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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Prosopis julifloraSeed35000.0 300000.0 7.58 *
Olea europaeaFruit64000.0 294000.0 6.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed31700.0 241000.0 5.81 *
Physalis angulataFruit20000.0 200000.0 3.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Limonia acidissimaFruit19000.0 192300.0 3.51 *
Raphanus sativusRoot10000.0 185700.0 3.37 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit4000.0 183000.0 3.27 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf18000.0 300000.0 3.19 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf7700.0 290000.0 3.02 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant16850.0 285700.0 2.98 *
Prunus domesticaFruit3810.0 170000.0 2.93 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit6000.0 156000.0 2.57 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed9000.0 132000.0 2.53 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Ipomoea batatasLeaf12000.0 259000.0 2.47 *
Rumex crispusRoot39321.0 153000.0 2.44 *
Prunus persicaFruit4000.0 150000.0 2.42 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant29500.0 250000.0 2.33 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf15000.0 250000.0 2.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf120000.0 250000.0 2.31 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Calathea macrosepalaFlower13000.0 168830.0 2.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 144000.0 2.26 *
Liquidambar styracifluaStem20000.0 120000.0 2.26 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot16060.0 146000.0 2.24 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot6000.0 146000.0 2.24 *
Momordica charantiaFruit4000.0 142000.0 2.21 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed16000.0 120000.0 2.17 *
Cucumis sativusFruit3670.0 140000.0 2.16 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot16874.0 143000.0 2.15 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf13590.0 240000.0 2.13 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf26000.0 240000.0 2.13 *
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 194700.0 2.13 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Musa x paradisiacaSprout Seedling-- 143000.0 2.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgarisRoot7600.0 140000.0 2.07 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 140000.0 2.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hordeum vulgarePlant61000.0 235000.0 2.06 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf16000.0 235000.0 2.05 *
Quercus albaBark31008.0 136000.0 2.0 *
Ceiba pentandraWood-- 59000.0 1.99 *
Brassica oleraceaStem7000.0 111110.0 1.89 *
Boehmeria niveaShoot134000.0 182000.0 1.84 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome7700.0 200000.0 1.83 *
Apium graveolensSeed6720.0 106294.0 1.76 *
Aframomum meleguetaSeed25000.0 105000.0 1.72 Wealth of India.
Cyclanthera pedataFruit7000.0 122800.0 1.71 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 215000.0 1.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoFruit-- 122000.0 1.69 *
Blighia sapidaSeed14000.0 104000.0 1.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf12000.0 214285.0 1.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus tuberosusTuber11000.0 115500.0 1.68 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf13000.0 212500.0 1.65 *
Capparis spinosaFlower79000.0 140000.0 1.63 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf190000.0 210000.0 1.61 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot6000.0 171000.0 1.58 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed15000.0 100000.0 1.57 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed60000.0 100000.0 1.57 *
Anethum graveolensPlant26000.0 205880.0 1.53 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf18000.0 205000.0 1.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morus albaLeaf80000.0 204000.0 1.5 *
Basella albaLeaf14000.0 202900.0 1.48 *
Rumex crispusLeaf15000.0 202703.0 1.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Avena sativaSeed19000.0 96000.0 1.45 *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- 200000.0 1.43 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 121000.0 1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 163000.0 1.4 *
Citrus paradisiFruit3050.0 110000.0 1.38 *
Cucumis meloFruit6950.0 110000.0 1.38 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf10000.0 194000.0 1.32 *
Musa x paradisiacaShoot11710.0 158300.0 1.29 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Zea maysSeed10000.0 90000.0 1.27 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed9720.0 90000.0 1.27 *
Pisum sativumPlant60000.0 191000.0 1.26 *
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit5700.0 105461.0 1.26 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit7000.0 105000.0 1.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminumSeed58000.0 89000.0 1.24 *
Carica papayaSeed-- 88000.0 1.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 103200.0 1.21 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower6600.0 121250.0 1.2 *
Aframomum meleguetaFruit42000.0 103000.0 1.2 *
