Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumLeaf-- -- *
Agastache rugosaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ageratum conyzoidesShoot-- 580.0 2.82 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant5.0 37.5 -0.27 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 9400.0 1.0 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 9400.0 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot5.0 15.0 -0.58 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia annuaPlant-- -- *
Artemisia annuaLeaf25.0 1520.0 1.26 *
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumPlant20.0 75.0 1.34 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- 38.0 -0.25 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Copaifera sppGum-- -- *
Cuminum cyminumSeed220.0 440.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminumFruit220.0 440.0 1.0 *
Daucus carotaRoot-- 12.0 -0.82 *
Echinacea sppFruit-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Eryngium foetidumSeed Essent. Oil-- 100000.0 Tucker, A. O. and Debaggio, T. 2000. The Big Book of Herbs. Interweave Press, Inc. Loveland, CO. 688 pp.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 35.0 -1.0 Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
Mentha rotundifoliaLeaf-- 800.0 -0.06 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 6.0 -0.43 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 16.0 -0.37 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 11.0 -0.4 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 6.0 -0.43 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 17.0 -0.37 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum majoranaPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Panax ginsengFlower Essent. Oil-- 43000.0 *
Panax ginsengStem-- 1000.0 *
Panax ginsengLeaf-- 1000.0 0.31 *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Panax ginsengPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot Essent. Oil-- 85000.0 -1.0 *
Panax quinquefoliusRoot Essent. Oil-- 260500.0 1.0 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 3.9 -1.52 *
Petroselinum crispumSeed-- 25.0 -1.0 *
Pimpinella anisumPlant-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 600.0 -1.0 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Psidium guajavaFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Santalum albumWood-- -- *
Sideritis scardicaShoot-- 49.0 -0.18 Menkovic, N., et al. 1991. The Essential Oil of Sideritis scardica. Pl. Med. 57. Suppl. 2. pp. A137-A132.
Sideritis germanicolpitanaPlant8.0 19.0 -1.07 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Tanacetum partheniumRoot-- 40.0 1.41 *
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- 12.0 -0.39 *
Tanacetum partheniumEssential Oil-- 8000.0 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.