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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit76300.0 760000.0 -0.12 *
Abrus precatoriusLeaf137000.0 652000.0 0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaSeed730000.0 770000.0 0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 726000.0 0.91 *
Acacia tortilisFruit462500.0 739000.0 -0.23 *
Acacia senegalFruit-- 699000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaLeaf90000.0 484200.0 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 506000.0 -0.07 *
Acacia senegalSeed-- 491000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acacia decurrensPlant-- -- *
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 660000.0 0.38 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 667000.0 0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indicaLeaf60000.0 300700.0 -2.47 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefoliumPlant133104.0 752000.0 0.51 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 813000.0 -0.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit148800.0 877900.0 0.51 *
Aegle marmelosFruit281000.0 901300.0 0.63 *
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- 740000.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum meleguetaFruit278000.0 352000.0 -2.3 *
Agave americanaPlant-- 820000.0 0.95 *
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 495000.0 -0.11 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeckLeaf525000.0 613000.0 0.01 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed80000.0 86000.0 -1.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot201000.0 901000.0 1.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb274000.0 851000.0 1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot103000.0 752000.0 -1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf95000.0 699000.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf47000.0 603000.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf70000.0 767000.0 1.23 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf38000.0 667000.0 0.44 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower94000.0 810000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaBulb73200.0 798000.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower105000.0 621000.0 -0.22 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot30000.0 925000.0 1.22 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf-- 520000.0 -0.73 *
Aloe spp.Leaf4480.0 896000.0 2.26 *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 896000.0 2.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Alpinia galangaRhizome117000.0 830000.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot87156.0 807000.0 -0.3 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf40300.0 540000.0 -0.57 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf74000.0 606450.0 -0.04 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 651000.0 0.34 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot184000.0 856000.0 0.33 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf23000.0 885000.0 2.17 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf231000.0 767000.0 1.23 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit116000.0 958678.0 0.94 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed294000.0 432000.0 -0.36 *
Ananas comosusFruit116000.0 938000.0 0.83 *
Anethum graveolensSeed551700.0 597491.0 0.29 *
Anethum graveolensFruit551700.0 597491.0 -0.99 *
Anethum graveolensPlant558200.0 602000.0 -0.45 *
Angelica sinensisRoot176000.0 800000.0 -0.39 *
Annona squamosaFruit200000.0 904000.0 0.65 *
Annona cherimolaFruit213000.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Annona reticulataPlant185000.0 884000.0 1.36 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit-- 240000.0 -2.9 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Annona glabraFruit103000.0 780000.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona muricataFruit149000.0 89400.0 -3.71 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 694000.0 0.65 *
Anredera baselloidesTuber105000.0 700000.0 -1.24 Wealth of India.
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf491000.0 529300.0 -0.66 *
Apium graveolensSeed413500.0 439964.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensPt36300.0 684980.0 -0.4 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf149000.0 693000.0 0.65 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed161800.0 377000.0 -0.58 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant668000.0 717000.0 0.29 *
Aralia cordataLeaf29000.0 617000.0 0.04 *
Arctium lappaRoot200925.0 855000.0 0.32 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf94424.0 814000.0 1.61 *
Areca catechuSeed472000.0 791000.0 1.06 *
Areca catechuSprout Seedling90000.0 662000.0 0.47 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot155000.0 783000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot269000.0 930800.0 1.29 *
Artemisia dracunculusRoot-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf45000.0 354330.0 -2.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculusPlant502000.0 544000.0 -0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed384000.0 793400.0 1.07 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit179200.0 922450.0 0.75 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit189000.0 896900.0 0.61 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed159000.0 677000.0 0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Arundo donaxPlant699000.0 777000.0 0.67 *
Asimina trilobaFruit168000.0 854000.0 0.38 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot36000.0 602000.0 0.06 *
Avena sativaSeed562000.0 775000.0 1.0 *
Avena sativaPlant265000.0 861000.0 1.21 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit46000.0 840000.0 0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Averrhoa carambolaFruit67000.0 936000.0 0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 834000.0 0.27 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- 692000.0 0.64 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 59000.0 -3.04 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaesFruit417000.0 834000.0 0.27 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Balanites aegyptiacusLeaf-- 715000.0 0.82 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit791000.0 886000.0 0.55 *
