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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acorus calamusPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Apium graveolensStem-- 5.1 *
Apium graveolensPt-- 5.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf2.0 2.8 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower-- 14.0 1.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf-- 5.5 1.0 *
Crataegus laevigataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crataegus monogynaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Glycine maxSeed-- 8.0 1.35 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- 1.6 -1.03 *
Humulus lupulusFlower-- 1.4 -1.0 *
Humulus lupulusInflorescence-- 1.4 *
Murraya spFruit-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oryza sativaSeed-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit Juice-- -- *
Zea maysSeed1.1 3.5 -0.32 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.