Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed Oil-- 140000.0 *
Annona cherimolaSeed1700.0 2200.0 3.92 *
Centella asiaticaEssential Oil-- 2000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Sesamum indicumSeed-- 910.0 1.26 *
Helianthus annuusSeed750.0 770.0 0.97 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf60.0 600.0 2.61 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Capsicum annuumFruit20.0 530.0 3.84 *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- 490.0 1.95 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vicia fabaSeed80.0 400.0 0.2 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Hordeum vulgareSprout Seedling-- 330.0 1.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Zea maysSeed-- 320.0 0.04 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower30.0 300.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Glycine maxSeed90.0 270.0 -0.06 *
Papaver somniferumSeed200.0 240.0 -0.13 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed200.0 230.0 -0.15 *
Oenothera biennisSeed103.0 220.0 -0.17 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf20.0 200.0 0.27 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Dioscorea villosaRoot20.0 200.0 1.28 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- 200.0 1.28 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica rapaLeaf20.0 200.0 0.27 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 180.0 -0.25 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 150.0 1.0 *
Illicium verumFruit-- 130.0 0.44 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Origanum vulgarePlant120.0 130.0 -0.04 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Coffea arabicaSeed110.0 120.0 -0.37 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf-- 120.0 -0.2 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Zingiber officinaleRoot10.0 100.0 -0.29 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Prunus armeniacaFruit10.0 100.0 0.19 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling10.0 100.0 -1.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica rapaRoot10.0 100.0 -0.29 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Brassica junceaLeaf-- 100.0 -0.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Curcuma longaRoot-- 90.0 -0.45 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Serenoa repensFruit28.0 90.0 0.1 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 90.0 -0.38 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Juglans regiaSeed20.0 85.0 -0.45 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit20.0 80.0 0.02 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Myristica fragransAril-- 60.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Juglans nigraSeed-- 60.0 -0.5 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Piper nigrumFruit30.0 60.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Malus domesticaFruit10.0 60.0 -0.15 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- 60.0 -0.56 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Elettaria cardamomumSeed40.0 55.0 -0.51 *
Apium graveolensSeed-- 50.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Allium cepaBulb10.0 50.0 -1.0 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- 50.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ficus caricaFruit10.0 50.0 -0.23 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Prunus dulcisSeed-- 50.0 -0.52 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrus sinensisFruit-- 40.0 -0.32 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Capsicum frutescensFruit20.0 30.0 -0.4 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 30.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Carum carviSeed-- 30.0 -0.56 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Cocos nuciferaFruit-- 30.0 -0.4 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Myristica fragransSeed-- 30.0 -0.56 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed-- 30.0 -0.56 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- 30.0 1.0 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit-- 30.0 -0.4 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Thymus vulgarisPlant-- 30.0 -0.6 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Origanum majoranaPlant-- 30.0 -0.6 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 30.0 -0.4 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Vigna radiataSeed20.0 25.0 -0.57 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Ononis spinosaRoot-- 22.0 -1.53 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 20.0 -0.49 *
Citrus limonFruit-- 20.0 -0.49 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot10.0 16.0 -1.0 *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf10.0 12.0 -0.84 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Trigonella foenum-graecumTissue Culture-- 10.0 1.0 *
Ananas comosusFruit-- 10.0 -0.57 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- 10.0 -0.85 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 10.0 -0.57 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 10.0 -0.71 Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Melissa officinalisTissue Culture-- 0.1 -1.0 Gbolade, A.A. and Lockwood, G.B. 1991. The Constituents of Melissa officinalis L. Cultures. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 111-114.
Camellia sinensisSeed-- -- *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaSeed-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cannabis sativaRoot-- -- *
Zea maysShoot-- -- *
Cannabis sativaSeed-- -- *
Cannabis sativaPlant-- -- Turner, C. E., El Sohly, M. A., Boeren, E. G. 1980. Constituents of Cannabis sativa L. XVII. A Review of the Natural Constituents. J Natural Products, 432: 169-234.
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Uncaria tomentosaBark-- -- *
Panax japonicusRhizome-- -- *
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Vitis viniferaPlant-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Lycium chinenseSeed-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Zea maysSeed Oil-- -- *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Moringa oleiferaSeed-- -- *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit-- -- *
Clematis vitalbaPlant-- -- *
Aloe veraPlant-- -- *
Sophora angustifoliaRoot-- -- *
Humulus lupulusStem-- -- *
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- -- *
Sambucus canadensisLeaf-- -- *
Brassica rapaPlant-- -- *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- *
Mitchella repensPlant-- -- *
Corylus avellanaSeed-- -- *
Vitis viniferaSeed-- -- *
Lactuca sativaSeed-- -- *
Sarracenia purpureaShoot-- -- *
Sarracenia purpureaRoot-- -- *
Allium cepaSeed-- -- Kintia, P. K., Degtiaryova, L. P., Balashova, N. N., Shvets, S. A. 1987. Sterols and Steroidal Glycosides of Bulb Onion Seeds. Fecs. Int. Conf. Chem. Biotechol. Biol. Act. Nat. Prod., (Proc.) 3rd: 166-170.
