Data Views

Paginate
Click on column headings to sort the list on the column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia decurrensPlant-- -- *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf120.0 646.0 1.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 2.4 -0.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensisFruit0.4 6.0 -0.14 *
Aegle marmelosFruit0.5 1.3 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aglaonema commutatumFruit-- -- Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed-- -- -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf9.0 68.0 -0.84 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf12.0 158.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot0.1 0.2 -0.44 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot0.2 1.8 -0.42 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf34.0 475.0 0.93 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower0.6 5.0 -0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaFlower-- 28.0 -0.19 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf0.2 230.0 -0.14 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot2.0 9.0 -0.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 0.17 -1.0 *
Allium cepaBulb-- 52.0 1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower25.0 151.0 1.71 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot-- -- *
Aloe veraLeaf-- 3.0 -1.12 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aloe veraStem Essent. Oil-- 7.2 Rowe, T. D., Parks, L. M. 1941. A Phytochemical Study of Aloe vera Leaf. J. Amer. Pharm. Ass. Sci. Ed., 30: 262-266.
Aloe spp.Leaf0.2 31.0 -1.0 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome15.0 108.0 1.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot-- -- *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf-- 508.0 1.07 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf65.0 408.0 0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- -- *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot-- 6.8 -0.39 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed-- 0.6 -0.39 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf6.0 20.0 -1.05 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit7.6 53.0 -0.05 *
Ananas comosusFruit-- 3.0 -0.15 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica sinensisRoot0.3 1.2 -0.43 *
Annona squamosaFruit-- 0.2 -0.15 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit-- 0.4 -0.15 *
Annona cherimolaFruit-- 0.2 -0.15 *
Annona glabraFruit3.0 23.0 -0.11 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona reticulataFruit-- 0.2 -0.15 *
Annona muricataFruit-- 0.6 -0.15 *
Apium graveolensFruit8.0 36.0 -0.08 *
Apium graveolensSeed7.5 36.0 1.82 *
Apium graveolensPt1.0 144.0 1.41 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 0.34 -0.41 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf77.0 360.0 0.43 *
Arctium lappaRoot11.0 45.0 -0.15 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf20.0 172.0 -0.39 *
Areca catechuPlant-- -- *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot27.0 150.0 0.52 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot1.1 3.8 -0.41 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf2.0 74.0 -0.82 *
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf-- 500.0 1.04 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf21.0 168.0 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus altilisSeed3.0 6.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus altilisFruit0.04 0.1 -0.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit0.2 8.0 -0.14 *
Asimina trilobaFruit0.4 2.5 -0.15 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot0.3 120.0 -0.18 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot6.5 65.0 -0.02 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- *
Avena sativaPlant16.0 72.0 -0.34 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit0.03 75.0 -0.01 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit0.35 14.0 -0.12 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit0.5 55.0 -0.04 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Basella albaLeaf48.0 695.0 1.89 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit-- 2.5 -0.15 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- -- -0.44 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- -- -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisRoot-- 438.0 2.36 *
Bixa orellanaFruit0.9 113.0 0.07 *
Blighia sapidaAril5.5 18.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria niveaLeaf52.0 403.0 0.62 *
Borago officinalisLeaf25.0 360.0 0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower-- 4.0 -0.56 *
Brassica rapaLeaf18.0 385.0 0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf50.0 345.0 0.36 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf5.0 41.0 -0.96 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot-- -- -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaRoot-- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf20.0 328.0 0.29 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf9.0 138.0 -0.54 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf18.0 385.0 0.54 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf9.0 138.0 -0.54 *
Brassica oleraceaStem0.24 2.67 -0.85 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf0.6 12.0 -1.09 *
Brassica nigraLeaf29.0 475.0 0.93 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bromelia pinguinShoot-- 1.7 -0.72 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit5.0 35.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot4.0 36.0 -0.21 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit0.02 2.8 -0.15 *
Cajanus cajanSeed0.84 4.6 -0.14 *
Cajanus cajanFruit0.4 4.0 -0.14 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower-- -- -0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensisLeaf27.0 84.0 -0.77 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformisFruit0.24 2.2 -0.15 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed-- 0.2 -0.42 *
Canna indicaRoot0.1 0.3 -0.43 *
Cannabis sativaSeed-- 0.06 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant2.6 22.0 -0.61 *
Capsicum annuumFruit25.0 95.0 0.03 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit1.0 38.0 -0.08 *
