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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Achillea millefoliumPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Alisma plantago-aquaticaPlant-- -- *
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb-- 29000.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumPlant-- -- *
Alocasia macrorrhizaPlant-- -- *
Aloe veraLeaf-- -- Waller, G. R., Mangiafico, S., Ritchey, C. R. 1978. A Chemical Investigation of Aloe barbadensis. Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci. 58: 69-.
Althaea officinalisRoot10000.0 20000.0 -1.22 *
Ananas comosusFruit-- 1251.0 -0.05 *
Angelica archangelicaLeaf-- -- *
Annona squamosaPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Armoracia rusticanaRoot-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia dracunculusRoot-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- -- *
Asparagus officinalisShoot-- -- *
Asparagus lucidusRoot-- -- *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Atropa bella-donnaRoot-- -- *
Camellia sinensisPlant-- -- *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Capsicum frutescensFruit-- -- *
Citrus sinensisFruit200.0 1800.0 0.34 *
Citrus reticulataFruit180.0 850.0 -0.34 *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- 420.0 -0.65 *
Coccinia grandisFlower-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Coffea arabicaSeed-- -- *
Convallaria majalisPlant-- -- *
Euonymus atropurpureusBark-- -- *
Fragaria sppPlant-- -- *
Ginkgo bilobaFruit-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot20000.0 40000.0 1.22 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Huperzia sppPlant-- -- *
Lippia javanicaPlant-- -- Neidlein, R., Staehle, R. 1974. Constituents of Lippia javanica. III. Deutsche Apot. Ziit., 114: 1588.
Lupinus albusSeed-- 116340.0 1.0 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- 300.0 -0.73 *
Malus domesticaFruit-- 171.0 -0.83 *
Medicago sativaSeed-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Momordica charantiaSeed-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome-- 20000.0 1.41 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativaSeed-- -- -1.0 *
Oryza sativaJuice-- -- *
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf-- -- *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit2300.0 4500.0 2.26 Abstract (See species file)
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 1000.0 -0.68 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper betelLeaf-- -- *
Prunus cerasusFruit-- -- *
Ribes nigrumFruit Juice-- 87.0 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf-- -- *
Salvia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Santalum albumFruit-- -- *
Symphytum officinaleRoot10000.0 30000.0 0.0 *
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tilia sp.Fruit-- -- *
Urtica dioicaPlant-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRhizome-- -- *
Vicia fabaLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna radiataSeed-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna mungoSeed-- -- *
Viscum albumJuice-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 500.0 -0.73 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.