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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- 88000.0 *
Ficus caricaLeaf10.0 10300.0 1.73 *
Angelica archangelicaSeed2.0 6800.0 1.55 *
Pimpinella anisumTissue Culture-- 5000.0 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot3.2 3800.0 1.41 *
Ammi majusSeed400.0 3100.0 0.22 *
Petroselinum crispumShoot5.0 2000.0 1.0 *
Angelica archangelicaFruit48.0 1300.0 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant-- 990.0 1.0 *
Ficus caricaResin, Exudate, Sap10.0 620.0 *
Apium graveolensPlant-- 520.0 -1.0 *
Heracleum laciniatumRoot70.0 450.0 -0.57 *
Apium graveolensShoot-- 145.0 -1.0 *
Limonia acidissimaLeaf-- 100.0 -0.57 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 64.0 -0.58 *
Murraya koenigiiSeed-- 12.0 -0.88 *
Citrus limonEssential Oil-- 10.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolensLeaf-- 1.17 -0.59 *
Apium graveolensSeed-- 1.0 -0.89 *
Apium graveolensPt0.04 0.81 *
Daucus carotaRoot-- 0.3 -0.84 *
Skimmia arborescensLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Dictamnus albusRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Citrus limonFruit Essent. Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonPlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumFruit-- -- *
Casimiroa edulisBark-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- *
Pastinaca sativaSeed-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaRoot-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Skimmia arborescensLb-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaPlant-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- -- *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit-- -- *
Anethum graveolensFruit-- -- *
Ficus caricaFruit-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraShoot-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Levisticum officinaleRoot-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaPlant-- -- *
Angelica archangelicaShoot-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumRoot-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumSeed-- -- *
Balanites aegyptiacusBark-- -- *
Citrus aurantiumFruit-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Petroselinum crispumTissue Culture-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumFruit-- -- *
Ruta graveolensPlant-- -- *
Citrus sinensisPericarp-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Glehnia littoralisRhizome-- -- *
Glehnia littoralisRoot-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.