Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil-- 126000.0 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 115000.0 10.48 *
Rosmarinus officinalisEssential Oil40000.0 106000.0 2.49 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 85000.0 2.15 *
Aesculus hippocastanumFlower Essent. Oil-- 83000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Salvia officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil28000.0 66400.0 1.48 *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesRoot Essent. Oil-- 66000.0 1.0 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Coleus barbatusRoot Essent. Oil-- 64000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Salvia officinalisEssential Oil30200.0 60700.0 1.13 *
Pinus roxburghiiResin, Exudate, Sap12000.0 55000.0 1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tanacetum partheniumEssential Oil-- 54000.0 0.93 *
Salvia officinalisEt-- 47000.0 *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot Essent. Oil-- 38100.0 1.68 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 35000.0 0.37 *
Tanacetum partheniumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 30000.0 0.19 *
Artemisia salsoloidesShoot-- 24500.0 2.13 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Petroselinum crispumFruit Essent. Oil7000.0 20800.0 1.36 *
Pinus kesiyaResin, Exudate, Sap10000.0 20000.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus insularisResin, Exudate, Sap10000.0 20000.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Salvia officinalisLeaf20.0 18592.0 6.83 *
Coleus barbatusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 11200.0 -0.48 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatusStem Essent. Oil-- 11200.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Origanum vulgareShoot Essent. Oil1500.0 10500.0 -0.15 *
Ferula jaeschkeanaFruit-- 9500.0 3.59 *
Eucalyptus globulusEssential Oil-- 9000.0 -0.42 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil2100.0 7600.0 1.3 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 -0.63 *
Tanacetum partheniumFruit Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 -0.34 *
Mentha pulegiumEssential Oil100.0 7000.0 -0.48 *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf Essent. Oil4000.0 5100.0 -0.7 *
Origanum vulgareEssential Oil-- 5100.0 -0.54 *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 -0.7 *
Petroselinum crispumSeed Essent. Oil-- 5000.0 0.29 *
Abies sachalinensisBranches4160.0 4680.0 *
Thymus vulgarisEssential Oil-- 4100.0 -0.57 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil2000.0 4000.0 -0.57 *
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil2000.0 4000.0 -0.1 *
Satureja montanaEssential Oil-- 3100.0 -0.6 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 3080.0 1.0 *
Ageratum conyzoidesShoot-- 3060.0 0.15 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 3055.0 0.15 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Satureja douglasiiPlant1183.0 2795.0 4.18 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus saturejoidesShoot-- 2740.0 0.12 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant23.0 2350.0 3.41 *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot1035.0 2280.0 0.08 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Perilla frutescensShoot Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -0.71 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot355.0 1435.0 -0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil1000.0 1400.0 -1.02 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot735.0 1375.0 -0.01 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot735.0 1375.0 -0.01 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Satureja obovataShoot850.0 1305.0 -0.01 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Pycnanthemum loomisiiShoot330.0 1260.0 -0.02 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceusShoot210.0 1245.0 -0.02 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Salvia trilobaPlant170.0 1200.0 1.45 *
Monarda punctataPlant10.0 1080.0 1.24 *
Apium graveolensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 -0.84 *
Rosmarinus tomentosusShoot590.0 960.0 -0.05 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Cymbopogon nardusPlant150.0 960.0 1.04 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pycnanthemum montanumShoot833.0 952.0 -0.05 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Abies balsameaPlant440.0 950.0 1.02 *
Artemisia annuaPlant12.0 920.0 0.97 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil300.0 900.0 -0.85 *
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil-- 900.0 -0.67 *
Carum carviSeed1.0 900.0 1.52 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 900.0 -0.05 Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carviFruit1.0 900.0 0.02 *
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant-- 900.0 0.93 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda fistulosaPlant1.0 856.0 0.86 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cistus ladaniferusLeaf11.0 770.0 0.1 *
Abies albaLeaf528.0 738.0 0.09 *
Myristica fragransSeed80.0 640.0 0.62 *
Rosmarinus x mendizabaliiShoot430.0 605.0 -0.08 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Achillea millefoliumLeaf2.0 600.0 0.03 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 590.0 -0.08 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 590.0 -0.08 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Thymus orospedanusPlant-- 578.0 0.38 J. Nat. Prod.
