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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed2000.0 6000.0 -0.47 *
Abies balsameaLeaf6500.0 14000.0 0.22 *
Abies albaLeaf2500.0 3500.0 -0.71 *
Abies sachalinensisBranches16000.0 18000.0 1.3 *
Abies spectabilisLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 *
Acacia farnesianaFlower5000.0 50000.0 1.24 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Acanthospermum hispidumPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefoliumFlower700.0 5000.0 -0.26 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Achillea moschataPlant3000.0 6000.0 -0.28 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant177.0 14000.0 0.32 *
Achillea millefoliumLeaf250.0 16000.0 0.39 *
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 6400.0 -0.36 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Acinos suaveolens (Sibt. et Smith). G. Don fil. Growing in Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:191-2.
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acorus calamusRhizome10000.0 100000.0 0.8 *
Acorus calamusShoot-- 1200.0 -0.84 *
Acorus calamusLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 *
Actaea racemosaPlant1000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aegle marmelosLeaf-- 6000.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Aeolanthus myrianthaFlower-- 20200.0 0.25 Wealth of India.
Aethusa cynapiumPlant-- 150.0 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum meleguetaSeed3000.0 80000.0 0.46 *
Agastache nepetoidesPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache urticifoliaPlant-- 6500.0 -0.25 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache pallidifloraLeaf-- 830.0 -0.94 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache foeniculumPlant1000.0 12500.0 0.21 *
Agastache pallidifloraFlower1550.0 3160.0 -0.32 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf10000.0 35000.0 2.06 *
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant200.0 1600.0 -0.62 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Alliaria petiolataSeed5000.0 9600.0 -0.43 *
Alliaria petiolataRoot330.0 930.0 -0.61 *
Alliaria petiolataPlant50.0 520.0 -0.7 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot370.0 4000.0 -0.47 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb600.0 19800.0 1.16 *
Allium cepaBulb50.0 150.0 -1.29 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant700.0 7000.0 -0.21 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome3000.0 10000.0 -0.53 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome400.0 48000.0 0.03 *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- 200.0 -1.0 Wealth of India.
Althaea officinalisRoot54.0 2000.0 -0.56 *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- 200.0 -0.42 Wealth of India.
Ammi visnagaSeed200.0 300.0 -0.55 *
Amomum xanthioidesSeed15000.0 30000.0 -0.17 *
Amomum compactumSeed-- 24000.0 -0.25 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Anaphalis margaritaceaPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensRoot300.0 500.0 -0.63 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Anethum graveolensShoot-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant5600.0 15000.0 0.4 *
Anethum graveolensSeed12000.0 77000.0 0.42 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf1640.0 15000.0 0.3 *
Anethum graveolensFruit12000.0 77000.0 0.68 *
Angelica sinensisRoot880.0 7000.0 -0.33 *
Angelica sinensisTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Angelica archangelicaSeed2000.0 38000.0 -0.07 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot1000.0 19000.0 0.24 *
Angelica sinensisShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Anisochilus carnosusLeaf-- 11900.0 0.03 Wealth of India.
Anisomeles malabaricaFlower-- 700.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Anisomeles malabaricaStem-- 50.0 -0.49 Wealth of India.
Anisomeles malabaricaRoot-- 50.0 -0.65 Wealth of India.
Anisomeles malabaricaLeaf-- 250.0 -0.99 Wealth of India.
Anthriscus cerefoliumSeed-- 9000.0 -0.44 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumPlant-- 300.0 -0.72 *
Apium graveolensSeed4200.0 30000.0 -0.17 *
Apium graveolensFruit42000.0 200000.0 3.07 *
Apocynum androsaemifoliumRoot-- 160.0 -0.65 *
Aralia cordataStem-- 750.0 -0.46 *
Arctium lappaLeaf-- 285.0 -0.99 Wealth of India.
Arctium lappaRoot600.0 7500.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Ardisia japonicaPlant1000.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Aristolochia serpentariaPlant-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot500.0 2160.0 -0.55 *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant200.0 3050.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Arnica montanaFlower400.0 1400.0 -0.38 *
Arnica montanaRoot17700.0 37400.0 1.11 *
Arnica montanaRhizome5000.0 63100.0 0.25 *
Artemisia capillarisPlant1000.0 2300.0 -0.57 *
Artemisia abrotanumPlant1800.0 21000.0 0.86 *
Artemisia salsoloidesShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Artemisia vulgarisPlant260.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant1000.0 10000.0 0.02 *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot1000.0 10000.0 -0.03 *
Artemisia annuaLeaf1400.0 40000.0 2.5 *
Artemisia pallensPlant1300.0 5800.0 -0.3 *
Artemisia cinaBud20000.0 30000.0 -0.13 *
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf2500.0 17000.0 0.48 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia vulgarisRoot-- 1000.0 -0.61 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 2900.0 -0.52 *
Asarum canadenseRhizome35000.0 45000.0 -0.02 *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot20000.0 30000.0 0.76 *
Astragalus gummiferGum20000.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Atractylodes lanceaRhizome50000.0 90000.0 0.65 *
Azadirachta indicaStem Bark-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Ballota nigraPlant-- 300.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Barosma betulinaLeaf15000.0 35000.0 2.06 *
Betula lentaBud40000.0 60000.0 1.28 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Betula lentaBark2300.0 6000.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Bixa orellanaLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 Wealth of India.
