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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia farnesianaFlower-- -- *
Albizia lebbeckFlower-- -- Wealth of India.
Aspalathus linearisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Callicarpa americanaLeaf-- 2.0 -0.76 *
Camellia sinensisShoot900.0 1400.0 1.0 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 10100.0 *
Cananga odorataFlower-- -- *
Carica papayaFruit-- -- -0.72 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cinnamomum verumBark-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisPetiole-- -- *
Citrullus lanatusFruit Juice-- -- *
Citrus reticulataFruit1.0 2.0 1.41 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eruca sativaHs-- -- *
Ficus caricaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ficus caricaFruit-- -- *
Filipendula ulmariaEssential Oil-- 20000.0 -1.0 Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
Filipendula ulmariaFlower Essent. Oil-- 21000.0 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRhizome Essent. Oil-- -- *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- -- *
Hesperis matronalisFlower-- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Hibiscus sabdariffaFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Hyacinthus orientalisFlower64.0 920.0 2.05 *
Hyssopus officinalisFlower3.0 32.0 -0.71 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Hyssopus officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf0.1 30.0 1.6 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 72.
Iris x germanicaRhizome-- -- *
Jasminum officinaleFlower120.0 228.0 -0.1 *
Juglans nigraEssential Oil-- 29000.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- -- *
Levisticum officinaleRoot3.0 30.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ligustrum japonicumFlower-- -- *
Liquidambar orientalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Liquidambar styracifluaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Lonicera japonicaFlower-- -- Schlotzhauer, W.S., S.D. Pair, and R.J. Horvat. 1996. Volatile constituents from the flowers of Japanese Honeysuckle. J. Agric. Food Chem. 44:206-209.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Mentha spicataLeaf-- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil-- -- *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.01 0.1 -0.92 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Morinda citrifoliaFruit-- 0.02 -0.7 *
Myroxylon balsamumPlant-- -- *
Narcissus tazettaFlower165.0 360.0 0.31 *
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil-- -- *
Origanum minutiflorumShoot0.1 2.0 -1.0 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Phaseolus vulgarisStem Essent. Oil-- -- *
Polianthes tuberosaFlower-- -- *
Prunus persicaFruit-- -- *
Prunus laurocerasusLeaf-- -- *
Prunus armeniacaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pueraria montanaFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Rheum palmatumRhizome-- 0.5 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaFlower-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant7.0 32.0 1.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Sambucus nigraLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Sambucus nigraFlower Essent. Oil-- -- *
Sarracenia flavaEssential Oil-- -- *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 12.0 0.08 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 4.0 -0.79 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaPlant-- 10.0 -1.0 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Syzygium aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Tanacetum partheniumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseRoot-- -- *
Trifolium pratensePlant-- -- *
Trifolium pratenseFlower-- 15.0 -0.76 Buchnauer,G.,Jirovetz,L.,Nikiforov,A.1996.Comparative Investigation of Essential Clover Flower Oils from Austria Using Gas Chromatography-Flame Ionization Detection,Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectometry,and Gas Chrom.-Olfactometry.J.Agrc.Food Chem.44:1827-8
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit Juice-- 0.08 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit-- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit Juice0.01 0.08 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit-- -- *
Verbascum thapsusSeed-- -- *
Viola odorataLeaf-- -- *
Viola odorataFlower-- -- *
Vitis viniferaLeaf-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.