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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Feijoa sellowianaFruit1000000.0 625000.0 -0.84 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit806000.0 889000.0 0.57 *
Linum usitatissimumHay801000.0 817000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark798000.0 914000.0 1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit791000.0 886000.0 0.55 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot753000.0 789000.0 1.12 *
Pimenta dioicaPlant749000.0 757000.0 0.54 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed748000.0 950000.0 1.7 *
Oryza sativaSeed734000.0 892000.0 1.46 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf732000.0 770000.0 1.26 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed731000.0 780000.0 1.02 *
Acacia farnesianaSeed730000.0 770000.0 0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot710000.0 937000.0 1.37 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf706000.0 750000.0 1.1 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant700000.0 737000.0 0.42 *
Arundo donaxPlant699000.0 777000.0 0.67 *
Secale cerealeSeed697600.0 824720.0 1.2 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot697000.0 782000.0 1.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant692000.0 892000.0 1.41 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed685000.0 747000.0 0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed674000.0 744000.0 0.88 *
Panicum maximumLeaf672000.0 827000.0 1.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lawsonia inermisSeed671700.0 746330.0 0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Gleditsia triacanthosFruit669000.0 969000.0 1.0 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant668000.0 717000.0 0.29 *
Cenchrus biflorusShoot666000.0 779000.0 1.06 *
Coffea arabicaLeaf666000.0 712000.0 0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nelumbo nuciferaFruit666000.0 740000.0 -0.23 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed665000.0 689000.0 0.66 *
Glycine maxPlant658000.0 781000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed655000.0 853000.0 1.31 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf654000.0 748000.0 1.08 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed653000.0 824000.0 1.19 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed651000.0 740000.0 0.86 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed650000.0 817700.0 1.17 *
Origanum vulgarePlant644300.0 693911.0 0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Melilotus indicaPlant643000.0 699000.0 0.17 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant639400.0 690552.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed629000.0 726664.0 0.81 *
Vigna radiataSeed626200.0 688510.0 0.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indicaFruit625000.0 925000.0 0.76 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed623000.0 691000.0 0.67 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed619000.0 676095.0 0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sanguisorba minorPlant616000.0 804000.0 0.85 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed615200.0 681134.0 0.63 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed608000.0 868000.0 1.37 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Cicer arietinumSeed606600.0 685700.0 0.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant605600.0 654050.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coffea arabicaSeed600000.0 728000.0 0.81 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lens culinarisSeed597000.0 642800.0 0.47 *
Vigna mungoSeed594000.0 660000.0 0.54 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot590000.0 750000.0 -1.03 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed590000.0 742000.0 0.87 *
Lycium barbarumFruit580000.0 640000.0 -0.76 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Tilia sp.Leaf575000.0 653000.0 0.33 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf574000.0 707000.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Avena sativaSeed562000.0 775000.0 1.0 *
Anethum graveolensPlant558200.0 602000.0 -0.45 *
Syzygium aromaticumBark555000.0 612000.0 -1.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anethum graveolensSeed551700.0 597491.0 0.29 *
Anethum graveolensFruit551700.0 597491.0 -0.99 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit549900.0 603240.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Canavalia ensiformisSeed538000.0 687000.0 0.65 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf536000.0 590000.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mucuna pruriensSeed529000.0 667000.0 0.57 *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf525000.0 613000.0 0.01 Wealth of India.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit522900.0 577680.0 -1.1 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome510000.0 566666.0 -1.19 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit509000.0 552000.0 -1.23 *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant502000.0 544000.0 -0.83 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gossypium spSeed500000.0 555000.0 0.13 *
Carum carviFruit499000.0 554000.0 -1.22 *
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf491000.0 529300.0 -0.66 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed490700.0 873446.0 1.39 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed486000.0 519786.0 -0.01 *
Castanea dentataSeed485700.0 864546.0 1.36 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed482000.0 558000.0 0.14 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant479800.0 711500.0 0.25 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf477000.0 537000.0 -0.6 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot473000.0 606000.0 0.08 *
Areca catechuSeed472000.0 791000.0 1.06 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed463000.0 709000.0 0.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisFruit462500.0 739000.0 -0.23 *
Oenothera biennisPlant460000.0 671000.0 -0.01 *
Cinnamomum verumBark455000.0 500000.0 -2.32 Wealth of India.