Bixa orellanaSeed755.0 844.0 -0.54 *
Boronia megastigmaFlower4000.0 8000.0 -0.16 *
Boswellia serrataResin, Exudate, Sap-- 160000.0 0.17 Sabinsa: A series of well documented proprietary PR booklets, e.g.Sabinsa Corps. 1998. Bronchial Asthma - Its etiology and control with traditional herbal extracts. Sabinsa Corporation. Piscataway, NJ. 49 pp.
Boswellia sacraLatex Exudate30000.0 100000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Brassica nigraSeed7000.0 12000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica junceaSeed4500.0 30900.0 -0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica oleraceaStem-- 190.0 -0.49 *
Bursera delpechianaWood25000.0 120000.0 2.32 *
Calamintha nepetaLeaf-- 8000.0 -0.31 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Calamintha nepetaPlant-- 6000.0 -0.28 J. Ethnopharmacology, 39: 167.
Calamintha nepetaShoot-- 4500.0 -0.54 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Calendula officinalisFlower200.0 4000.0 -0.29 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf30.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Cananga odorataFlower5000.0 25000.0 0.41 *
Canarium indicumGum100000.0 250000.0 -0.27 *
Cannabis sativaBud1300.0 8000.0 -1.16 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 16000.0 -0.51 *
Capsicum annuumFruit1290.0 5000.0 -0.72 *
Carica papayaSeed-- 900.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carum carviPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Carum carviSeed20000.0 82000.0 0.49 *
Carum carviFruit30000.0 70000.0 0.54 *
Cassia marilandicaPlant-- -- *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cedrus libaniWood35000.0 60000.0 0.48 *
Cedrus deodoraWood-- 25000.0 -0.6 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf321.0 6000.0 -0.49 *
Centella asiaticaPlant3000.0 6000.0 -0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chamaemelum nobilePlant6000.0 17500.0 0.59 *
Chelidonium majusPlant-- 130.0 -0.73 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf2000.0 3000.0 -0.75 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesFruit1830.0 25000.0 -0.33 *
Chrysanthemum balsamitaPlant-- 600.0 -0.69 *
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumShoot400.0 1500.0 -0.81 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumFlower-- 1400.0 -0.38 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant200.0 700.0 -0.69 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- 1500.0 -0.81 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot210.0 4000.0 -0.47 *
Cimicifuga racemosaPlant1000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cinchona sppBark-- 50.0 -0.96 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Cinchona pubescensBark-- 50.0 -0.96 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark2000.0 25000.0 1.22 *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark3500.0 40000.0 2.53 *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf5000.0 12000.0 0.04 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumLeaf3100.0 7700.0 -0.34 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf5000.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Cissampelos pareiraRoot-- 2000.0 -0.56 *
Cistus ladaniferusEssential Oil1000.0 70000.0 1.07 *
Citrus reticulataFruit7500.0 10000.0 -0.63 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus limonPt2000.0 6000.0 1.0 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit7000.0 25000.0 -0.33 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Citrus paradisiFruit6000.0 10000.0 -0.63 *
Citrus paradisiPericarp3700.0 10000.0 -0.12 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaPlant3000.0 10000.0 0.02 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaPt-- 3100.0 -1.0 *
Citrus aurantiumFlower1000.0 5000.0 -0.26 *
Citrus sinensisPericarp15000.0 20000.0 1.28 *
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.86 *
Citrus sinensisFruit7500.0 10000.0 -0.63 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus limonPericarp-- 2600.0 -1.16 *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Citrus mitisLeaf9000.0 10600.0 -0.08 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cleonia lusitanicaLeaf-- 500.0 -0.97 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 3000.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cnidium officinaleRhizome10000.0 20000.0 -0.38 *
Coffea arabicaSeed1000.0 2000.0 -0.53 *
Collinsonia canadensisPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 *
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap15000.0 170000.0 0.29 *
Conium maculatumPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Conyza canadensisPlant2600.0 6000.0 -0.28 *
Copaifera sppGum300000.0 900000.0 1.9 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit2000.0 26000.0 -0.31 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil100.0 14900.0 -1.0 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coriaria myrtifoliaLeaf-- -- *
Coridothymus capitatusShoot-- 22000.0 1.08 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Crataegus laevigataFruit279.0 2500.0 -0.77 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style3700.0 13700.0 1.0 *
Croton eluteriaBark15000.0 30000.0 1.66 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed20000.0 50000.0 0.08 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit20000.0 50000.0 0.15 *
Cunila origanoidesShoot-- 28000.0 1.64 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Curcuma zedoariaRhizome10000.0 15000.0 -0.46 *
Curcuma longaPlant15500.0 80000.0 5.34 *
Curcuma xanthorrhizaRhizome30000.0 295000.0 3.67 *
Curcuma longaLeaf-- 4100.0 -0.65 *
Curcuma longaRhizome3000.0 72000.0 0.38 *
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant-- 15500.0 0.44 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Cymbopogon martiniiFlower4500.0 13700.0 0.03 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cymbopogon nardusPlant3000.0 12000.0 0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cymbopogon flexuosusLeaf2500.0 5000.0 -0.57 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant4000.0 7000.0 -0.21 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Cymbopogon martiniiPlant1000.0 5000.0 -0.36 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cymbopogon citratusPlant2000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Cyperus rotundusRoot5000.0 10000.0 -0.18 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- -- *
Datura stramoniumLeaf-- 450.0 -0.98 *
Daucus carotaSeed4000.0 8000.0 -0.45 *
Daucus carotaRoot-- 4000.0 -0.47 *
Daucus carotaShoot-- 4000.0 -0.58 *
Dianthus caryophyllusFlower30.0 2900.0 -0.33 *
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 7200.0 -0.29 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albusLeaf-- 1500.0 -0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 5500.0 -0.44 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albusFlower-- 500.0 -0.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 7200.0 -0.29 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dracocephalum thymifloraPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 *
Dracocephalum parvifloraPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 *
Drimys winteriBark-- 10000.0 -0.09 *
Dryopteris filix-masRhizome80.0 400.0 -0.67 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Echinacea sppFlower600.0 6000.0 -0.22 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea angustifoliaRoot400.0 13000.0 -0.04 *
Echinacea pallidaFlower-- 2800.0 -0.33 Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea sppRoot50.0 40000.0 1.23 *
Echinacea purpureaFlower1300.0 4800.0 -0.26 Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea purpureaRoot628.0 2500.0 -0.54 *
Echinacea pallidaShoot500.0 1000.0 -0.86 Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea sppLeaf100.0 6000.0 -0.49 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea purpureaShoot900.0 3200.0 -0.66 Jim Duke's personal files.