Oryza sativaPlant75000.0 185800.0 1.17 *
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- 185000.0 1.17 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed15000.0 85850.0 1.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot16799.0 107000.0 1.13 *
Humulus lupulusFruit70000.0 100000.0 1.12 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Perilla frutescensSeed10000.0 85000.0 1.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Salix albaBark18480.0 110000.0 1.12 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 182000.0 1.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 182000.0 1.1 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot15000.0 150000.0 1.1 *
Anethum graveolensSeed64000.0 84000.0 1.09 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf6000.0 180000.0 1.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf5000.0 179000.0 1.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf166000.0 178950.0 1.06 *
Cedrela odorataSeed-- 83000.0 1.06 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit45000.0 97000.0 1.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Apium graveolensPt6000.0 219000.0 1.04 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit4300.0 96400.0 1.03 *
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 146900.0 1.03 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed61000.0 82000.0 1.03 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf26000.0 177000.0 1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita sppFruit5550.0 96045.0 1.02 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style42700.0 133000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nasturtium officinaleHerb13000.0 179000.0 1.0 *
Blighia sapidaAril12000.0 449000.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay92000.0 123000.0 1.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 235000.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb10000.0 395000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 59000.0 1.0 *
Sterculia urensGum-- 59200.0 1.0 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit7500.0 95238.0 1.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaFruit-- 95000.0 0.99 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed6120.0 80863.0 0.99 *
Pereskia aculeataFruit3000.0 94000.0 0.97 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva neglectaPlant172500.0 174500.0 0.97 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf22000.0 173220.0 0.96 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareFruit79600.0 93026.0 0.94 *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit5000.0 92590.0 0.93 *
Apium graveolensRoot8300.0 100000.0 0.93 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 100000.0 0.93 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 99000.0 0.92 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf8000.0 170960.0 0.92 *
Brassica rapaLeaf8000.0 170960.0 0.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitis viniferaStem-- 88000.0 0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem38000.0 88000.0 0.92 *
Oenothera biennisSeed47800.0 78000.0 0.91 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 171000.0 0.9 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 171000.0 0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lepidium sativumLeaf18000.0 169800.0 0.9 *
Anredera baselloidesTuber14000.0 93335.0 0.89 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf11000.0 169230.0 0.89 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant17000.0 170000.0 0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacaoFruit38000.0 90475.0 0.88 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Santalum acuminatumFruit21000.0 90130.0 0.87 *
Cynara cardunculusFlower10600.0 106000.0 0.85 *
Malva parvifloraPlant23000.0 168000.0 0.85 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf46000.0 167000.0 0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ficus caricaLeaf53000.0 167000.0 0.85 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf16670.0 166700.0 0.84 Tramil
Theobroma bicolorFruit7000.0 89060.0 0.84 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit58000.0 89000.0 0.84 *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf24000.0 166000.0 0.83 *
Valerianella locustaPlant12000.0 166666.0 0.82 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot10700.0 138000.0 0.82 *
Papaver somniferumSeed65450.0 75060.0 0.82 *
Curcuma longaRhizome9000.0 148000.0 0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf144000.0 165000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora mollissimaFruit7000.0 87500.0 0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Lycium chinenseLeaf17000.0 163000.0 0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 100000.0 0.78 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf21000.0 161540.0 0.75 *
Quercus stellataStem25000.0 84000.0 0.75 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit79000.0 85313.0 0.74 *
Panicum maximumLeaf7100.0 160000.0 0.72 *
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant19000.0 161000.0 0.72 *
Anethum graveolensFruit64000.0 84000.0 0.71 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf31000.0 159000.0 0.71 Wealth of India.
