Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Pyrus communisFruit43.0 19700.0 3.31 *
Solidago giganteaPlant-- 21980.0 2.39 *
Teucrium scorodoniaLeaf-- 20000.0 2.06 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Carum carviSeed-- 2840.0 1.94 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 19100.0 1.93 *
Euphrasia officinalisShoot-- 6000.0 1.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
Thymus vulgarisLeaf-- 16900.0 1.63 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- 5800.0 1.57 *
Origanum majoranaLeaf-- 14100.0 1.24 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 2060.0 1.2 *
Ipomoea purgaTuber30000.0 40000.0 1.0 *
Helianthus annuusSeed1600.0 1800.0 0.95 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 11500.0 0.73 Tyler, V.E.. 1982. The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Co., Philadelphia PA. 263 pp.
Verbena officinalisLeaf-- 10000.0 0.67 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- 7640.0 0.34 *
Equisetum arvensePlant-- 8000.0 0.18 *
Arctium lappaRoot-- 2500.0 0.17 *
Malus domesticaFruit85.0 1270.0 -0.1 *
Thymus serpyllumPlant-- 6200.0 -0.11 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 6000.0 -0.14 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 770.0 -0.2 *
Stachys officinalisPlant-- 5000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 1000.0 -0.3 *
Citrus paradisiFruit40.0 51.0 -0.33 *
Citrus sinensisFruit2.0 50.0 -0.33 *
Citrus limonFruit21.0 35.0 -0.33 *
Fragaria sppFruit15.0 34.0 -0.33 Jim Duke's personal files.
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 32.0 -0.33 *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- 11.0 -0.34 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 6.0 -0.34 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- 6.0 -0.34 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 2.0 -0.34 *
Ballota nigraLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.44 *
Salvia sp.Seed-- 306.0 -0.48 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 67.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed0.5 225.0 -0.56 *
Anethum graveolensLeaf-- 1140.0 -0.56 *
Origanum vulgareLeaf106.0 1060.0 -0.57 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf-- 767.0 -0.61 *
Zea maysShoot-- 0.7 -0.7 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 0.66 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.5 77.0 -0.71 *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- 40.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- 34.0 -0.71 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf-- 11.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- 8.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf-- 8.0 -0.71 *
Taxus baccataLeaf0.9 4.7 -0.72 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- 0.5 -0.72 *
Melissa officinalisPlant-- 2100.0 -0.75 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 11.0 -0.76 *
Juglans regiaSeed1.0 6.0 -0.77 *
Triticum aestivumSeed3.0 4.0 -0.77 *
Glycine maxSeed1.0 4.0 -0.77 *
Raphanus sativusRoot-- 91.0 -0.86 *
Coleus barbatusRoot-- 42.9 -0.88 Jim Duke's personal files.
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 1000.0 -0.93 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber18.0 1400.0 -1.0 *
Myristica fragransPlant-- 16.0 -1.08 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- -- *
Echinacea sppPlant-- -- *
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Convallaria majalisPlant-- -- *
Carica papayaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaShoot-- -- *
Spartium junceumPlant-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaBud-- -- *
Lycopus virginicusPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Stachys officinalisShoot-- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissusPlant-- -- *
Clematis vitalbaPlant-- -- *
Rubus idaeusPlant-- -- *
Humulus lupulusPlant-- -- *
Sambucus nigraPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Corylus americanaSeed-- -- Senter, S. D., Horvat, R. J., Forbus, W. R. 1983. Comparative GLC-MS Analysis of Phenolic Acids of Selected Tree Nuts. J. Food Science, 48(3): 798-799.
Taraxacum officinalePlant-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Datura stramoniumPlant-- -- *
Coffea arabicaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ligustrum japonicumFlower-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 6.0 *
Ocimum basilicumTissue Culture-- -- *
Lactuca sativaPlant-- -- *
Tagetes patulaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Allium cepaLeaf-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Catalpa bignonioidesLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Allium cepaRoot-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Cichorium intybusShoot-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumPlant-- -- *
Prunus cerasusPlant-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Cucurbita pepoLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Conyza canadensisPlant-- -- *
Mentha x rotundifoliaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Artemisia abrotanumPlant-- -- *
Prunus dulcisPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- Wealth of India.
