Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- *
Aconitum napellusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Actaea dahuricaRhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Actaea cimicifugaRhizome-- -- *
Adonis vernalisPlant-- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoriaPlant-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf-- -- Wealth of India.
Allium cepaRoot-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Allium cepaLeaf-- -- Das, V. S. R., Rao, J. V. S. 1964. Phenolic Acids of Onion Plant. Curr. Sci., 33(15): 471-472.
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf-- 0.5 -0.72 *
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb10.0 20.0 *
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Althaea officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Althaea officinalisFlower-- -- *
Ananas comosusFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Anethum graveolensLeaf-- 1140.0 -0.56 *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- -- *
Anethum graveolensFruit-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Annona muricataPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- *
Apium graveolensSeed-- -- Wealth of India.
Apium graveolensLeaf-- -- *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 11.0 -0.76 *
Arctium lappaRoot-- 2500.0 0.17 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf-- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiPlant-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Arnica montanaFlower-- -- *
Artemisia capillarisPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- 7640.0 0.34 *
Artemisia abrotanumPlant-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot-- -- *
Asimina trilobaLeaf-- -- *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 0.66 -0.7 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativaPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Ballota nigraLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.44 *
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Berberis vulgarisPlant-- -- *
Beta vulgarisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.5 77.0 -0.71 *
Brassica nigraSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- 34.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf-- 8.0 -0.71 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf-- 11.0 -0.71 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf-- 8.0 -0.71 *
Calendula officinalisPlant-- -- *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- -- *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- 32.0 -0.33 *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- 11.0 -0.34 *
Carica papayaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carum carviSeed-- 2840.0 1.94 *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- -- *
Catalpa bignonioidesLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceiba pentandraLeaf-- -- *
Centaurea cyanusFlower-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurea cyanusShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Centaurium erythraeaPlant-- -- *
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf-- -- *
Cichorium intybusShoot-- -- *
Cichorium intybusLeaf-- 767.0 -0.61 *
Cimicifuga dahuricaRhizome-- -- *
Cinchona sppBark-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Cinchona pubescensBark-- -- *
Cinchona pubescensLeaf-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 6.0 *
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisFruit-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- -- *
Citrus limonFruit21.0 35.0 -0.33 *
Citrus paradisiFruit40.0 51.0 -0.33 *
Citrus sinensisFruit2.0 50.0 -0.33 *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Clematis vitalbaPlant-- -- *
Cnicus benedictusPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coccinia grandisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabicaFruit-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Coffea arabicaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cola acuminataPlant-- -- *
Coleus barbatusRoot-- 42.9 -0.88 Jim Duke's personal files.
Conium maculatumPlant-- -- *
Convallaria majalisPlant-- -- *
Conyza canadensisPlant-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 770.0 -0.2 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumShoot-- -- *
Corylus americanaSeed-- -- Senter, S. D., Horvat, R. J., Forbus, W. R. 1983. Comparative GLC-MS Analysis of Phenolic Acids of Selected Tree Nuts. J. Food Science, 48(3): 798-799.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFlower-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFlower-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaShoot-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaInflorescence-- -- *
Crataegus laevigataBud-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- -- *
Crataegus monogynaPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Crataegus laevigataShoot-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaBud-- -- *
Cucumis sativusFruit-- -- *
Cucumis meloPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Cucurbita pepoLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 5.0 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed-- -- Kaushal, G. P., Bhatia, I. S. 1982. A Study of Polyphenols in the Seeds and Leaves of Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Sci Food Agr, 33: 461-470.
Cynara cardunculusFlower-- -- *
Cynara cardunculusLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Datura stramoniumPlant-- -- *
Daucus carotaRoot-- -- *
Digitalis purpureaLeaf-- -- *
Dipsacus fullonumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dodonaea viscosaPlant-- -- *
Echinacea sppPlant-- -- *
Elaeagnus angustifoliaFruit-- -- Kusova, R. D., Kazakov, A. L., Luk'yanchikov, M. S. 1988. Phenolic Compounds From Fruit of Elaeagnus angustifolia. Chem. Nat. Comp. 24 3: 392-393. Pyatigorsk Farm Inst Pyatigorsk USSR.
Elaeagnus angustifoliaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 2.0 -0.34 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot-- -- *
Equisetum arvenseShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Equisetum arvensePlant-- 8000.0 0.18 *
Equisetum hyemalePlant-- -- *
Eriobotrya japonicaPlant-- -- *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf-- -- *
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Euphorbia pulcherrimaPlant-- -- *
Euphorbia hirtaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Euphrasia officinalisShoot-- 6000.0 1.71 Jim Duke's personal files.
Euphrasia officinalisPlant-- 11500.0 0.73 Tyler, V.E.. 1982. The Honest Herbal. George F. Stickley Co., Philadelphia PA. 263 pp.
Fagopyrum esculentumPlant-- -- *
Ficus caricaPlant-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed0.5 225.0 -0.56 *
Fragaria sppFruit15.0 34.0 -0.33 Jim Duke's personal files.
