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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Copaifera sppGum300000.0 900000.0 1.9 *
Schinus terebinthifoliusSeed250000.0 450000.0 5.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ferula gummosaGum50000.0 300000.0 -0.1 *
Curcuma xanthorrhizaRhizome30000.0 295000.0 3.67 *
Canarium indicumGum100000.0 250000.0 -0.27 *
Pinus elliottiiResin, Exudate, Sap200000.0 250000.0 1.23 *
Pinus palustrisResin, Exudate, Sap200000.0 250000.0 1.23 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Syzygium aromaticumFruit150000.0 210000.0 3.26 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower155000.0 210000.0 6.57 *
Piper cubebaFruit50000.0 200000.0 3.07 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Psoralea corylifoliaSeed500.0 200000.0 1.98 *
Liquidambar styracifluaResin, Exudate, Sap150000.0 200000.0 0.64 *
Apium graveolensFruit42000.0 200000.0 3.07 *
Ferula assa-foetidaGum30000.0 170000.0 -0.53 *
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap15000.0 170000.0 0.29 *
Boswellia serrataResin, Exudate, Sap-- 160000.0 0.17 Sabinsa: A series of well documented proprietary PR booklets, e.g.Sabinsa Corps. 1998. Bronchial Asthma - Its etiology and control with traditional herbal extracts. Sabinsa Corporation. Piscataway, NJ. 49 pp.
Myristica fragransSeed20000.0 160000.0 1.47 *
Myristica fragransAril40000.0 150000.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pimpinella anisumSeed6100.0 140000.0 1.22 *
Bursera delpechianaWood25000.0 120000.0 2.32 *
Piper cubebaFruit Essent. Oil-- 118500.0 *
Boswellia sacraLatex Exudate30000.0 100000.0 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit25000.0 100000.0 1.12 *
Illicium verumFruit50000.0 100000.0 1.12 *
Santalum albumRoot-- 100000.0 4.06 *
Acorus calamusRhizome10000.0 100000.0 0.8 *
Atractylodes lanceaRhizome50000.0 90000.0 0.65 *
Sassafras albidumRoot10000.0 90000.0 3.58 *
Carum carviSeed20000.0 82000.0 0.49 *
Aframomum meleguetaSeed3000.0 80000.0 0.46 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit10000.0 80000.0 0.73 *
Curcuma longaPlant15500.0 80000.0 5.34 *
Anethum graveolensSeed12000.0 77000.0 0.42 *
Anethum graveolensFruit12000.0 77000.0 0.68 *
Curcuma longaRhizome3000.0 72000.0 0.38 *
Petroselinum crispumSeed15000.0 70000.0 0.33 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Carum carviFruit30000.0 70000.0 0.54 *
Saussurea lappaRoot15000.0 70000.0 2.64 *
Cistus ladaniferusEssential Oil1000.0 70000.0 1.07 *
Opopanax chironiumResin, Exudate, Sap30000.0 65000.0 -0.95 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- 64500.0 1.0 *
Arnica montanaRhizome5000.0 63100.0 0.25 *
Santalum albumWood15000.0 62500.0 0.55 *
Betula lentaBud40000.0 60000.0 1.28 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cedrus libaniWood35000.0 60000.0 0.48 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed2160.0 60000.0 0.21 *
Pimpinella anisumPlant10000.0 60000.0 3.82 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit20000.0 60000.0 0.35 *
Syzygium aromaticumStem40000.0 60000.0 2.6 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Guaiacum sp.Wood50000.0 60000.0 0.48 *
Zingiber officinaleResin, Exudate, Sap-- 60000.0 -1.01 *
Pogostemon cablinPlant15000.0 58000.0 3.67 *
Pycnanthemum pilosumFlower39000.0 58000.0 1.51 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumLeaf39000.0 58000.0 4.09 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoidesShoot39000.0 58000.0 4.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Inula heleniumPlant5700.0 54000.0 3.36 *
Schinus molleFruit33500.0 52000.0 0.19 *
Eucalyptus sparsaLeaf-- 50400.0 3.42 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Cuminum cyminumFruit20000.0 50000.0 0.15 *
Acacia farnesianaFlower5000.0 50000.0 1.24 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pycnanthemum muticumShoot29000.0 50000.0 3.67 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pimenta dioicaFruit20000.0 50000.0 0.15 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cuminum cyminumSeed20000.0 50000.0 0.08 *
Santalum acuminatumWood-- 50000.0 0.17 *
Juniperus sabinaShoot30000.0 50000.0 3.67 *
Zingiber officinaleOr800.0 50000.0 *
Ginkgo bilobaWood-- 50000.0 0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Alpinia galangaRhizome400.0 48000.0 0.03 *
Umbellularia californicaEssential Oil-- 46900.0 0.26 *
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 45000.0 3.21 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Asarum canadenseRhizome35000.0 45000.0 -0.02 *
Juniperus virginianaWood15000.0 45000.0 0.02 *
Synedrella nodifloraFlower-- 43000.0 1.01 Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Pycnanthemum loomisiiShoot31000.0 42000.0 2.93 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper betelLeaf2000.0 42000.0 2.68 *
Inula heleniumFruit10000.0 40000.0 -0.04 *
Stillingia sylvaticaPlant30000.0 40000.0 2.3 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Echinacea sppRoot50.0 40000.0 1.23 *
Cinnamomum verumBark3500.0 40000.0 2.53 *
Juniperus communisFruit6200.0 40000.0 -0.04 *
Lavandula angustifoliaFlower3000.0 40000.0 0.91 *
Artemisia annuaLeaf1400.0 40000.0 2.5 *
Mentha x piperitaPlant1000.0 40000.0 2.3 *
Laurus nobilisFruit10000.0 40000.0 -0.04 *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf7500.0 39000.0 2.42 *
Mentha longifoliaPlant10000.0 38000.0 2.15 *
Ferula jaeschkeanaFruit-- 38000.0 -0.08 *
Angelica archangelicaSeed2000.0 38000.0 -0.07 *
Arnica montanaRoot17700.0 37400.0 1.11 *
Satureja thymbraShoot-- 37000.0 2.47 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Pycnanthemum californicumShoot-- 36000.0 2.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf10000.0 35000.0 2.06 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf15000.0 35000.0 2.06 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf5000.0 35000.0 2.06 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Piper angustifoliumLeaf9000.0 35000.0 2.06 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant4000.0 34000.0 1.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 34000.0 1.84 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Eucalyptus forrestianaLeaf-- 33200.0 1.91 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Origanum onitesShoot-- 33000.0 2.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Zanthoxylum clava-herculisPlant-- 33000.0 1.77 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant10000.0 32100.0 1.7 *