Echinacea pallidaRoot2000.0 23000.0 0.43 *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaFlower-- 1000.0 -0.39 *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaShoot-- -- Isaev, V. 1932. Essential Oils of the Flora of Tadshikistan. Acta Hortii Bot Tadshikistan 1932: 17-.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit25000.0 100000.0 1.12 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- 64500.0 1.0 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- 8000.0 -0.28 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusLeaf-- 3100.0 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusFruit-- 5000.0 -0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusStem-- 2600.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Elsholtzia pilosaShoot-- 2000.0 -0.77 *
Elsholtzia cristataShoot-- 4000.0 -0.58 Kobold, U., Vostrowsky, O., Bestmann, H.J., Bisht, J.C., Pant, A.K., Melkani, A.B. and Mathela, C.S. 1987. Terpenoids from Elsholtzia Species; II. Constituents of Essential Oil from a New Chemotype of Elsholtzia cristata. Planta Medica 1987: 268-271.
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 1300.0 -0.83 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia patriniPlant1000.0 2500.0 -0.55 Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Elsholtzia ciliataPlant1000.0 2500.0 -0.55 Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Elytrigia repensRhizome100.0 520.0 -0.67 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant1000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Eryngium foetidumPlant200.0 400.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf200.0 1300.0 -0.9 *
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 14700.0 0.41 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 2800.0 -0.69 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus fasiculosaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.79 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 4500.0 -0.54 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 2900.0 -0.68 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 6600.0 -0.34 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus desquamataLeaf-- 30900.0 1.7 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 14300.0 0.37 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus lansdowneanaLeaf-- 4800.0 -0.59 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 2400.0 -0.73 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus intertextaLeaf-- 11000.0 -0.05 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 21200.0 1.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus dolichorhynchaLeaf-- 12500.0 0.08 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 7200.0 -0.29 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus largisparsaLeaf-- 9200.0 -0.21 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 3200.0 -0.66 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 20500.0 0.94 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraPlant-- -- *
Eucalyptus angulosaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.79 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus stoateiLeaf-- 26000.0 1.27 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 3900.0 -0.59 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melanophloiaLeaf-- 1600.0 -0.87 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus paniculataShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus odorataLeaf-- 8800.0 -0.24 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 10400.0 0.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus behrianaLeaf-- 5400.0 -0.54 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus forrestianaLeaf-- 33200.0 1.91 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- 10500.0 0.02 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus bridgesianaLeaf-- 27000.0 1.36 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Eucalyptus sparsaLeaf-- 50400.0 3.42 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf5000.0 35000.0 2.06 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Eucalyptus nova-anglicaLeaf14000.0 24000.0 1.1 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 17300.0 0.65 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 1800.0 -0.79 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 5500.0 -0.44 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus leucoxylonLeaf-- 11000.0 -0.05 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus tetrapteraLeaf-- 20400.0 0.78 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 15700.0 0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 6900.0 -0.31 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus viridisLeaf-- 1000.0 -0.93 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 16800.0 0.6 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus porosaLeaf-- 21200.0 0.85 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 6700.0 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus ochrophloiaLeaf-- 900.0 -0.94 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus incrassataLeaf-- 28400.0 1.48 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus erythrandraLeaf-- 14300.0 0.24 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus ceratocorysLeaf-- 12300.0 0.07 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus cupreaLeaf-- 12700.0 0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 6800.0 -0.42 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Eucalyptus populneaLeaf-- 3600.0 -0.7 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf5000.0 20000.0 0.74 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eugenia brasiliensisLeaf-- 15000.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eugenia brasiliensisBark-- 15000.0 0.34 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Euodia rutaecarpaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.43 *
Eupatorium triplinervePlant-- 6000.0 -0.28 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant1500.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Ferula jaeschkeanaRoot-- 12000.0 -0.09 *
Ferula assa-foetidaGum30000.0 170000.0 -0.53 *
Ferula jaeschkeanaFruit-- 38000.0 -0.08 *
Ferula alliaceaFruit-- 9000.0 -0.65 *
Ferula sumbulPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Ferula gummosaGum50000.0 300000.0 -0.1 *
