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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Quararibea cordataFruit199000.0 995000.0 1.13 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit179000.0 994445.0 1.13 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga feuilleiAril157000.0 981250.0 1.34 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Eugenia floribundaFruit126000.0 977000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot17000.0 976000.0 1.87 *
Gleditsia triacanthosFruit669000.0 969000.0 1.0 *
Syzygium jambosFruit142000.0 966665.0 0.98 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit59000.0 966665.0 0.98 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit143000.0 960000.0 0.95 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Anacardium occidentaleFruit116000.0 958678.0 0.94 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit141000.0 952000.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cydonia oblongaFruit119000.0 951000.0 0.9 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed748000.0 950000.0 1.7 *
Malus domesticaFruit152250.0 948550.0 0.89 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit366100.0 948500.0 0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisiFruit80800.0 948000.0 0.88 *
Spondias dulcisFruit116000.0 947000.0 0.88 *
Canna indicaRoot313000.0 942770.0 1.45 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit100000.0 942050.0 0.85 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit335000.0 941000.0 0.85 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit145000.0 939000.0 0.83 *
Ananas comosusFruit116000.0 938000.0 0.83 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot710000.0 937000.0 1.37 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit67000.0 936000.0 0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrciaria dubiaFruit45000.0 933335.0 0.8 *
Pyrus communisFruit151000.0 933292.0 0.8 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot269000.0 930800.0 1.29 *
Mangifera indicaFruit170000.0 929390.0 0.78 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit110000.0 929000.0 0.78 *
Punica granatumFruit162000.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Annona cherimolaFruit213000.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Eugenia unifloraFruit79300.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Plantago psylliumSeed201868.0 926000.0 1.6 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit145000.0 926000.0 0.77 *
Pouteria caimitoFruit363000.0 926000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit363000.0 926000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit625000.0 925000.0 0.76 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot242800.0 925000.0 1.22 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot30000.0 925000.0 1.22 *
Spondias purpureaFruit220000.0 924000.0 0.75 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit191000.0 923000.0 0.75 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit179200.0 922450.0 0.75 *
Carica papayaFruit124065.0 919000.0 0.73 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit102000.0 919000.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya spFruit318000.0 918432.0 0.72 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit318000.0 918432.0 0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ficus caricaFruit98000.0 918143.0 0.72 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit141300.0 918130.0 0.72 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit256122.0 918000.0 0.72 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 918000.0 0.72 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mammea americanaFruit115000.0 917000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellanaFruit143000.0 916666.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas macrocarpaSeed-- 916000.0 1.56 *
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit124000.0 916000.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber265000.0 914900.0 1.2 *
Vitis viniferaFruit177700.0 914095.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Syzygium cuminiFruit129000.0 914000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark798000.0 914000.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ullucus tuberosusRoot118000.0 912500.0 1.06 *
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit134000.0 911565.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot295000.0 911000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sambucus canadensisFruit184000.0 910800.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persicaFruit111000.0 910000.0 0.68 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit97000.0 909000.0 0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminataSeed337000.0 908000.0 1.53 *
Pouteria viridisFruit286000.0 905065.0 0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sclerocarya caffraFruit75000.0 904000.0 0.65 *
Annona squamosaFruit200000.0 904000.0 0.65 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot17500.0 902000.0 0.92 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit79000.0 902000.0 0.64 *
Citrus reticulataFruit102000.0 901914.0 0.64 *
Aegle marmelosFruit281000.0 901300.0 0.63 *
Psidium guajavaFruit95000.0 901000.0 0.63 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot201000.0 901000.0 1.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 897000.0 0.86 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot215280.0 897000.0 0.86 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit189000.0 896900.0 0.61 *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 896000.0 2.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aloe spp.Leaf4480.0 896000.0 2.26 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit59000.0 895900.0 0.6 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit56000.0 892000.0 0.58 *
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant692000.0 892000.0 1.41 *
Oryza sativaSeed734000.0 892000.0 1.46 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit806000.0 889000.0 0.57 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot186000.0 888000.0 0.74 *
