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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Aconitum napellusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Adonis vernalisPlant-- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Allium cepaBulb-- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
Allium cepaLeaf-- -- Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- -- *
Alocasia macrorrhizaPlant-- -- *
Anabasis aphyllaPlant-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit3200.0 86000.0 0.76 *
Annona squamosaPlant-- -- *
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- *
Apium graveolensPt-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Avena sativaPetiole-- -- *
Avena sativaHull Husk-- -- *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit-- 13200.0 -0.44 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Berberis vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Beta vulgarisRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Plant-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- -- *
Brassica oleraceaStem-- -- *
Capparis spinosaPlant-- -- *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carica papayaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Catalpa ovataFruit-- -- *
Cephaelis ipecacuanhaPlant-- -- *
Chaenomeles lagenariaFruit-- -- *
Chelidonium majusPlant-- -- *
Cichorium intybusPlant-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit11900.0 21000.0 -0.31 *
Citrus limonFruit-- 59500.0 0.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrus mitisFruit Juice36000.0 55200.0 1.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensisFruit5600.0 9800.0 -0.49 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit-- 800.0 -0.64 *
Citrus limonFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit8600.0 12200.0 -0.45 *
Citrus mitisFruit28100.0 281000.0 3.95 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus aurantiumFruit-- -- Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Cocos nuciferaSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Convallaria majalisPlant-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Crataegus laevigataFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Cryptostegia grandifoliaLatex Exudate-- -- *
Cucumis meloLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Datura stramoniumPlant-- 750.0 -0.6 *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Digitalis purpureaLeaf-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eriobotrya japonicaLeaf-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Euonymus atropurpureusPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia tirucalliPlant-- 74000.0 2.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentumLeaf-- 8200.0 -0.21 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaFruit1000.0 4400.0 -0.58 *
Filipendula ulmariaFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Fragaria sppFruit3500.0 8000.0 -0.52 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Galium odoratumPlant-- -- *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit4200.0 27815.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ginkgo bilobaPollen Or Spore-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo bilobaSeed-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Glycine maxSeed8000.0 13000.0 1.22 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuusSeed-- 1900.0 -1.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower6233.0 56667.0 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFruit37400.0 170000.0 2.13 *
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans regiaFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataLeaf-- -- *
Lactuca sativaLeaf-- 500.0 -0.62 *
Lactuca virosaPlant-- -- *
Lactuca scariolaLatex Exudate-- -- *
Ledum palustrePlant-- -- *
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- -- *
Lupinus albusSeed-- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Malus domesticaPlant-- -- *
Mammea americanaFruit-- 6000.0 -0.55 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mangifera indicaFruit-- -- *
Medicago sativaPlant-- -- *
Morus albaPlant-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Myrciaria dubiaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Myrtus communisFruit-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Opuntia ficus-indicaLeaf-- 310.0 -0.63 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit475.0 4560.0 -0.58 *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 3000.0 -0.52 *
Papaver somniferumLatex Exudate-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Paris quadrifoliaPlant-- -- *
Passiflora edulisFruit20000.0 45600.0 0.09 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Petroselinum crispumRoot-- -- *
Physalis peruvianaFruit-- 22000.0 -0.29 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit8010.0 11690.0 -0.46 *
Piscidia piscipulaPlant-- -- *
Pisum sativumSeed-- -- *
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
Polypodium vulgareRoot-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaPlant-- 5100.0 -0.44 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus cerasusFruit-- -- *
Prunus persicaFruit-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- *
Prunus domesticaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psidium guajavaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Punica granatumFruit Juice8100.0 12300.0 -1.0 *
Pyrus communisFruit-- -- *
Quisqualis indicaFruit-- -- *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt-- -- *
Rhododendron ferrugineumLeaf-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- 35000.0 -0.08 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit-- 8800.0 -0.51 *
Ribes rubrumFruit-- 20200.0 -0.32 *
Rosa caninaFruit-- 15000.0 -0.41 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa caninaSeed-- -- *
Rosa sppFruit-- -- *
Rosa laevigataFruit-- -- *
Rubus idaeusFruit-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Rubus chingiiFruit-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFruit500.0 7340.0 -0.53 *
Schisandra chinensisPlant-- -- *
Schisandra chinensisFruit5000.0 33333.0 -0.11 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit-- -- *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit8000.0 80000.0 0.66 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum tuberosumTuber-- 2000.0 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf-- 50000.0 1.98 *
Sophora pachycarpaPlant-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- 2300.0 -0.52 Soldatenkov, S. V., Mazurova, T. A., Ranteleev, A. N. 1960. Organic Acids of Onion and Spinach. Trudy Petergof Biol. Inst., Leningrad Gosudarst Univ Im AA Zhdanova, 18: 55-61.
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 5350.0 -0.44 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Theobroma cacaoSeed4500.0 7500.0 0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- -- *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viburnum prunifoliumRoot Bark-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Viburnum opulusBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vicia fabaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zizyphus jujubaFruit4000.0 12000.0 -0.46 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.