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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Asimina trilobaFruit0.01 0.662 -0.71 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisPetiole-- -- *
Citrus limonEssential Oil-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus reticulataFruit-- 3.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cocos nuciferaSeed4100.0 50330.0 1.0 *
Cocos nuciferaEndosperm-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ephedra sinicaShoot-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 1.0 Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Houttuynia cordataShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataEssential Oil-- -- *
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.66 -0.71 *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- -1.0 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 10.0 1.0 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 90.0 1.36 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Rheum palmatumRhizome-- 2.5 *
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- -- -1.01 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja odoraShoot-- 25.0 -0.35 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Serenoa repensFruit-- -- *
Virola surinamensisSeed4200.0 4760.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.