Data Views

Paginate
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit1.0 9.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus manihotLeaf2.5 21.5 -0.17 *
Acanthopanax gracilistylisRoot Bark-- 14.0 1.0 *
Achyranthes bidentataRoot6.0 11.0 -0.08 *
Aconitum carmichaeliiTuber-- 12.0 0.02 *
Acorus calamusRhizome-- 4.0 -1.46 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Actaea dahuricaRhizome-- 8.0 -0.57 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Akebia quinataStem-- 7.0 -0.66 *
Albizia julibrissinBark5.0 6.0 -0.53 *
Alisma plantago-aquaticaRhizome11.0 15.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb1.4 9.7 -1.27 *
Allium cepaSeed-- 18.2 0.31 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf1.0 24.0 -0.1 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Allium cepaBulb0.3 11.0 0.11 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot0.7 2.4 -1.03 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf1.0 19.0 -0.24 *
Amomum xanthioidesSeed-- 8.0 -0.62 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot1.8 8.0 -0.41 *
Amphicarpaea bracteataShoot-- 20.0 -0.41 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed22.0 37.0 2.01 *
Ananas comosusFruit1.0 8.8 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anemarrhena asphodeloidesRhizome5.0 9.0 -0.34 *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- 8.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolensPlant1.7 17.0 0.33 *
Anethum graveolensFruit-- 8.0 -0.38 *
Angelica dahuricaRoot-- 10.0 -0.19 *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- 5.0 -0.74 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Angelica laxifloraRoot-- 9.0 -0.3 *
Annona muricataFruit-- 1.6 -0.87 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf-- 4.4 -0.64 *
Apium graveolensPt0.4 7.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensSeed-- 14.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensRoot0.7 11.0 -0.08 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaeaSeed8.6 11.0 -0.35 *
Arctium lappaRoot-- 29.0 1.91 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Areca catechuSeed-- 15.0 0.02 *
Arisaema consanguineumRhizome-- 7.0 -0.79 *
Aristolochia debilisFruit-- 14.0 0.09 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- 7.0 -0.78 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artemisia capillarisPlant-- 8.0 -0.67 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant18.0 20.0 0.66 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia herba-albaPlant7.0 14.0 -0.0 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit0.8 7.5 -0.41 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit1.8 7.0 -0.45 *
Asiasarum heterotropoidesRoot13.0 14.0 0.25 *
Asiasarum sieboldiiRoot13.0 14.0 0.25 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot1.0 24.0 -0.19 *
Asparagus lucidusRoot4.0 5.0 -0.74 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot1.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Atractylodes ovataRhizome8.0 18.0 1.67 *
Atractylodes lanceaRhizome-- 12.0 0.33 *
Avena sativaSeed2.4 25.7 0.99 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaPlant-- 4.0 -1.11 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa carambolaFruit1.0 15.0 0.17 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Belamcanda chinensisRhizome-- 6.0 -1.02 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- 18.0 0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisRoot0.6 17.0 0.58 *
Blechnum orientaleRhizome-- 8.0 -0.57 *
Bletilla striataTuber-- 12.0 0.02 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Boehmeria niveaPlant-- 13.0 -0.11 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot0.2 4.0 -0.85 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower0.3 8.0 -1.0 *
Brassica rapaSeed5.0 6.0 -0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf2.0 43.0 0.42 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf0.68 52.0 0.67 *
Brassica junceaLeaf1.3 14.0 -0.38 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf2.85 3.15 -0.67 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.3 87.0 1.63 *
Brassica nigraLeaf0.58 11.2 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot0.4 4.0 -0.85 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf3.0 20.0 -0.21 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf0.68 52.0 0.67 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf1.0 5.0 -0.62 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Broussonetia papyriferaFruit-- 12.0 -0.06 *
Bupleurum chinenseRoot13.0 16.0 0.47 *