Ficus caricaLeaf-- 700.0 -0.95 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Foeniculum vulgareTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed2160.0 60000.0 0.21 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit10000.0 80000.0 0.73 *
Foeniculum vulgareRoot5000.0 7000.0 -0.33 *
Fragaria sppPlant-- -- *
Galeopsis tetrahitShoot-- 400.0 -0.92 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Galipea officinalisBark10000.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Gardenia jasminoidesFlower-- 700.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Gaultheria fragrantissimaShoot1200.0 12000.0 0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf5500.0 8000.0 -0.31 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Gelsemium sempervirensRoot-- 5000.0 -0.42 *
Genista tinctoriaShoot-- 300.0 -0.93 *
Ginkgo bilobaWood-- 50000.0 0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Glechoma hederaceaPlant100.0 600.0 -0.69 *
Glycyrrhiza uralensisRoot-- 50.0 -0.65 Isaev, V. 1932. Essential Oils of the Flora of Tadshikistan. Acta Hortii Bot Tadshikistan 1932: 17-.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot400.0 590.0 -0.63 *
Grindelia squarrosaPlant-- 3000.0 -0.51 *
Guaiacum sp.Wood50000.0 60000.0 0.48 *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 *
Hedeoma hispidaPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma pulegioidesShoot6000.0 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hedeoma reverchoniiPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Hedeoma pulegioidesPlant6000.0 30000.0 1.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hedychium flavumShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Helianthus annuusFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Helichrysum angustifoliumPlant750.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Hemidesmus indicusRoot1600.0 2250.0 -0.55 *
Houttuynia cordataShoot-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- 5000.0 -0.36 *
Humulus lupulusSeed10000.0 30000.0 -0.17 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Humulus lupulusFlower2000.0 10000.0 -0.09 *
Humulus lupulusFruit3000.0 10000.0 -0.63 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Hyacinthus orientalisFlower160.0 2300.0 -0.35 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hypericum perforatumPlant500.0 9000.0 -0.06 *
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- 2500.0 -0.34 *
Hypericum perforatumShoot700.0 1250.0 -0.84 *
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 3300.0 -0.51 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Hyptis suaveolensPlant-- 15000.0 0.4 Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 74.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 2500.0 -0.72 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis emoryiPlant-- 4000.0 -0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 2500.0 -0.72 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyssopus officinalisPlant300.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 14000.0 0.34 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 14000.0 0.34 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 *
Illicium verumFruit50000.0 100000.0 1.12 *
Illicium verumSeed-- 25000.0 -0.23 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Illicium verumLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Inula heleniumPlant5700.0 54000.0 3.36 *
Inula heleniumFruit10000.0 40000.0 -0.04 *
Iris x germanicaRhizome1000.0 20000.0 -0.38 *
Isanthus brachiatusPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Jasminum officinaleFlower2400.0 3800.0 -0.3 *
Jateorhiza palmataRoot700.0 15000.0 0.05 *
Juglans regiaLeaf100.0 300.0 -0.99 *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus oxycedrusWood-- 15000.0 -0.9 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Juniperus virginianaWood15000.0 45000.0 0.02 *
Juniperus communisFruit6200.0 40000.0 -0.04 *
Juniperus oxycedrusLeaf-- 100.0 -1.01 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 *
Juniperus macropodaFruit6600.0 20400.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juniperus sabinaShoot30000.0 50000.0 3.67 *
Juniperus oxycedrusFruit13000.0 15000.0 -0.53 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Lagochilus inebriansPlant300.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Lantana camaraLeaf500.0 3200.0 -0.73 *
Lantana camaraFlower-- 700.0 -0.4 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 *
Larrea tridentataPlant329.0 2500.0 -0.55 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- 5700.0 -0.51 *
Laurus nobilisFlower-- 1800.0 -0.36 *
Laurus nobilisFruit10000.0 40000.0 -0.04 *
Laurus nobilisWood-- 700.0 -1.34 *
Laurus nobilisBark-- 6800.0 -0.37 *
Lavandula x intermediaPlant10000.0 18000.0 0.63 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x hybridaShoot5500.0 7000.0 -0.31 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Lavandula latifoliaPlant5000.0 11000.0 0.1 *
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower3000.0 40000.0 0.91 *
Lawsonia inermisFlower100.0 200.0 -0.42 *
Ledum palustreLeaf3000.0 25000.0 1.18 *
Leonotis leonurusSe-- -- Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed-- 20000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Leonurus cardiacaPlant100.0 500.0 -0.7 *
Lepechinia calycinaPlant-- 5000.0 -0.36 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lepechinia schiedianaPlant-- 4000.0 -0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lepidium sativumPlant-- 1150.0 -0.65 *
Levisticum officinalePlant500.0 2450.0 -0.55 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Levisticum officinaleSeed8000.0 11000.0 -0.41 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Levisticum officinaleRoot1000.0 18000.0 0.19 *
Limonia acidissimaLeaf-- 7300.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lindera benzoinFruit4140.0 4260.0 -0.74 *
Lindera benzoinTwig-- 700.0 -1.0 *
Lindera benzoinLeaf-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Lippia albaLeaf-- 1200.0 -0.91 Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Lippia javanicaPlant-- -- Neidlein, R., Staehle, R. 1974. Constituents of Lippia javanica. III. Deutsche Apot. Ziit., 114: 1588.