Elytrigia repensPlant455000.0 797000.0 0.8 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed453000.0 552000.0 0.11 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesLeaf450000.0 474000.0 -1.1 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit442000.0 570000.0 -1.14 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed442000.0 570000.0 0.19 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style436400.0 573000.0 -1.0 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf424000.0 648000.0 0.29 *
Theobroma speciosumFruit422000.0 844000.0 0.33 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Elettaria cardamomumFruit421000.0 778000.0 -0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Oryza sativaPlant420000.0 478000.0 -1.25 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit417000.0 834000.0 0.27 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Apium graveolensSeed413500.0 439964.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spartium junceumStem403000.0 800000.0 0.7 *
Castanea sativaSeed402800.0 886160.0 1.44 *
Medicago sativaSeed401000.0 454135.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morus albaLeaf400000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed384000.0 793400.0 1.07 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed381000.0 838400.0 1.25 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay376000.0 666000.0 -1.0 *
Lupinus albusSeed367000.0 450370.0 -0.29 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit366100.0 948500.0 0.89 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pouteria caimitoFruit363000.0 926000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit363000.0 926000.0 0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pachira macrocarpaSeed359000.0 37900.0 -1.93 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed354900.0 369685.0 -0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Verbascum thapsusLeaf353320.0 803000.0 1.52 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf350000.0 465000.0 -1.17 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed347000.0 445000.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacaoFruit343000.0 816665.0 0.18 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Cola acuminataSeed337000.0 908000.0 1.53 *
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed336000.0 368000.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Diospyros virginianaFruit335000.0 941000.0 0.85 *
Murraya spFruit318000.0 918432.0 0.72 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit318000.0 918432.0 0.72 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Canna indicaRoot313000.0 942770.0 1.45 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit305000.0 628000.0 -0.83 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot304000.0 864000.0 0.44 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed300000.0 703000.0 0.71 *
Carum carviSeed300000.0 554000.0 0.12 *
Linum usitatissimumSeed299000.0 397000.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lupinus mutabilisSeed299000.0 334000.0 -0.75 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit298000.0 463000.0 -1.71 *
Pisum sativumPlant296000.0 506000.0 -1.07 *
Maranta arundinaceaRoot295000.0 911000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anacardium occidentaleSeed294000.0 432000.0 -0.36 *
Pouteria viridisFruit286000.0 905065.0 0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aegle marmelosFruit281000.0 901300.0 0.63 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber281000.0 659624.0 -1.7 *
Aframomum meleguetaFruit278000.0 352000.0 -2.3 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed278000.0 701039.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb274000.0 851000.0 1.0 *
Pueraria montanaRoot271000.0 885350.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manihot esculentaRoot269200.0 854875.0 0.32 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot269000.0 930800.0 1.29 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber265000.0 914900.0 1.2 *
Avena sativaPlant265000.0 861000.0 1.21 *
Hordeum vulgarePlant265000.0 785000.0 0.73 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Larrea tridentataPlant257607.0 783000.0 0.71 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit256122.0 918000.0 0.72 *
Platonia insignisFruit250000.0 833335.0 0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf250000.0 500000.0 -0.89 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trachyspermum ammiFruit246000.0 265658.0 -2.77 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed246000.0 291000.0 -0.92 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot242800.0 925000.0 1.22 *
Inga edulisSeed240000.0 653950.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Papaver somniferumSeed236900.0 254130.0 -1.07 *
Tilia sp.Fruit232000.0 727000.0 -0.3 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf231000.0 767000.0 1.23 *
Crescentia alataSeed229000.0 237000.0 -1.14 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot227971.0 823000.0 -0.09 *
Juniperus communisFruit226300.0 730000.0 -0.28 *
Frangula purshianaBark224093.0 809000.0 0.34 *
Spondias purpureaFruit220000.0 924000.0 0.75 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed218000.0 681771.0 0.63 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cajanus cajanFruit217000.0 747000.0 -0.19 *
Pinus gerardianaSeed216000.0 233500.0 -1.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ceiba pentandraSeed216000.0 383000.0 -0.56 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot215280.0 897000.0 0.86 *