Salvia canariensisLeaf-- 575.0 0.02 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Thymus zygisShoot90.0 550.0 -0.08 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed10.0 540.0 0.28 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgareFruit10.0 540.0 -0.13 *
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 520.0 0.0 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 500.0 -0.81 *
Petroselinum crispumSeed3.0 490.0 0.1 *
Micromeria teneriffaeLeaf-- 470.0 -0.02 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 470.0 -0.09 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 470.0 -0.09 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Abies spectabilisLeaf175.0 465.0 -0.02 *
Acorus calamusRhizome10.0 460.0 -1.0 *
Hedeoma reverchoniiPlant-- 460.0 0.18 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumShoot2.0 420.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- 400.0 0.08 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumFlower240.0 400.0 1.41 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Cuminum cyminumSeed Essent. Oil-- 400.0 -1.49 *
Lepechinia calycinaPlant-- 390.0 0.06 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha longifoliaShoot-- 385.0 -0.1 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant15.0 375.0 0.04 *
Origanum onitesShoot-- 370.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 370.0 -0.1 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 335.0 -0.1 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Monarda didymaPlant25.0 320.0 -0.06 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus riatarumShoot-- 275.0 -0.11 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Trachyspermum ammiFruit150.0 252.0 -0.25 *
Ocimum gratissimumPlant1.0 240.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula latifoliaPlant25.0 231.0 -0.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda mediaPlant15.0 231.0 -0.21 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumLeaf105.0 205.0 -0.12 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Laurus nobilisLeaf24.0 186.0 -0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaLeaf90.0 170.0 -0.13 *
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 170.0 -0.13 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 170.0 -0.13 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Coriandrum sativumFruit2.0 155.0 -0.29 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Peumus boldusLeaf30.0 150.0 -0.14 *
Origanum minutiflorumShoot65.0 150.0 -0.12 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Satureja thymbraShoot-- 150.0 -0.12 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Satureja cuneifoliaShoot-- 145.0 -0.12 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Thymus mastichinaPlant20.0 140.0 -0.37 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Valeriana officinalisLeaf-- 130.0 -0.14 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 130.0 -0.14 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Angelica archangelicaRoot2.0 130.0 1.41 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 120.0 -0.3 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 119.0 -0.3 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 119.0 -1.18 *
Juniperus communisFruit1.0 100.0 -0.31 *
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- 95.0 -0.13 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- 95.0 -0.13 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Monarda clinopodiaPlant-- 88.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum virginianumShoot6.0 87.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja montanaPlant2.0 85.0 -0.46 *
Lavandula x hybridaShoot55.0 85.0 -0.13 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 80.0 -0.47 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit50.0 80.0 -0.32 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf6.0 80.0 -0.16 *
Cinnamomum verumBark18.0 72.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Levisticum officinaleRoot7.0 70.0 -0.62 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Mentha pulegiumPlant1.0 70.0 -0.49 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Daucus carotaSeed1.0 70.0 -1.35 *
Hedeoma hispidaPlant-- 66.0 -0.49 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Valeriana officinalisRoot3.0 65.0 -0.79 *
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 65.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 65.0 -0.17 Brophy, J.J., Goldsack, R.J., and Clarkson, J.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Lamiaceae) Growing in Northern Australia, J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 459-461.