Liquidambar orientalisResin, Exudate, Sap5000.0 10000.0 -1.6 *
Liquidambar styracifluaResin, Exudate, Sap150000.0 200000.0 0.64 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf-- 800.0 -0.94 *
Litsea glaucescensShoot2100.0 2300.0 -0.74 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- 100.0 -1.01 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopus americanusPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lycopus uniflorusPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lycopus europeusPlant500.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Lycopus virginicusPlant800.0 2000.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Magnolia officinalisBark3000.0 10000.0 -0.09 *
Malus domesticaFruit25.0 35.0 -0.82 *
Mangifera indicaFlower-- 400.0 -0.41 *
Marrubium vulgarePlant500.0 600.0 -0.69 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Marsdenia reichenbachiiPlant-- 100.0 -0.73 *
Matricaria recutitaFlower2400.0 20000.0 0.24 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf10000.0 25000.0 1.18 *
Melaleuca leucadendraTwig-- 13000.0 1.65 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melaleuca bracteataLeaf4000.0 10000.0 -0.14 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca leucadendraLeaf-- 13000.0 0.13 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melaleuca linariifoliaLeaf15000.0 20000.0 0.74 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Melaleuca cajuputiLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Melaleuca viridifloraLeaf10000.0 26000.0 1.27 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melia azedarachPlant-- 200.0 -0.72 *
Melilotus officinalisFlower-- 130.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Melissa officinalisShoot100.0 8000.0 -0.21 *
Mentha pulegiumTissue Culture-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaPlant1000.0 40000.0 2.3 *
Mentha longifoliaPlant10000.0 38000.0 2.15 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1100.0 -0.85 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf2980.0 30000.0 1.62 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1500.0 -0.81 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha pulegiumLeaf-- 9200.0 -0.21 *
Mentha spicataLeaf1000.0 25000.0 1.18 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1600.0 -0.8 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1100.0 -0.85 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf600.0 10000.0 -0.14 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Mentha pulegiumShoot3500.0 20000.0 0.9 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant10000.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant10000.0 32100.0 1.7 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1700.0 -0.8 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaLeaf3000.0 8500.0 -0.27 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf670.0 700.0 -0.95 *
Mercurialis annuaRoot-- 800.0 -0.62 *
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 24000.0 1.27 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria julianaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria congestaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Micromeria myrtifoliaShoot-- 300.0 -0.93 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 24000.0 1.27 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria thymifoliaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria dalmaticaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Micromeria variaShoot-- 3000.0 -0.68 *
Micromeria fruticosaLeaf-- 30000.0 1.62 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria teneriffaeLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria croaticaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Micromeria variaShoot-- 3000.0 -0.68 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Minthostachys mollisShoot700.0 900.0 -0.87 Alkire, B.H., Tucker, A.O., and Maciarello, M.J. 1994. Tipo (Minthostachys mollis (Lamiaceae): An Ecuadorian Mint. Econ. Bot. 48(1): 60-64.
Mitracarpus scaberShoot-- 400.0 -0.92 I. Laakso, T.O.E. Ekpendu, A.A. Adesomoju, O. Eundayo, J. I. Okogun, (1993); Constituents of the volatile oil of Mitracarpus scaber Zucc., Flavour Fragr. J., Vol 8, 269-271.
Moldavica thymifloraPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Moldavica parvifloraPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda mediaPlant-- 7000.0 -0.21 *
Monarda didymaShoot1000.0 10000.0 -0.03 *
Monarda clinopodiaPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Monarda citriodoraShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Monarda citriodoraLeaf-- 7000.0 -0.4 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Monarda lindheimeriPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Monarda didymaLeaf7000.0 13000.0 0.13 *
Monarda citriodoraFlower-- 10000.0 -0.09 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda punctataPlant10000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Monarda fistulosaPlant3000.0 31000.0 1.62 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Monarda didymaFlower-- 3700.0 -0.3 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf2300.0 26000.0 1.27 *
Myrica ceriferaPlant2000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Myrica ceriferaBark436.0 4000.0 -0.62 *
Myristica fragransLeaf4100.0 6200.0 -0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myristica fragransBark-- 1400.0 -0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myristica fragransSeed20000.0 160000.0 1.47 *
Myristica fragransAril40000.0 150000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myroxylon balsamumGum-- -- *
Myrtus communisPlant1667.0 5900.0 -0.29 *
Myrtus communisLeaf1000.0 5000.0 -0.57 *
Narcissus tazettaFlower2100.0 4500.0 -0.27 *
Nardostachys jatamansiRoot19000.0 20000.0 0.29 *
Nardostachys chinensisRhizome10000.0 32000.0 -0.21 *
Nasturtium officinalePlant600.0 660.0 -0.69 *
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 11000.0 0.07 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta ciliciaShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 *
Nepeta catariaPlant2000.0 13000.0 0.25 Bourrel, C., Perineau, F., Michel, G., Bessiere, J.M. 1993. Catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) Essential Oil: Analysis of Chemical Constituents, Bacteriostatic and Fungistatic Properties. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 159-167.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 11000.0 0.07 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nerium oleanderFlower-- 300.0 -0.41 *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil-- 4500.0 *
Nigella sativaSeed4000.0 16000.0 -0.35 *
Ocimum suaveShoot-- 4000.0 -0.58 J. Nat. Prod. 44: 308.