Tridax procumbensLeaf-- 159000.0 0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cannabis sativaSeed46000.0 71000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cucurbita pepoFlower4800.0 98970.0 0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper betelLeaf23000.0 157500.0 0.68 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed47530.0 70000.0 0.67 *
Moringa oleiferaFruit9700.0 82200.0 0.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Physalis ixocarpaFruit6000.0 82000.0 0.66 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed65000.0 69519.0 0.65 *
Stellaria mediaPlant13031.0 157000.0 0.65 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot9800.0 90000.0 0.64 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot5700.0 90000.0 0.64 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Colocasia esculentaLeaf13000.0 155000.0 0.64 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf13000.0 155000.0 0.64 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit52000.0 81000.0 0.63 *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 81000.0 0.62 *
Carica papayaLeaf22000.0 154000.0 0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf23000.0 153335.0 0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit4000.0 80000.0 0.6 *
Solanum melongenaFruit5000.0 80000.0 0.6 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf19000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Justicia pectoralisLeaf23000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solanum tuberosumTuber8100.0 85000.0 0.59 *
Carum carviSeed55000.0 67620.0 0.59 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant20000.0 153000.0 0.58 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf15800.0 151000.0 0.57 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf16050.0 150000.0 0.55 *
Artemisia absinthiumSeed-- 66000.0 0.55 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf21000.0 149000.0 0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calotropis sp.Seed-- 65500.0 0.53 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit66000.0 77000.0 0.53 *
Vitis viniferaFruit4290.0 77000.0 0.53 *
Brassica rapaRoot7000.0 86000.0 0.53 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit3000.0 76925.0 0.52 *
Arundo donaxPlant92000.0 150000.0 0.52 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 150000.0 0.52 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed59000.0 65000.0 0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sesamum indicumSeed42270.0 65000.0 0.51 *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf-- 148000.0 0.51 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Solanum melongenaLeaf20000.0 147000.0 0.5 *
Ribes rubrumFruit6000.0 75000.0 0.47 *
Solanum torvumFruit11000.0 75000.0 0.47 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisLeaf16000.0 145545.0 0.47 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf20000.0 143000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- 62000.0 0.42 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Plantago majorSeed18600.0 62000.0 0.42 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed17000.0 62000.0 0.42 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit6000.0 73000.0 0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Quercus albaStem20000.0 76000.0 0.41 *
Gentiana luteaRoot18040.0 82000.0 0.41 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot19680.0 82000.0 0.41 *
Coccinia grandisFruit5000.0 72465.0 0.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Humulus lupulusFlower15996.0 86000.0 0.4 *
Morus albaFruit7000.0 72000.0 0.4 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed28000.0 61000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed17000.0 61000.0 0.39 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf21009.0 141000.0 0.39 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf11000.0 141000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lepidium sativumSeed57000.0 60440.0 0.38 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit4000.0 71000.0 0.37 *
Acacia senegalFruit-- 71000.0 0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit6100.0 71000.0 0.37 *
Croton tigliumSeed40000.0 60000.0 0.36 *
Cinchona sppSeed-- 60000.0 0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Astragalus membranaceusRoot12800.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot11440.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Althaea officinalisRoot8640.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Echinacea sppRoot-- 80000.0 0.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpureaRoot20080.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Mentha spicataPlant16000.0 140485.0 0.35 *
Abelmoschus manihotLeaf16100.0 138793.0 0.35 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed7300.0 59400.0 0.35 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit7000.0 70000.0 0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phyllanthus acidusFruit4000.0 70000.0 0.35 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 138000.0 0.34 *
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 59000.0 0.33 *
Daucus carotaRoot56000.0 79000.0 0.33 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit3000.0 68965.0 0.32 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cenchrus biflorusShoot77000.0 116000.0 0.31 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt8000.0 160000.0 0.31 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant126000.0 138000.0 0.31 *