Hibiscus sabdariffaSeed-- -- *
Sesamum indicumSeed Oil-- -- *
Urtica dioicaShoot-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- -- *
Corylus avellanaPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Cocos nuciferaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- *
Citrus reticulataPericarp-- -- *
Citrus reticulataRoot-- -- *
Paeonia moutanRoot Bark-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Apium graveolensPt-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Medicago sativaPlant-- -- *
Pluchea carolinensisShoot-- -- Tramil
Chenopodium albumPlant-- -- *
Plantago ovataSeed-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Citrullus lanatusSeed Oil-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvenseStrobilus-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Syzygium aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Nerium oleanderPlant-- -- *
Ruellia tuberosaPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Acacia farnesianaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Acacia farnesianaSeed-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Arundo donaxLeaf-- -- *
Nigella sativaSeed Oil-- -- *
Rosa multifloraFruit-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusStem-- -- *
Salvia officinalisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Scutellaria baicalensisRoot-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- -- *
Digitalis lanataPlant-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoSprout Seedling-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cucurbita pepoSeed-- -- *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- -- *
Paeonia suffruticosaRoot Bark-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Aloe veraLeaf-- -- *
Magnolia kobusSeed-- -- *
Cucumis sativusSeed-- -- *
Prosopis glandulosaStem-- -- Zirvi, K. A., Jewers, K., Nagler, M. J. 1977. Phytochemical Investigation of Prosopis glandulosa Stems. Planta Med. Suppl. 32: 244-246.
Punica granatumSeed-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Kalanchoe spathulataFlower-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Solanum dulcamaraLeaf-- -- *
Euphorbia pulcherrimaPlant-- -- *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- Han, J. S. 1978. A Study on Sterol in Perilla frutescens. Yongnam Taehakkyo Nonmumjip Chayon Kwahak Pyon, 11: 211-215.
Beta vulgarisLeaf-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Withania somniferaTissue Culture-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf-- -- Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Piper methysticumRhizome-- -- *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Senna occidentalisSeed-- -- *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- -- *
Inula heleniumRoot-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- Lokar, L. C., Martini, F. 1997. Chemotaxonomic Investigations on the Genus Valeriana L. in the Northeastern Italy and in Tuscany. I. Phytosterols. Dept. of Biology, University of Trieste. Allionia 35: 103-115.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Trichosanthes kirilowiiSeed-- -- *
Phellodendron amurenseBark-- -- *
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ruscus aculeatusRoot-- -- *
Pisum sativumSeed-- -- *
Tribulus terrestrisFlower-- -- *
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaSprout Seedling-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Urtica dioicaRoot-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Petroselinum crispumSprout Seedling-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Jatropha curcasLeaf-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Abrus precatoriusSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Aesculus hippocastanumBark-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Camellia sinensisSeed Oil-- -- *
Ulmus rubraWood-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nigella sativaSeed-- -- *
Morus albaPlant-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumPlant-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Calendula officinalisFlower-- -- *
Trifolium pratensePlant-- -- *
Gaultheria procumbensShoot-- -- *
Harpagophytum procumbensTuber-- -- *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Sambucus nigraFlower-- -- *
Salvia officinalisFruit-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Sambucus canadensisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Commelina benghalensisPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Fragaria sppFruit-- -- Spiller, G. A. 1996 (Spiller, G. A. Ed. 1996. CRC Handbook of Lipids in Human Nutrition. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 233 pp.)
Prunus persicaSeed-- -- *
Ceratonia siliquaSeed-- -- Wealth of India.
Pinus sylvestrisPlant-- -- *
Cucumis meloSeed-- -- *
Heliotropium indicusPlant-- -- *
Tagetes erectaFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Abelmoschus moschatusSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Oenothera biennisFruit-- -- *
Oenothera biennisInflorescence-- -- *
Fritillaria thunbergiiBulb-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Phoenix dactyliferaStem-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Petasites hybridusRoot-- -- *
Oryza sativaPlant-- -- *
Persea americanaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aleurites fordiiPlant-- -- *
Cymbopogon parkeriPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.