Cajanus cajanSeed10.0 12.0 -0.26 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 20.0 -0.21 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed7.0 8.0 -0.62 *
Capsicum annuumFruit0.5 20.0 0.56 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit2.0 14.0 0.09 *
Carica papayaFruit0.1 5.0 -0.61 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower20.0 26.0 1.86 *
Carum carviSeed9.0 18.0 0.29 *
Carum carviFruit9.0 13.8 0.08 *
Carya ovataShoot1.25 45.0 1.0 *
Carya glabraShoot0.9 55.0 1.57 *
Carya ovataSeed-- 7.8 -0.64 *
Carya illinoensisSeed-- 15.0 0.02 *
Cassia toraSeed8.0 10.0 -0.44 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed4.0 6.0 -0.8 *
Castanea dentataSeed4.0 7.0 -0.71 *
Castanea sativaSeed2.0 5.0 -0.89 *
Celosia cristataFlower-- 9.0 -0.84 *
Chaenomeles lagenariaFruit-- 24.0 0.87 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf2.0 23.0 -0.13 Tramil
Chenopodium albumSeed-- 5.0 -0.89 *
Cicer arietinumSeed8.0 10.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf1.0 16.8 -0.3 *
Cichorium intybusRoot-- -- *
Cimicifuga dahuricaRhizome-- 8.0 -0.57 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiBark-- 7.0 0.07 *
Cinnamomum verumBark4.9 9.0 1.27 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- 5.0 -1.14 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 9.0 -0.15 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark2.0 10.0 1.87 *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf-- 10.9 -0.46 *
Cistanche salsaPlant-- 8.0 -0.67 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- 4.0 -0.69 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus reticulataFruit-- 4.8 -0.62 *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 7.7 -0.4 *
Citrus medicaFruit-- 9.0 -0.3 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit4.0 10.0 -0.22 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Citrus sinensisFruit0.44 5.5 -0.57 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit1.0 6.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cnidium officinaleRhizome-- 9.0 -0.34 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed3.2 33.0 1.65 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- 5.0 -0.89 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Colocasia esculentaRoot1.6 8.0 -0.41 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf-- 1.5 -0.72 *
Commiphora wightiiInflorescence-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coptis sppRhizome11.0 17.0 1.45 *
Coptis japonicaRhizome11.0 17.0 1.45 *
Coptis chinensisRhizome11.0 17.0 1.45 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- 18.0 -0.27 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativumFruit10.0 13.0 0.01 *
Cornus officinalisFruit5.0 6.0 -0.53 *
Corylus avellanaSeed13.0 82.0 6.09 *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Crataegus cuneataFruit-- 8.0 -0.38 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- 3.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucumis sativusFruit0.3 42.0 2.27 *
Cucumis meloFruit0.4 7.7 -0.4 *
Cucurbita sppFruit0.7 12.0 -0.06 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed14.0 25.0 0.92 *
Cucurbita maximaLeaf4.2 30.0 0.06 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed9.0 16.0 0.11 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit9.0 16.0 0.25 *
Curcuma longaRhizome6.0 17.0 1.45 *
Cynanchum atratumRoot-- 12.0 0.03 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower2.0 24.0 1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundusRhizome-- 10.0 -0.12 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot0.9 4.4 -0.81 *
Daucus carotaRoot0.3 18.0 0.7 *
Dendrobium nobileStem-- 9.0 -0.64 *
Dioscorea alataRoot0.5 10.7 -0.11 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaRhizome-- 8.0 -0.57 *
Diospyros virginianaStem0.2 108.0 0.2 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf1.0 7.5 -0.55 *
Drynaria fortuneiRhizome-- 10.0 -0.12 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit2.0 13.0 0.01 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit3.8 15.4 0.2 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusLeaf-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusStem-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusFlower-- -- *
Ephedra sppPlant-- 2.0 -1.33 *
Equisetum hyemalePlant-- 4.0 -1.11 *
Eriobotrya japonicaLeaf-- 7.0 -0.57 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Eriocaulon spLeaf-- 9.0 -0.51 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf2.7 2.9 -0.68 *
Erythroxylum novogranatenseLeaf2.5 2.7 -0.69 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf2.2 13.0 -0.4 *
Eucommia ulmoidesBark-- 5.0 -1.14 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Euodia rutaecarpaFruit-- 16.0 0.25 *