Citrus sinensisFruit99000.0 887125.0 0.56 *
Castanea sativaSeed402800.0 886160.0 1.44 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit145000.0 886000.0 0.55 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit791000.0 886000.0 0.55 *
Pueraria montanaRoot271000.0 885350.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colocasia esculentaRoot200000.0 885000.0 0.71 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf23000.0 885000.0 2.17 *
Annona reticulataPlant185000.0 884000.0 1.36 *
Spondias mombinFruit106000.0 883000.0 0.54 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit111000.0 880950.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus domesticaFruit130100.0 879054.0 0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot163100.0 878770.0 0.63 *
Actinidia chinensisFruit148800.0 877900.0 0.51 *
Prunus cerasusFruit103000.0 876960.0 0.5 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber161000.0 876000.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cichorium intybusRoot175100.0 875500.0 0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Durio zibethinusFruit148000.0 873685.0 0.49 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed490700.0 873446.0 1.39 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit111200.0 873000.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Casimiroa edulisFruit157000.0 872222.0 0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit43600.0 872000.0 0.48 *
Myrica ceriferaBark189660.0 870000.0 0.86 *
Mirabilis expansaRoot158000.0 869800.0 0.51 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed608000.0 868000.0 1.37 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Rubus idaeusFruit115700.0 865370.0 0.44 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Castanea dentataSeed485700.0 864546.0 1.36 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot304000.0 864000.0 0.44 *
Citrus limonFruit111000.0 863000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum tuberosumTuber171000.0 862000.0 0.6 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 862000.0 1.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Avena sativaPlant265000.0 861000.0 1.21 *
Ribes rubrumFruit138000.0 859740.0 0.41 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit3800.0 859000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit135000.0 859000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polymnia edulisRoot81000.0 856000.0 0.33 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot184000.0 856000.0 0.33 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit179000.0 855000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctium lappaRoot200925.0 855000.0 0.32 *
Manihot esculentaRoot269200.0 854875.0 0.32 *
Asimina trilobaFruit168000.0 854000.0 0.38 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed655000.0 853000.0 1.31 *
Ribes nigrumFruit153800.0 852050.0 0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ulex europaeusPlant43000.0 852000.0 1.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Oxalis tuberosaRoot138000.0 852000.0 0.28 *
Passiflora edulisFruit212000.0 851000.0 0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb274000.0 851000.0 1.0 *
Fragaria sppFruit70200.0 850000.0 0.36 *
Daucus carotaRoot101000.0 850000.0 0.26 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit87000.0 849000.0 0.35 *
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 848850.0 1.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Helianthus tuberosusTuber165000.0 847000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed-- 847000.0 1.29 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit43300.0 846150.0 0.34 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 845500.0 0.83 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit152000.0 844445.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosumFruit422000.0 844000.0 0.33 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit46000.0 840000.0 0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes uva-crispaFruit101800.0 839239.0 0.3 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed381000.0 838400.0 1.25 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit68000.0 838000.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zea maysSeed190209.0 838000.0 1.25 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit103000.0 838000.0 0.29 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit144000.0 837210.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit125800.0 836000.0 0.28 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 834000.0 0.27 *
Panax ginsengRoot176808.0 834000.0 0.05 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit417000.0 834000.0 0.27 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Platonia insignisFruit250000.0 833335.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidusFruit52000.0 832000.0 0.26 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf94016.0 832000.0 1.75 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome117000.0 830000.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longaRhizome79000.0 829000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Santalum acuminatumFruit193000.0 828325.0 0.24 *
Panicum maximumLeaf672000.0 827000.0 1.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Benincasa hispidaFruit29000.0 825000.0 0.23 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 825000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome120000.0 824880.0 0.69 *
Secale cerealeSeed697600.0 824720.0 1.2 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed653000.0 824000.0 1.19 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome92000.0 823240.0 0.68 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot227971.0 823000.0 -0.09 *
Juglans nigraPericarp98520.0 821000.0 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 821000.0 0.58 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 821000.0 0.2 *
Agave americanaPlant-- 820000.0 0.95 *
Ulmus rubraBark134316.0 819000.0 0.43 *
Cucumis meloFruit83600.0 818026.0 0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Yucca baccataRoot170144.0 818000.0 -0.15 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed650000.0 817700.0 1.17 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant171570.0 817000.0 0.93 *