Acacia senegalSeed-- 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Casimiroa edulisSeed11000.0 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed-- 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vicia fabaSeed11000.0 57900.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 68000.0 0.29 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Rosa caninaFruit12716.0 68000.0 0.29 *
Annona glabraFruit9000.0 68000.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Petroselinum crispumPlant10823.0 137000.0 0.29 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf27000.0 135000.0 0.28 *
Piper auritumLeaf24000.0 135000.0 0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carum carviFruit56460.0 67620.0 0.28 *
Oryza sativaSeed7000.0 57000.0 0.27 *
Brassica junceaSeed53000.0 56500.0 0.26 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Mangifera indicaLeaf19000.0 133000.0 0.25 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed35000.0 56000.0 0.24 *
Tilia sp.Fruit21000.0 66000.0 0.24 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 132000.0 0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cnicus benedictusPlant17689.0 133000.0 0.22 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit6000.0 65000.0 0.22 *
Secale cerealeSeed-- 54750.0 0.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark14857.0 83000.0 0.2 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf17000.0 130000.0 0.2 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf63000.0 130000.0 0.2 *
Bixa orellanaFruit10000.0 64100.0 0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitisFruit5400.0 64000.0 0.19 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus aurantiumFruit5000.0 64000.0 0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica nigraSeed50000.0 54112.0 0.19 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Bixa orellanaSeed47000.0 54000.0 0.18 *
Mimosa pudicaSeed36000.0 54000.0 0.18 *
Acacia niloticaSeed40000.0 54000.0 0.18 *
Cucurbita maximaLeaf18200.0 129100.0 0.18 *
Melilotus indicaPlant85000.0 131000.0 0.18 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf13000.0 129000.0 0.18 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant113681.0 130809.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carya glabraShoot20000.0 110000.0 0.17 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf4000.0 128000.0 0.16 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf21504.0 128000.0 0.16 *
Aralia cordataLeaf6000.0 127660.0 0.16 *
Nigella sativaSeed38000.0 53000.0 0.15 *
Lawsonia inermisSeed47500.0 52780.0 0.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lablab purpureusSeed6400.0 52762.0 0.15 *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- 127000.0 0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Balanites aegyptiacusLeaf-- 127000.0 0.14 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit8700.0 61900.0 0.14 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed50300.0 52290.0 0.13 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Sechium eduleShoot8000.0 108100.0 0.13 *
Inula heleniumRoot15840.0 72000.0 0.13 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 108000.0 0.13 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Zizyphus jujubaShoot-- 108000.0 0.13 *
Liquidambar styracifluaSeed-- 52000.0 0.12 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed9000.0 52000.0 0.12 *
Ribes nigrumFruit8050.0 61100.0 0.11 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf15000.0 125000.0 0.11 *
Bupleurum chinenseRoot7810.0 71000.0 0.1 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot13490.0 71000.0 0.1 *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 124000.0 0.09 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 124000.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoPlant-- 126000.0 0.09 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant19404.0 126000.0 0.09 *
Piper nigrumFruit42932.0 60000.0 0.09 *
Moringa oleiferaShoot22600.0 105900.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 70000.0 0.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sclerocarya caffraSeed48000.0 50000.0 0.06 *
Corylus avellanaSeed17000.0 50000.0 0.06 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit12000.0 59000.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaSeed44000.0 49830.0 0.06 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carica pentagonaFruit4000.0 58825.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sechium eduleLeaf21600.0 122000.0 0.06 *
Agave americanaPlant-- 124000.0 0.05 *
Hydnocarpus kurziiSeed-- 49300.0 0.04 *
Helianthus annuusSeed26000.0 49300.0 0.04 *
Sinapis albaSeed44145.0 49280.0 0.04 *
Origanum majoranaPlant96900.0 123300.0 0.04 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot11040.0 69000.0 0.04 *
Rhus glabraStem21000.0 67000.0 0.04 *
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit4000.0 58000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimumSeed26000.0 49000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Durio zibethinusFruit8000.0 57895.0 0.03 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Sorbus aucubariaFruit7300.0 57690.0 0.03 *
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant15000.0 122000.0 0.02 *
Sechium eduleFruit4000.0 57145.0 0.01 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower6000.0 69000.0 0.01 *
Acacia tortilisFruit51000.0 57000.0 0.01 *
Ficus caricaFruit5000.0 57000.0 0.01 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 102900.0 0.01 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed42000.0 48100.0 0.01 *