Carica papayaLeaf116.0 514.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaPericarp-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papayaFruit-- -- *
Carica papayaSeed Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica pentagonaFruit0.6 9.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower13.0 90.0 0.77 *
Carum carviFruit-- 2.0 -0.15 *
Carum carviSeed-- 2.0 -0.3 *
Carya illinoensisSeed0.13 0.83 -0.38 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit0.3 2.4 -0.15 *
Catha edulisLeaf-- 18.0 -1.06 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot2.6 24.0 -0.28 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf40.0 369.0 0.47 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 2.2 -0.59 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf35.0 165.0 -0.42 *
Chenopodium albumLeaf71.0 316.0 0.24 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 55.0 -0.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf2.5 14.0 -1.08 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud88.0 1183.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 14.0 -0.65 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf32.0 485.0 0.97 *
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit0.7 5.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit-- 0.9 -0.15 *
Cicer arietinumSeed0.4 0.5 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybusLeaf-- 228.0 -0.15 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf9.6 241.0 -0.09 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot5.0 24.0 -0.28 *
Cinnamomum verumBark1.0 2.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark1.0 2.0 -0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusFruit2.0 48.0 -0.06 *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 5.0 -0.14 *
Citrus limonFruit-- 2.0 -0.15 *
Citrus sinensisFruit1.0 28.0 -0.1 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit-- 2.0 -0.15 *
Citrus aurantiumFruit1.0 27.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 44.0 -0.07 *
Citrus sinensisPericarp-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictusPlant18.0 133.0 -0.01 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf60.0 425.0 0.71 *
Coccinia grandisFruit15.6 226.0 0.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Coffea arabicaLeaf20.0 25.0 -1.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- -- -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminataSeed-- 1.0 -0.37 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot-- 0.8 -0.43 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf18.0 298.0 0.16 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf33.0 495.0 1.02 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf29.0 228.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumSeed-- -- -0.43 *
Corylus avellanaSeed-- 0.4 -0.4 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 5.4 -0.14 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigataFruit1.4 5.0 -0.14 *
Crescentia alataSeed-- 0.2 -0.42 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Cucumis meloFruit0.2 201.0 0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucumis sativusFruit0.3 8.0 -0.14 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit9.6 114.0 0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit0.12 1.9 -0.15 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower12.0 240.0 3.09 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed2.0 2.5 -0.27 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit5.0 8.0 -0.14 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed5.0 8.0 0.07 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- -0.75 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longaPlant6.0 18.0 -0.63 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot-- 11.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 2.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cycas revolutaFruit-- -- *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit0.3 82.0 0.01 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit-- 16.0 -0.12 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower1.0 20.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit3.0 32.0 -0.09 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot-- 0.2 -0.44 *
Daucus carotaRoot27.0 673.0 3.87 *
Dioscorea alataRoot-- 0.2 -0.44 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot7.0 29.0 -0.25 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 19.0 -0.31 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot-- -- *
Diospyros digynaFruit2.0 6.0 -0.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Durio zibethinusFruit0.1 1.0 -0.15 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 2.2 -0.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpureaRoot0.6 2.2 -0.42 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit5.5 30.0 -0.09 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit0.2 1.4 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit365.0 575.0 0.96 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber-- -- -0.71 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot6.0 30.0 -0.24 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant8.0 37.0 -0.53 *
Equisetum arvensePlant11.0 49.0 -0.46 *
Equisetum arvenseSprout Seedling-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit2.6 68.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf21.0 96.0 -0.72 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf23.0 125.0 -0.59 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot2.0 14.0 -0.66 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf5.4 7.0 -1.11 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit-- -- -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia unifloraFruit9.0 101.0 0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit0.4 2.4 -0.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant-- -- *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant11.0 73.0 -0.33 *
Ficus caricaFruit0.3 16.0 -0.12 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- 1.0 -0.15 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant21.0 241.0 0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareSeed0.1 0.9 -0.37 *
Fragaria sppFruit0.089 7.0 -0.14 *
Frangula purshianaBark13.0 46.0 2.14 *