Cajanus cajanSeed213000.0 714000.0 0.76 *
Annona cherimolaFruit213000.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Passiflora edulisFruit212000.0 851000.0 0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFruit210000.0 764000.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Sinapis albaSeed208000.0 373858.0 -0.59 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant207000.0 704660.0 0.21 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed204000.0 466000.0 -0.23 *
Prunus dulcisSeed204000.0 213284.0 -1.23 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Plantago psylliumSeed201868.0 926000.0 1.6 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed201000.0 731000.0 0.83 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot201000.0 901000.0 1.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctium lappaRoot200925.0 855000.0 0.32 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot200000.0 885000.0 0.71 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling200000.0 556000.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit200000.0 904000.0 0.65 *
Quararibea cordataFruit199000.0 995000.0 1.13 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Moringa oleiferaSeed199000.0 207290.0 -1.26 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Santalum acuminatumFruit193000.0 828325.0 0.24 *
Brassica nigraSeed192000.0 207792.0 -1.25 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Manilkara zapotaFruit191000.0 923000.0 0.75 *
Zea maysSeed190209.0 838000.0 1.25 *
Pistacia veraSeed190000.0 258088.0 -1.05 *
Myrica ceriferaBark189660.0 870000.0 0.86 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit189000.0 896900.0 0.61 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot186000.0 888000.0 0.74 *
Annona reticulataPlant185000.0 884000.0 1.36 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot184000.0 856000.0 0.33 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit184000.0 910800.0 0.68 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilisFruit179200.0 922450.0 0.75 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit179000.0 855000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit179000.0 994445.0 1.13 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Vitis viniferaFruit177700.0 914095.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corylus avellanaSeed177000.0 229000.0 -1.17 *
Panax ginsengRoot176808.0 834000.0 0.05 *
Quercus albaBark176700.0 775000.0 0.05 *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed176000.0 815000.0 1.16 *
Angelica sinensisRoot176000.0 800000.0 -0.39 *
Capsicum annuumFruit175956.0 682000.0 -0.54 *
Cichorium intybusRoot175100.0 875500.0 0.58 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ephedra sinicaPlant171570.0 817000.0 0.93 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber171000.0 862000.0 0.6 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot170730.0 813000.0 -0.22 *
Yucca baccataRoot170144.0 818000.0 -0.15 *
Mangifera indicaFruit170000.0 929390.0 0.78 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed168000.0 212000.0 -1.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina trilobaFruit168000.0 854000.0 0.38 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower165000.0 565070.0 -0.53 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Helianthus tuberosusTuber165000.0 847000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mangifera indicaLeaf165000.0 540000.0 -0.57 *
Ficus caricaLeaf164000.0 632000.0 0.16 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot163100.0 878770.0 0.63 *
Punica granatumFruit162000.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed161800.0 377000.0 -0.58 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber161000.0 876000.0 0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus altilisSeed159000.0 677000.0 0.61 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mirabilis expansaRoot158000.0 869800.0 0.51 *
Equisetum arvensePlant157718.0 737000.0 0.42 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit157000.0 872222.0 0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuilleiAril157000.0 981250.0 1.34 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Armoracia rusticanaRoot155000.0 783000.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Turnera diffusaLeaf154980.0 738000.0 1.0 *
Ribes nigrumFruit153800.0 852050.0 0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malus domesticaFruit152250.0 948550.0 0.89 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit152000.0 844445.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pyrus communisFruit151000.0 933292.0 0.8 *
Annona muricataFruit149000.0 89400.0 -3.71 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf149000.0 693000.0 0.65 *
Terminalia catappaSeed149000.0 179000.0 -1.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Actinidia chinensisFruit148800.0 877900.0 0.51 *
Durio zibethinusFruit148000.0 873685.0 0.49 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark146064.0 816000.0 0.4 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf146000.0 686000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosa caninaFruit145673.0 779000.0 -0.02 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit145000.0 886000.0 0.55 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit145000.0 926000.0 0.77 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit145000.0 939000.0 0.83 *