Linum usitatissimumHay801000.0 817000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacaoFruit343000.0 816665.0 0.18 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark146064.0 816000.0 0.4 *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed176000.0 815000.0 1.16 *
Pereskia aculeataFruit21000.0 814000.0 0.17 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf94424.0 814000.0 1.61 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot170730.0 813000.0 -0.22 *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 813000.0 -0.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Morus albaFruit97000.0 813000.0 0.16 *
Solanum melongenaFruit56000.0 811000.0 0.15 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower94000.0 810000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaSprout Seedling-- 810000.0 1.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Frangula purshianaBark224093.0 809000.0 0.34 *
Althaea officinalisRoot87156.0 807000.0 -0.3 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber87500.0 806450.0 -0.03 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower76000.0 804000.0 0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf27000.0 804000.0 1.53 *
Sanguisorba minorPlant616000.0 804000.0 0.85 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf353320.0 803000.0 1.52 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 801000.0 0.72 *
Spartium junceumStem403000.0 800000.0 0.7 *
Angelica sinensisRoot176000.0 800000.0 -0.39 *
Allium cepaBulb73200.0 798000.0 -1.0 *
Coix lacryma-jobiPlant-- 798000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elytrigia repensPlant455000.0 797000.0 0.8 *
Carica pentagonaFruit54000.0 794115.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 794000.0 1.15 *
Beta vulgarisRoot95000.0 794000.0 -0.46 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed384000.0 793400.0 1.07 *
Genipa americanaFruit112000.0 793200.0 0.06 *
Areca catechuSeed472000.0 791000.0 1.06 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 791000.0 0.18 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 791000.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus commutataFruit109000.0 790000.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeusLeaf133510.0 790000.0 1.42 *
Salix albaBark132552.0 789000.0 0.17 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot753000.0 789000.0 1.12 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit63000.0 787500.0 0.02 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 787000.0 1.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot81300.0 786171.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot59000.0 786000.0 -0.57 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 785000.0 0.67 *
Hordeum vulgarePlant265000.0 785000.0 0.73 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 783000.0 0.0 *
Larrea tridentataPlant257607.0 783000.0 0.71 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot155000.0 783000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 782000.0 1.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot697000.0 782000.0 1.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxPlant658000.0 781000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona glabraFruit103000.0 780000.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sophora secundifloraSeed731000.0 780000.0 1.02 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant106860.0 780000.0 0.69 *
Cenchrus biflorusShoot666000.0 779000.0 1.06 *
Rosa caninaFruit145673.0 779000.0 -0.02 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf119000.0 778000.0 1.32 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit421000.0 778000.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malpighia glabraFruit-- 778000.0 -0.03 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed95600.0 777870.0 1.01 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Arundo donaxPlant699000.0 777000.0 0.67 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit137300.0 775930.0 -0.04 *
Avena sativaSeed562000.0 775000.0 1.0 *
Quercus albaBark176700.0 775000.0 0.05 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt37000.0 774000.0 1.38 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit65000.0 773809.0 -0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot121361.0 773000.0 -0.73 *
Sechium eduleFruit54000.0 771430.0 -0.06 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit40500.0 771000.0 -0.06 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower84000.0 771000.0 0.6 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 770000.0 -0.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acacia farnesianaSeed730000.0 770000.0 0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhizophora mangleLeaf732000.0 770000.0 1.26 *
Humulus lupulusFlower143220.0 770000.0 0.59 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit43000.0 768000.0 -0.08 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf70000.0 767000.0 1.23 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf231000.0 767000.0 1.23 *
Brassica rapaRoot62300.0 766290.0 -0.82 *
Phaseolus lunatusFruit-- 766000.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf92000.0 765000.0 1.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoFruit-- 765000.0 -0.1 *
Olea europaeaTwig-- 765000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFruit210000.0 764000.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Momordica charantiaFruit47000.0 763000.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trifolium pratenseFlower137340.0 763000.0 0.55 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed139000.0 762000.0 0.95 *
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit76300.0 760000.0 -0.12 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant101080.0 760000.0 0.56 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit29000.0 760000.0 -0.12 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit41000.0 759250.0 -0.13 *
Symphytum officinaleLeaf83490.0 759000.0 1.17 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 759000.0 -0.91 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lablab purpureusSeed91900.0 757628.0 0.93 *