Nardostachys chinensisRhizome10000.0 32000.0 -0.21 *
Syzygium aromaticumLeaf20000.0 32000.0 1.8 *
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 31000.0 1.92 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 31000.0 1.92 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 31000.0 1.92 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Persea americanaLeaf5000.0 31000.0 1.71 *
Pycnanthemum setosumShoot20000.0 31000.0 1.92 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda fistulosaPlant3000.0 31000.0 1.62 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Eucalyptus desquamataLeaf-- 30900.0 1.7 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Brassica junceaSeed4500.0 30900.0 -0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Astragalus gummiferGum20000.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Pistacia lentiscusLeaf10000.0 30000.0 1.62 *
Hedeoma pulegioidesPlant6000.0 30000.0 1.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum majoranaPlant3000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf2980.0 30000.0 1.62 *
Monarda punctataPlant10000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Artemisia cinaBud20000.0 30000.0 -0.13 *
Amomum xanthioidesSeed15000.0 30000.0 -0.17 *
Croton eluteriaBark15000.0 30000.0 1.66 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant2000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Valeriana jatamansiRoot5000.0 30000.0 0.76 *
Salvia trilobaPlant10000.0 30000.0 1.54 *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot20000.0 30000.0 0.76 *
Humulus lupulusSeed10000.0 30000.0 -0.17 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Apium graveolensSeed4200.0 30000.0 -0.17 *
Origanum creticumPlant14000.0 30000.0 1.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zingiber officinaleRoot700.0 30000.0 0.76 *
Peumus boldusLeaf16000.0 30000.0 1.62 *
Micromeria fruticosaLeaf-- 30000.0 1.62 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Schisandra chinensisFruit10000.0 30000.0 -0.24 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Pycnanthemum virginianumShoot6000.0 29000.0 1.73 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus incrassataLeaf-- 28400.0 1.48 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Cunila origanoidesShoot-- 28000.0 1.64 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumFlower19600.0 28000.0 0.51 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Salvia officinalisPlant5000.0 28000.0 1.39 *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf2300.0 28000.0 1.45 *
Eucalyptus bridgesianaLeaf-- 27000.0 1.36 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Coriandrum sativumFruit2000.0 26000.0 -0.31 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf1344.0 26000.0 1.27 *
Melaleuca viridifloraLeaf10000.0 26000.0 1.27 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pycnanthemum nudumShoot25000.0 26000.0 1.45 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf2300.0 26000.0 1.27 *
Eucalyptus stoateiLeaf-- 26000.0 1.27 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark2000.0 25000.0 1.22 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit7000.0 25000.0 -0.33 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oenanthe aquaticaFruit10000.0 25000.0 -0.33 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf10000.0 25000.0 1.18 *
Ledum palustreLeaf3000.0 25000.0 1.18 *
Cananga odorataFlower5000.0 25000.0 0.41 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant3300.0 25000.0 1.16 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesFruit1830.0 25000.0 -0.33 *
Origanum onitesShoot-- 25000.0 1.36 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Mentha spicataLeaf1000.0 25000.0 1.18 *
Illicium verumSeed-- 25000.0 -0.23 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Cedrus deodoraWood-- 25000.0 -0.6 *
Origanum minutiflorumShoot22400.0 24400.0 1.31 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 24100.0 1.11 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 24000.0 1.27 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 24000.0 1.27 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Skimmia arborescensLeaf5000.0 24000.0 1.1 *
Eucalyptus nova-anglicaLeaf14000.0 24000.0 1.1 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Amomum compactumSeed-- 24000.0 -0.25 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Echinacea pallidaRoot2000.0 23000.0 0.43 *
Zanthoxylum alatumFruit15000.0 23000.0 -0.37 *
Satureja montanaPlant1500.0 23000.0 1.01 *
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 22600.0 0.97 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 22600.0 0.97 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioidesShoot21000.0 22000.0 1.08 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ravensara aromaticaBark-- 22000.0 0.96 *
Coridothymus capitatusShoot-- 22000.0 1.08 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Eucalyptus porosaLeaf-- 21200.0 0.85 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 21200.0 1.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pycnanthemum verticillatumShoot-- 21000.0 0.99 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum curvipesShoot-- 21000.0 0.99 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia abrotanumPlant1800.0 21000.0 0.86 *
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 21000.0 0.99 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Schinus molleFlower-- 21000.0 0.28 *
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 20500.0 0.94 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Juniperus macropodaFruit6600.0 20400.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus tetrapteraLeaf-- 20400.0 0.78 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Aeolanthus myrianthaFlower-- 20200.0 0.25 Wealth of India.