Lablab purpureusFruit10000.0 56818.0 0.0 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot10500.0 102740.0 0.0 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot10500.0 102740.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissimaSeed31000.0 48000.0 0.0 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed29000.0 48000.0 0.0 *
Eruca sativaSeed-- 48000.0 0.0 *
Quercus rubraStem20000.0 66000.0 -0.0 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot14000.0 102200.0 -0.01 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit9000.0 56250.0 -0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 47400.0 -0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Polymnia edulisRoot3000.0 67000.0 -0.02 *
Persea americanaFruit6000.0 56000.0 -0.02 *
Pinus pineaSeed43000.0 47155.0 -0.02 *
Gossypium spSeed34100.0 47000.0 -0.03 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed40000.0 47000.0 -0.03 *
Pisum sativumFruit5600.0 55391.0 -0.03 *
Glycine maxPlant55000.0 119000.0 -0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulmus rubraBark12464.0 76000.0 -0.04 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot3100.0 66000.0 -0.04 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot9000.0 66000.0 -0.04 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot18282.0 66000.0 -0.04 *
Vicia fabaFruit8000.0 54800.0 -0.05 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Schinus molleFruit-- 54700.0 -0.05 *
Commelina benghalensisLeaf16000.0 115940.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cajanus cajanSeed14000.0 46000.0 -0.06 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 54000.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna subterraneaFruit-- 54000.0 -0.07 *
Gleditsia triacanthosFruit-- 54000.0 -0.07 *
Guarea rusbyiBark-- 75000.0 -0.07 *
Yucca baccataRoot13520.0 65000.0 -0.07 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed39270.0 45132.0 -0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling22000.0 61000.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Anemone coronariaSeed41000.0 45000.0 -0.09 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed40000.0 45000.0 -0.09 *
Jatropha curcasSeed-- 45000.0 -0.09 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant73000.0 116000.0 -0.09 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit6000.0 53000.0 -0.09 *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed18200.0 44600.0 -0.1 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed-- 44300.0 -0.11 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed30000.0 44000.0 -0.12 *
Fragaria sppFruit3900.0 52065.0 -0.12 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- 112000.0 -0.12 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit2600.0 52000.0 -0.12 *
Glycine maxFruit16000.0 52000.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsicum annuumFruit13416.0 52000.0 -0.12 *
Spondias pinnataFruit5000.0 52000.0 -0.12 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot8000.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Smilax sppRoot13230.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot19026.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Smilax officinalisRoot13230.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf10000.0 111000.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pisum sativumSeed8280.0 43138.0 -0.14 *
Cajanus cajanFruit13000.0 51000.0 -0.15 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit7000.0 51000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia catappaSeed24000.0 43000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulex europaeusSeed-- 43000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed33000.0 43000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 62000.0 -0.15 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf11000.0 110000.0 -0.16 *
Glycine maxSprout Seedling8000.0 58000.0 -0.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Quercus velutinaStem24000.0 62000.0 -0.17 *
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 42000.0 -0.18 Wealth of India.
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed31000.0 42000.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna subterraneaSeed18000.0 42000.0 -0.18 *
Asclepias syriacaSeed37000.0 42000.0 -0.18 *
Brassica junceaLeaf10000.0 108695.0 -0.18 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed33000.0 41725.0 -0.19 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit6000.0 49383.0 -0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit44000.0 49000.0 -0.2 *
Sambucus nigraFruit8600.0 48765.0 -0.2 *
Cnicus benedictusSeed-- 41000.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Melilotus albaSeed-- 41000.0 -0.21 *
Trifolium pratenseSeed-- 41000.0 -0.21 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Rhus copallinaStem25000.0 61000.0 -0.21 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot12600.0 60000.0 -0.22 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit13700.0 48070.0 -0.22 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus cerasusFruit4000.0 48000.0 -0.22 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 48000.0 -0.22 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit3840.0 48000.0 -0.22 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit6000.0 47620.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower17000.0 58220.0 -0.24 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed38000.0 40000.0 -0.24 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot10620.0 59000.0 -0.24 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit8000.0 47000.0 -0.25 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit1000.0 47000.0 -0.25 *
Albizia lebbeckLeaf101000.0 104000.0 -0.26 Wealth of India.
