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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Valerianella locustaPlant275.0 350.0 2.61 *
Valerianella locustaPlant275.0 350.0 2.61 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit85.0 160.0 2.42 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf53.0 57.0 -0.12 *
Apium graveolensSeed43.0 61.0 1.75 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Oenothera biennisSeed38.0 41.0 0.8 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed34.0 50.0 1.23 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Cuminum cyminumFruit34.0 50.0 0.2 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant34.0 48.0 -0.33 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Origanum onitesPlant28.0 48.0 -0.33 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Anethum graveolensSeed28.0 50.0 1.23 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Origanum majoranaPlant28.0 48.0 -0.33 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Satureja hortensisPlant25.0 37.0 -0.44 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Salvia officinalisLeaf25.0 41.0 -0.55 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Satureja montanaPlant25.0 37.0 -0.44 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Panax quinquefoliusPlant24.0 96.0 0.14 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant22.0 39.0 -0.42 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Origanum vulgarePlant21.0 41.0 -0.4 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Ocimum basilicumPlant18.0 31.0 -0.49 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Medicago sativaPlant17.0 45.0 -0.36 *
Corylus avellanaSeed15.0 21.0 -0.15 *
Papaver somniferumSeed15.0 95.0 3.36 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Valerianella radicataPlant13.8 16.6 -0.63 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf13.3 21.0 -1.1 *
Syzygium aromaticumFruit10.0 40.0 0.0 *
Syzygium aromaticumFlower10.0 40.0 -0.01 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed9.0 29.0 0.23 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Pimenta dioicaFruit9.0 25.0 -0.3 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Laurus nobilisLeaf9.0 16.0 -1.23 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Prunus dulcisSeed8.0 38.0 0.66 *
Rosa caninaFruit8.0 22.0 -0.36 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Cinnamomum verumBark7.0 15.0 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Carya illinoensisSeed6.5 7.6 -0.78 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf6.0 84.0 0.62 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot6.0 104.0 1.49 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf6.0 47.0 -0.39 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot6.0 27.0 0.11 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Artocarpus altilisFruit5.2 23.0 -0.34 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed5.0 18.0 -0.29 *
Carica papayaFruit5.0 15.0 -0.5 *
Persea americanaFruit5.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Capsicum frutescensFruit4.0 17.0 -0.46 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf4.0 125.0 1.74 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Pastinaca sativaRoot4.0 25.0 0.04 *
Apium graveolensRoot4.0 103.0 2.92 *
Anethum graveolensPlant4.0 35.0 -0.46 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit4.0 24.0 -0.32 *
Glycine maxSeed4.0 18.0 -0.29 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot4.0 44.0 -0.63 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf4.0 50.0 -0.31 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant4.0 54.0 -0.27 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed4.0 8.0 -0.76 *
Sesamum indicumSeed4.0 13.0 -0.53 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Vigna unguiculataSeed3.0 60.0 1.7 *
Quercus rubraStem3.0 66.0 2.46 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed3.0 60.0 1.7 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb3.0 10.0 -1.0 *
Cocos nuciferaSeed3.0 5.2 -0.9 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem3.0 26.0 -0.39 *
Myristica fragransSeed3.0 13.0 -0.53 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Rhus copallinaLeaf3.0 67.0 0.16 *
Murraya spFruit2.8 8.5 -0.63 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit2.8 8.5 -0.63 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot2.5 30.0 0.22 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf2.4 40.0 -0.58 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf2.0 136.0 2.04 *
Rhus glabraStem2.0 34.0 0.18 *
Brassica rapaRoot2.0 20.0 -0.15 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf2.0 48.0 -0.36 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower2.0 5.0 -1.22 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Liquidambar styracifluaStem2.0 60.0 2.03 *
Pinus echinataShoot2.0 21.0 -1.44 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf2.0 48.0 -0.36 *
Quercus stellataStem2.0 25.0 -0.46 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit2.0 11.0 -0.58 *
Pisum sativumSeed2.0 23.0 -0.05 *
Avena sativaSeed2.0 7.0 -0.81 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit2.0 15.0 -0.5 *
Quercus albaStem2.0 38.0 0.47 *
Quercus velutinaStem2.0 31.0 -0.03 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed2.0 43.0 0.9 *
Carya ovataShoot2.0 63.0 0.04 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed2.0 6.0 -0.86 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Citrus sinensisFruit1.89 27.5 -0.25 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot1.7 7.7 -0.6 *
Rubus chamaemorusFruit1.6 12.0 -0.56 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit1.4 11.0 -0.58 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem1.0 31.0 -0.03 *
Triticum aestivumSeed1.0 16.0 -0.38 *
Quercus phellosStem1.0 21.0 -0.74 *