Ocimum gratissimumFlower13400.0 16700.0 0.13 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumLeaf7700.0 11200.0 -0.03 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 2500.0 -0.55 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum gratissimumSeed-- 2700.0 -0.52 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum sanctumLeaf6000.0 7000.0 -0.4 *
Ocimum kilimandscharicumFlower19600.0 28000.0 0.51 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum gratissimumStem-- 1400.0 -0.42 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum gratissimumPlant1000.0 6000.0 -0.28 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf1000.0 9000.0 -0.22 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 2500.0 -0.55 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum gratissimumLeaf12000.0 14700.0 0.28 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumShoot5000.0 10000.0 -0.03 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum basilicumShoot-- -- *
Ocimum canumShoot3800.0 6500.0 -0.35 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 21000.0 0.99 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Oenanthe aquaticaFruit10000.0 25000.0 -0.33 *
Ononis spinosaRoot200.0 2000.0 -0.56 *
Opopanax chironiumResin, Exudate, Sap30000.0 65000.0 -0.95 *
Origanum vulgarePlant1500.0 10000.0 0.02 *
Origanum onitesShoot-- 33000.0 2.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 34000.0 1.84 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 31000.0 1.92 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 16800.0 0.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 17000.0 0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 800.0 -0.68 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum minutiflorumShoot22400.0 24400.0 1.31 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 4800.0 -0.51 Isaev, V. 1932. Essential Oils of the Flora of Tadshikistan. Acta Hortii Bot Tadshikistan 1932: 17-.
Origanum majoranaPlant3000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 45000.0 3.21 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 31000.0 1.92 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 17000.0 0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 25000.0 1.36 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 1300.0 -0.64 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- -- *
Origanum creticumPlant14000.0 30000.0 1.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 400.0 -0.71 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 31000.0 1.92 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 2200.0 -0.75 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark1500.0 4000.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Paeonia officinalisRoot-- 4000.0 -0.47 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Paeonia lactifloraRoot-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Panax quinquefoliusRoot-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot100.0 500.0 -0.63 *
Passiflora edulisFruit Juice23.0 43.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pavonia odorataRoot-- 5000.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 2000.0 -0.77 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 18000.0 0.71 *
Pelargonium graveolensPlant800.0 4000.0 -0.44 *
Perilla frutescensStem-- 500.0 -0.47 Janicki, J., Tobolewicz, I. 1953. Perilla ocymoides-A Raw material for the Production of Natural Oils. Przem Rolny Spozyw, 7: 56-.
Perilla frutescensPlant1000.0 13000.0 0.25 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 10400.0 -0.1 Janicki, J., Tobolewicz, I. 1953. Perilla ocymoides-A Raw material for the Production of Natural Oils. Przem Rolny Spozyw, 7: 56-.
Persea americanaLeaf5000.0 31000.0 1.71 *
Petasites hybridusLeaf-- 1000.0 -0.93 Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Petroselinum crispumRoot500.0 5000.0 -0.42 *
Petroselinum crispumFruit-- 600.0 -0.81 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf600.0 3000.0 -0.75 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant40.0 3000.0 -0.51 *
Petroselinum crispumSeed15000.0 70000.0 0.33 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot2000.0 14000.0 0.0 *
Peumus boldusLeaf16000.0 30000.0 1.62 *
Phellodendron amurenseFruit-- -- *
Picea marianaTwig-- 4610.0 -0.15 *
Picea glaucaTwig-- 3000.0 -0.5 *
Pilocarpus microphyllusLeaf2500.0 3000.0 -0.75 *
Pilocarpus jaborandiLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit20000.0 50000.0 0.15 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pimenta racemosaLeaf7500.0 39000.0 2.42 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf7500.0 12500.0 0.08 *
Pimpinella anisumPlant10000.0 60000.0 3.82 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed6100.0 140000.0 1.22 *
Pimpinella anisumTissue Culture-- -- *
Pinellia ternataTuber30.0 130.0 *
Pinus palustrisResin, Exudate, Sap200000.0 250000.0 1.23 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pinus elliottiiResin, Exudate, Sap200000.0 250000.0 1.23 *
Pinus sylvestrisRoot-- -- *
Pinus palustrisLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus elliottiiLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus wallicianaLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus strobusRoot-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf2000.0 5000.0 -0.57 *
Pinus mugoLeaf1200.0 6100.0 -0.48 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Piper nigrumFruit-- 15000.0 -0.53 *
Piper auritumLeaf4700.0 5800.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Piper cubebaFruit Essent. Oil-- 118500.0 *
Piper cubebaFruit50000.0 200000.0 3.07 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper angustifoliumLeaf9000.0 35000.0 2.06 *
Piper betelLeaf2000.0 42000.0 2.68 *
Pistacia lentiscusLeaf10000.0 30000.0 1.62 *
Plantago majorPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 *
Plectranthus coleoidesShoot-- 6000.0 -0.4 Buchbauer, G., Jorovetz, L., Wasicky, M. and Nikiforov, A. 1993. Volatile Constituents of the Headspace and Essential Oil of Plectranthus coleoides Marginatus (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 311-313.
Plectranthus incanusShoot-- 3500.0 -0.63 Shah, G.C., Bhandari, R. & Mathela, C.S. 1992. 1,2-Epoxy-p-Menthane Derivatives from some Labiatae Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 57-59.