Pisum sativumSeed144600.0 684000.0 0.64 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit144000.0 837210.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Humulus lupulusFlower143220.0 770000.0 0.59 *
Bixa orellanaFruit143000.0 916666.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Garcinia mangostanaFruit143000.0 960000.0 0.95 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rumex crispusRoot142378.0 554000.0 -3.54 *
Syzygium jambosFruit142000.0 966665.0 0.98 *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed141500.0 554542.0 0.12 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit141300.0 918130.0 0.72 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf141000.0 665000.0 0.42 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit141000.0 952000.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf141000.0 609071.0 -0.02 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed139000.0 762000.0 0.95 *
Ribes rubrumFruit138000.0 859740.0 0.41 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot138000.0 852000.0 0.28 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower137340.0 763000.0 0.55 *
Macadamia sppSeed137300.0 159000.0 -1.45 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit137300.0 775930.0 -0.04 *
Abrus precatoriusLeaf137000.0 652000.0 0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit135000.0 859000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulmus rubraBark134316.0 819000.0 0.43 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf134000.0 536000.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit134000.0 911565.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeusLeaf133510.0 790000.0 1.42 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant133104.0 752000.0 0.51 *
Helianthus annuusSeed133000.0 213000.0 -1.23 *
Salix albaBark132552.0 789000.0 0.17 *
Glycine maxFruit132000.0 429000.0 -1.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus edulisSeed131700.0 205100.0 -1.26 *
Prunus domesticaFruit130100.0 879054.0 0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carya illinoensisSeed130000.0 191637.0 -1.32 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit129000.0 914000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Diospyros digynaFruit128500.0 735635.0 -0.25 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed128000.0 132429.0 -1.55 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Eugenia floribundaFruit126000.0 977000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit125800.0 836000.0 0.28 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf124845.0 615000.0 0.03 *
Carica papayaFruit124065.0 919000.0 0.73 *
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit124000.0 916000.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed124000.0 530000.0 0.03 *
Medicago sativaPlant123704.0 658000.0 -0.09 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit123000.0 730000.0 -0.28 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot121361.0 773000.0 -0.73 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit121000.0 756250.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigraSeed121000.0 153000.0 -1.47 *
Juglans cinereaSeed120500.0 124664.0 -1.58 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome120000.0 824880.0 0.69 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf119000.0 778000.0 1.32 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit119000.0 951000.0 0.9 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot118000.0 912500.0 1.06 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf117000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Vicia fabaSeed117000.0 615790.0 0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Alpinia galangaRhizome117000.0 830000.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgarisLeaf116424.0 693000.0 0.65 *
Pinus pineaSeed116000.0 152415.0 -1.47 *
Ananas comosusFruit116000.0 938000.0 0.83 *
Spondias dulcisFruit116000.0 947000.0 0.88 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit116000.0 958678.0 0.94 *
Rubus idaeusFruit115700.0 865370.0 0.44 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Mammea americanaFruit115000.0 917000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp114200.0 406045.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant113652.0 738000.0 0.42 *
Carica papayaLeaf113000.0 556000.0 -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Genipa americanaFruit112000.0 793200.0 0.06 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit111200.0 873000.0 0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sicana odoriferaFruit111000.0 880950.0 0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus limonFruit111000.0 863000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus persicaFruit111000.0 910000.0 0.68 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit110000.0 929000.0 0.78 *
Juglans regiaSeed110000.0 248000.0 -1.09 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit109000.0 790000.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Taraxacum officinaleRoot107107.0 749000.0 -1.04 *
Solanum torvumFruit107000.0 733000.0 -0.27 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant106860.0 780000.0 0.69 *
Spondias mombinFruit106000.0 883000.0 0.54 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower105000.0 755000.0 0.51 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower105000.0 621000.0 -0.22 *
Elaeis guineensisFruit105000.0 364000.0 -2.24 *
Anredera baselloidesTuber105000.0 700000.0 -1.24 Wealth of India.