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 644000.0 0.3 *
Basella albaLeaf34000.0 492750.0 -0.95 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit29000.0 825000.0 0.23 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 791000.0 0.18 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 791000.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed128000.0 132429.0 -1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisLeaf36000.0 609000.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgarisRoot95000.0 794000.0 -0.46 *
Betula lentaLeaf-- 556000.0 -0.44 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Bixa orellanaFruit143000.0 916666.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaSeed55000.0 569000.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril46000.0 225000.0 -1.07 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf71000.0 546150.0 -0.52 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot473000.0 606000.0 0.08 *
Borago officinalisLeaf30600.0 437580.0 -1.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf53700.0 717969.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraSeed192000.0 207792.0 -1.25 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower49200.0 635660.0 -0.14 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf21800.0 465866.0 -1.16 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf52400.0 562776.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf100000.0 644000.0 0.26 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf89600.0 639744.0 0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraLeaf34100.0 502209.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf21800.0 465866.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot62300.0 766290.0 -0.82 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf37600.0 616264.0 0.04 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf52400.0 562776.0 -0.39 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot81300.0 786171.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleraceaStem59000.0 688900.0 -1.41 *
Bromelia pinguinLeaf57000.0 713000.0 0.8 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit121000.0 756250.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit144000.0 837210.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 668000.0 -0.03 *
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- 636000.0 0.19 *
Cajanus cajanSeed213000.0 714000.0 0.76 *
Cajanus cajanFruit217000.0 747000.0 -0.19 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower44000.0 571430.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensisLeaf536000.0 590000.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisFruit79000.0 902000.0 0.64 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed538000.0 687000.0 0.65 *
Canna indicaRoot313000.0 942770.0 1.45 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf477000.0 537000.0 -0.6 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant52000.0 441000.0 -1.49 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit87000.0 849000.0 0.35 *
Capsicum annuumFruit175956.0 682000.0 -0.54 *
Carica papayaSeed-- 155000.0 -1.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carica papayaLeaf113000.0 556000.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica pentagonaFruit54000.0 794115.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaFruit124065.0 919000.0 0.73 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed124000.0 530000.0 0.03 *
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant692000.0 892000.0 1.41 *
Carum carviFruit499000.0 554000.0 -1.22 *
Carum carviSeed300000.0 554000.0 0.12 *
Carya illinoensisSeed130000.0 191637.0 -1.32 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit157000.0 872222.0 0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 726000.0 0.82 *
Castanea dentataSeed485700.0 864546.0 1.36 *
Castanea sativaSeed402800.0 886160.0 1.44 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed490700.0 873446.0 1.39 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot81950.0 745000.0 -1.09 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed216000.0 383000.0 -0.56 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed623000.0 691000.0 0.67 *
Cenchrus biflorusShoot666000.0 779000.0 1.06 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf70192.0 656000.0 0.35 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 785000.0 0.67 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf33700.0 686000.0 0.59 Tramil
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf76000.0 524000.0 -0.7 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf73000.0 500000.0 -0.89 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 862000.0 1.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf33000.0 507700.0 -0.83 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf92520.0 514000.0 -0.78 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud43700.0 587365.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 514000.0 -1.02 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 794000.0 1.15 *
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit124000.0 916000.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit145000.0 886000.0 0.55 *
Cicer arietinumSeed606600.0 685700.0 0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf33500.0 539452.0 -0.58 *
Cichorium intybusRoot175100.0 875500.0 0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf32000.0 654000.0 0.34 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot170730.0 813000.0 -0.22 *
Cinnamomum verumPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark455000.0 500000.0 -2.32 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark798000.0 914000.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusFruit3800.0 859000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusSeed44000.0 48000.0 -1.89 *
Citrus limonFruit111000.0 863000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus sinensisFruit99000.0 887125.0 0.56 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit59000.0 895900.0 0.6 *
Citrus mitisFruit-- 32700.0 -4.01 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulataFruit102000.0 901914.0 0.64 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit97000.0 909000.0 0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus paradisiFruit80800.0 948000.0 0.88 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant101080.0 760000.0 0.56 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf61000.0 305000.0 -2.44 *