Malus domesticaFruit1.0 110.0 1.41 *
Ribes rubrumFruit1.0 80.0 0.81 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit1.0 4.0 -0.72 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Prunus cerasusFruit1.0 80.0 0.81 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf1.0 85.0 0.65 *
Pyrus communisFruit1.0 82.0 0.85 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf1.0 145.0 2.28 *
Fragaria sppFruit1.0 160.0 2.42 *
Sassafras albidumStem1.0 26.0 -0.39 *
Citrus paradisiFruit1.0 33.0 -0.14 *
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 14.0 -0.52 *
Allium cepaBulb1.0 45.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed1.0 30.0 0.28 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit1.0 8.0 -0.64 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Beta vulgarisRoot1.0 80.0 2.07 *
Elettaria cardamomumSeed1.0 14.0 -0.48 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Ribes uva-crispaFruit1.0 15.0 -0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower1.0 76.0 1.23 *
Vitis viniferaFruit1.0 50.0 0.2 *
Cucumis sativusFruit1.0 46.0 0.12 *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf1.0 36.0 -0.69 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Curcuma longaRoot1.0 6.0 -0.67 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Ribes nigrumFruit1.0 64.0 0.48 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf1.0 85.0 0.65 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit1.0 70.0 0.61 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Cichorium endiviaLeaf1.0 24.0 -1.01 *
Daucus carotaRoot1.0 36.0 0.44 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot1.0 3.3 -0.77 *
Prunus domesticaFruit1.0 255.0 4.33 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome1.0 4.0 *
Ficus caricaFruit1.0 100.0 1.21 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Solanum melongenaFruit1.0 8.0 -0.64 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber1.0 8.0 *
Rubus idaeusFruit1.0 13.0 -0.54 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Olea europaeaFruit1.0 4.0 -0.72 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Prunus persicaFruit1.0 150.0 2.22 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot1.0 4.0 -0.74 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Cucumis meloFruit1.0 16.5 -0.47 *
Rhus copallinaStem1.0 30.0 -0.1 *
Diospyros virginianaStem1.0 38.0 0.47 *
Capsicum annuumFruit1.0 74.0 0.69 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf0.9 87.0 0.7 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot0.9 7.0 -0.63 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot0.9 6.5 -0.65 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot0.8 4.0 -0.74 *
Dioscorea alataRoot0.8 7.0 -0.63 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot0.8 20.0 -0.15 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit0.6 8.0 -0.64 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Raphanus sativusRoot0.6 64.0 1.48 *
Manihot esculentaRoot0.6 7.5 -0.61 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit0.6 10.0 -0.6 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Piper nigrumFruit0.5 18.0 -0.44 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Juglans regiaSeed0.5 12.0 -0.57 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Mangifera indicaFruit0.5 17.5 -0.45 *
Rubus fruticosusFruit0.1 21.0 -0.38 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit0.1 45.0 0.1 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.1 13.0 -0.54 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt0.1 36.0 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- 96.0 1.13 *
Carya glabraShoot-- 77.0 0.54 *
Prunus serotinaStem-- 54.0 1.61 *
Zea maysSeed-- 15.0 -0.43 *
Cichorium intybusRoot-- 20.0 -0.15 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Genipa americanaFruit-- 14.0 -0.52 *
Annona muricataFruit-- 3.0 -0.74 *
Genipa americanaSeed-- 15.0 -0.43 *
Tephrosia candidaPlant-- 32.0 -0.48 *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- 2.7 -1.02 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Spondias tuberosaFruit-- 1.45 -0.77 *
Pistacia veraSeed-- 11.0 -0.62 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- 20.0 -0.4 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Stem-- 21.0 -0.74 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit-- 1.0 -0.78 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Juglans nigraSeed-- 4.7 -0.92 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Medicago sativaLeaf-- 25.0 -0.99 *
Medicago sativaStem-- 14.0 -1.24 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf-- 3.6 -1.57 *
Quercus rubraSeed-- 18.0 -0.29 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf-- 83.0 0.59 *
Helianthus tuberosusRoot-- 3.0 -0.78 *
Annona squamosaLeaf-- 107.0 1.25 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaLeaf-- 52.0 -0.25 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaStem-- 24.0 -0.53 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaStem-- 21.0 -0.74 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- 20.0 -0.2 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Ananas comosusFruit-- 0.2 -0.8 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf-- 57.0 -0.12 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaStem-- 21.0 -0.74 *
Spondias dulcisFruit-- 1.9 -0.77 *
Trifolium pratenseLeaf-- 23.0 -1.04 *
Trifolium pratenseStem-- 16.0 -1.1 *
Carya ovataSeed-- 8.5 -0.74 *
Acacia catechuPlant-- -- *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit-- 7.0 -0.66 Betting on Boron, Unpublished draft by J. A. Duke on file at USDA, draft and papers relating to boron percentages. Includes Internat. Z. Vit. Ern. Forschung 43:1973 (boron).
Anacardium occidentaleSeed-- 3.2 -0.99 *
Juglans cinereaSeed-- 7.0 -0.81 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.