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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Agastache rugosaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache rugosaPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Agastache foeniculumPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Agastache rugosaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache foeniculumEssential Oil820000.0 930000.0 0.88 Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- 895000.0 0.78 Jim Duke's personal files.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot100.0 8100.0 1.37 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 690000.0 0.31 *
Artemisia dracunculusRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil100000.0 776300.0 0.44 *
Artemisia dracunculusSeed Essent. Oil-- 650000.0 1.23 *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot Essent. Oil750000.0 814000.0 *
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- 20000.0 -1.72 *
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Dictamnus albusPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Foeniculum vulgareSprout Seedling-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- 64000.0 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- 64000.0 *
Foeniculum vulgareEssential Oil27000.0 56000.0 -1.62 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil30000.0 344000.0 -0.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 1.0 *
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf1.0 80.0 -0.88 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 69.
Hyssopus officinalisFlower2.0 18.0 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 69.
Hyssopus officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Illicium verumFruit-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Limonia acidissimaLeaf-- 6570.0 -0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Malus domesticaEssential Oil-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil7500.0 900000.0 1.04 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- -- *
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 0.1 -0.98 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Ocimum basilicumFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil300.0 872100.0 0.72 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- -- *
Ocimum basilicumPlant35.0 9000.0 -0.7 *
Origanum vulgarePlant210.0 1400.0 -0.72 *
Origanum majoranaPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Perilla frutescensEssential Oil-- -- Hoang Van Phiet, Hoang Thanh Huong. 1978. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Perilla ocymoides L. Tap San Hoa Hoc 16(2): 24-28.
Persea americanaBark-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Persea americanaLeaf4750.0 29450.0 2.07 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 1.6 -0.89 *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf18.0 10745.0 0.19 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- 815000.0 0.55 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed Essent. Oil-- 40000.0 -1.22 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- 106670.0 *
Pinus sylvestrisPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Piper betelLeaf-- 6130.0 -0.27 *
Tagetes lucidaLeaf-- -- Tramil
Tagetes filifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 205000.0 -1.35 Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Tagetes filifoliaEssential Oil350000.0 612600.0 -0.03 Abburraa, R. E., et al. 1990. Study of the Essential Oil of Tagetes filifolia (Asteraceae) as Potential Producer of Estragole and Anethole. An Asoc Quim Argent 78 3: 153-156. Fac Cience Exactas Fis Nat Univ Nac Cordoba Cordoba, Argentina.
Tagetes lucidaShoot-- 2035.0 -0.39 Bicchi, C., Fresia, M., Rubiolo, P., Monti, D., Franz, C., Goehler, I. 1997. Constituents of Tagetes lucida Cav. ssp. lucida essential oil. Flavor & Fragrance, 12(1): 47-52.
Tagetes filifoliaPlant3000.0 950000.0 1.41 Youngken Jr, H. W., Tashiro, J. T. 1970. Survey of Plants for Antimalarial Activity. U. S. Army Med. Res. Develop. Command Rept. (Dept. Pharmacognosy Coll. Pharm. Univ. Rhode Island Kingston RI 02881, USA.
Trifolium pratenseRoot-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.