Coccinia grandisFruit35000.0 507245.0 -1.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed94000.0 331000.0 -0.76 *
Coffea arabicaSeed600000.0 728000.0 0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coffea arabicaLeaf666000.0 712000.0 0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed653000.0 824000.0 1.19 *
Coix lacryma-jobiPlant-- 798000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminataSeed337000.0 908000.0 1.53 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot200000.0 885000.0 0.71 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf48000.0 640000.0 0.22 *
Colubrina texensisSeed-- 673000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensisLeaf95000.0 688400.0 0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf58000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf73000.0 589000.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumFruit549900.0 603240.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus floridaSeed-- 733000.0 0.83 *
Corylus avellanaSeed177000.0 229000.0 -1.17 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit256122.0 918000.0 0.72 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 918000.0 0.72 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crescentia alataSeed229000.0 237000.0 -1.14 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style436400.0 573000.0 -1.0 *
Cucumis sativusFruit29100.0 736709.0 -0.25 *
Cucumis meloFruit83600.0 818026.0 0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepoSeed60000.0 191341.0 -1.32 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit65000.0 773809.0 -0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 492000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita sppFruit43500.0 688300.0 -0.51 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower32800.0 676290.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminumSeed442000.0 570000.0 0.19 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit442000.0 570000.0 -1.14 *
Curcuma longaRhizome79000.0 829000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf574000.0 707000.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 122000.0 -3.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot697000.0 782000.0 1.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedataFruit40000.0 719300.0 -0.34 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit119000.0 951000.0 0.9 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower105000.0 755000.0 0.51 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit103000.0 838000.0 0.29 *
Daucus carotaRoot101000.0 850000.0 0.26 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber265000.0 914900.0 1.2 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 897000.0 0.86 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot215280.0 897000.0 0.86 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot163100.0 878770.0 0.63 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit335000.0 941000.0 0.85 *
Diospyros digynaFruit128500.0 735635.0 -0.25 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Durio zibethinusFruit148000.0 873685.0 0.49 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit109000.0 790000.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit137300.0 775930.0 -0.04 *
Elaeis guineensisFruit105000.0 364000.0 -2.24 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber161000.0 876000.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed685000.0 747000.0 0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumFruit421000.0 778000.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elytrigia repensPlant455000.0 797000.0 0.8 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant171570.0 817000.0 0.93 *
Equisetum arvensePlant157718.0 737000.0 0.42 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit102000.0 919000.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 575200.0 -0.1 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 643400.0 0.29 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot100000.0 633000.0 0.23 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf117000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf424000.0 648000.0 0.29 *
Eugenia unifloraFruit79300.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit126000.0 977000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit134000.0 911565.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Euphrasia officinalisPlant113652.0 738000.0 0.42 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed650000.0 817700.0 1.17 *
Feijoa sellowianaFruit1000000.0 625000.0 -0.84 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus caricaLeaf164000.0 632000.0 0.16 *
Ficus caricaFruit98000.0 918143.0 0.72 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant51000.0 519000.0 -0.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgareFruit522900.0 577680.0 -1.1 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed61884.0 573000.0 0.2 *
Fragaria sppFruit70200.0 850000.0 0.36 *
Frangula purshianaBark224093.0 809000.0 0.34 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant77290.0 655000.0 -0.11 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit143000.0 960000.0 0.95 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Genipa americanaFruit112000.0 793200.0 0.06 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed381000.0 838400.0 1.25 *
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed-- 847000.0 1.29 *
Gleditsia triacanthosFruit669000.0 969000.0 1.0 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower84000.0 771000.0 0.6 *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed-- 34000.0 -1.94 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf119000.0 778000.0 1.32 *
Glycine maxFruit132000.0 429000.0 -1.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed53000.0 432000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxPlant658000.0 781000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot121361.0 773000.0 -0.73 *
