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Paginate
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumPlant0.4 2.5 -0.63 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 1.8 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit-- -- *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 29.0 1.83 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Allium cepaBulb0.057 4.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot0.6 1.5 -0.26 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb0.1 1.5 -1.0 *
Allium cepaSeed-- 4.8 0.02 *
Aloe spp.Leaf-- -- *
Aloe veraLeaf-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Althaea officinalisRoot0.2 1.5 -0.26 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- -- *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed-- 0.3 -0.64 *
Anethum graveolensPlant0.01 0.29 -0.84 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Angelica sinensisRoot0.2 0.9 -0.38 *
Apium graveolensFruit-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Apium graveolensRoot0.002 0.045 -0.55 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 0.08 -0.67 *
Arctium lappaRoot0.5 2.0 -0.16 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf0.1 1.2 -0.54 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot0.6 3.5 0.14 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant11.0 22.0 1.19 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Asparagus officinalisShoot0.135 0.7 -1.12 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot0.2 1.5 -0.26 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot0.3 0.8 -0.4 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativaPlant0.9 3.9 -0.5 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 29.0 1.83 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 1.2 -0.32 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 1.2 -0.47 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- 0.6 -0.6 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Beta vulgarisRoot0.001 0.33 -0.49 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Boehmeria niveaPlant-- 16.0 0.63 *
Brassica rapaSeed-- 2.8 -0.27 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf0.005 0.18 -0.63 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower0.001 0.125 -1.35 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf0.285 0.315 -0.62 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot0.005 0.1 -0.54 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica rapaRoot0.005 0.05 -0.55 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf0.005 0.18 -0.63 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.001 8.7 0.1 *
Bupleurum chinenseRoot-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensFruit3.0 3.5 -0.02 *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- -0.51 *
Carica papayaFruit0.1 1.0 -0.37 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower0.4 3.1 0.08 *
Carum carviFruit-- 15.5 1.67 *
Carum carviSeed-- 15.5 1.58 *
Carya illinoensisSeed-- 0.3 -0.64 *
Carya glabraShoot0.04 5.5 1.77 *
Carya ovataShoot0.05 2.7 0.08 *
Carya ovataSeed-- 1.6 -0.45 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot0.1 1.2 -0.32 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf0.1 1.0 -0.56 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 6.0 1.47 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 12.0 0.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf0.3 1.7 -0.5 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 17.0 0.72 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf0.3 0.48 -0.61 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot0.4 1.8 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf-- 14.4 0.58 *
Cinnamomum burmanniiBark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark2.0 10.0 0.37 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 1.0 -0.49 *
Cinnamomum sieboldiiRoot Bark-- 2.0 *
Citrus paradisiFruit0.002 0.55 -0.43 *
Citrus sinensisFruit0.005 0.385 -0.45 *
Citrus reticulataFruit0.01 0.08 -0.5 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Cnicus benedictusPlant0.2 1.8 -0.7 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed-- 0.2 -0.65 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Coriandrum sativumSeed-- 28.8 3.51 *
Corylus avellanaSeed0.08 0.7 -0.58 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 17.0 1.88 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit0.5 1.7 -0.27 *
Cucumis meloFruit0.13 0.165 -0.48 *
Cucumis sativusFruit0.002 0.98 -0.37 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed-- 17.0 1.79 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cuminum cyminumFruit-- 8.4 0.67 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- 8.4 0.54 *
Curcuma longaPlant0.2 0.6 -0.81 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 6.0 -1.0 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 37.0 2.59 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 10.0 1.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Daucus carotaRoot0.005 1.5 -0.26 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot0.6 2.6 -0.04 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 26.0 4.62 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf-- 1.0 -0.56 *
Diospyros virginianaStem-- 2.7 -0.39 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 19.0 3.23 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpureaRoot0.5 1.9 -0.18 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit20.5 29.5 3.64 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Elytrigia repensPlant-- 37.0 2.59 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra sinicaPlant-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant0.5 2.2 -0.66 *
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf0.4 1.7 -0.5 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf3.5 3.8 -0.32 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant-- -- *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant0.1 0.7 -0.8 *
Fallopia japonicaPlant8.0 14.0 0.44 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed0.1 0.5 -0.61 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit4.0 5.0 0.19 *
Fragaria sppFruit0.005 0.18 -0.48 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Frangula purshianaBark0.2 0.6 -0.52 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant0.1 0.7 -0.8 *
Galega officinalisLeaf-- 3.7 -0.33 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Gentiana luteaRoot0.3 1.3 -0.3 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf0.7 2.9 -0.4 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant3.0 4.0 -0.49 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot0.3 1.7 -0.22 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf0.9 4.5 -0.26 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot0.2 1.2 -0.32 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower0.6 5.4 1.18 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 31.0 3.46 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 0.7 -0.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulusFlower0.1 0.7 -1.07 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot0.9 2.5 -0.06 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot0.3 0.9 -0.38 *