Mentha pulegiumPlant10000.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed-- 20000.0 -0.3 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ravensara aromaticaLeaf-- 20000.0 0.74 *
Nardostachys jatamansiRoot19000.0 20000.0 0.29 *
Melaleuca linariifoliaLeaf15000.0 20000.0 0.74 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Cnidium officinaleRhizome10000.0 20000.0 -0.38 *
Galipea officinalisBark10000.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf5000.0 20000.0 0.74 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Valeriana officinalisRoot590.0 20000.0 0.29 *
Xylopia aethiopicaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.43 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hyssopus officinalisPlant300.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Citrus sinensisPericarp15000.0 20000.0 1.28 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf-- 20000.0 0.74 *
Satureja hortensisPlant1500.0 20000.0 0.78 *
Populus tacamahaccaBulb-- 20000.0 1.18 *
Serenoa repensFruit5400.0 20000.0 -0.43 *
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumShoot2000.0 20000.0 0.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Matricaria recutitaFlower2400.0 20000.0 0.24 *
Iris x germanicaRhizome1000.0 20000.0 -0.38 *
Mentha pulegiumShoot3500.0 20000.0 0.9 *
Euodia rutaecarpaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.43 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb600.0 19800.0 1.16 *
Thymus serpyllumPlant1500.0 19100.0 0.71 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pycnanthemum incanumShoot11000.0 19000.0 0.81 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelicaRoot1000.0 19000.0 0.24 *
Satureja cuneifoliaShoot-- 18900.0 0.8 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Prunus dulcisSeed5000.0 18000.0 -0.32 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Abies sachalinensisBranches16000.0 18000.0 1.3 *
Levisticum officinaleRoot1000.0 18000.0 0.19 *
Schizonepeta tenuifoliaPlant-- 18000.0 0.63 *
Lavandula x intermediaPlant10000.0 18000.0 0.63 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 18000.0 0.71 *
Chamaemelum nobilePlant6000.0 17500.0 0.59 *
Thymus orospedanusPlant-- 17500.0 0.59 *
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 17300.0 0.65 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf2500.0 17000.0 0.48 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 17000.0 0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 17000.0 0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 17000.0 0.62 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 16800.0 0.6 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 16800.0 0.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Ocimum gratissimumFlower13400.0 16700.0 0.13 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 16000.0 -0.51 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed8000.0 16000.0 -0.35 *
Nigella sativaSeed4000.0 16000.0 -0.35 *
Achillea millefoliumLeaf250.0 16000.0 0.39 *
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 15700.0 0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant-- 15500.0 0.44 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Trachyspermum ammiPlant-- 15200.0 0.42 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesRoot-- 15000.0 0.05 *
Polianthes tuberosaFlower800.0 15000.0 0.08 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf1640.0 15000.0 0.3 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 15000.0 -0.53 *
Juniperus oxycedrusFruit13000.0 15000.0 -0.53 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Juniperus oxycedrusWood-- 15000.0 -0.9 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Jateorhiza palmataRoot700.0 15000.0 0.05 *
Hyptis suaveolensPlant-- 15000.0 0.4 Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 74.
Anethum graveolensPlant5600.0 15000.0 0.4 *
Eugenia brasiliensisBark-- 15000.0 0.34 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eugenia brasiliensisLeaf-- 15000.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Curcuma zedoariaRhizome10000.0 15000.0 -0.46 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil100.0 14900.0 -1.0 *
Ocimum gratissimumLeaf12000.0 14700.0 0.28 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 14700.0 0.41 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Thymus cilicicusShoot-- 14600.0 0.4 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 14300.0 0.37 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus erythrandraLeaf-- 14300.0 0.24 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 14000.0 0.34 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 14000.0 0.34 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Abies balsameaLeaf6500.0 14000.0 0.22 *
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot2000.0 14000.0 0.0 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant177.0 14000.0 0.32 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style3700.0 13700.0 1.0 *
Cymbopogon martiniiFlower4500.0 13700.0 0.03 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Echinacea angustifoliaRoot400.0 13000.0 -0.04 *
Nepeta catariaPlant2000.0 13000.0 0.25 Bourrel, C., Perineau, F., Michel, G., Bessiere, J.M. 1993. Catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) Essential Oil: Analysis of Chemical Constituents, Bacteriostatic and Fungistatic Properties. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 159-167.
Xylopia aethiopicaSeed-- 13000.0 -0.39 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja douglasiiPlant-- 13000.0 0.25 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaLeaf7000.0 13000.0 0.13 *
Melaleuca leucadendraLeaf-- 13000.0 0.13 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Perilla frutescensPlant1000.0 13000.0 0.25 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Melaleuca leucadendraTwig-- 13000.0 1.65 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- 13000.0 0.13 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Eucalyptus cupreaLeaf-- 12700.0 0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot6200.0 12600.0 0.21 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot6200.0 12600.0 0.21 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Eucalyptus dolichorhynchaLeaf-- 12500.0 0.08 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Pimenta dioicaLeaf7500.0 12500.0 0.08 *
Agastache foeniculumPlant1000.0 12500.0 0.21 *
Eucalyptus ceratocorysLeaf-- 12300.0 0.07 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Vitex agnus-castusFruit4000.0 12000.0 -0.59 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Gaultheria fragrantissimaShoot1200.0 12000.0 0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cinnamomum verumLeaf5000.0 12000.0 0.04 *
Pycnanthemum flexuosumShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Thymus riatarumShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Ferula jaeschkeanaRoot-- 12000.0 -0.09 *
Cymbopogon nardusPlant3000.0 12000.0 0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Brassica nigraSeed7000.0 12000.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 12000.0 0.16 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Anisochilus carnosusLeaf-- 11900.0 0.03 Wealth of India.
