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Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- *
Aconitum napellusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Actaea cimicifugaRhizome-- -- *
Actaea dahuricaRhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Adonis vernalisPlant-- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb10.0 20.0 *
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Allium cepaRoot-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- 0.5 -0.72 *
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Allium cepaLeaf-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Anethum graveolensLeaf-- 1140.0 -0.56 *
Anethum graveolensFruit-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- Wealth of India.
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- *
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 11.0 -0.76 *
Arctium lappaRoot-- 2500.0 0.17 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiPlant-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Artemisia capillarisPlant-- -- *
Artemisia abrotanumPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- 7640.0 0.34 *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- *
Asimina trilobaLeaf-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 0.66 -0.7 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Ballota nigraLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.44 *
Berberis vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Beta vulgarisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf-- 8.0 -0.71 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf-- 11.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- 8.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.5 77.0 -0.71 *
Brassica nigraSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- 34.0 -0.71 *
Calendula officinalisPlant-- -- *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- 11.0 -0.34 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 32.0 -0.33 *
Carica papayaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carviSeed-- 2840.0 1.94 *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- -- *
Catalpa bignonioidesLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceiba pentandraLeaf-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurea cyanusFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurium erythraeaPlant-- -- *
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Cichorium intybusLeaf-- 767.0 -0.61 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf-- -- *
Cichorium intybusShoot-- -- *
Cimicifuga dahuricaRhizome-- -- *
Cinchona pubescensLeaf-- -- *
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Cinchona pubescensBark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 6.0 *
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisFruit-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit2.0 50.0 -0.33 *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonFruit21.0 35.0 -0.33 *
Citrus paradisiFruit40.0 51.0 -0.33 *
Clematis vitalbaPlant-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coccinia grandisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabicaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabicaFruit-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Cola acuminataPlant-- -- *
Coleus barbatusRoot-- 42.9 -0.88 Jim Duke's personal files.
Conium maculatumPlant-- -- *
Convallaria majalisPlant-- -- *
Conyza canadensisPlant-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumShoot-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 770.0 -0.2 *
Corylus americanaSeed-- -- Senter, S. D., Horvat, R. J., Forbus, W. R. 1983. Comparative GLC-MS Analysis of Phenolic Acids of Selected Tree Nuts. J. Food Science, 48(3): 798-799.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigataShoot-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaBud-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaShoot-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataBud-- -- *
Cucumis sativusFruit-- -- *
Cucumis meloPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cucurbita pepoLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 5.0 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed-- -- Kaushal, G. P., Bhatia, I. S. 1982. A Study of Polyphenols in the Seeds and Leaves of Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Sci Food Agr, 33: 461-470.
Cynara cardunculusFlower-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Datura stramoniumPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Digitalis purpureaLeaf-- -- *
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dodonaea viscosaPlant-- -- *
Echinacea sppPlant-- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaFruit-- -- Kusova, R. D., Kazakov, A. L., Luk'yanchikov, M. S. 1988. Phenolic Compounds From Fruit of Elaeagnus angustifolia. Chem. Nat. Comp. 24 3: 392-393. Pyatigorsk Farm Inst Pyatigorsk USSR.
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 2.0 -0.34 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Equisetum hyemalePlant-- -- *
Equisetum arvenseShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvensePlant-- 8000.0 0.18 *
Eriobotrya japonicaPlant-- -- *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Euphorbia pulcherrimaPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 11500.0 0.73 Tyler, V.E.. 1982. The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Co., Philadelphia PA. 263 pp.
Euphrasia officinalisShoot-- 6000.0 1.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
Fagopyrum esculentumPlant-- -- *
Ficus caricaPlant-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed0.5 225.0 -0.56 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Fragaria sppFruit15.0 34.0 -0.33 Jim Duke's personal files.