Frangula alnusFruit-- -- *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant5.0 40.0 -0.51 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit-- -- -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gentiana luteaRoot9.0 39.0 -0.19 *
Ginkgo bilobaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf7.2 30.0 -1.01 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed1.0 4.0 -0.18 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower0.7 5.0 -0.55 *
Glycine maxPlant-- 0.3 -0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling0.2 3.5 1.84 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxFruit4.1 13.4 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed-- 11.3 0.28 *
Glycine maxSeed Oil-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraSeed-- 5.0 -0.12 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf6.0 30.0 -1.01 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber-- 6.0 1.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus annuusSeed-- 0.3 -0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower1.0 9.0 -0.48 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisLeaf75.0 750.0 2.13 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf41.0 555.0 1.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit3.0 80.0 0.0 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- 1.0 -0.37 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant149.0 660.0 2.85 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 312.0 1.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 2.4 -0.15 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulusFlower0.5 2.4 -0.59 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- -- *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot0.8 3.0 -0.42 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit-- -- -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit0.05 0.7 -0.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 12.1 -0.67 *
Inga feuilleiAril-- -- -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulisSeed-- -- -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula heleniumRoot-- -- *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf1.8 345.0 0.36 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf28.0 500.0 1.04 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot0.1 476.0 2.61 *
Iris x germanicaLeaf-- -- *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 0.6 -1.34 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 0.6 -0.15 *
Juglans regiaSeed-- 1.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigraPericarp-- 0.6 *
Juglans nigraSeed1.0 2.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juniperus communisFruit4.0 12.2 -0.13 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf27.0 178.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusSeed0.66 5.44 -0.09 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf11.0 190.0 -0.31 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit-- -- *
Larrea tridentataPlant45.0 138.0 0.02 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling0.3 1.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinarisSeed-- 16.0 0.57 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lepidium sativumLeaf20.0 526.0 1.15 *
Licania platypusFruit1.6 7.7 -0.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimumSeed-- 0.321 -0.41 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf6.0 54.0 -0.9 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf92.0 933.0 2.93 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit1.2 34.0 -0.09 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed1.3 1.5 -0.34 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit0.3 1.0 -0.15 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf44.0 428.0 0.73 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium barbarumFruit75.0 90.0 0.02 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit7.0 113.0 0.07 *
Lycopodium selagoPlant-- -- *
Macadamia sppSeed-- -- -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malpighia glabraFruit3.0 69.0 -0.02 *
Malus domesticaFruit-- 76.0 -0.0 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf33.0 390.0 0.56 *
Mammea americanaFruit0.4 24.0 -0.1 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf6.0 44.0 -0.95 *
Mangifera indicaFruit11.0 96.0 0.03 *
Manihot esculentaRoot14.0 150.0 0.52 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit0.2 1.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot-- -- -0.44 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaLeaf0.06 394.0 0.58 *
Medicago sativaPlant28.0 149.0 0.08 *
Medicago sativaFlower-- -- *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit0.2 14.0 -0.12 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf35.0 238.0 -0.1 *
Mentha spicataLeaf2.0 175.0 -0.38 *
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Mimosa pudicaLeaf65.0 930.0 2.91 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot32.0 326.0 0.76 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf51.0 330.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaPericarp-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantiaFruit-- 18.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 5.2 -0.14 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf-- 124.0 -0.6 *
Morinda citrifoliaBark-- 8.6 -0.28 *
Moringa oleiferaSeed-- 100.0 5.82 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf18.0 72.0 -0.82 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot45.0 215.0 0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaFruit1.0 8.0 -0.14 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit-- 1.2 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya spFruit6.0 21.0 -0.11 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf60.0 225.0 -0.16 *
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk0.6 16.6 0.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaFruit6.0 21.0 -0.11 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrciaria dubiaFruit-- -- -0.15 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit-- -- -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica ceriferaBark-- -- *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb28.0 560.0 -1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed0.06 0.18 -0.42 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome-- -- *