Eupatorium odoratumLeaf-- 35.0 0.2 Tramil
Fallopia japonicaPlant9.0 10.0 -0.44 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Ficus caricaFruit0.6 3.6 -0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Firmiana simplexSeed-- 15.0 0.02 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit8.0 24.0 0.87 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed8.0 24.0 0.83 *
Forsythia suspensaFruit-- 19.0 0.48 *
Fragaria sppFruit0.4 17.0 0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fraxinus rhynchophyllaBark-- 6.0 -0.53 *
Fritillaria thunbergiiBulb-- 12.0 1.17 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Gardenia jasminoidesFruit10.0 13.0 0.01 *
Gastrodia elataRhizome-- 4.0 -1.46 *
Genipa americanaSeed-- -- *
Genipa americanaFruit-- 1.0 -0.92 *
Gentiana scabraRoot-- 18.0 0.7 *
Geranium thunbergiiPlant-- 23.0 0.99 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed3.0 6.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- 11.0 -0.33 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Glehnia littoralisRoot-- 15.0 0.36 *
Glycine maxSeed4.3 18.0 0.29 *
Glycyrrhiza uralensisRoot13.0 14.0 0.25 *
Helianthus annuusSeed15.0 19.0 0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus tuberosusPlant8.0 30.0 1.77 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower5.6 6.2 -1.28 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed1.0 20.0 0.47 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareSprout Seedling-- 8.0 -1.0 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- 26.0 1.33 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Hyoscyamus nigerSeed-- 26.0 1.01 *
Inula heleniumPlant-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasRoot1.5 7.0 -0.52 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf2.6 19.0 -0.24 *
Isatis tinctoriaRoot-- 10.0 -0.19 *
Juglans regiaSeed3.0 15.0 0.02 *
Juglans nigraSeed10.0 20.0 0.47 *
Juglans cinereaSeed4.0 8.4 -0.58 *
Juncus effususPith5.0 8.0 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot0.8 17.6 -0.55 *
Jussiaea repensPlant-- 15.0 0.11 *
Lablab purpureusSeed9.0 16.0 0.11 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf0.36 29.0 0.04 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- 4.0 -0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed8.0 9.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling3.3 12.0 -0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 60.0 5.34 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Ligustrum japonicumFruit-- 12.0 -0.06 *
Ligustrum lucidumFruit-- 12.0 -0.06 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Linum usitatissimumSeed17.0 23.0 0.74 Cunane, S. and Thompson, L. U., eds. 1995. Flaxseed in Human Nutrition. AOCS Press, Champaign IL. 384 pp.
Liquidambar styracifluaStem0.6 360.0 2.36 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf2.8 164.0 3.75 *
Lonicera japonicaFlower-- 13.0 -0.2 *
Lophatherum gracilePlant8.0 9.0 -0.56 *
Lupinus albusSeed10.0 12.0 -0.26 *
Lycium chinenseRoot Bark-- 17.0 1.69 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 15.0 0.17 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit0.4 100.0 6.79 *
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- 8.0 -0.67 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lygodium japonicumPollen Or Spore-- 13.0 *
Macadamia sppSeed2.0 3.0 -1.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Magnolia officinalisBark-- 8.0 0.67 *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- 16.0 0.28 *
Magnolia kobusFlower-- 16.0 0.28 *
Magnolia fargesiiFlower-- 16.0 0.28 *
Malus domesticaFruit0.24 4.0 -0.69 *
Mangifera indicaFruit1.1 16.6 0.29 *
Manihot esculentaRoot1.0 3.8 -0.88 *
Mentha x piperitaPlant3.0 15.0 0.11 *
Mentha spicataPlant1.0 17.0 0.33 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant-- 20.0 0.66 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Momordica charantiaFruit-- 30.0 1.34 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Morinda spRoot6.0 7.0 -0.52 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf1.0 4.0 -0.65 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morus albaRoot Bark-- 6.0 -0.84 *
Murraya spFruit0.76 6.0 -0.53 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit0.76 6.0 -0.53 *
Myristica fragransAril6.0 25.0 *
Myristica fragransSeed10.0 21.0 0.56 *
Nardostachys chinensisRhizome-- 10.0 -0.12 *
Nasturtium officinalePlant-- -- *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed-- 17.0 0.2 *