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Gentiana luteaRoot-- -- *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- -- *
Glycine maxSeed1.0 4.0 -0.77 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- *
Helianthus annuusPollen Or Spore-- 4.0 *
Helianthus annuusSeed1600.0 1800.0 0.95 *
Helichrysum angustifoliumPlant-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Humulus lupulusPlant-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 1000.0 -0.3 *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 1000.0 -0.93 *
Hyssopus officinalisPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Inonotus obliquusPlant-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasRoot-- -- *
Ipomoea purgaTuber30000.0 40000.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- -- *
Juglans regiaTesta15.0 115.0 *
Juglans regiaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans regiaSeed1.0 6.0 -0.77 *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataPlant-- -- *
Lactuca sativaPlant-- -- *
Laurus nobilisFruit-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- *
Levisticum officinaleRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Ligustrum japonicumFlower-- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- 6.0 -0.34 *
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Lycopus virginicusPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Lycopus europeusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Magnolia kobusPlant-- -- *
Magnolia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit85.0 1270.0 -0.1 *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Medicago sativaTissue Culture-- -- *
Melia azedarachPlant-- -- *
Melilotus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Melilotus officinalisPlant-- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Melissa officinalisPlant-- 2100.0 -0.75 *
Mentha x rotundifoliaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha x piperitaShoot-- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus albaPlant-- -- *
Myristica fragransPlant-- 16.0 -1.08 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 19100.0 1.93 *
Ocimum basilicumTissue Culture-- -- *
Oenothera biennisLeaf-- -- *
Olea europaeaFruit-- -- *
Origanum vulgareLeaf106.0 1060.0 -0.57 *
Origanum majoranaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum majoranaLeaf-- 14100.0 1.24 *
Origanum vulgareShoot-- -- *
Origanum majoranaShoot-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 6000.0 -0.14 *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumPericarp-- -- *
Papaver somniferumLeaf-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Persea americanaFruit-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumStem-- -- *
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisShoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumPlant-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 2060.0 1.2 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 6.0 -0.34 *
Pisum sativumPlant-- -- *
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
Polypodium vulgareRhizome-- -- *
Populus balsamiferaEssential Oil-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaPlant-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusPlant-- -- *
Prunus cerasusPlant-- -- *
Prunus spinosaPlant-- -- *
Prunus dulcisPlant-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaPlant-- -- *
Prunus serotinaPlant-- -- *
Prunus persicaLeaf-- -- *
Prunus domesticaPlant-- -- *
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumFruit Juice-- -- *
Punica granatumPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumLeaf-- -- *
Pyrus communisFruit43.0 19700.0 3.31 *
Raphanus sativusRoot-- 91.0 -0.86 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt-- 8.0 *
Rheum officinaleRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rhododendron ponticumPlant-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- *
Rosa caninaStem-- -- *
Rosa caninaTissue Culture-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Rubus idaeusFruit-- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Rubus idaeusPlant-- -- *
Salvia sp.Seed-- 306.0 -0.48 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 67.
Salvia officinalisShoot-- -- *
Salvia officinalisInflorescence-- -- *
Sambucus nigraPlant-- -- *
Sambucus simpsoniiFlower-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissusPlant-- -- *
Satureja montanaShoot-- -- *
Scopolia carniolicaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Senna obtusifoliaSeed-- -- *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- -- *
Sesamum indicumFruit-- -- *
Solanum melongenaFruit-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumRoot Bark-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber18.0 1400.0 -1.0 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber Epidermis-- -- *
Solanum torvumPlant-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumFlower-- -- *
Solidago virgaureaFlower-- -- *
Solidago giganteaPlant-- 21980.0 2.39 *
Sophora japonicaPlant-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Spartium junceumPlant-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaShoot-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Stachys officinalisShoot-- -- *
Stachys officinalisPlant-- 5000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stellaria mediaShoot-- -- *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Tagetes patulaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Taraxacum officinalePlant-- -- *
Taxus baccataLeaf0.9 4.7 -0.72 *
Tecoma stansPlant-- -- *
Teucrium scorodoniaLeaf-- 20000.0 2.06 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgarisLeaf-- 16900.0 1.63 *
Thymus serpyllumPlant-- 6200.0 -0.11 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- -- *
Triticum aestivumSeed3.0 4.0 -0.77 *
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- 40.0 -0.71 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- 5800.0 1.57 *
Verbena officinalisLeaf-- 10000.0 0.67 *
Viburnum opulusBranches-- -- *
Vicia fabaPlant-- -- *
Viscum albumPlant-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Vitis viniferaRoot-- -- *
Zea maysSprout Seedling-- -- *
Zea maysShoot-- 0.7 -0.7 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.