Salvia officinalisLeaf103620.0 660000.0 0.38 *
Annona glabraFruit103000.0 780000.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus cerasusFruit103000.0 876960.0 0.5 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot103000.0 752000.0 -1.0 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit103000.0 838000.0 0.29 *
Citrus reticulataFruit102000.0 901914.0 0.64 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit102000.0 919000.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes uva-crispaFruit101800.0 839239.0 0.3 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant101080.0 760000.0 0.56 *
Daucus carotaRoot101000.0 850000.0 0.26 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf100000.0 644000.0 0.26 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot100000.0 633000.0 0.23 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit100000.0 942050.0 0.85 *
Lablab purpureusFruit100000.0 568182.0 -1.15 *
Citrus sinensisFruit99000.0 887125.0 0.56 *
Juglans nigraPericarp98520.0 821000.0 *
Ficus caricaFruit98000.0 918143.0 0.72 *
Morus albaFruit97000.0 813000.0 0.16 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit97000.0 909000.0 0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed95600.0 777870.0 1.01 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Psidium guajavaFruit95000.0 901000.0 0.63 *
Beta vulgarisRoot95000.0 794000.0 -0.46 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf95000.0 699000.0 0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensisLeaf95000.0 688400.0 0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf94424.0 814000.0 1.61 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf94016.0 832000.0 1.75 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf94000.0 475000.0 -1.09 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower94000.0 810000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cocos nuciferaSeed94000.0 331000.0 -0.76 *
Sesamum indicumSeed93900.0 245990.0 -1.1 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf92520.0 514000.0 -0.78 *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed92000.0 96000.0 -1.7 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf92000.0 765000.0 1.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zingiber officinaleRhizome92000.0 823240.0 0.68 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot92000.0 671500.0 0.45 *
Lablab purpureusSeed91900.0 757628.0 0.93 *
Areca catechuSprout Seedling90000.0 662000.0 0.47 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf90000.0 484200.0 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lupinus mutabilisFruit90000.0 315000.0 -2.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf89600.0 639744.0 0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Valeriana officinalisRoot88500.0 750000.0 -1.03 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber87500.0 806450.0 -0.03 *
Althaea officinalisRoot87156.0 807000.0 -0.3 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit87000.0 849000.0 0.35 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf86000.0 384000.0 -1.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaFruit85300.0 722880.0 -0.32 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gliricidia sepiumFlower84000.0 771000.0 0.6 *
Cucumis meloFruit83600.0 818026.0 0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataFruit83500.0 687243.0 -0.51 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Symphytum officinaleLeaf83490.0 759000.0 1.17 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf82993.0 557000.0 -0.44 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot82800.0 388000.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper auritumLeaf82500.0 567000.0 -0.36 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf82000.0 458000.0 -1.22 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf82000.0 547000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot81950.0 745000.0 -1.09 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot81300.0 786171.0 -0.56 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Polymnia edulisRoot81000.0 856000.0 0.33 *
Citrus paradisiFruit80800.0 948000.0 0.88 *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed80000.0 86000.0 -1.74 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf80000.0 533335.0 -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ipomoea batatasLeaf80000.0 620000.0 0.06 *
Mentha spicataPlant80000.0 588300.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Eugenia unifloraFruit79300.0 927000.0 0.77 *
Curcuma longaRhizome79000.0 829000.0 0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisFruit79000.0 902000.0 0.64 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant77290.0 655000.0 -0.11 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed76830.0 591000.0 0.27 *
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit76300.0 760000.0 -0.12 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower76000.0 804000.0 0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf76000.0 524000.0 -0.7 *
Pisum sativumFruit75600.0 747774.0 -0.19 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit75000.0 904000.0 0.65 *
Limonia acidissimaFruit74500.0 678690.0 -0.56 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf74000.0 606450.0 -0.04 *