Raphanus sativusRoot36000.0 757000.0 -0.94 *
Pimenta dioicaPlant749000.0 757000.0 0.54 *
Vigna mungoPlant-- 757000.0 0.54 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf59000.0 756400.0 1.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brosimum alicastrumFruit121000.0 756250.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cynara cardunculusFlower105000.0 755000.0 0.51 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 755000.0 0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf72000.0 753000.0 1.12 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot103000.0 752000.0 -1.0 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant133104.0 752000.0 0.51 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot590000.0 750000.0 -1.03 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 750000.0 0.48 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf706000.0 750000.0 1.1 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot88500.0 750000.0 -1.03 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot107107.0 749000.0 -1.04 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf654000.0 748000.0 1.08 *
Vigna subterraneaPlant-- 748000.0 0.49 *
Pisum sativumFruit75600.0 747774.0 -0.19 *
Cajanus cajanFruit217000.0 747000.0 -0.19 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed685000.0 747000.0 0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lawsonia inermisSeed671700.0 746330.0 0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot81950.0 745000.0 -1.09 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed674000.0 744000.0 0.88 *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- 743000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica ceriferaSeed-- 743000.0 0.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trifolium pratenseShoot-- 743000.0 0.86 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed590000.0 742000.0 0.87 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed651000.0 740000.0 0.86 *
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit666000.0 740000.0 -0.23 *
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- 740000.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisFruit462500.0 739000.0 -0.23 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 738000.0 1.0 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf154980.0 738000.0 1.0 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant113652.0 738000.0 0.42 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant700000.0 737000.0 0.42 *
Equisetum arvensePlant157718.0 737000.0 0.42 *
Cucumis sativusFruit29100.0 736709.0 -0.25 *
Diospyros digynaFruit128500.0 735635.0 -0.25 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 735000.0 0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 735000.0 -1.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit56000.0 733778.0 -0.26 *
Solanum torvumFruit107000.0 733000.0 -0.27 *
Cornus floridaSeed-- 733000.0 0.83 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 731000.0 -0.28 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed201000.0 731000.0 0.83 *
Juniperus communisFruit226300.0 730000.0 -0.28 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit123000.0 730000.0 -0.28 *
Coffea arabicaSeed600000.0 728000.0 0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tilia sp.Fruit232000.0 727000.0 -0.3 *
Vigna angularisSeed629000.0 726664.0 0.81 *
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 726000.0 0.82 *
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 726000.0 0.91 *
Moringa oleiferaFruit85300.0 722880.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyclanthera pedataFruit40000.0 719300.0 -0.34 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf53700.0 717969.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit43400.0 717400.0 -0.35 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant668000.0 717000.0 0.29 *
Balanites aegyptiacusLeaf-- 715000.0 0.82 *
Cajanus cajanSeed213000.0 714000.0 0.76 *
Bromelia pinguinLeaf57000.0 713000.0 0.8 *
Coffea arabicaLeaf666000.0 712000.0 0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant479800.0 711500.0 0.25 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed463000.0 709000.0 0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna subterraneaFruit-- 709000.0 -0.4 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- 709000.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf574000.0 707000.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant207000.0 704660.0 0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaSeed300000.0 703000.0 0.71 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed278000.0 701039.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Raphanus sativusFruit54000.0 701000.0 -0.44 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 700000.0 0.18 *
Anredera baselloidesTuber105000.0 700000.0 -1.24 Wealth of India.
Acacia senegalFruit-- 699000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Melilotus indicaPlant643000.0 699000.0 0.17 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf95000.0 699000.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 696000.0 0.67 *
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 695000.0 0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 694000.0 0.65 *
Origanum vulgarePlant644300.0 693911.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf149000.0 693000.0 0.65 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf116424.0 693000.0 0.65 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- 692000.0 0.64 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed623000.0 691000.0 0.67 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant639400.0 690552.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Senna obtusifoliaSeed665000.0 689000.0 0.66 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf51000.0 689000.0 0.61 *
Brassica oleraceaStem59000.0 688900.0 -1.41 *