Gossypium spSeed500000.0 555000.0 0.13 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber165000.0 847000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus annuusSeed133000.0 213000.0 -1.23 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 557000.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf92000.0 765000.0 1.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower76000.0 804000.0 0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 801000.0 0.72 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed608000.0 868000.0 1.37 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant265000.0 785000.0 0.73 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulusFlower143220.0 770000.0 0.59 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 770000.0 -0.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrastis canadensisRoot227971.0 823000.0 -0.09 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit43300.0 846150.0 0.34 *
Inga feuilleiAril157000.0 981250.0 1.34 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulisSeed240000.0 653950.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf31400.0 600000.0 -0.09 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot242800.0 925000.0 1.22 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf80000.0 620000.0 0.06 *
Jatropha curcasSeed-- 335000.0 -0.75 *
Juglans nigraSeed121000.0 153000.0 -1.47 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 821000.0 0.58 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 821000.0 0.2 *
Juglans regiaSeed110000.0 248000.0 -1.09 *
Juglans cinereaSeed120500.0 124664.0 -1.58 *
Juglans nigraPericarp98520.0 821000.0 *
Juncus effususLeaf-- 543000.0 -0.55 *
Juniperus communisFruit226300.0 730000.0 -0.28 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf82000.0 547000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 782000.0 1.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusFruit100000.0 568182.0 -1.15 *
Lablab purpureusSeed91900.0 757628.0 0.93 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf35000.0 583333.0 -0.23 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit29000.0 760000.0 -0.12 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed-- 83000.0 -1.75 *
Larrea tridentataPlant257607.0 783000.0 0.71 *
Lawsonia inermisSeed671700.0 746330.0 0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling-- 221400.0 -1.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed597000.0 642800.0 0.47 *
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed336000.0 368000.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lepidium meyeniiRoot590000.0 750000.0 -1.03 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf55000.0 518870.0 -0.74 *
Limonia acidissimaFruit74500.0 678690.0 -0.56 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed354900.0 369685.0 -0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimumHay801000.0 817000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimumSeed299000.0 397000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lobelia inflataLeaf94016.0 832000.0 1.75 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit43600.0 872000.0 0.48 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf27000.0 804000.0 1.53 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit90000.0 315000.0 -2.5 *
Lupinus albusSeed367000.0 450370.0 -0.29 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed299000.0 334000.0 -0.75 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf40000.0 385000.0 -1.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium barbarumFruit580000.0 640000.0 -0.76 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 107000.0 -3.61 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit43400.0 717400.0 -0.35 *
Macadamia sppSeed137300.0 159000.0 -1.45 *
Malpighia glabraFruit-- 778000.0 -0.03 *
Malus domesticaFruit152250.0 948550.0 0.89 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf21000.0 250000.0 -2.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva parvifloraLeaf64000.0 467000.0 -1.15 *
Mammea americanaFruit115000.0 917000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mangifera indicaFruit170000.0 929390.0 0.78 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf165000.0 540000.0 -0.57 *
Manihot esculentaRoot269200.0 854875.0 0.32 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit191000.0 923000.0 0.75 *
Maranta arundinaceaRoot295000.0 911000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaSeed401000.0 454135.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Medicago sativaPlant123704.0 658000.0 -0.09 *
Melia azedarachPlant-- 586000.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit135000.0 859000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Melilotus indicaPlant643000.0 699000.0 0.17 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf82993.0 557000.0 -0.44 *
Mentha spicataPlant80000.0 588300.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mimosa pudicaLeaf51000.0 689000.0 0.61 *
Mimosa hostilisPlant-- 654600.0 -0.11 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot51000.0 510000.0 -0.47 *
Mirabilis expansaRoot158000.0 869800.0 0.51 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf70000.0 618000.0 0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaFruit47000.0 763000.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf86000.0 384000.0 -1.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaSeed199000.0 207290.0 -1.26 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaLeaf134000.0 536000.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaShoot82800.0 388000.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit85300.0 722880.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaLeaf400000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Morus albaFruit97000.0 813000.0 0.16 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed529000.0 667000.0 0.57 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit179000.0 855000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigiiLeaf141000.0 665000.0 0.42 *
Murraya spFruit318000.0 918432.0 0.72 *
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 631000.0 -1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaShoot39000.0 527000.0 -0.37 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Musa x paradisiacaSprout Seedling-- 810000.0 1.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 97000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 50000.0 -3.33 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit318000.0 918432.0 0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 695000.0 0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit125800.0 836000.0 0.28 *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit45000.0 933335.0 0.8 *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- 743000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica ceriferaBark189660.0 870000.0 0.86 *