Umbellularia californicaStem5600.0 11300.0 0.09 *
Ocimum kilimandscharicumLeaf7700.0 11200.0 -0.03 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Eucalyptus leucoxylonLeaf-- 11000.0 -0.05 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Lavandula latifoliaPlant5000.0 11000.0 0.1 *
Eucalyptus intertextaLeaf-- 11000.0 -0.05 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 11000.0 0.07 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 11000.0 0.07 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Satureja obovataShoot10000.0 11000.0 0.07 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Levisticum officinaleSeed8000.0 11000.0 -0.41 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus mitisLeaf9000.0 10600.0 -0.08 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Satureja glabellaPlant10000.0 10600.0 0.07 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- 10500.0 0.02 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 10400.0 0.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 10400.0 -0.1 Janicki, J., Tobolewicz, I. 1953. Perilla ocymoides-A Raw material for the Production of Natural Oils. Przem Rolny Spozyw, 7: 56-.
Micromeria teneriffaeLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Alpinia officinarumRhizome3000.0 10000.0 -0.53 *
Monarda lindheimeriPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Micromeria thymifoliaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Hedeoma reverchoniiPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf30.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Thuja occidentalisBranches6000.0 10000.0 -0.16 *
Carum carviPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Humulus lupulusFlower2000.0 10000.0 -0.09 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus zygisPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf600.0 10000.0 -0.14 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Prunus cerasusSeed-- 10000.0 -0.42 *
Citrus sinensisFruit7500.0 10000.0 -0.63 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Turnera diffusaLeaf2100.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Liquidambar orientalisResin, Exudate, Sap5000.0 10000.0 -1.6 *
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Melaleuca bracteataLeaf4000.0 10000.0 -0.14 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus paradisiFruit6000.0 10000.0 -0.63 *
Schinus molleLeaf2000.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Monarda citriodoraFlower-- 10000.0 -0.09 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Citrus reticulataFruit7500.0 10000.0 -0.63 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Monarda clinopodiaPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Ocimum kilimandscharicumShoot5000.0 10000.0 -0.03 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Monarda citriodoraShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot1000.0 10000.0 -0.03 *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant1000.0 10000.0 0.02 *
Drimys winteriBark-- 10000.0 -0.09 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Monarda didymaShoot1000.0 10000.0 -0.03 *
Melaleuca cajuputiLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Magnolia officinalisBark3000.0 10000.0 -0.09 *
Ferula sumbulPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaPlant3000.0 10000.0 0.02 *
Citrus paradisiPericarp3700.0 10000.0 -0.12 *
Micromeria congestaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Origanum vulgarePlant1500.0 10000.0 0.02 *
Cyperus rotundusRoot5000.0 10000.0 -0.18 *
Illicium verumLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Humulus lupulusFruit3000.0 10000.0 -0.63 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Hedychium flavumShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 *
Micromeria croaticaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Hedeoma pulegioidesShoot6000.0 10000.0 -0.03 *
Conium maculatumPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf5000.0 10000.0 -0.14 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Micromeria dalmaticaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 10000.0 -0.53 *
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant-- 10000.0 0.02 *
Micromeria julianaLeaf-- 10000.0 -0.14 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Pycnanthemum torreyiShoot-- 10000.0 -0.03 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus tomentosusShoot8000.0 9900.0 -0.04 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceusShoot3200.0 9900.0 -0.04 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 9800.0 -0.15 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Alliaria petiolataSeed5000.0 9600.0 -0.43 *
Eucalyptus largisparsaLeaf-- 9200.0 -0.21 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Mentha pulegiumLeaf-- 9200.0 -0.21 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumSeed-- 9000.0 -0.44 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant500.0 9000.0 -0.06 *
Ferula alliaceaFruit-- 9000.0 -0.65 *
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- 9000.0 -0.22 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf1000.0 9000.0 -0.22 *
Eucalyptus odorataLeaf-- 8800.0 -0.24 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot5500.0 8700.0 -0.15 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot5500.0 8700.0 -0.15 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Santolina chamaecyparissusFlower-- 8600.0 -0.14 *
Mentha aquaticaLeaf3000.0 8500.0 -0.27 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Calamintha nepetaLeaf-- 8000.0 -0.31 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Cannabis sativaBud1300.0 8000.0 -1.16 *
Pycnanthemum montanumShoot7000.0 8000.0 -0.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Melissa officinalisShoot100.0 8000.0 -0.21 *
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf5500.0 8000.0 -0.31 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- 8000.0 -0.28 *
Boronia megastigmaFlower4000.0 8000.0 -0.16 *
Satureja cilicicaShoot-- 8000.0 -0.21 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Daucus carotaSeed4000.0 8000.0 -0.45 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumLeaf3100.0 7700.0 -0.34 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Vitex agnus-castusFlower3000.0 7600.0 -0.17 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Arctium lappaRoot600.0 7500.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Ribes nigrumBulb-- 7500.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Limonia acidissimaLeaf-- 7300.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 7200.0 -0.29 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 7200.0 -0.29 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 7200.0 -0.29 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Thymus capitatusShoot-- 7100.0 -0.3 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Monarda mediaPlant-- 7000.0 -0.21 *
Foeniculum vulgareRoot5000.0 7000.0 -0.33 *
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant4000.0 7000.0 -0.21 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Angelica sinensisRoot880.0 7000.0 -0.33 *
Monarda citriodoraLeaf-- 7000.0 -0.4 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Salvia canariensisLeaf-- 7000.0 -0.4 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Ocimum sanctumLeaf6000.0 7000.0 -0.4 *
Lavandula x hybridaShoot5500.0 7000.0 -0.31 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant700.0 7000.0 -0.21 *
Pycnanthemum beadleiShoot-- 7000.0 -0.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ruta graveolensLeaf600.0 7000.0 -0.4 *
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 6900.0 -0.31 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Laurus nobilisBark-- 6800.0 -0.37 *
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 6800.0 -0.42 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 6700.0 -0.33 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 6600.0 -0.34 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Agastache urticifoliaPlant-- 6500.0 -0.25 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum canumShoot3800.0 6500.0 -0.35 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 6400.0 -0.36 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Acinos suaveolens (Sibt. et Smith). G. Don fil. Growing in Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:191-2.