Nepeta catariaPlant3.0 24.0 -0.6 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum sanctumLeaf-- 25.0 -1.03 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 25.0 -1.03 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf4.0 333.0 0.31 *
Olea europaeaFruit1.8 8.3 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit0.08 0.09 -0.15 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 0.3 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgarePlant41.0 45.0 -0.48 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant48.0 52.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaSeed-- -- *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot-- 0.2 -0.44 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed12.0 13.0 0.38 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed-- -- *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot7.0 42.0 -0.17 *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed0.2 1.0 -0.37 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit-- -- -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit-- -- *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit-- 1.2 -0.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulisFruit4.0 17.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnataFlower5.3 48.0 0.12 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit-- 1.2 -0.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pastinaca sativaRoot0.2 1.0 -0.43 *
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf138.0 920.0 2.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf25.0 320.0 0.26 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit17.0 556.0 0.92 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneriRoot2.0 5.0 -0.4 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescensSeed7.0 66.0 3.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf44.0 313.0 0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americanaFruit0.3 27.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea schiedeanaFruit0.03 1.4 -0.15 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petasites japonicusPt0.03 0.5 -0.79 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispumPlant12.0 154.0 0.11 *
Petroselinum crispumShoot-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling-- -- -1.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit2.2 66.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 0.1 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed0.1 9.8 0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling0.3 0.8 -0.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusFruit-- 0.15 -0.15 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf32.4 245.5 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed-- 9.8 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit1.0 3.6 -0.14 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 50.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit-- 4.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus acidusFruit-- 8.0 -0.14 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit0.14 84.0 0.01 *
Physalis ixocarpaFruit0.5 6.0 -0.14 *
Phytolacca americanaShoot52.0 621.0 2.11 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf103.0 120.0 -0.62 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 4.0 -0.14 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed0.1 0.2 -0.42 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Piper betelLeaf19.0 175.0 -0.38 *
Piper auritumLeaf34.0 193.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper nigrumFruit0.114 0.128 -0.15 *
Pistacia veraSeed1.38 1.46 -0.34 *
Pisum sativumSeed3.6 18.2 0.71 *
Pisum sativumFruit0.8 8.3 -0.13 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 24.0 1.05 *
Plantago majorSeed-- -- *
Plantago psylliumSeed5.0 24.0 1.07 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot-- -- *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf10.0 175.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 2.4 -0.42 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot2.6 10.0 -0.37 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb11.0 4650.0 1.0 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit-- -- -0.15 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimitoFruit2.0 29.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria viridisFruit0.5 1.6 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit2.0 29.0 -0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prunus dulcisSeed-- 0.05 -0.43 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domesticaFruit1.4 43.0 -0.07 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit0.05 7.0 -0.14 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus armeniacaFruit13.0 189.0 0.21 *
Prunus cerasusFruit1.0 6.0 -0.14 *
Prunus persicaFruit-- 30.0 -0.09 *
Prunus armeniacaSeed-- -- -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psidium guajavaFruit0.75 46.0 -0.06 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit-- 9.0 -0.13 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed0.78 6.0 -0.05 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusFruit-- 4.0 -0.14 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot-- 1.0 -0.43 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf-- 1.0 -1.13 *
Pyrus communisFruit0.17 1.7 -0.15 *
Quararibea cordataFruit10.0 72.0 -0.01 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Quercus albaBark-- -- *
Raphanus sativusLeaf24.7 214.0 -0.21 *
Raphanus sativusFruit0.3 26.2 -0.1 *
Raphanus sativusRoot-- 1.0 -0.43 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf0.3 5.0 -1.12 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt0.6 12.0 -0.62 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- -- *
Ribes rubrumFruit0.25 4.0 -0.14 *
Ribes nigrumFruit1.0 8.0 -0.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes uva-crispaFruit0.6 14.0 -0.12 *
Rosa gallicaFlower16.0 17.0 -0.36 *
Rosa caninaFruit8.0 42.0 -0.07 *
Rosa rubiginosaPlant-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant19.0 21.0 -0.61 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf15.0 55.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusLeaf19.0 114.0 -0.64 *
Rubus idaeusFruit0.06 7.0 -0.14 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf77.0 1100.0 3.65 *
Rumex crispusRoot58.0 225.0 1.0 *
