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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia farnesianaFlower-- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Aloysia citrodoraPlant2.0 14.0 1.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Aspalathus linearisLeaf-- -- *
Avena sativaSeed-- -- *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit-- -- *
Boronia megastigmaFlower3800.0 7600.0 1.73 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf Essent. Oil200.0 3100.0 1.0 *
Camellia sinensisShoot1700.0 2900.0 2.0 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- 31.0 0.14 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- *
Carthamus tinctoriusLeaf-- 0.09 -0.97 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower0.07 0.88 -0.59 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit Juice-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- -- *
Coleus barbatusRoot Essent. Oil-- 64000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cucumis meloPetiole-- -- *
Daucus carotaSeed-- 300.0 *
Ephedra sinicaShoot-- 7.0 -0.51 *
Ficus caricaLeaf-- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Ginkgo bilobaWood-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Ginkgo bilobaEssential Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Hamamelis virginianaLeaf-- 50.0 0.82 *
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf0.3 4.0 -0.83 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Hyssopus officinalisFlower0.6 6.0 -0.59 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Lawsonia inermisFlower Essent. Oil-- 720000.0 *
Lawsonia inermisFlower80.0 160.0 -0.55 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 1090.0 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Medicago sativaLeaf-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.3 3.0 -0.87 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Nardostachys chinensisRoot-- -- *
Nardostachys jatamansiRoot25.0 180.0 *
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 13.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 13.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil-- 1600.0 *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 3.0 -0.44 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- -0.94 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Prunus cerasusPlant-- -- *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rubus idaeusPlant-- -- *
Saussurea lappaRoot-- -- *
Sideritis scardicaShoot-- 41.0 -0.48 Menkovic, N., et al. 1991. The Essential Oil of Sideritis scardica. Pl. Med. 57. Suppl. 2. pp. A137-A132.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- -- Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Triticum aestivumPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumPlant-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf4.0 75.0 1.71 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil1800.0 3000.0 -1.0 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- *
Viola odorataFlower-- -- *
Vitis viniferaFruit-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zea maysSilk Essent. Oil-- 1000.0 *
Zea maysPlant-- -- *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Zea maysLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Zea maysHusk Essent. Oil-- 12000.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.