Myristica fragransLeaf4100.0 6200.0 -0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus mugoLeaf1200.0 6100.0 -0.48 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Betula lentaBark2300.0 6000.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eupatorium triplinervePlant-- 6000.0 -0.28 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- 6000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Echinacea sppFlower600.0 6000.0 -0.22 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea sppLeaf100.0 6000.0 -0.49 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Tagetes lucidaShoot-- 6000.0 -0.4 Bicchi, C., Fresia, M., Rubiolo, P., Monti, D., Franz, C., Goehler, I. 1997. Constituents of Tagetes lucida Cav. ssp. lucida essential oil. Flavor & Fragrance, 12(1): 47-52.
Conyza canadensisPlant2600.0 6000.0 -0.28 *
Achillea moschataPlant3000.0 6000.0 -0.28 *
Ocimum gratissimumPlant1000.0 6000.0 -0.28 *
Citrus limonPt2000.0 6000.0 1.0 *
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed2000.0 6000.0 -0.47 *
Calamintha nepetaPlant-- 6000.0 -0.28 J. Ethnopharmacology, 39: 167.
Centella asiaticaLeaf321.0 6000.0 -0.49 *
Centella asiaticaPlant3000.0 6000.0 -0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aegle marmelosLeaf-- 6000.0 -0.49 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Plectranthus coleoidesShoot-- 6000.0 -0.4 Buchbauer, G., Jorovetz, L., Wasicky, M. and Nikiforov, A. 1993. Volatile Constituents of the Headspace and Essential Oil of Plectranthus coleoides Marginatus (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 311-313.
Myrtus communisPlant1667.0 5900.0 -0.29 *
Artemisia pallensPlant1300.0 5800.0 -0.3 *
Piper auritumLeaf4700.0 5800.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- 5700.0 -0.51 *
Podophyllum hexandrumRhizome2590.0 5550.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 5500.0 -0.44 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Rosmarinus x mendizabaliiShoot3900.0 5500.0 -0.44 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 5500.0 -0.44 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus behrianaLeaf-- 5400.0 -0.54 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 5400.0 -0.45 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Citrus aurantiumFlower1000.0 5000.0 -0.26 *
Petroselinum crispumRoot500.0 5000.0 -0.42 *
Tagetes minutaPlant1870.0 5000.0 -0.36 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pilocarpus jaborandiLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 *
Myrtus communisLeaf1000.0 5000.0 -0.57 *
Capsicum annuumFruit1290.0 5000.0 -0.72 *
Pavonia odorataRoot-- 5000.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Satureja odoraShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Pinus wallicianaLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot715.0 5000.0 -0.42 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf2000.0 5000.0 -0.57 *
Lepechinia calycinaPlant-- 5000.0 -0.36 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Prunella vulgarisPlant-- 5000.0 -0.36 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salvia sclareaPlant400.0 5000.0 -0.36 *
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 *
Cymbopogon flexuosusLeaf2500.0 5000.0 -0.57 Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Populus nigraBulb-- 5000.0 -0.68 *
Cymbopogon martiniiPlant1000.0 5000.0 -0.36 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salvia gilliesiiShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Abies spectabilisLeaf-- 5000.0 -0.57 *
Artemisia salsoloidesShoot-- 5000.0 -0.49 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Eleutherococcus senticosusFruit-- 5000.0 -0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum vulgarePlant4000.0 5000.0 -0.36 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 *
Gelsemium sempervirensRoot-- 5000.0 -0.42 *
Achillea millefoliumFlower700.0 5000.0 -0.26 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- 5000.0 -0.36 *
Echinacea purpureaFlower1300.0 4800.0 -0.26 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus lansdowneanaLeaf-- 4800.0 -0.59 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 4800.0 -0.51 Isaev, V. 1932. Essential Oils of the Flora of Tadshikistan. Acta Hortii Bot Tadshikistan 1932: 17-.
Tagetes filifoliaShoot-- 4700.0 -0.52 *
Picea marianaTwig-- 4610.0 -0.15 *
Tsuga canadensisBranches4000.0 4600.0 -1.14 *
Calamintha nepetaShoot-- 4500.0 -0.54 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Nigella sativaSeed Oil-- 4500.0 *
Porophyllum ruderalePlant3000.0 4500.0 -0.4 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Narcissus tazettaFlower2100.0 4500.0 -0.27 *
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 4500.0 -0.54 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Sideritis mugronensisFlower3200.0 4400.0 -0.28 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis scardicaShoot-- 4350.0 -0.55 Menkovic, N., et al. 1991. The Essential Oil of Sideritis scardica. Pl. Med. 57. Suppl. 2. pp. A137-A132.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 4300.0 -0.28 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf250.0 4300.0 -0.64 *
Lindera benzoinFruit4140.0 4260.0 -0.74 *
Curcuma longaLeaf-- 4100.0 -0.65 *
Myrica ceriferaBark436.0 4000.0 -0.62 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant1000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pelargonium graveolensPlant800.0 4000.0 -0.44 *
Paeonia officinalisRoot-- 4000.0 -0.47 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hyptis emoryiPlant-- 4000.0 -0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cimicifuga racemosaPlant1000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lepechinia schiedianaPlant-- 4000.0 -0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myrica ceriferaPlant2000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot210.0 4000.0 -0.47 *
Ocimum suaveShoot-- 4000.0 -0.58 J. Nat. Prod. 44: 308.
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark1500.0 4000.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Actaea racemosaPlant1000.0 4000.0 -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Satureja hortensisLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Bixa orellanaLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 Wealth of India.