Vigna radiataSeed626200.0 688510.0 0.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Commelina benghalensisLeaf95000.0 688400.0 0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita sppFruit43500.0 688300.0 -0.51 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit83500.0 687243.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Canavalia ensiformisSeed538000.0 687000.0 0.65 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf33700.0 686000.0 0.59 Tramil
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf146000.0 686000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cicer arietinumSeed606600.0 685700.0 0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensPt36300.0 684980.0 -0.4 *
Pisum sativumSeed144600.0 684000.0 0.64 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf41000.0 683000.0 0.57 *
Capsicum annuumFruit175956.0 682000.0 -0.54 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed218000.0 681771.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed615200.0 681134.0 0.63 *
Limonia acidissimaFruit74500.0 678690.0 -0.56 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot47390.0 677000.0 -1.96 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed159000.0 677000.0 0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cucurbita pepoFlower32800.0 676290.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed619000.0 676095.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf17000.0 674000.0 0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensisSeed-- 673000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tropaeolum majusShoot92000.0 671500.0 0.45 *
Oenothera biennisPlant460000.0 671000.0 -0.01 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 668000.0 0.57 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 668000.0 -0.03 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 667000.0 0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf38000.0 667000.0 0.44 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed529000.0 667000.0 0.57 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay376000.0 666000.0 -1.0 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf141000.0 665000.0 0.42 *
Areca catechuSprout Seedling90000.0 662000.0 0.47 *
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 660000.0 0.38 *
Vigna mungoSeed594000.0 660000.0 0.54 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf103620.0 660000.0 0.38 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber281000.0 659624.0 -1.7 *
Medicago sativaPlant123704.0 658000.0 -0.09 *
Petasites japonicusPt19000.0 656360.0 -0.97 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf70192.0 656000.0 0.35 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant77290.0 655000.0 -0.11 *
Mimosa hostilisPlant-- 654600.0 -0.11 *
Origanum majoranaPlant605600.0 654050.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf32000.0 654000.0 0.34 *
Inga edulisSeed240000.0 653950.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tilia sp.Leaf575000.0 653000.0 0.33 *
Abrus precatoriusLeaf137000.0 652000.0 0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 651000.0 0.34 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 648100.0 -0.72 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf424000.0 648000.0 0.29 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf100000.0 644000.0 0.26 *
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 644000.0 0.3 *
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf56000.0 643678.0 0.25 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 643400.0 0.29 *
Lens culinarisSeed597000.0 642800.0 0.47 *
Lycium barbarumFruit580000.0 640000.0 -0.76 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Colocasia esculentaLeaf48000.0 640000.0 0.22 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf89600.0 639744.0 0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf37000.0 639000.0 0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- 636000.0 0.19 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower49200.0 635660.0 -0.14 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot100000.0 633000.0 0.23 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf117000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf58000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Morus albaLeaf400000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Ficus caricaLeaf164000.0 632000.0 0.16 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb35500.0 632000.0 1.0 *
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 631000.0 -1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Persea americanaFruit8000.0 629000.0 -0.82 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit305000.0 628000.0 -0.83 *
Feijoa sellowianaFruit1000000.0 625000.0 -0.84 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling59300.0 622899.0 0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasumFlower105000.0 621000.0 -0.22 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf80000.0 620000.0 0.06 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf70000.0 618000.0 0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aralia cordataLeaf29000.0 617000.0 0.04 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf37600.0 616264.0 0.04 *
Vicia fabaSeed117000.0 615790.0 0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Senna alexandrinaLeaf124845.0 615000.0 0.03 *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf525000.0 613000.0 0.01 Wealth of India.
Syzygium aromaticumBark555000.0 612000.0 -1.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Triticum aestivumSeed-- 610000.0 0.34 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf70000.0 610000.0 -0.01 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf141000.0 609071.0 -0.02 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf36000.0 609000.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf74000.0 606450.0 -0.04 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot473000.0 606000.0 0.08 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit549900.0 603240.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium cepaLeaf47000.0 603000.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stellaria mediaPlant49966.0 602000.0 -0.45 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot36000.0 602000.0 0.06 *