Origanum vulgarePlant1.0 64.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x intermediaPlant26.0 60.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja cilicicaShoot-- 60.0 -0.13 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 60.0 -0.5 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Pycnanthemum muticumShoot1.0 50.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limonEssential Oil2.0 50.0 -0.69 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 45.0 -0.13 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Lepechinia schiedianaPlant-- 40.0 -0.54 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lindera benzoinFruit22.0 40.0 -0.34 *
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Cinnamomum verumLeaf20.0 40.0 -0.18 *
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 40.0 -0.34 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant5.0 38.0 -0.54 *
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 35.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Agastache foeniculumPlant1.0 35.0 -0.55 *
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 35.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Pycnanthemum setosumShoot20.0 31.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 30.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Myrtus communisPlant8.0 30.0 -0.55 *
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumPlant8.0 30.0 -0.55 Wealth of India.
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 30.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Micromeria croaticaLeaf-- 30.0 -0.18 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Carum carviPlant-- 30.0 -0.55 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit10.0 30.0 -0.34 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 29.0 -0.13 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Origanum onitesPlant-- 28.0 -0.56 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 27.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Lindera benzoinTwig17.0 26.0 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf2.0 25.0 -0.18 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 25.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Micromeria julianaLeaf-- 25.0 -0.18 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 25.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 25.0 -0.13 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Monarda citriodoraPlant6.0 25.0 -0.56 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 23.0 -0.18 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 23.0 -0.18 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Coridothymus capitatusShoot-- 22.0 -0.13 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Monarda lindheimeriPlant-- 21.0 -0.57 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 20.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf-- 20.0 -0.19 *
Thymus broussonettiiShoot-- 20.0 -0.13 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 20.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf1.0 20.0 -0.19 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 20.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 20.0 -0.13 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Thymus serpyllumPlant1.0 19.0 -0.57 *
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- 19.0 -0.13 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Hypericum perforatumPlant1.0 18.0 -0.58 *
Satureja odoraShoot-- 18.0 -0.13 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Eucalyptus nova-anglicaLeaf8.0 15.0 -0.19 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf0.2 14.0 -0.19 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 13.0 -0.13 *
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 11.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Monarda didymaFlower-- 10.0 -0.69 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Pycnanthemum torreyiShoot-- 10.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus capitatusPlant-- 10.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 10.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus paniculataShoot-- 10.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 9.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Lycopus virginicusPlant3.0 8.0 -0.59 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 8.0 -0.19 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 8.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Pycnanthemum beadleiShoot-- 7.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus capitatusShoot-- 7.0 -0.13 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 7.0 -0.13 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 7.0 -0.13 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 6.0 -0.19 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Micromeria dalmaticaLeaf-- 6.0 -0.19 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Sideritis pauliShoot-- 6.0 -0.13 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 6.0 -0.13 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 6.0 -0.13 *
Cleonia lusitanicaLeaf1.0 5.0 -0.19 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Micromeria congestaLeaf1.0 5.0 -0.19 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 5.0 -0.19 *
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf-- 5.0 -0.19 *
Litsea glaucescensShoot2.0 4.0 -0.13 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Satureja subspicataPlant-- 4.0 -0.6 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 4.0 -0.13 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 4.0 -0.13 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Salvia gilliesiiShoot-- 3.5 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Citrus limonPetiole-- 3.0 *
Sideritis mugronensisFlower2.0 3.0 -0.73 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- 3.0 -0.19 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 3.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 3.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 3.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Aralia cordataStem-- 3.0 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant1.0 3.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lindera benzoinLeaf-- 2.0 -0.19 *
Sideritis athoaShoot-- 2.0 -0.13 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Illicium verumFruit-- 1.0 -0.35 *
Calamintha nepetaShoot-- 1.0 -0.13 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Agastache nepetoidesPlant-- 1.0 -0.6 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Micromeria thymifoliaLeaf-- 1.0 -0.19 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Salvia dorisianaShoot0.8 1.0 -0.13 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Sideritis mugronensisLeaf0.5 1.0 -0.19 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Micromeria fruticosaLeaf1.0 1.0 -0.19 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 1.0 -0.6 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 1.0 -0.6 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 1.0 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Boswellia sacraResin Essent. Oil-- 0.7 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 0.7 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 0.7 -0.13 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Callicarpa americanaLeaf-- 0.55 -0.19 *
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 0.5 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 0.5 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 0.5 -0.6 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 0.4 -0.13 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 0.39 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 0.24 -0.19 *
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 0.2 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Citrus sinensisFruit-- 0.1 -0.35 *
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Micromeria myrtifoliaShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Elsholtzia cristataShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Kobold, U., Vostrowsky, O., Bestmann, H.J., Bisht, J.C., Pant, A.K., Melkani, A.B. and Mathela, C.S. 1987. Terpenoids from Elsholtzia Species; II. Constituents of Essential Oil from a New Chemotype of Elsholtzia cristata. Planta Medica 1987: 268-271.