Elsholtzia cristataShoot-- 4000.0 -0.58 Kobold, U., Vostrowsky, O., Bestmann, H.J., Bisht, J.C., Pant, A.K., Melkani, A.B. and Mathela, C.S. 1987. Terpenoids from Elsholtzia Species; II. Constituents of Essential Oil from a New Chemotype of Elsholtzia cristata. Planta Medica 1987: 268-271.
Calendula officinalisFlower200.0 4000.0 -0.29 *
Pinus palustrisLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Synedrella nodifloraLeaf-- 4000.0 -0.66 Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Daucus carotaRoot-- 4000.0 -0.47 *
Daucus carotaShoot-- 4000.0 -0.58 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot370.0 4000.0 -0.47 *
Satureja grandifloraShoot-- 3900.0 -0.59 Carnat, A., Chossegros, A., and Lamaison, J. 1991. The Essential Oil of Satureja grandiflora (L.) Scheele from France. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 361-362
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 3900.0 -0.59 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Jasminum officinaleFlower2400.0 3800.0 -0.3 *
Monarda didymaFlower-- 3700.0 -0.3 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Psidium guajavaLeaf2600.0 3600.0 -0.7 *
Syringa vulgarisFlower2400.0 3600.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus populneaLeaf-- 3600.0 -0.7 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Plectranthus incanusShoot-- 3500.0 -0.63 Shah, G.C., Bhandari, R. & Mathela, C.S. 1992. 1,2-Epoxy-p-Menthane Derivatives from some Labiatae Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 57-59.
Abies albaLeaf2500.0 3500.0 -0.71 *
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 3300.0 -0.51 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Viburnum prunifoliumBark2800.0 3300.0 -0.68 *
Sideritis germanicolpitanaPlant-- 3300.0 -0.49 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Lantana camaraLeaf500.0 3200.0 -0.73 *
Sambucus nigraFlower37.0 3200.0 -0.32 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Sideritis pauliShoot-- 3200.0 -0.66 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Echinacea purpureaShoot900.0 3200.0 -0.66 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 3200.0 -0.66 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Agastache pallidifloraFlower1550.0 3160.0 -0.32 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus aurantiifoliaPt-- 3100.0 -1.0 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusLeaf-- 3100.0 -0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Armoracia rusticanaPlant200.0 3050.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petroselinum crispumPlant40.0 3000.0 -0.51 *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pilocarpus microphyllusLeaf2500.0 3000.0 -0.75 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- 3000.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viburnum opulusBark1000.0 3000.0 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Grindelia squarrosaPlant-- 3000.0 -0.51 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf600.0 3000.0 -0.75 *
Rosa caninaSeed2000.0 3000.0 -0.51 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf2000.0 3000.0 -0.75 *
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot302.0 3000.0 -0.51 *
Micromeria variaShoot-- 3000.0 -0.68 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 3000.0 -0.68 *
Ruscus aculeatusPlant1000.0 3000.0 -0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pinus elliottiiLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant411.0 3000.0 -0.51 *
Picea glaucaTwig-- 3000.0 -0.5 *
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.75 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 2900.0 -0.68 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 2900.0 -0.52 *
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 2900.0 -0.68 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dianthus caryophyllusFlower30.0 2900.0 -0.33 *
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 2900.0 -0.68 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Echinacea pallidaFlower-- 2800.0 -0.33 Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 2800.0 -0.69 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Ocimum gratissimumSeed-- 2700.0 -0.52 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eucalyptus angulosaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.79 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Citrus limonPericarp-- 2600.0 -1.16 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusStem-- 2600.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eucalyptus fasiculosaLeaf-- 2600.0 -0.79 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Hypericum perforatumFlower-- 2500.0 -0.34 *
Larrea tridentataPlant329.0 2500.0 -0.55 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 2500.0 -0.55 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 2500.0 -0.55 Die Nahrung. Pino, J., Rosado, A., Goire, I., Roncal, E., and Garcia, I. 1993. Analysis of the Essential Oil from Cuban Basil. Die Nahrung 37:(5): 501-504.
Sideritis athoaShoot-- 2500.0 -0.72 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Crataegus laevigataFruit279.0 2500.0 -0.77 *
Elsholtzia ciliataPlant1000.0 2500.0 -0.55 Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 2500.0 -0.72 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 2500.0 -0.72 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Elsholtzia patriniPlant1000.0 2500.0 -0.55 Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Echinacea purpureaRoot628.0 2500.0 -0.54 *
Levisticum officinalePlant500.0 2450.0 -0.55 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 2400.0 -0.73 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Artemisia capillarisPlant1000.0 2300.0 -0.57 *
Hyacinthus orientalisFlower160.0 2300.0 -0.35 *
Litsea glaucescensShoot2100.0 2300.0 -0.74 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Hemidesmus indicusRoot1600.0 2250.0 -0.55 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 2200.0 -0.75 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Armoracia rusticanaRoot500.0 2160.0 -0.55 *
Acorus calamusLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 *
Lagochilus inebriansPlant300.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Sinapis albaSeed1000.0 2000.0 -0.53 *
Dracocephalum thymifloraPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 *
Yucca baccataRoot208.0 2000.0 -0.56 *
Lycopus virginicusPlant800.0 2000.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Althaea officinalisRoot54.0 2000.0 -0.56 *
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Moldavica thymifloraPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Coffea arabicaSeed1000.0 2000.0 -0.53 *
Prunus serotinaStem Bark-- 2000.0 1.0 *
Stellaria mediaPlant83.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 2000.0 -0.77 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Cissampelos pareiraRoot-- 2000.0 -0.56 *
Acanthospermum hispidumPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Wealth of India.