Notopterygium incisumRhizome-- 7.0 -0.79 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem0.3 31.0 -0.45 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf1.25 182.0 4.25 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 14.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennisSeed11.0 13.0 -0.16 *
Ophiopogon japonicusTuber3.0 4.0 -1.11 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed-- 3.4 -1.04 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum majoranaPlant-- 11.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 9.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber4.0 25.0 1.86 *
Paeonia moutanRoot Bark5.0 6.0 -0.84 *
Paeonia lactifloraRoot3.0 6.0 -0.63 *
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark5.0 6.0 -0.84 *
Panax japonicusRhizome-- 6.0 -1.02 *
Panax ginsengFlower-- -- *
Panax ginsengStem-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- 17.0 0.58 *
Panax ginsengInflorescence-- -- *
Panax ginsengLeaf-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant6.0 13.0 -0.11 *
Panax ginsengFruit-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed16.0 23.0 0.74 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot0.8 12.0 0.03 *
Peganum harmalaPlant-- 9.0 -0.56 *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- 17.0 0.33 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Persea americanaFruit2.0 11.0 -0.14 *
Petasites japonicusPlant15.0 16.0 0.22 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispumPlant1.0 12.0 -0.22 *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant9.0 10.0 -0.44 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit0.62 45.0 2.5 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed10.0 11.0 -0.35 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed3.0 15.0 0.02 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed2.0 15.0 0.02 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 0.7 -1.28 *
Phellodendron amurenseBark-- 6.0 -0.53 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit2.0 4.0 -0.69 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed0.6 2.0 -1.16 Abstract (See species file)
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit3.0 14.0 0.09 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit1.0 16.0 0.25 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit2.0 11.0 -0.14 *
Pimenta dioicaBud5.0 10.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 9.0 -0.53 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinellia ternataTuber2.0 4.0 -1.11 *
Pinus pineaSeed10.0 11.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus edulisSeed10.0 12.0 -0.26 *
Pinus echinataShoot0.8 2.1 -1.43 *
Piper nigrumFruit9.0 20.0 0.56 *
Pistacia veraSeed11.0 33.0 1.65 *
Pisum sativumSeed2.0 10.0 -0.44 *
Plantago asiaticaPlant-- 14.0 -0.0 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot6.0 10.0 -0.19 *
Polygala tenuifoliaRoot8.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Polygonum multiflorumRhizome-- 5.0 -1.24 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant-- 10.0 -0.44 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb2.0 19.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunella vulgarisFlower-- 8.0 -1.0 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Prunus serotinaLeaf0.8 29.0 0.04 *
Prunus persicaSeed-- 10.0 -0.44 *
Prunus domesticaFruit0.33 34.0 1.65 *
Prunus persicaFruit0.3 30.0 1.34 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed1.0 16.0 0.11 *
Prunus serotinaStem1.3 378.0 2.51 *
Prunus dulcisSeed1.0 11.0 -0.35 *
Psidium guajavaFruit1.0 9.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed28.0 33.0 1.65 *
Pueraria pseudohirsutaRoot12.0 13.0 0.14 *
Pulsatilla chinensisRoot-- 9.0 -0.3 *
Punica granatumFruit-- 2.0 -0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pyrus communisFruit0.45 11.1 -0.13 *
Quercus rubraStem1.2 13.2 -0.61 *
Quercus albaStem1.2 15.2 -0.59 *
Quercus velutinaStem1.5 31.0 -0.45 *
Quercus rubraSeed-- 7.0 -0.71 *
Quercus stellataStem1.2 42.0 -0.36 *
Quercus phellosStem1.0 29.0 -0.47 *
Quisqualis indicaFruit-- 13.0 0.01 *
Raphanus sativusSeed-- 6.0 -0.8 *
Raphanus sativusRoot0.3 8.0 -0.41 *
Rehmannia glutinosaRoot-- 4.0 -0.85 *
Rheum palmatumRhizome6.0 10.0 -0.12 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt0.2 5.2 -1.0 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 35.0 0.2 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf0.8 19.0 -0.24 *
Rhus glabraStem0.6 20.0 -0.55 *
Rhus copallinaStem1.8 30.0 -0.46 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit0.4 6.0 -0.53 *
Ribes rubrumFruit0.5 7.0 -0.45 *
Ribes nigrumFruit0.6 7.0 -0.45 *