Myrica ceriferaSeed-- 743000.0 0.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed-- 285000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril-- 478000.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinaleHerb12900.0 25800.0 -1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit666000.0 740000.0 -0.23 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed139000.0 762000.0 0.95 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome120000.0 824880.0 0.69 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf250000.0 500000.0 -0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativaSeed-- 339600.0 -0.73 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf70000.0 610000.0 -0.01 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant479800.0 711500.0 0.25 *
Oenothera biennisPlant460000.0 671000.0 -0.01 *
Olea europaeaTwig-- 765000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 735000.0 0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaFruit13000.0 60000.0 -3.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed482000.0 558000.0 0.14 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit56000.0 892000.0 0.58 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 118600.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant644300.0 693911.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant605600.0 654050.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed734000.0 892000.0 1.46 *
Oryza sativaPlant420000.0 478000.0 -1.25 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot138000.0 852000.0 0.28 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed359000.0 37900.0 -1.93 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber87500.0 806450.0 -0.03 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 700000.0 0.18 *
Panax ginsengRoot176808.0 834000.0 0.05 *
Panicum maximumLeaf672000.0 827000.0 1.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Papaver somniferumSeed236900.0 254130.0 -1.07 *
Passiflora edulisFruit212000.0 851000.0 0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed176000.0 815000.0 1.16 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit123000.0 730000.0 -0.28 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit43000.0 768000.0 -0.08 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit152000.0 844445.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFruit210000.0 764000.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Passiflora mollissimaFruit63000.0 787500.0 0.02 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pastinaca sativaRoot17500.0 902000.0 0.92 *
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf80000.0 533335.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf59000.0 756400.0 1.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit21000.0 814000.0 0.17 *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- 80000.0 -3.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 571000.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensSeed69000.0 585000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americanaFruit8000.0 629000.0 -0.82 *
Petasites japonicusPt19000.0 656360.0 -0.97 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant69100.0 590805.0 -0.53 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf66000.0 500000.0 -0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed201000.0 731000.0 0.83 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed590000.0 742000.0 0.87 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed463000.0 709000.0 0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling41000.0 440860.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit56000.0 733778.0 -0.26 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf17000.0 674000.0 0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay376000.0 666000.0 -1.0 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit298000.0 463000.0 -1.71 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed278000.0 701039.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling200000.0 556000.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusFruit-- 766000.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 436000.0 -1.85 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit366100.0 948500.0 0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed655000.0 853000.0 1.31 *
Phoradendron serotinumLeaf-- 467000.0 -1.15 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 431000.0 -0.92 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 508000.0 -1.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus acidusFruit52000.0 832000.0 0.26 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit141000.0 952000.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruvianaFruit110000.0 929000.0 0.78 *
Physalis angulataFruit45000.0 450000.0 -1.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis ixocarpaFruit40500.0 771000.0 -0.06 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp114200.0 406045.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas macrocarpaSeed-- 916000.0 1.56 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower165000.0 565070.0 -0.53 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed95600.0 777870.0 1.01 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americanaShoot37000.0 441000.0 -0.86 *
Pimenta dioicaPlant749000.0 757000.0 0.54 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit509000.0 552000.0 -1.23 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed453000.0 552000.0 0.11 *
Pinus edulisSeed131700.0 205100.0 -1.26 *
Pinus pineaSeed116000.0 152415.0 -1.47 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed168000.0 212000.0 -1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus gerardianaSeed216000.0 233500.0 -1.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper nigrumFruit-- 648100.0 -0.72 *
Piper betelLeaf61000.0 418000.0 -1.54 *
Piper auritumLeaf82500.0 567000.0 -0.36 *