Anethum graveolensPlant558200.0 602000.0 -0.45 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf31400.0 600000.0 -0.09 *
Anethum graveolensSeed551700.0 597491.0 0.29 *
Anethum graveolensFruit551700.0 597491.0 -0.99 *
Quercus albaSeed-- 596200.0 0.29 *
Quercus albaFlower-- 596200.0 -0.36 *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 593000.0 -0.15 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed76830.0 591000.0 0.27 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant69100.0 590805.0 -0.53 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf536000.0 590000.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumLeaf73000.0 589000.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mentha spicataPlant80000.0 588300.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud43700.0 587365.0 1.0 *
Melia azedarachPlant-- 586000.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensSeed69000.0 585000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lactuca sativaLeaf35000.0 583333.0 -0.23 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit522900.0 577680.0 -1.1 *
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 575200.0 -0.1 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 574000.0 -0.3 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style436400.0 573000.0 -1.0 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed61884.0 573000.0 0.2 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower44000.0 571430.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 571000.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuminum cyminumFruit442000.0 570000.0 -1.14 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit57000.0 570000.0 -1.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cuminum cyminumSeed442000.0 570000.0 0.19 *
Blighia sapidaSeed55000.0 569000.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusFruit100000.0 568182.0 -1.15 *
Piper auritumLeaf82500.0 567000.0 -0.36 *
Spondias pinnataFruit55000.0 567000.0 -1.15 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome510000.0 566666.0 -1.19 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower165000.0 565070.0 -0.53 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf52400.0 562776.0 -0.39 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf52400.0 562776.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rumex acetosaLeaf26000.0 560000.0 -0.41 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf64000.0 560000.0 -0.41 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed482000.0 558000.0 0.14 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 557000.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mentha x piperitaLeaf82993.0 557000.0 -0.44 *
Betula lentaLeaf-- 556000.0 -0.44 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling200000.0 556000.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaLeaf113000.0 556000.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gossypium spSeed500000.0 555000.0 0.13 *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed141500.0 554542.0 0.12 *
Carum carviFruit499000.0 554000.0 -1.22 *
Rumex crispusLeaf41000.0 554000.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex crispusRoot142378.0 554000.0 -3.54 *
Carum carviSeed300000.0 554000.0 0.12 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf31000.0 553570.0 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf53000.0 553000.0 -0.47 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit509000.0 552000.0 -1.23 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed453000.0 552000.0 0.11 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf82000.0 547000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria niveaLeaf71000.0 546150.0 -0.52 *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant502000.0 544000.0 -0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juncus effususLeaf-- 543000.0 -0.55 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf40300.0 540000.0 -0.57 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf165000.0 540000.0 -0.57 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf33500.0 539452.0 -0.58 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf477000.0 537000.0 -0.6 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf134000.0 536000.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf80000.0 533335.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed124000.0 530000.0 0.03 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf491000.0 529300.0 -0.66 *
Musa x paradisiacaShoot39000.0 527000.0 -0.37 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf76000.0 524000.0 -0.7 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf-- 520000.0 -0.73 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed486000.0 519786.0 -0.01 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant51000.0 519000.0 -0.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lepidium sativumLeaf55000.0 518870.0 -0.74 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 514000.0 -1.02 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf92520.0 514000.0 -0.78 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 514000.0 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mimulus glabratusShoot51000.0 510000.0 -0.47 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 508000.0 -0.48 *
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 508000.0 -1.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf33000.0 507700.0 -0.83 *
Coccinia grandisFruit35000.0 507245.0 -1.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 506000.0 -0.07 *
Pisum sativumPlant296000.0 506000.0 -1.07 *
Brassica nigraLeaf34100.0 502209.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chenopodium albumLeaf73000.0 500000.0 -0.89 *
Valerianella locustaPlant36000.0 500000.0 -1.11 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf66000.0 500000.0 -0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum verumBark455000.0 500000.0 -2.32 Wealth of India.
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf250000.0 500000.0 -0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Raphanus sativusLeaf57000.0 496000.0 -0.92 *
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 495000.0 -0.11 Wealth of India.