Artemisia vulgarisPlant260.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Ononis spinosaRoot200.0 2000.0 -0.56 *
Helichrysum angustifoliumPlant750.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Rosa centifoliaFlower-- 2000.0 -0.36 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant1500.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Plantago majorPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 *
Elsholtzia pilosaShoot-- 2000.0 -0.77 *
Lycopus europeusPlant500.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.84 *
Ardisia japonicaPlant1000.0 2000.0 -0.59 *
Hedeoma hispidaPlant-- 2000.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 1800.0 -0.79 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Laurus nobilisFlower-- 1800.0 -0.36 *
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.86 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome-- 1800.0 -0.65 *
Simarouba amaraBark1000.0 1800.0 -0.81 *
Viola odorataFlower300.0 1700.0 -0.37 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1700.0 -0.8 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 1700.0 -0.37 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Sideritis mugronensisLeaf1100.0 1600.0 -0.87 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1600.0 -0.8 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant200.0 1600.0 -0.62 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eucalyptus melanophloiaLeaf-- 1600.0 -0.87 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- 1500.0 -0.81 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Tagetes patulaPlant-- 1500.0 -0.63 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dictamnus albusLeaf-- 1500.0 -0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Teucrium scordiumPlant-- 1500.0 -0.63 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- 1500.0 -0.81 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1500.0 -0.81 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumShoot400.0 1500.0 -0.81 Wealth of India.
Ocimum gratissimumStem-- 1400.0 -0.42 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.89 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 1400.0 -0.89 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumFlower-- 1400.0 -0.38 Wealth of India.
Myristica fragransBark-- 1400.0 -0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Arnica montanaFlower400.0 1400.0 -0.38 *
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 1300.0 -0.83 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf200.0 1300.0 -0.9 *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 1300.0 -0.64 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Hypericum perforatumShoot700.0 1250.0 -0.84 *
Acorus calamusShoot-- 1200.0 -0.84 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style800.0 1200.0 -1.0 *
Viola odorataEssential Oil900.0 1200.0 -1.34 *
Lippia albaLeaf-- 1200.0 -0.91 Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Lepidium sativumPlant-- 1150.0 -0.65 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1100.0 -0.85 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 1100.0 -0.85 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Isanthus brachiatusPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Moldavica parvifloraPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Echinacea pallidaShoot500.0 1000.0 -0.86 Jim Duke's personal files.
Nepeta ciliciaShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 *
Satureja subspicataPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Eucalyptus viridisLeaf-- 1000.0 -0.93 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Elaeagnus angustifoliaFlower-- 1000.0 -0.39 *
Silybum marianumSeed-- 1000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia vulgarisRoot-- 1000.0 -0.61 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salvia dorisianaShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Teucrium montanumPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petasites hybridusLeaf-- 1000.0 -0.93 Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Elsholtzia eriostachyaShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 Pant, A.K., Dev, V., Parihar, R., Mathela,C.S., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky, O. and Bestmann, H.J. 1992. The Essential Oil from Elsholtzia eriostachya var. pusilla. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 547-549.
Eucalyptus paniculataShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Tagetes erectaPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lantana camaraShoot-- 1000.0 -0.86 *
Dracocephalum parvifloraPlant-- 1000.0 -0.66 *
Alliaria petiolataRoot330.0 930.0 -0.61 *
Teucrium poliumShoot400.0 900.0 -0.87 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Minthostachys mollisShoot700.0 900.0 -0.87 Alkire, B.H., Tucker, A.O., and Maciarello, M.J. 1994. Tipo (Minthostachys mollis (Lamiaceae): An Ecuadorian Mint. Econ. Bot. 48(1): 60-64.
Carica papayaSeed-- 900.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Scutellaria parvulaPlant-- 900.0 -0.67 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus ochrophloiaLeaf-- 900.0 -0.94 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Bixa orellanaSeed755.0 844.0 -0.54 *
Agastache pallidifloraLeaf-- 830.0 -0.94 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 800.0 -0.68 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Stachys germanicaPlant-- 800.0 -0.68 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf-- 800.0 -0.94 *
Mercurialis annuaRoot-- 800.0 -0.62 *
Trichostemma dichotomumShoot-- 800.0 -0.88 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Aralia cordataStem-- 750.0 -0.46 *
Lantana camaraFlower-- 700.0 -0.4 *
Lindera benzoinTwig-- 700.0 -1.0 *
Laurus nobilisWood-- 700.0 -1.34 *
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 700.0 -0.89 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium arduiniShoot-- 700.0 -0.89 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Stachytarpheta cayennensisPlant350.0 700.0 -0.69 *
Anisomeles malabaricaFlower-- 700.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant200.0 700.0 -0.69 *
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf670.0 700.0 -0.95 *
Gardenia jasminoidesFlower-- 700.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tanacetum partheniumPlant200.0 700.0 -0.69 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaLeaf-- 700.0 -0.95 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- 700.0 -0.69 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nasturtium officinalePlant600.0 660.0 -0.69 *
Petroselinum crispumFruit-- 600.0 -0.81 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant100.0 600.0 -0.69 *
Marrubium vulgarePlant500.0 600.0 -0.69 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Scutellaria galericulataPlant-- 600.0 -0.69 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Chrysanthemum balsamitaPlant-- 600.0 -0.69 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot400.0 590.0 -0.63 *
Alliaria petiolataPlant50.0 520.0 -0.7 *
Elytrigia repensRhizome100.0 520.0 -0.67 *
Lycopus uniflorusPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Teucrium poliumShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Ptychopetalum olacoidesWood-- 500.0 -1.35 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja vulgarisPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Dictamnus albusFlower-- 500.0 -0.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Teucrium gnaphalodesShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Rheum palmatumRhizome-- 500.0 -0.67 *
Collinsonia canadensisPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 *
Leonurus cardiacaPlant100.0 500.0 -0.7 *
Cleonia lusitanicaLeaf-- 500.0 -0.97 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Perilla frutescensStem-- 500.0 -0.47 Janicki, J., Tobolewicz, I. 1953. Perilla ocymoides-A Raw material for the Production of Natural Oils. Przem Rolny Spozyw, 7: 56-.