Pistacia veraSeed190000.0 258088.0 -1.05 *
Pisum sativumPlant296000.0 506000.0 -1.07 *
Pisum sativumFruit75600.0 747774.0 -0.19 *
Pisum sativumSeed144600.0 684000.0 0.64 *
Plantago psylliumSeed201868.0 926000.0 1.6 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 845500.0 0.83 *
Platonia insignisFruit250000.0 833335.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot710000.0 937000.0 1.37 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf31000.0 553570.0 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 735000.0 -1.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot81000.0 856000.0 0.33 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb35500.0 632000.0 1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf82000.0 458000.0 -1.22 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit179000.0 994445.0 1.13 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimitoFruit363000.0 926000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria viridisFruit286000.0 905065.0 0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit363000.0 926000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis julifloraSeed-- 218000.0 -1.21 *
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 696000.0 0.67 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 783000.0 0.0 *
Prunus persicaFruit111000.0 910000.0 0.68 *
Prunus cerasusFruit103000.0 876960.0 0.5 *
Prunus dulcisSeed204000.0 213284.0 -1.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 140000.0 -1.52 *
Prunus domesticaFruit130100.0 879054.0 0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaFruit111200.0 873000.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajavaFruit95000.0 901000.0 0.63 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit145000.0 939000.0 0.83 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf141000.0 609071.0 -0.02 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber281000.0 659624.0 -1.7 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed43100.0 455051.0 -0.27 *
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf56000.0 643678.0 0.25 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome510000.0 566666.0 -1.19 *
Pueraria montanaRoot271000.0 885350.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumFruit162000.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Pyrus communisFruit151000.0 933292.0 0.8 *
Quararibea cordataFruit199000.0 995000.0 1.13 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Quercus albaFlower-- 596200.0 -0.36 *
Quercus albaSeed-- 596200.0 0.29 *
Quercus albaBark176700.0 775000.0 0.05 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed486000.0 519786.0 -0.01 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf57000.0 496000.0 -0.92 *
Raphanus sativusFruit54000.0 701000.0 -0.44 *
Raphanus sativusRoot36000.0 757000.0 -0.94 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf41000.0 683000.0 0.57 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt37000.0 774000.0 1.38 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf732000.0 770000.0 1.26 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 508000.0 -0.48 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit101800.0 839239.0 0.3 *
Ribes rubrumFruit138000.0 859740.0 0.41 *
Ribes nigrumFruit153800.0 852050.0 0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ricinus communisSeed31000.0 70000.0 -1.8 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 574000.0 -0.3 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf350000.0 465000.0 -1.17 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed204000.0 466000.0 -0.23 *
Rosa caninaFruit145673.0 779000.0 -0.02 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant207000.0 704660.0 0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusFruit115700.0 865370.0 0.44 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeusLeaf133510.0 790000.0 1.42 *
Rumex crispusLeaf41000.0 554000.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosaLeaf26000.0 560000.0 -0.41 *
Rumex crispusRoot142378.0 554000.0 -3.54 *
Salix albaBark132552.0 789000.0 0.17 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf103620.0 660000.0 0.38 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit184000.0 910800.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sanguisorba minorPlant616000.0 804000.0 0.85 *
Santalum acuminatumFruit193000.0 828325.0 0.24 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 755000.0 0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- 709000.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sclerocarya caffraFruit75000.0 904000.0 0.65 *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed92000.0 96000.0 -1.7 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant106860.0 780000.0 0.69 *
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 848850.0 1.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Secale cerealeSeed697600.0 824720.0 1.2 *
Sechium eduleFruit54000.0 771430.0 -0.06 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed665000.0 689000.0 0.66 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf124845.0 615000.0 0.03 *
Sesamum indicumSeed93900.0 245990.0 -1.1 *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 593000.0 -0.15 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit111000.0 880950.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf94000.0 475000.0 -1.09 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed246000.0 291000.0 -0.92 *
Sinapis albaSeed208000.0 373858.0 -0.59 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf64000.0 560000.0 -0.41 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit57000.0 570000.0 -1.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum tuberosumTuber171000.0 862000.0 0.6 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf66000.0 485000.0 -1.01 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit68000.0 838000.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum torvumFruit107000.0 733000.0 -0.27 *
Solanum melongenaFruit56000.0 811000.0 0.15 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf30000.0 488000.0 -0.98 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed731000.0 780000.0 1.02 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 668000.0 0.57 *