Allium cepaBulb73200.0 798000.0 -1.0 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf73000.0 589000.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chenopodium albumLeaf73000.0 500000.0 -0.89 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf72000.0 753000.0 1.12 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf71000.0 546150.0 -0.52 *
Fragaria sppFruit70200.0 850000.0 0.36 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf70192.0 656000.0 0.35 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf70000.0 618000.0 0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ocimum basilicumLeaf70000.0 610000.0 -0.01 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf70000.0 767000.0 1.23 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant69100.0 590805.0 -0.53 *
Perilla frutescensSeed69000.0 585000.0 0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum quitoensisFruit68000.0 838000.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Averrhoa carambolaFruit67000.0 936000.0 0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum melongenaLeaf66000.0 485000.0 -1.01 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf66000.0 500000.0 -0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepoFruit65000.0 773809.0 -0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum nigrumLeaf64000.0 560000.0 -0.41 *
Malva parvifloraLeaf64000.0 467000.0 -1.15 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit63000.0 787500.0 0.02 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Brassica rapaRoot62300.0 766290.0 -0.82 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed61884.0 573000.0 0.2 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf61000.0 305000.0 -2.44 *
Piper betelLeaf61000.0 418000.0 -1.54 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed60000.0 191341.0 -1.32 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf60000.0 300700.0 -2.47 Wealth of India.
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling59300.0 622899.0 0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot59000.0 786000.0 -0.57 *
Brassica oleraceaStem59000.0 688900.0 -1.41 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit59000.0 966665.0 0.98 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit59000.0 895900.0 0.6 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf59000.0 756400.0 1.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf58000.0 633000.0 0.17 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf57000.0 496000.0 -0.92 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit57000.0 570000.0 -1.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bromelia pinguinLeaf57000.0 713000.0 0.8 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit56000.0 892000.0 0.58 *
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf56000.0 643678.0 0.25 *
Solanum melongenaFruit56000.0 811000.0 0.15 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit56000.0 733778.0 -0.26 *
Blighia sapidaSeed55000.0 569000.0 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lepidium sativumLeaf55000.0 518870.0 -0.74 *
Spondias pinnataFruit55000.0 567000.0 -1.15 *
Raphanus sativusFruit54000.0 701000.0 -0.44 *
Carica pentagonaFruit54000.0 794115.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sechium eduleFruit54000.0 771430.0 -0.06 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf53700.0 717969.0 0.84 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine maxSeed53000.0 432000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf53000.0 553000.0 -0.47 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf52400.0 562776.0 -0.39 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf52400.0 562776.0 -0.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant52000.0 441000.0 -1.49 *
Phyllanthus acidusFruit52000.0 832000.0 0.26 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant51000.0 519000.0 -0.99 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mimosa pudicaLeaf51000.0 689000.0 0.61 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot51000.0 510000.0 -0.47 *
Stellaria mediaPlant49966.0 602000.0 -0.45 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower49200.0 635660.0 -0.14 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot48200.0 471624.0 -0.69 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot48200.0 471624.0 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Colocasia esculentaLeaf48000.0 640000.0 0.22 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot47390.0 677000.0 -1.96 *
Momordica charantiaFruit47000.0 763000.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf47000.0 603000.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril46000.0 225000.0 -1.07 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit46000.0 840000.0 0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria dubiaFruit45000.0 933335.0 0.8 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf45000.0 354330.0 -2.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis angulataFruit45000.0 450000.0 -1.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusSeed44000.0 48000.0 -1.89 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower44000.0 571430.0 -0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud43700.0 587365.0 1.0 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit43600.0 872000.0 0.48 *