Rosa laevigataFruit8.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Rosa caninaFruit1.8 36.0 1.8 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant5.0 6.0 -0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf3.0 19.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubia cordifoliaRoot-- 15.0 0.36 *
Rubus chingiiFruit-- 12.0 -0.06 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit0.7 5.6 -0.56 *
Rubus idaeusFruit0.7 6.0 -0.53 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rumex acetosaLeaf3.0 30.0 0.06 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf7.0 8.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Salvia miltiorrhizaRoot-- 8.0 -0.41 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Santalum acuminatumFruit2.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf1.6 102.0 2.05 *
Sassafras albidumStem0.2 56.0 -0.24 *
Satureja montanaLeaf8.0 9.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Satureja hortensisLeaf8.0 9.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Schisandra chinensisFruit5.0 11.0 -0.14 *
Schizonepeta tenuifoliaPlant-- 23.0 0.99 *
Scrophularia buergerianaRoot5.0 6.0 -0.63 *
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot13.0 18.0 0.7 *
Secale cerealeSeed4.0 5.0 -0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium eduleLeaf1.8 10.0 -0.49 *
Senna occidentalisSeed-- 15.0 0.02 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed9.0 32.0 1.56 *
Sesamum indicumPlant14.0 56.0 4.65 *
Siegesbeckia orientalisPlant9.0 10.0 -0.44 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed-- 10.0 -0.44 *
Sinapis albaSeed6.0 8.0 -0.62 *
Sinomenium acutumRhizome-- 16.0 1.22 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber0.48 14.0 0.31 *
Solanum melongenaFruit0.6 20.0 0.56 *
Sophora angustifoliaRoot5.0 10.0 -0.19 *
Sophora subprostrataRoot-- 5.0 -0.74 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit0.8 4.0 -0.69 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant0.1 24.0 1.11 *
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 0.63 -0.95 *
Spondias dulcisFruit-- 0.9 -0.93 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem3.8 132.0 0.41 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit3.0 9.0 -0.3 *
Syzygium jambosFruit0.1 0.6 -0.95 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium aromaticumFlower3.0 9.0 -0.84 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit2.3 14.0 0.09 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 21.0 -0.18 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot3.0 28.0 1.8 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf4.0 49.0 0.59 *
Taraxacum mongolicumPlant-- 19.0 0.55 *
Tephrosia candidaPlant-- 11.2 -0.31 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 8.0 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 24.0 0.83 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgarisPlant8.0 9.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trachyspermum ammiFruit-- 9.1 -0.29 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot-- 1.0 -1.19 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit1.1 20.0 0.56 *
Trifolium pratenseHay7.0 18.0 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 11.0 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trigonella foenum-graecumLeaf-- 3.0 -0.68 *
Triticum aestivumPlant2.2 4.0 -1.11 *
Triticum aestivumSeed1.1 16.7 0.17 *
Tussilago farfaraFlower-- 20.0 0.91 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf2.0 15.0 -0.35 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit0.5 4.7 -0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit0.7 5.2 -0.59 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.5 4.0 -0.69 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit0.7 6.3 -0.51 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Valerianella radicataPlant11.1 11.3 -0.3 *
Valerianella locustaPlant13.0 13.2 -0.09 *
Vicia fabaFruit-- 1.7 -0.87 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataSeed9.0 10.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling1.0 23.0 1.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed11.0 13.0 -0.16 *
Vigna radiataSeed9.0 13.0 -0.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed5.0 9.0 -0.53 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed1.3 12.0 -0.26 *
Vigna mungoSeed7.2 8.0 -0.62 *
Vitis viniferaFruit0.7 11.6 -0.09 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot1.9 14.0 0.25 *
Zea maysFruit-- 20.0 0.56 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot3.0 16.0 0.47 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome3.0 16.0 1.22 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit-- 7.0 -0.45 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.