Podophyllum hexandrumRhizome2590.0 5550.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pogostemon cablinPlant15000.0 58000.0 3.67 *
Polianthes tuberosaFlower800.0 15000.0 0.08 *
Populus nigraBulb-- 5000.0 -0.68 *
Populus tacamahaccaBulb-- 20000.0 1.18 *
Porophyllum ruderalePlant3000.0 4500.0 -0.4 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Prunella vulgarisPlant-- 5000.0 -0.36 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus laurocerasusLeaf-- 500.0 -0.97 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed8000.0 16000.0 -0.35 *
Prunus dulcisSeed5000.0 18000.0 -0.32 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus cerasusSeed-- 10000.0 -0.42 *
Prunus serotinaStem Bark-- 2000.0 1.0 *
Psidium guajavaLeaf2600.0 3600.0 -0.7 *
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed500.0 200000.0 1.98 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome-- 1800.0 -0.65 *
Pterocarpus santalinusWood-- -- *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesWood-- 500.0 -1.35 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pueraria montanaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 120.0 *
Pycnanthemum torreyiShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoidesShoot39000.0 58000.0 4.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum loomisiiShoot31000.0 42000.0 2.93 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum nudumShoot25000.0 26000.0 1.45 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum curvipesShoot-- 21000.0 0.99 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum beadleiShoot-- 7000.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum virginianumShoot6000.0 29000.0 1.73 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumShoot2000.0 20000.0 0.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumLeaf39000.0 58000.0 4.09 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum incanumShoot11000.0 19000.0 0.81 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum muticumShoot29000.0 50000.0 3.67 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioidesShoot21000.0 22000.0 1.08 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum verticillatumShoot-- 21000.0 0.99 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum montanumShoot7000.0 8000.0 -0.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum setosumShoot20000.0 31000.0 1.92 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumFlower39000.0 58000.0 1.51 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum flexuosumShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum californicumShoot-- 36000.0 2.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Quassia amaraRoot-- -- *
Quercus albaBark100.0 500.0 -0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ravensara aromaticaLeaf-- 20000.0 0.74 *
Ravensara aromaticaBark-- 22000.0 0.96 *
Rheum rhabarbarumRoot-- -- *
Rheum palmatumRhizome-- 500.0 -0.67 *
Ribes nigrumBulb-- 7500.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf-- 100.0 -1.01 *
Rosa caninaSeed2000.0 3000.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa gallicaFlower270.0 360.0 -0.41 *
Rosa damascenaFlower250.0 500.0 -0.41 *
Rosa centifoliaFlower-- 2000.0 -0.36 *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot6200.0 12600.0 0.21 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant3300.0 25000.0 1.16 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot5500.0 8700.0 -0.15 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceusShoot3200.0 9900.0 -0.04 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot6200.0 12600.0 0.21 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.89 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisTissue Culture-- -- *
Rosmarinus tomentosusShoot8000.0 9900.0 -0.04 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 5400.0 -0.45 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.89 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot5500.0 8700.0 -0.15 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus x mendizabaliiShoot3900.0 5500.0 -0.44 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Ruscus aculeatusRoot302.0 3000.0 -0.51 *
Ruscus aculeatusPlant1000.0 3000.0 -0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ruta graveolensLeaf600.0 7000.0 -0.4 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf-- 20000.0 0.74 *
Salvia dorisianaShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Salvia trilobaPlant10000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Salvia canariensisLeaf-- 7000.0 -0.4 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Salvia sclareaPlant400.0 5000.0 -0.36 *
Salvia gilliesiiShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Salvia officinalisPlant5000.0 28000.0 1.39 *
Sambucus nigraFlower37.0 3200.0 -0.32 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Santalum acuminatumWood-- 50000.0 0.17 *
Santalum albumWood15000.0 62500.0 0.55 *
Santalum albumRoot-- 100000.0 4.06 *
Santolina chamaecyparissusFlower-- 8600.0 -0.14 *
Sarracenia flavaFlower-- 180.0 -0.42 *
Sarracenia flavaShoot-- -- *
Sassafras albidumRoot10000.0 90000.0 3.58 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf150.0 330.0 -0.99 *
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cuneifoliaShoot-- 18900.0 0.8 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Satureja obovataShoot10000.0 11000.0 0.07 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 22600.0 0.97 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja hortensisPlant1500.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Satureja douglasiiPlant-- 13000.0 0.25 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja thymbraShoot-- 37000.0 2.47 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Satureja odoraShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cilicicaShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 9800.0 -0.15 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 22600.0 0.97 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja vulgarisPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja hortensisLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Satureja subspicataPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Satureja grandifloraShoot-- 3900.0 -0.59 Carnat, A., Chossegros, A., and Lamaison, J. 1991. The Essential Oil of Satureja grandiflora (L.) Scheele from France. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 361-362
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 24100.0 1.11 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja montanaPlant1500.0 23000.0 1.01 *
Satureja glabellaPlant10000.0 10600.0 0.07 *
Saussurea lappaRoot15000.0 70000.0 2.64 *
Schinus molleLeaf2000.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Schinus molleFruit33500.0 52000.0 0.19 *
Schinus terebinthifoliusSeed250000.0 450000.0 5.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schinus molleFlower-- 21000.0 0.28 *
Schisandra chinensisBark-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisLeaf-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisFruit10000.0 30000.0 -0.24 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Schisandra chinensisBranches-- -- *
Schizonepeta tenuifoliaPlant-- 18000.0 0.63 *
Scutellaria churchillianaPlant-- 300.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Scutellaria parvulaPlant-- 900.0 -0.67 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Scutellaria galericulataPlant-- 600.0 -0.69 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant411.0 3000.0 -0.51 *
Senna occidentalisSeed175.0 182.0 -0.55 *
Serenoa repensFruit5400.0 20000.0 -0.43 *
Sideritis athoaShoot-- 2500.0 -0.72 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Sideritis mugronensisLeaf1100.0 1600.0 -0.87 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis mugronensisFlower3200.0 4400.0 -0.28 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis scardicaShoot-- 4350.0 -0.55 Menkovic, N., et al. 1991. The Essential Oil of Sideritis scardica. Pl. Med. 57. Suppl. 2. pp. A137-A132.