Gaultheria procumbensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Gentiana luteaRoot-- -- *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant-- -- *
Glycine maxSeed1.0 4.0 -0.77 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- *
Helianthus annuusSeed1600.0 1800.0 0.95 *
Helianthus annuusPollen Or Spore-- 4.0 *
Helichrysum angustifoliumPlant-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Humulus lupulusPlant-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 1000.0 -0.93 *
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 1000.0 -0.3 *
Hyssopus officinalisPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Inonotus obliquusPlant-- -- *
Ipomoea purgaTuber30000.0 40000.0 1.0 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot-- -- *
Juglans regiaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juglans regiaTesta15.0 115.0 *
Juglans regiaSeed1.0 6.0 -0.77 *
Juglans nigraSeed-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- -- *
Kalanchoe pinnataPlant-- -- *
Lactuca sativaPlant-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- -- *
Laurus nobilisFruit-- -- *
Levisticum officinaleRoot-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Ligustrum japonicumFlower-- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- 6.0 -0.34 *
Lycopodium clavatumPlant-- -- Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Lycopus virginicusPlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Lycopus europeusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Magnolia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Magnolia kobusPlant-- -- *
Malus domesticaFruit85.0 1270.0 -0.1 *
Malus domesticaFruit Juice-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Medicago sativaTissue Culture-- -- *
Melia azedarachPlant-- -- *
Melilotus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Melilotus officinalisPlant-- -- Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
Melissa officinalisPlant-- 2100.0 -0.75 *
Mentha x rotundifoliaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha x piperitaShoot-- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Moringa oleiferaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus albaPlant-- -- *
Myristica fragransPlant-- 16.0 -1.08 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf-- 19100.0 1.93 *
Ocimum basilicumTissue Culture-- -- *
Oenothera biennisLeaf-- -- *
Olea europaeaFruit-- -- *
Origanum vulgareShoot-- -- *
Origanum majoranaShoot-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 6000.0 -0.14 *
Origanum vulgareLeaf106.0 1060.0 -0.57 *
Origanum majoranaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Origanum majoranaLeaf-- 14100.0 1.24 *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumPericarp-- -- *
Papaver somniferumLeaf-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Persea americanaFruit-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumStem-- -- *
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisShoot-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumPlant-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 2060.0 1.2 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 6.0 -0.34 *
Pisum sativumPlant-- -- *
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
Polypodium vulgareRhizome-- -- *
Populus balsamiferaEssential Oil-- -- *
Portulaca oleraceaPlant-- -- *
Prunus dulcisPlant-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaPlant-- -- *
Prunus serotinaPlant-- -- *
Prunus persicaLeaf-- -- *
Prunus domesticaPlant-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusPlant-- -- *
Prunus cerasusPlant-- -- *
Prunus spinosaPlant-- -- *
Pteridium aquilinumPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumPlant-- -- *
Punica granatumLeaf-- -- *
Punica granatumFruit Juice-- -- *
Pyrus communisFruit43.0 19700.0 3.31 *
Raphanus sativusRoot-- 91.0 -0.86 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt-- 8.0 *
Rheum officinaleRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rhododendron ponticumPlant-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- *
Rosa caninaTissue Culture-- -- *
Rosa caninaStem-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant-- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Rubus idaeusPlant-- -- *
Rubus idaeusFruit-- -- Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Salvia sp.Seed-- 306.0 -0.48 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health, 67.
Salvia officinalisShoot-- -- *
Salvia officinalisInflorescence-- -- *
Sambucus nigraPlant-- -- *
Sambucus simpsoniiFlower-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Sanguisorba minorPlant-- -- *
Santolina chamaecyparissusPlant-- -- *
Satureja montanaShoot-- -- *
Scopolia carniolicaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Senna obtusifoliaSeed-- -- *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- -- *
Sesamum indicumFruit-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumTuber18.0 1400.0 -1.0 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber Epidermis-- -- *
Solanum torvumPlant-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumFlower-- -- *
Solanum melongenaFruit-- -- *
Solanum tuberosumRoot Bark-- -- *
Solidago giganteaPlant-- 21980.0 2.39 *
Solidago virgaureaFlower-- -- *
Sophora japonicaPlant-- -- *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit-- -- *
Spartium junceumPlant-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaShoot-- -- *
Stachys officinalisShoot-- -- *
Stachys officinalisPlant-- 5000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stellaria mediaShoot-- -- *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Tagetes patulaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Taraxacum officinalePlant-- -- *
Taxus baccataLeaf0.9 4.7 -0.72 *
Tecoma stansPlant-- -- *
Teucrium chamaedrysPlant-- -- Abstract (See species file)
Teucrium scorodoniaLeaf-- 20000.0 2.06 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgarisLeaf-- 16900.0 1.63 *
Thymus serpyllumPlant-- 6200.0 -0.11 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Triticum aestivumSeed3.0 4.0 -0.77 *
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- *
Urtica dioicaLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillusLeaf-- 40.0 -0.71 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaLeaf-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- 5800.0 1.57 *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Verbena officinalisLeaf-- 10000.0 0.67 *
Viburnum opulusBranches-- -- *
Vicia fabaPlant-- -- *
Viscum albumPlant-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- *
Vitis viniferaRoot-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
Zea maysSprout Seedling-- -- *
Zea maysShoot-- 0.7 -0.7 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.