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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abies spectabilisWood-- 630000.0 0.32 Wealth of India.
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acacia melanoxylonPlant-- -- *
Acacia decurrensPlant-- -- *
Ailanthus altissimaBark-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckWood-- 769000.0 1.27 Wealth of India.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb6000.0 18000.0 LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Ammi majusSeed-- 224000.0 1.17 *
Anabasis aphyllaPlant-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit4300.0 5400.0 -0.61 *
Annona cherimolaFruit-- 41000.0 -0.23 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed20000.0 50000.0 -0.66 *
Areca catechuHull Husk-- 476000.0 1.3 *
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- 244300.0 -0.5 *
Arundo donaxStem446000.0 503000.0 -1.24 *
Astragalus gummiferGum10000.0 40000.0 *
Avena sativaPlant-- 305000.0 0.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativaHull Husk-- 350000.0 -0.16 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Bixa orellanaPlant-- 123300.0 -1.48 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Boehmeria niveaStem-- 659000.0 0.04 *
Castanea sativaSeed-- 21000.0 -0.96 *
Ceiba pentandraWood-- 683000.0 0.68 *
Ceratonia siliquaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceratonia siliquaSeed-- 32500.0 -0.84 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cichorium intybusRoot-- 50000.0 -1.0 *
Cocos nuciferaHull Husk-- 266000.0 -1.14 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Cola acuminataPlant-- -- *
Corylus avellanaWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Crotalaria junceaStem-- 800100.0 1.2 *
Cydonia oblongaSeed-- -- *
Drimys winteriWood353000.0 366000.0 -1.47 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraPlant-- 300000.0 -0.04 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 300000.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Gossypium spSeed-- 21500.0 -0.96 *
Helianthus annuusSeed-- -- *
Helianthus annuusFruit-- -- *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 168000.0 0.58 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hordeum vulgarePlant190000.0 322000.0 0.14 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulusStem-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juncus effususLeaf-- 640000.0 1.41 *
Lepidium sativumSeed-- 9150.0 -1.09 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed93000.0 147000.0 0.36 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Morus albaLeaf86000.0 106000.0 -0.7 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Oenothera biennisSeed-- 270000.0 1.65 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit-- 13000.0 -0.53 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oryza sativaPetiole190000.0 210000.0 *
Oryza sativaPlant340000.0 534600.0 1.88 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit-- 13300.0 -0.52 *
Pisum sativumSeed74000.0 96000.0 -0.18 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb105000.0 132000.0 *
Portulaca oleraceaJe105000.0 132000.0 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 272400.0 2.22 *
Quercus suberCork18000.0 50000.0 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed39000.0 41711.0 -0.74 *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- *
Salix albaBark-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sinapis albaSeed-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaWood-- 464400.0 -0.8 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit18000.0 32000.0 -0.33 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 90000.0 -0.24 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- -- *
Uncaria catechuPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- 103000.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Xylopia aethiopicaSeed-- 295500.0 1.91 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zea maysPlant-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.