Sideritis germanicolpitanaPlant-- 3300.0 -0.49 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Sideritis pauliShoot-- 3200.0 -0.66 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Silybum marianumSeed-- 1000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Simarouba amaraBark1000.0 1800.0 -0.81 *
Sinapis albaSeed1000.0 2000.0 -0.53 *
Skimmia arborescensLeaf5000.0 24000.0 1.1 *
Smilax sppRoot-- 300.0 -0.64 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- 2.0 -0.74 *
Stachys germanicaPlant-- 800.0 -0.68 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Stachytarpheta cayennensisPlant350.0 700.0 -0.69 *
Stellaria mediaPlant83.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf250.0 4300.0 -0.64 *
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 4300.0 -0.28 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stillingia sylvaticaPlant30000.0 40000.0 2.3 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Synedrella nodifloraLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Synedrella nodifloraFlower-- 43000.0 1.01 Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Syringa vulgarisFlower2400.0 3600.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Syzygium aromaticumStem40000.0 60000.0 2.6 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Syzygium aromaticumFlower155000.0 210000.0 6.57 *
Syzygium aromaticumLeaf20000.0 32000.0 1.8 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit150000.0 210000.0 3.26 *
Tagetes erectaPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes minutaShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Tagetes patulaPlant-- 1500.0 -0.63 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes filifoliaShoot-- 4700.0 -0.52 *
Tagetes minutaPlant1870.0 5000.0 -0.36 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Tagetes lucidaShoot-- 6000.0 -0.4 Bicchi, C., Fresia, M., Rubiolo, P., Monti, D., Franz, C., Goehler, I. 1997. Constituents of Tagetes lucida Cav. ssp. lucida essential oil. Flavor & Fragrance, 12(1): 47-52.
Tanacetum vulgarePlant4000.0 5000.0 -0.36 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant200.0 700.0 -0.69 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- 1500.0 -0.81 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot715.0 5000.0 -0.42 *
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- 1500.0 -0.63 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium montanumPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium gnaphalodesShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 2900.0 -0.68 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium asiaticumShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium poliumShoot400.0 900.0 -0.87 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Teucrium salviastrumShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium poliumShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 700.0 -0.89 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 2900.0 -0.68 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- 700.0 -0.69 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Teucrium pseudoscorodoniaShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- 9000.0 -0.22 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- 13000.0 0.13 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 700.0 -0.89 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- 10.0 -0.74 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thuja occidentalisBranches6000.0 10000.0 -0.16 *
Thymus orospedanusPlant-- 17500.0 0.59 *
Thymus zygisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus vulgarisLeaf1344.0 26000.0 1.27 *
Thymus capitatusShoot-- 7100.0 -0.3 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus vulgarisPlant4000.0 34000.0 1.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus riatarumShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 17000.0 0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus serpyllumPlant1500.0 19100.0 0.71 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thymus cilicicusShoot-- 14600.0 0.4 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus zygisPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Trachyspermum ammiFruit20000.0 60000.0 0.35 *
Trachyspermum ammiPlant-- 15200.0 0.42 *
Trichostemma dichotomumShoot-- 800.0 -0.88 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 1700.0 -0.37 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 100.0 -0.55 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot-- 300.0 -0.93 *
Tsuga canadensisBranches4000.0 4600.0 -1.14 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf2100.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Umbellularia californicaStem5600.0 11300.0 0.09 *
Umbellularia californicaEssential Oil-- 46900.0 0.26 *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf2300.0 28000.0 1.45 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot590.0 20000.0 0.29 *
Valeriana jatamansiRoot5000.0 30000.0 0.76 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 6000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Verbena officinalisPlant-- -- *
Vetiveria zizanioidesRoot-- 15000.0 0.05 *
Viburnum prunifoliumBark2800.0 3300.0 -0.68 *
Viburnum opulusBark1000.0 3000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viola odorataEssential Oil900.0 1200.0 -1.34 *
Viola tricolorPlant-- 86.0 -0.73 *
Viola odorataRoot-- 380.0 -0.64 *
Viola odorataFlower300.0 1700.0 -0.37 *
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf-- 230.0 -0.99 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castusFlower3000.0 7600.0 -0.17 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Vitex agnus-castusFruit4000.0 12000.0 -0.59 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Xylopia aethiopicaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.43 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Xylopia aethiopicaSeed-- 13000.0 -0.39 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Yucca baccataRoot208.0 2000.0 -0.56 *
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisPlant-- 33000.0 1.77 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Zanthoxylum alatumFruit15000.0 23000.0 -0.37 *
Zanthoxylum alatumLeaf-- 400.0 -0.98 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style800.0 1200.0 -1.0 *
Zingiber officinaleResin, Exudate, Sap-- 60000.0 -1.01 *
Zingiber officinaleOr800.0 50000.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot700.0 30000.0 0.76 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 10000.0 -0.53 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.