Coffea arabicaFruit-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Polypodium vulgareRhizome-- -- *
Scopolia carniolicaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Viburnum opulusBranches-- -- *
Sophora japonicaPlant-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Equisetum arvenseShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaRoot-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- -- *
Gentiana luteaRoot-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Punica granatumPlant-- -- *
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cimicifuga dahuricaRhizome-- -- *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed-- -- *
Dodonaea viscosaPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasRoot-- -- *
Centaurium erythraeaPlant-- -- *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Origanum majoranaShoot-- -- *
Solanum torvumPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- *
Stellaria mediaShoot-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusFlower-- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Salvia officinalisInflorescence-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Beta vulgarisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oenothera biennisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataPlant-- -- *
Papaver somniferumLeaf-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Juglans regiaTesta15.0 115.0 *
Origanum vulgareShoot-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiPlant-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb10.0 20.0 *
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Magnolia kobusPlant-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Actaea dahuricaRhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Cucumis sativusFruit-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 5.0 *
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumFruit Juice-- -- *
Populus balsamiferaEssential Oil-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber Epidermis-- -- *
Punica granatumLeaf-- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Solanum tuberosumRoot Bark-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumFlower-- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- -- *
Levisticum officinaleRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Euphorbia pulcherrimaPlant-- -- *
Zea maysSprout Seedling-- -- *
Rosa caninaStem-- -- *
Rosa caninaTissue Culture-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaShoot-- -- *
Coccinia grandisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elaeagnus angustifoliaFruit-- -- Kusova, R. D., Kazakov, A. L., Luk'yanchikov, M. S. 1988. Phenolic Compounds From Fruit of Elaeagnus angustifolia. Chem. Nat. Comp. 24 3: 392-393. Pyatigorsk Farm Inst Pyatigorsk USSR.
Actaea cimicifugaRhizome-- -- *
Ceiba pentandraLeaf-- -- *
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- *
Papaver somniferumPericarp-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Prunus serotinaPlant-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaPlant-- -- *
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Rheum officinaleRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aconitum napellusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Helianthus annuusPollen Or Spore-- 4.0 *
Juglans regiaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Magnolia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusPlant-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisShoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit-- -- *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- -- *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot-- -- *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Adonis vernalisPlant-- -- *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed-- -- Kaushal, G. P., Bhatia, I. S. 1982. A Study of Polyphenols in the Seeds and Leaves of Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Sci Food Agr, 33: 461-470.
Pisum sativumPlant-- -- *
Avena sativaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cichorium endiviaLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataLeaf-- -- *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf-- -- *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vicia fabaPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Medicago sativaTissue Culture-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum hyemalePlant-- -- *
Helichrysum angustifoliumPlant-- -- *
Rhododendron ponticumPlant-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Prunus domesticaPlant-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- -- *
Anethum graveolensFruit-- -- *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Cinchona pubescensBark-- -- *
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Morus albaPlant-- -- *
Cinchona pubescensLeaf-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Calendula officinalisPlant-- -- *
Cola acuminataPlant-- -- *
Ficus caricaPlant-- -- *
Solanum melongenaFruit-- -- *
Rubus idaeusFruit-- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Olea europaeaFruit-- -- *
Viscum albumPlant-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Cynara cardunculusLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Spinacia oleraceaShoot-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Conium maculatumPlant-- -- *
Prunus spinosaPlant-- -- *
Eriobotrya japonicaPlant-- -- *
Sambucus simpsoniiFlower-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Melilotus officinalisPlant-- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Salvia officinalisShoot-- -- *
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
Brassica nigraSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Prunus persicaLeaf-- -- *
Inonotus obliquusPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Digitalis purpureaLeaf-- -- *
Lycopus europeusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- -- *
Melilotus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- *
Tecoma stansPlant-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisFruit-- -- *
Cucumis meloPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Artemisia capillarisPlant-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaPlant-- -- *
Solidago virgaureaFlower-- -- *
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Satureja montanaShoot-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumStem-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataShoot-- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentumPlant-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataBud-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumShoot-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Melia azedarachPlant-- -- *
Persea americanaFruit-- -- *
Sesamum indicumFruit-- -- *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- -- *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- -- *
Asimina trilobaLeaf-- -- *
Laurus nobilisFruit-- -- *
Origanum majoranaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rheum rhabarbarumPt-- 8.0 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.