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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Agathosma betulinaEssential Oil-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aloysia citrodoraPlant110.0 770.0 -0.28 *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Barosma betulinaEssential Oil-- -- *
Boswellia serrataResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Sabinsa: A series of well documented proprietary PR booklets, e.g.Sabinsa Corps. 1998. Bronchial Asthma - Its etiology and control with traditional herbal extracts. Sabinsa Corporation. Piscataway, NJ. 49 pp.
Boswellia sacraEssential Oil-- 3925.0 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- -- *
Canarium indicumGum-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Citrus medicaPericarp-- -- *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Conyza canadensisPlant-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- *
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Croton eluteriaBark-- -- *
Cuminum cyminumFruit-- -- *
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- -- *
Cymbopogon martiniiPlant10.0 50.0 -0.86 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cymbopogon flexuosusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Eupatorium triplinervePlant-- 440.0 -0.55 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareEssential Oil-- -- *
Hedeoma pulegioidesPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lantana camaraLeaf-- -- *
Mangifera indicaFlower-- -- *
Melaleuca linariifoliaLeaf-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Melaleuca viridifloraLeaf-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Mentha x piperitaEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- -- *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 1770.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myristica fragransSeed3200.0 12800.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Myrtus communisPlant-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot480.0 3360.0 *
Picea glaucaTwig-- -- *
Pinus mugoLeaf-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pinus sylvestrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus elliottiiResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus wallicianaLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus palustrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Piper cubebaFruit-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Satureja montanaPlant210.0 3220.0 1.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja hortensisPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Trachyspermum ammiFruit-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.