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Elsholtzia pilosaShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 *
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Teucrium pseudoscorodoniaShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 0.1 -0.13 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 0.05 -0.13 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf-- 0.001 -0.19 *
Cinnamomum verumBark Essent. Oil-- -- *
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- -- -0.19 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- -- -0.19 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- -- -0.19 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- -- -0.19 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Sassafras albidumLeaf-- -- -0.19 *
Cannabis sativaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Cannabis sativaFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Juniperus sabinaPlant-- -- *
Cannabis sativaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Kaempferia galangaPlant-- -- *
Cannabis sativaEssential Oil-- -- *
Larrea tridentataPlant-- -- *
Cannabis sativaPlant-- -- *
Lavandula angustifoliaPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Houttuynia cordataEssential Oil-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Magnolia denudataBark-- -- *
Magnolia denudataBulb-- -- *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataLeaf-- -- *
Magnolia denudataTwig-- -- *
Magnolia officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- -- Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper auritumLeaf-- -- Tramil
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Oenanthe aquaticaFruit-- -- *
Oenanthe javanicaShoot-- -- *
Pastinaca sativaRoot-- -- *
Pinus elliottiiLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus mugoLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Pinus palustrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Alpinia galangaRhizome-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Pogostemon cablinPlant-- -- *
Pycnanthemum curvipesShoot-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- Charalambous, G. (Ed.). 1994. Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elsevier Science B. V. Amsterdam. 764 pp.
Citrus paradisiPericarp-- -- *
Salvia sclareaPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Kaempferia galangaRhizome-- -- *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- -- *
Saussurea lappaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Schinus molleFruit-- -- *
Curcuma longaTuber-- -- *
Thuja occidentalisBranches-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinaleEssential Oil-- -- *
Psidium guajavaPericarp Essent. Oil-- -- *
Centella asiaticaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Marrubium vulgareEssential Oil-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Juniperus communisEssential Oil-- -- *
Calamintha nepetaLeaf-- -- Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- -- Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Piper nigrumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Tagetes filifoliaShoot-- -- *
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumShoot-- -- *
Ocimum canumShoot-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Rosmarinus officinalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRhizome Essent. Oil-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Teucrium asiaticumShoot-- -- Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Teucrium salviastrumShoot-- -- Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil-- -- *
Thymus zygisShoot-- -- Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Myrciaria dubiaFruit-- -- *
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Amomum xanthioidesSeed-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Aniba rosaeodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia absinthiumPlant-- -- *
Artemisia capillarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- *
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Chrysanthemum balsamitaPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Croton eluteriaBark-- -- *
Cyperus rotundusRoot-- -- *
Myristica fragransLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisEssential Oil-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Ferula gummosaEssential Oil-- -- *
Alpinia officinarumRhizome-- -- Wealth of India.
Gossypium spPlant-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumFruit-- -- *
Helianthus annuusEssential Oil-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coriandrum sativumEssential Oil-- -- *
Tagetes minutaEssential Oil-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.