Rumex crispusLeaf10.38 140.0 -0.53 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ruscus aculeatusRoot4.0 13.0 -0.35 *
Salix albaBark-- -- *
Salvia officinalisLeaf6.0 39.0 -0.97 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit4.0 18.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigraLeaf-- 150.0 -0.48 *
Sambucus nigraFruit100.0 150.0 0.14 *
Satureja hortensisPlant-- 34.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensisFruit9.0 61.0 -0.03 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant2.6 19.0 -0.62 *
Sechium eduleShoot12.0 164.0 0.02 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf48.0 235.0 -0.11 *
Serenoa repensFruit3.0 24.0 -0.1 *
Sesamum indicumSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sicana odoriferaFruit1.0 8.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf60.0 305.0 0.19 *
Silybum marianumLeaf7.0 31.0 -1.0 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 31.0 -0.56 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sinapis albaSeed-- -- *
Smilax officinalisRoot8.0 36.0 -0.21 *
Smilax sppRoot8.0 36.0 -0.21 *
Solanum sessiliflorumFruit1.4 14.0 -0.12 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum quitoensisFruit1.0 16.0 -0.12 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber-- 0.01 -0.71 *
Solanum melongenaFruit-- 6.0 -0.14 *
Solanum torvumFruit4.0 27.0 -0.1 *
Solanum nigrumLeaf1.0 110.0 -0.66 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf14.0 545.0 1.24 *
Sorbus aucubariaPlant62.0 98.0 -0.2 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant4.0 690.0 3.01 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- 32.5 -1.0 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 480.0 1.87 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 478.0 1.86 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias pinnataFruit2.0 28.0 -0.1 *
Spondias mombinFruit1.0 115.0 0.07 *
Spondias dulcisFruit2.0 16.0 -0.12 *
Spondias purpureaFruit0.6 9.0 -0.13 *
Stachys officinalisPlant-- -- *
Stellaria mediaPlant4.0 43.0 -0.49 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 75.0 -0.81 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinaleLeaf12.0 108.0 -0.67 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 660.0 3.78 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium malaccenseFruit-- 0.08 -0.15 *
Syzygium aromaticumBark2.0 3.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium jambosFruit1.4 8.5 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium cuminiFruit-- 3.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark0.8 4.3 -0.56 *
Tagetes erectaFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 10.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaLeaf2.0 110.0 -0.66 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit-- 1.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 14.0 -0.65 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleRoot12.0 84.0 0.1 *
Taraxacum officinaleFlower-- -- *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf40.0 583.0 1.4 *
Taxus baccataFruit-- -- *
Tecoma stansFlower-- -- *
Terminalia catappaFruit-- 1.8 -0.15 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Terminalia catappaSeed-- -- -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf26.4 440.0 0.78 *
Theobroma cacaoPlant-- -- *
Theobroma bicolorSeed-- -- -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma bicolorFruit1.9 9.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgarisPlant24.0 25.0 -0.59 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgarisLeaf4.0 25.0 -1.03 *
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot-- 0.268 -0.43 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit1.0 18.0 -0.12 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower2.0 12.0 -0.44 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed-- 0.2 -0.42 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumLeaf23.0 278.0 0.07 *
Triticum aestivumSeed-- 0.22 -0.42 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot0.3 2.1 -0.42 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot90.0 665.0 2.31 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf15.0 71.0 -0.83 *
Ulex europaeusPlant75.0 253.0 0.64 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ullucus tuberosusRoot-- 0.7 -0.43 *
Ulmus rubraBark4.0 25.0 0.78 *
Urtica dioicaSeed10.0 25.0 1.13 Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Urtica dioicaLeaf19.0 94.0 -0.73 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit0.2 2.6 -0.15 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaPlant-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit0.6 3.9 -0.14 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit4.0 47.0 -0.06 *
Valeriana officinalisPlant-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf19.0 43.0 -0.95 *
Verbena officinalisLeaf-- -- *
Viburnum opulusFruit-- 6400.0 12.22 *
Vicia fabaSeed2.1 11.0 0.26 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit0.1 0.6 -0.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataShoot0.7 6.9 -0.69 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed-- 0.3 -0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling0.1 1.4 0.05 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularisSeed0.1 0.9 -0.37 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed0.3 21.9 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataFruit1.5 72.0 -0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiataSeed0.9 1.2 -0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed-- 0.2 -0.42 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed-- 0.11 -0.42 *
Vigna mungoSeed0.2 0.5 -0.4 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot0.7 6.9 -0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum albumLeaf-- -- *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 43.0 -0.56 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis viniferaFruit0.5 2.1 -0.15 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot-- 0.6 -0.43 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf33.0 327.0 0.29 *
Yucca baccataRoot-- -- *
Zea maysSeed0.5 2.5 -0.27 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 4.0 -0.67 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot0.1 1.0 -0.43 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit0.2 700.0 1.2 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.