Inula heleniumRoot0.2 1.0 -0.36 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 9.0 *
Juglans nigraPericarp0.1 0.9 *
Juglans cinereaSeed-- 1.4 -0.48 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- 1.0 -0.54 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Juglans nigraFruit-- 0.9 -0.38 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot0.08 2.64 0.05 *
Juniperus communisFruit1.0 3.2 -0.06 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf0.005 20.0 1.06 *
Larrea tridentataPlant0.3 0.8 -0.79 *
Larrea tridentataBark-- 0.8 -0.51 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Liquidambar styracifluaStem0.04 3.6 -0.27 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf0.08 8.2 0.05 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf0.1 0.5 -0.6 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- 3.0 -0.09 *
Malus domesticaFruit0.005 0.3 -0.47 *
Medicago sativaPlant0.2 0.9 -0.78 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 17.0 0.72 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit0.02 0.15 -0.49 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Myrica ceriferaBark0.3 1.5 -0.44 *
Myristica fragransSeed-- 16.4 1.71 *
Myristica fragransAril-- 13.2 *
Nepeta catariaPlant0.3 2.7 -0.61 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem-- 4.4 -0.16 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf-- 6.37 -0.1 *
Panax ginsengRoot0.2 1.1 -0.34 *
Papaver somniferumSeed-- 13.4 1.27 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot0.5 3.2 0.08 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower0.3 2.5 -0.21 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot0.01 0.1 -0.54 *
Petasites japonicusPlant20.0 23.0 1.28 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispumPlant0.1 0.6 -0.81 *
Peucedanum decursivumPlant9.0 16.0 0.63 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed-- 5.0 0.05 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed0.45 0.76 -0.57 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed0.051 4.9 0.03 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 0.22 -0.65 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit0.005 1.5 -0.3 *
Pimenta dioicaPlant-- 5.0 -0.4 *
Pinus echinataShoot0.08 1.26 -0.78 *
Piper nigrumFruit3.0 3.5 -0.02 *
Pistacia veraSeed-- 0.6 -0.6 *
Pisum sativumSeed0.005 0.17 -0.66 *
Plantago majorSeed0.4 1.2 -0.51 *
Plantago psylliumSeed0.2 0.8 -0.57 *
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polystichum polyblepharumPlant4.0 20.0 1.0 *
Prunus persicaFruit0.01 2.25 -0.19 *
Prunus domesticaFruit0.005 1.19 -0.34 *
Prunus serotinaStem-- 0.81 -0.65 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 35.0 2.75 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf-- 2.88 -0.4 *
Prunus dulcisSeed0.1 1.7 -0.43 *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesPlant-- -- Felcman, J., Braganca, M. L. T. 1988. Chromium in Plants Comparison Between the Concentration of Chromium in Brazilian Nonhypo and Hypoglycemic Plants. Biol. Trace Element Res. 17, 1: 11-16.
Pyrus communisFruit0.002 0.555 -0.43 *
Quercus velutinaStem0.12 1.73 -0.52 *
Quercus stellataStem-- 1.68 -0.53 *
Quercus phellosStem-- 0.084 -0.75 *
Quercus rubraStem0.06 3.3 -0.31 *
Quercus albaStem0.06 5.32 -0.03 *
Quercus rubraSeed-- 0.9 -0.55 *
Quercus albaBark0.1 0.3 -0.55 *
Raphanus sativusRoot0.01 0.14 -0.53 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt0.005 0.1 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 27.0 1.65 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf-- 1.92 -0.48 *
Rhus glabraStem-- 10.05 0.61 *
Rhus copallinaStem0.05 1.22 -0.59 *
Ribes nigrumFruit0.01 0.27 -0.47 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Ribes uva-crispaFruit0.002 0.08 -0.5 *
Ribes rubrumFruit0.01 0.125 -0.49 *
Rosa caninaFruit0.3 1.8 -0.25 *
Rubus idaeusLeaf0.2 1.3 -0.54 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit0.01 0.38 -0.45 *
Rumex crispusRoot-- -- -0.56 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot0.8 2.5 -0.06 *
Salix albaBark-- -- -0.58 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf0.1 0.3 -0.62 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf0.99 2.04 -0.47 *
Sassafras albidumStem-- 2.59 -0.41 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit0.3 1.8 -0.25 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant0.1 0.7 -0.8 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf0.6 2.7 -0.42 *
Serenoa repensFruit0.2 1.4 -0.31 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed-- 1.4 -0.48 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 2.2 -0.66 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianumLeaf0.5 2.2 -0.46 *
Sinapis albaSeed-- 18.6 2.03 *
Smilax sppRoot0.4 1.7 -0.22 *
Smilax officinalisRoot0.4 1.7 -0.22 *
Solanum melongenaFruit0.1 0.12 -0.49 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber0.002 1.4 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit0.02 0.19 -0.48 *
Spinacia oleraceaFlower0.01 0.42 -1.21 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 5.0 -0.4 *
Stachys officinalisPlant0.2 0.9 -0.78 *
Stellaria mediaPlant0.1 1.1 -0.76 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 39.0 2.69 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem0.27 6.16 0.08 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 8.0 1.03 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf0.2 1.8 -0.49 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower3.0 5.0 0.99 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit3.0 5.0 0.19 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark0.2 0.9 -0.5 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 1.7 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf0.2 50.0 3.63 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot0.1 0.9 -0.38 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf0.3 2.0 -0.48 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit30.0 31.0 3.85 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower0.6 3.2 0.13 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed0.1 0.4 -0.62 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf0.7 3.1 -0.38 *
Ulmus rubraBark0.2 1.0 -0.49 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf0.8 3.9 -0.31 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit0.01 0.13 -0.49 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- 0.7 -0.41 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot0.2 1.8 -0.2 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf0.6 1.4 -0.53 *
Viburnum opulusBark-- 21.0 1.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vigna unguiculataSeed-- 3.6 -0.16 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed-- 3.6 -0.16 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 19.0 0.98 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 9.0 0.47 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit0.005 0.385 -0.45 *
Yucca baccataRoot-- -- *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 13.0 *
Zea maysSeed-- 1.65 -0.44 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome6.0 20.0 1.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot-- 0.6 -0.44 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.