Cucurbita sppFruit43500.0 688300.0 -0.51 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit43400.0 717400.0 -0.35 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit43300.0 846150.0 0.34 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed43100.0 455051.0 -0.27 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit43000.0 768000.0 -0.08 *
Ulex europaeusPlant43000.0 852000.0 1.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf41000.0 683000.0 0.57 *
Rumex crispusLeaf41000.0 554000.0 -0.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit41000.0 759250.0 -0.13 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling41000.0 440860.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Physalis ixocarpaFruit40500.0 771000.0 -0.06 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf40300.0 540000.0 -0.57 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf40000.0 385000.0 -1.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedataFruit40000.0 719300.0 -0.34 *
Musa x paradisiacaShoot39000.0 527000.0 -0.37 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf38000.0 667000.0 0.44 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf37600.0 616264.0 0.04 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt37000.0 774000.0 1.38 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf37000.0 639000.0 0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytolacca americanaShoot37000.0 441000.0 -0.86 *
Apium graveolensPt36300.0 684980.0 -0.4 *
Raphanus sativusRoot36000.0 757000.0 -0.94 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf36000.0 609000.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Asparagus officinalisShoot36000.0 602000.0 0.06 *
Valerianella locustaPlant36000.0 500000.0 -1.11 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb35500.0 632000.0 1.0 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf35000.0 583333.0 -0.23 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant35000.0 415660.0 -1.65 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coccinia grandisFruit35000.0 507245.0 -1.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica nigraLeaf34100.0 502209.0 -0.87 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Basella albaLeaf34000.0 492750.0 -0.95 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf33700.0 686000.0 0.59 Tramil
Cichorium endiviaLeaf33500.0 539452.0 -0.58 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf33000.0 507700.0 -0.83 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower32800.0 676290.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf32000.0 654000.0 0.34 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf31400.0 600000.0 -0.09 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf31000.0 553570.0 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ricinus communisSeed31000.0 70000.0 -1.8 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Borago officinalisLeaf30600.0 437580.0 -1.39 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf30000.0 488000.0 -0.98 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot30000.0 925000.0 1.22 *
Cucumis sativusFruit29100.0 736709.0 -0.25 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit29000.0 825000.0 0.23 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit29000.0 760000.0 -0.12 *
Aralia cordataLeaf29000.0 617000.0 0.04 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf27000.0 804000.0 1.53 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf26000.0 560000.0 -0.41 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf25000.0 416665.0 -1.55 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf23000.0 885000.0 2.17 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf21800.0 465866.0 -1.16 *
Brassica rapaLeaf21800.0 465866.0 -1.16 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malva sylvestrisLeaf21000.0 250000.0 -2.88 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit21000.0 814000.0 0.17 *
Petasites japonicusPt19000.0 656360.0 -0.97 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot17500.0 902000.0 0.92 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf17000.0 674000.0 0.49 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot17000.0 976000.0 1.87 *
Olea europaeaFruit13000.0 60000.0 -3.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinaleHerb12900.0 25800.0 -1.0 *
Persea americanaFruit8000.0 629000.0 -0.82 *
Aloe spp.Leaf4480.0 896000.0 2.26 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit3800.0 859000.0 0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Betula lentaLeaf-- 556000.0 -0.44 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 794000.0 1.15 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 107000.0 -3.61 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Triticum aestivumSeed-- 610000.0 0.34 *
Cinnamomum verumPlant-- -- *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 896000.0 2.26 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 770000.0 -0.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Quercus albaSeed-- 596200.0 0.29 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 791000.0 0.18 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 643400.0 0.29 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 731000.0 -0.28 *
Acacia decurrensPlant-- -- *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed-- 34000.0 -1.94 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 738000.0 1.0 *
Secale cerealeLeaf-- 848850.0 1.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 495000.0 -0.11 Wealth of India.
