucca baccataRoot4784.0 23000.0 0.0 *
Yucca baccataSeed-- 272000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style25000.0 43000.0 -1.0 *
Zea maysSeed10480.0 54579.0 -1.11 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot5040.0 72000.0 1.64 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome7000.0 77000.0 0.72 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit9000.0 10000.0 -0.56 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf-- 43000.0 -0.27 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot-- 17000.0 -0.56 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit1000.0 17000.0 -0.51 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed4000.0 335000.0 0.37 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.