Prunus laurocerasusLeaf-- 500.0 -0.97 *
Panax ginsengRoot100.0 500.0 -0.63 *
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 500.0 -0.91 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Quercus albaBark100.0 500.0 -0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lycopus americanusPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Anethum graveolensRoot300.0 500.0 -0.63 Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Rosa damascenaFlower250.0 500.0 -0.41 *
Agastache nepetoidesPlant-- 500.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Datura stramoniumLeaf-- 450.0 -0.98 *
Mitracarpus scaberShoot-- 400.0 -0.92 I. Laakso, T.O.E. Ekpendu, A.A. Adesomoju, O. Eundayo, J. I. Okogun, (1993); Constituents of the volatile oil of Mitracarpus scaber Zucc., Flavour Fragr. J., Vol 8, 269-271.
Eryngium foetidumPlant200.0 400.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 400.0 -0.71 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Galeopsis tetrahitShoot-- 400.0 -0.92 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Dryopteris filix-masRhizome80.0 400.0 -0.67 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mangifera indicaFlower-- 400.0 -0.41 *
Zanthoxylum alatumLeaf-- 400.0 -0.98 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viola odorataRoot-- 380.0 -0.64 *
Rosa gallicaFlower270.0 360.0 -0.41 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf150.0 330.0 -0.99 *
Ballota nigraPlant-- 300.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Anthriscus cerefoliumPlant-- 300.0 -0.72 *
Genista tinctoriaShoot-- 300.0 -0.93 *
Nerium oleanderFlower-- 300.0 -0.41 *
Smilax sppRoot-- 300.0 -0.64 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Micromeria myrtifoliaShoot-- 300.0 -0.93 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Scutellaria churchillianaPlant-- 300.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Juglans regiaLeaf100.0 300.0 -0.99 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot-- 300.0 -0.93 *
Ammi visnagaSeed200.0 300.0 -0.55 *
Arctium lappaLeaf-- 285.0 -0.99 Wealth of India.
Anisomeles malabaricaLeaf-- 250.0 -0.99 Wealth of India.
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf-- 230.0 -0.99 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Melia azedarachPlant-- 200.0 -0.72 *
Lindera benzoinLeaf-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Lawsonia inermisFlower100.0 200.0 -0.42 *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- 200.0 -0.42 Wealth of India.
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- 200.0 -1.0 Wealth of India.
Azadirachta indicaStem Bark-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- 200.0 -1.0 *
Brassica oleraceaStem-- 190.0 -0.49 *
Senna occidentalisSeed175.0 182.0 -0.55 *
Sarracenia flavaFlower-- 180.0 -0.42 *
Apocynum androsaemifoliumRoot-- 160.0 -0.65 *
Allium cepaBulb50.0 150.0 -1.29 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aethusa cynapiumPlant-- 150.0 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chelidonium majusPlant-- 130.0 -0.73 *
Pinellia ternataTuber30.0 130.0 *
Melilotus officinalisFlower-- 130.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montanaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 120.0 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- 100.0 -1.01 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Teucrium salviastrumShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf-- 100.0 -1.01 *
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium asiaticumShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Marsdenia reichenbachiiPlant-- 100.0 -0.73 *
Juniperus oxycedrusLeaf-- 100.0 -1.01 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 100.0 -0.55 *
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium pseudoscorodoniaShoot-- 100.0 -0.94 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Viola tricolorPlant-- 86.0 -0.73 *
Cinchona sppBark-- 50.0 -0.96 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Anisomeles malabaricaRoot-- 50.0 -0.65 Wealth of India.
Anisomeles malabaricaStem-- 50.0 -0.49 Wealth of India.
Cinchona pubescensBark-- 50.0 -0.96 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Glycyrrhiza uralensisRoot-- 50.0 -0.65 Isaev, V. 1932. Essential Oils of the Flora of Tadshikistan. Acta Hortii Bot Tadshikistan 1932: 17-.
Passiflora edulisFruit Juice23.0 43.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Malus domesticaFruit25.0 35.0 -0.82 *
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- 10.0 -0.74 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- 2.0 -0.74 *
Pinus sylvestrisRoot-- -- *
Leonotis leonurusSe-- -- Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- -- *
Rheum rhabarbarumRoot-- -- *
Paeonia lactifloraRoot-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Houttuynia cordataShoot-- -- *
Tagetes minutaShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumSeed-- -- *
Angelica sinensisShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Angelica sinensisTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Anaphalis margaritaceaPlant-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusRoot-- -- *
Cassia marilandicaPlant-- -- *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum basilicumShoot-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Myroxylon balsamumGum-- -- *
Fragaria sppPlant-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- -- *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Aristolochia serpentariaPlant-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumTissue Culture-- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaShoot-- -- Isaev, V. 1932. Essential Oils of the Flora of Tadshikistan. Acta Hortii Bot Tadshikistan 1932: 17-.
Phellodendron amurenseFruit-- -- *
Quassia amaraRoot-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisBark-- -- *
Coriaria myrtifoliaLeaf-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisBranches-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lippia javanicaPlant-- -- Neidlein, R., Staehle, R. 1974. Constituents of Lippia javanica. III. Deutsche Apot. Ziit., 114: 1588.
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuusFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Pinus strobusRoot-- -- *
Verbena officinalisPlant-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Rosmarinus officinalisTissue Culture-- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodoraPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensShoot-- -- *
Pterocarpus santalinusWood-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumTissue Culture-- -- *
Sarracenia flavaShoot-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.