Basella albaLeaf34000.0 492750.0 -0.95 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 492000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia senegalSeed-- 491000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf30000.0 488000.0 -0.98 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf66000.0 485000.0 -1.01 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf90000.0 484200.0 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransAril-- 478000.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Oryza sativaPlant420000.0 478000.0 -1.25 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf94000.0 475000.0 -1.09 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesLeaf450000.0 474000.0 -1.1 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot48200.0 471624.0 -0.69 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot48200.0 471624.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malva parvifloraLeaf64000.0 467000.0 -1.15 *
Phoradendron serotinumLeaf-- 467000.0 -1.15 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed204000.0 466000.0 -0.23 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf21800.0 465866.0 -1.16 *
Brassica rapaLeaf21800.0 465866.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf350000.0 465000.0 -1.17 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit298000.0 463000.0 -1.71 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf82000.0 458000.0 -1.22 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed43100.0 455051.0 -0.27 *
Medicago sativaSeed401000.0 454135.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lupinus albusSeed367000.0 450370.0 -0.29 *
Physalis angulataFruit45000.0 450000.0 -1.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacaoSeed347000.0 445000.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant52000.0 441000.0 -1.49 *
Phytolacca americanaShoot37000.0 441000.0 -0.86 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling41000.0 440860.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolensSeed413500.0 439964.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Borago officinalisLeaf30600.0 437580.0 -1.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 436000.0 -1.85 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 436000.0 1.0 *
Glycine maxSeed53000.0 432000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anacardium occidentaleSeed294000.0 432000.0 -0.36 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 431000.0 -0.92 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Glycine maxFruit132000.0 429000.0 -1.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper betelLeaf61000.0 418000.0 -1.54 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf25000.0 416665.0 -1.55 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant35000.0 415660.0 -1.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tridax procumbensLeaf-- 408000.0 -1.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp114200.0 406045.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Linum usitatissimumSeed299000.0 397000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- 396000.0 -1.72 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaShoot82800.0 388000.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lycium chinenseLeaf40000.0 385000.0 -1.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf86000.0 384000.0 -1.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ceiba pentandraSeed216000.0 383000.0 -0.56 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 382000.0 -0.56 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed161800.0 377000.0 -0.58 *
Sinapis albaSeed208000.0 373858.0 -0.59 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed354900.0 369685.0 -0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed336000.0 368000.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit105000.0 364000.0 -2.24 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf45000.0 354330.0 -2.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum meleguetaFruit278000.0 352000.0 -2.3 *
Nigella sativaSeed-- 339600.0 -0.73 *
Jatropha curcasSeed-- 335000.0 -0.75 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed299000.0 334000.0 -0.75 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed94000.0 331000.0 -0.76 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit90000.0 315000.0 -2.5 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf61000.0 305000.0 -2.44 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf60000.0 300700.0 -2.47 Wealth of India.
Simmondsia chinensisSeed246000.0 291000.0 -0.92 *
Myristica fragransSeed-- 285000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sterculia urensSeed-- 280000.0 -0.97 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit246000.0 265658.0 -2.77 *
Pistacia veraSeed190000.0 258088.0 -1.05 *
Papaver somniferumSeed236900.0 254130.0 -1.07 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf21000.0 250000.0 -2.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans regiaSeed110000.0 248000.0 -1.09 *
Sesamum indicumSeed93900.0 245990.0 -1.1 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 245000.0 -2.75 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Annona diversifoliaFruit-- 240000.0 -2.9 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Crescentia alataSeed229000.0 237000.0 -1.14 *
Pinus gerardianaSeed216000.0 233500.0 -1.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Corylus avellanaSeed177000.0 229000.0 -1.17 *
Blighia sapidaAril46000.0 225000.0 -1.07 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling-- 221400.0 -1.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prosopis julifloraSeed-- 218000.0 -1.21 *
Prunus dulcisSeed204000.0 213284.0 -1.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus annuusSeed133000.0 213000.0 -1.23 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed168000.0 212000.0 -1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigraSeed192000.0 207792.0 -1.25 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaSeed199000.0 207290.0 -1.26 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus edulisSeed131700.0 205100.0 -1.26 *
Carya illinoensisSeed130000.0 191637.0 -1.32 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed60000.0 191341.0 -1.32 *
Terminalia catappaSeed149000.0 179000.0 -1.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Macadamia sppSeed137300.0 159000.0 -1.45 *
Carica papayaSeed-- 155000.0 -1.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Juglans nigraSeed121000.0 153000.0 -1.47 *
Pinus pineaSeed116000.0 152415.0 -1.47 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 140000.0 -1.52 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed128000.0 132429.0 -1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans cinereaSeed120500.0 124664.0 -1.58 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 122000.0 -3.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 118600.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 107000.0 -3.61 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 97000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sclerocarya caffraSeed92000.0 96000.0 -1.7 *
Annona muricataFruit149000.0 89400.0 -3.71 *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed80000.0 86000.0 -1.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed-- 83000.0 -1.75 *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- 80000.0 -3.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ricinus communisSeed31000.0 70000.0 -1.8 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Olea europaeaFruit13000.0 60000.0 -3.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 59000.0 -3.04 Wealth of India.
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 50000.0 -3.33 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrullus lanatusSeed44000.0 48000.0 -1.89 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed359000.0 37900.0 -1.93 *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed-- 34000.0 -1.94 *
Citrus mitisFruit-- 32700.0 -4.01 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Nasturtium officinaleHerb12900.0 25800.0 -1.0 *
Cinnamomum verumPlant-- -- *
Acacia decurrensPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusRoot-- -- *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.