Spartium junceumStem403000.0 800000.0 0.7 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed674000.0 744000.0 0.88 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot304000.0 864000.0 0.44 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant35000.0 415660.0 -1.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 245000.0 -2.75 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias mombinFruit106000.0 883000.0 0.54 *
Spondias dulcisFruit116000.0 947000.0 0.88 *
Spondias purpureaFruit220000.0 924000.0 0.75 *
Spondias pinnataFruit55000.0 567000.0 -1.15 *
Stellaria mediaPlant49966.0 602000.0 -0.45 *
Sterculia urensSeed-- 280000.0 -0.97 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 759000.0 -0.91 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf83490.0 759000.0 1.17 *
Syzygium aromaticumBark555000.0 612000.0 -1.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccenseFruit59000.0 966665.0 0.98 *
Syzygium jambosFruit142000.0 966665.0 0.98 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit129000.0 914000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark146064.0 816000.0 0.4 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit625000.0 925000.0 0.76 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed651000.0 740000.0 0.86 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 750000.0 0.48 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf706000.0 750000.0 1.1 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 514000.0 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf37000.0 639000.0 0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Taraxacum officinaleRoot107107.0 749000.0 -1.04 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf654000.0 748000.0 1.08 *
Terminalia catappaSeed149000.0 179000.0 -1.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 787000.0 1.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf25000.0 416665.0 -1.55 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 436000.0 1.0 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit343000.0 816665.0 0.18 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed141500.0 554542.0 0.12 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed347000.0 445000.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosumFruit422000.0 844000.0 0.33 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Thymus vulgarisPlant639400.0 690552.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgarisLeaf116424.0 693000.0 0.65 *
Tilia sp.Leaf575000.0 653000.0 0.33 *
Tilia sp.Fruit232000.0 727000.0 -0.3 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit246000.0 265658.0 -2.77 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot186000.0 888000.0 0.74 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf146000.0 686000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit41000.0 759250.0 -0.13 *
Tridax procumbensLeaf-- 408000.0 -1.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trifolium pratenseShoot-- 743000.0 0.86 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Trifolium pratenseFlower137340.0 763000.0 0.55 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed76830.0 591000.0 0.27 *
Triticum aestivumSeed-- 610000.0 0.34 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot59000.0 786000.0 -0.57 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot92000.0 671500.0 0.45 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf154980.0 738000.0 1.0 *
Ulex europaeusPlant43000.0 852000.0 1.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ullucus tuberosusRoot118000.0 912500.0 1.06 *
Ulmus rubraBark134316.0 819000.0 0.43 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- 396000.0 -1.72 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit100000.0 942050.0 0.85 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit141300.0 918130.0 0.72 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot88500.0 750000.0 -1.03 *
Valerianella locustaPlant36000.0 500000.0 -1.11 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit305000.0 628000.0 -0.83 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf353320.0 803000.0 1.52 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesLeaf450000.0 474000.0 -1.1 *
Vicia fabaSeed117000.0 615790.0 0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed619000.0 676095.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed218000.0 681771.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed626200.0 688510.0 0.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoFruit-- 765000.0 -0.1 *
Vigna subterraneaPlant-- 748000.0 0.49 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant700000.0 737000.0 0.42 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit83500.0 687243.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoSeed594000.0 660000.0 0.54 *
Vigna angularisSeed629000.0 726664.0 0.81 *
Vigna subterraneaFruit-- 709000.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 738000.0 1.0 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot48200.0 471624.0 -0.69 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot48200.0 471624.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoPlant-- 757000.0 0.54 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed300000.0 703000.0 0.71 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling59300.0 622899.0 0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed615200.0 681134.0 0.63 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 731000.0 -0.28 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 382000.0 -0.56 *
Vitis viniferaFruit177700.0 914095.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot17000.0 976000.0 1.87 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf53000.0 553000.0 -0.47 *
Yucca baccataRoot170144.0 818000.0 -0.15 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 825000.0 1.0 *
Zea maysSeed190209.0 838000.0 1.25 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome92000.0 823240.0 0.68 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot47390.0 677000.0 -1.96 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit806000.0 889000.0 0.57 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf72000.0 753000.0 1.12 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot753000.0 789000.0 1.12 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit145000.0 926000.0 0.77 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed748000.0 950000.0 1.7 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.