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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Abutilon theophrastiSeed Oil-- -- Sun, Y. Y., Yuan, Y. X. 1996. Study on Lipid Soluble Constituent in Seed of Abutilon theophrasti. Chung Ts'ao Yao, 27(6): 334.
Acacia farnesianaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Acacia farnesianaSeed-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium cepaSeed-- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 80.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Aloe veraLeaf40.0 120.0 *
Aloe veraPlant-- -- Suga, T., Hirata, T. 1983. The Efficacy of the Aloe Plants Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities. Cosmet. Toiletries 98(6): 105-108.
Aloe veraShoot-- -- Afzal, M., Ali, M., Hassan, R. A. H., Sweedan, N., Dhami, M. S. I. 1991. Identification of Some Prostanoids in Aloe vera Extracts. Plant Medica, 57(1): 38-40.
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Anastatica hierochunticaPlant-- -- *
Annona squamosaPlant-- -- *
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant-- -- *
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Avena sativaLeaf-- -- *
Calendula officinalisFlower-- -- *
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulataPericarp-- -- *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus sinensisFruit-- -- *
Citrus reticulataRoot-- -- *
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Commiphora wightiiResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Commiphora wightiiInflorescence-- 100.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cucurbita pepoPlant-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- *
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Daucus carotaLeaf-- -- *
Digitalis lanataPlant-- -- *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- *
Euphorbia pulcherrimaPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Glycine maxSeed-- -- *
Helianthus annuusSeed-- 1500.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- -- *
Holarrhena pubescensTissue Culture-- -- *
Hylocereus undatusPlant-- -- *
Juglans regiaSeed-- 12.0 -1.0 *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium chinenseSeed-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- -- *
Momordica charantiaFruit-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Moringa oleiferaSeed-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Nigella sativaSeed Oil-- -- *
Nigella sativaSeed-- -- *
Ononis spinosaRoot-- 68.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed Oil-- 15000.0 *
Panax quinquefoliusSeed Oil-- -- *
Panax ginsengSeed Oil-- -- *
Persea americanaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Phoenix dactyliferaPollen Or Spore-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit-- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper methysticumRhizome-- -- *
Pisum sativumSeed-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Punica granatumSeed-- -- *
Rosa multifloraFruit-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 6.0 *
Salvia officinalisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Salvia officinalisFruit-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Sambucus nigraPlant-- -- *
Sambucus nigraHh-- -- *
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- -- *
Sinapis albaSeed-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- *
Solanum nigrumPlant-- -- *
Solanum dulcamaraLeaf-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Tagetes erectaFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoOil-- 2800.0 1.0 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Trigonella foenum-graecumTissue Culture-- 20.0 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- -- *
Ulmus rubraWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- Lokar, L. C., Martini, F. 1997. Chemotaxonomic Investigations on the Genus Valeriana L. in the Northeastern Italy and in Tuscany. I. Phytosterols. Dept. of Biology, University of Trieste. Allionia 35: 103-115.
Vicia fabaOil-- 400.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Zea maysShoot-- -- *
Zea maysRoot-- -- *
Zea maysSeed-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.