Agave americanaPlant-- 820000.0 0.95 *
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 726000.0 0.82 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- 557000.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas macrocarpaSeed-- 916000.0 1.56 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 492000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 514000.0 -1.02 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 821000.0 0.58 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 845500.0 0.83 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 668000.0 0.57 *
Acacia senegalFruit-- 699000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 667000.0 0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia senegalSeed-- 491000.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 508000.0 -0.48 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 821000.0 0.2 *
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- 636000.0 0.19 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 783000.0 0.0 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 750000.0 0.48 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 668000.0 -0.03 *
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 696000.0 0.67 *
Prosopis julifloraSeed-- 218000.0 -1.21 *
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 508000.0 -1.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phragmites australisShoot-- 431000.0 -0.92 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phaseolus lunatusFruit-- 766000.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensisSeed-- 673000.0 0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 436000.0 -1.85 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 651000.0 0.34 *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 700000.0 0.18 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 648100.0 -0.72 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 118600.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Phoradendron serotinumLeaf-- 467000.0 -1.15 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 59000.0 -3.04 Wealth of India.
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- 396000.0 -1.72 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna subterraneaFruit-- 709000.0 -0.4 *
Vigna subterraneaPlant-- 748000.0 0.49 *
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 660000.0 0.38 *
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 506000.0 -0.07 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling-- 221400.0 -1.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- 743000.0 1.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 834000.0 0.27 *
Myrica ceriferaSeed-- 743000.0 0.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- 692000.0 0.64 *
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 50000.0 -3.33 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 631000.0 -1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 695000.0 0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 97000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaSprout Seedling-- 810000.0 1.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 782000.0 1.35 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoFruit-- 765000.0 -0.1 *
Citrus mitisFruit-- 32700.0 -4.01 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Coix lacryma-jobiPlant-- 798000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoPlant-- 757000.0 0.54 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- 140000.0 -1.52 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit-- 709000.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 813000.0 -0.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mimosa hostilisPlant-- 654600.0 -0.11 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Perilla frutescensLeaf-- 571000.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia dracunculusRoot-- -- *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- 80000.0 -3.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 122000.0 -3.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 514000.0 -1.02 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 918000.0 0.72 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 245000.0 -2.75 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 755000.0 0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Jatropha curcasSeed-- 335000.0 -0.75 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf-- 520000.0 -0.73 *
Cornus floridaSeed-- 733000.0 0.83 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed-- 83000.0 -1.75 *
Carica papayaSeed-- 155000.0 -1.46 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Quercus albaFlower-- 596200.0 -0.36 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 785000.0 0.67 *
Terminalia belliricaLeaf-- 787000.0 1.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 574000.0 -0.3 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Nigella sativaSeed-- 339600.0 -0.73 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 436000.0 1.0 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 897000.0 0.86 *
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 735000.0 0.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaTwig-- 765000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 791000.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Trifolium pratenseShoot-- 743000.0 0.86 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Malpighia glabraFruit-- 778000.0 -0.03 *
Tridax procumbensLeaf-- 408000.0 -1.62 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- 740000.0 0.86 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed-- 847000.0 1.29 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit-- 240000.0 -2.9 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Sterculia urensSeed-- 280000.0 -0.97 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 382000.0 -0.56 *
Myristica fragransAril-- 478000.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransSeed-- 285000.0 -0.95 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 862000.0 1.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Juncus effususLeaf-- 543000.0 -0.55 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 825000.0 1.0 *
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 726000.0 0.91 *
Balanites aegyptiacusLeaf-- 715000.0 0.82 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 694000.0 0.65 *
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 644000.0 0.3 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 759000.0 -0.91 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 575200.0 -0.1 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 735000.0 -1.22 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Melia azedarachPlant-- 586000.0 -0.56 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 593000.0 -0.15 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 801000.0 0.72 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.