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 39000.0 -0.27 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed5070.0 39000.0 -0.27 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed35000.0 39000.0 -0.27 *
Crescentia alataSeed38000.0 39000.0 -0.27 *
Equisetum arvensePlant22684.0 106000.0 -0.27 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome83000.0 92222.0 -0.27 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 58000.0 -0.27 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling5000.0 53763.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Schisandra chinensisFruit6900.0 46000.0 -0.28 *
Canarium indicumSeed-- 38500.0 -0.28 *
Peganum harmalaPlant34000.0 105250.0 -0.28 *
Hydnocarpus wightianaSeed-- 38300.0 -0.29 *
Satureja hortensisPlant21100.0 105000.0 -0.29 *
Licania platypusFruit9600.0 45480.0 -0.29 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Carya ovataShoot25000.0 90000.0 -0.29 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber11000.0 60000.0 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling3750.0 53025.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Acacia decurrensSeed-- 38000.0 -0.3 *
Cytisus scopariusSeed-- 38000.0 -0.3 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed14000.0 38000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot4000.0 57000.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf2800.0 101708.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf2800.0 101708.0 -0.3 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit5000.0 44800.0 -0.31 *
Vigna angularisSeed32600.0 37622.0 -0.31 *
Vigna radiataSeed32210.0 37609.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysophyllum cainitoSeed-- 37500.0 -0.31 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rhizophora mangleLeaf89000.0 101000.0 -0.31 *
Coffea arabicaSeed-- 37400.0 -0.32 *
Aegle marmelosFruit10400.0 44155.0 -0.32 *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed8000.0 37000.0 -0.33 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed35000.0 37000.0 -0.33 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit4000.0 44000.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psidium cattleianumFruit5000.0 44000.0 -0.33 *
Angelica sinensisRoot12320.0 56000.0 -0.33 *
Salix albaWood-- 8700.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica nigraLeaf5830.0 99722.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juniperus virginianaShoot38000.0 88000.0 -0.34 *
Maclura pomiferaLeaf-- 99600.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf77000.0 99600.0 -0.34 *
Mangifera indicaSeed-- 36600.0 -0.34 *
Lupinus albusSeed32800.0 36580.0 -0.34 *
Frangula purshianaBark18559.0 67000.0 -0.34 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf19000.0 99360.0 -0.34 *
Psidium guajavaFruit4300.0 43200.0 -0.35 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf20097.0 99000.0 -0.35 *
Malus domesticaFruit2300.0 43000.0 -0.35 *
Aleurites moluccanaSeed30000.0 36000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoSeed32000.0 36000.0 -0.36 *
Cornus floridaSeed-- 36000.0 -0.36 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf15000.0 98500.0 -0.36 *
Colubrina texensisShoot-- 87000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf6000.0 98072.0 -0.37 *
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 98000.0 -0.37 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf13700.0 97818.0 -0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Inga edulisSeed13000.0 35425.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bertholletia excelsaSeed31840.0 35342.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower6000.0 52000.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Medicago sativaPlant18800.0 100000.0 -0.38 *
Ferula assa-foetidaPlant15000.0 100000.0 -0.38 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant17700.0 100000.0 -0.38 *
Malpighia glabraFruit2000.0 42000.0 -0.38 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot18900.0 54000.0 -0.39 *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed-- 35000.0 -0.39 *
Actinidia chinensisFruit4500.0 41600.0 -0.39 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf46000.0 96250.0 -0.4 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf29000.0 96000.0 -0.4 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf27000.0 96000.0 -0.4 *
Canna indicaRoot9000.0 53000.0 -0.42 *
Grindelia squarrosaSeed-- 34000.0 -0.42 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf17000.0 95000.0 -0.42 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 95000.0 -0.42 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- 97500.0 -0.42 *
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant-- 97200.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pyrus communisFruit2720.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Phaseolus lunatusFruit-- 40000.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit4800.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit3000.0 40000.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit7000.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Platonia insignisFruit10000.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Moringa oleiferaSeed32000.0 33333.0 -0.44 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus dulcisSeed21000.0 33022.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia veraSeed24000.0 33000.0 -0.45 *
Crotalaria junceaSeed-- 33000.0 -0.45 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiSeed6000.0 33000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Balanites aegyptiacusSeed-- 33000.0 -0.45 *
Sorbus aucubariaWood-- 6300.0 -0.45 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit27000.0 39358.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant13152.0 96000.0 -0.45 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 39000.0 -0.46 *
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit5400.0 38860.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea schiedeanaFruit7200.0 38725.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hylocereus undatusFruit6000.0 38460.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosumFruit15000.0 38460.0 -0.47 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Moringa oleiferaLeaf23000.0 92000.0 -0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Murraya spFruit10090.0 38333.0 -0.47 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit10090.0 38333.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persicaBark-- 63000.0 -0.48 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed29000.0 32000.0 -0.48 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed25000.0 32000.0 -0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sophora secundifloraSeed-- 32000.0 -0.48 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed26000.0 32000.0 -0.48 *
Annona muricataFruit5000.0 38000.0 -0.48 *
Pouteria viridisFruit12000.0 37975.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf25000.0 91000.0 -0.49 *
Pinus gerardianaSeed29000.0 31350.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosellaShoot-- 81000.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit10000.0 37355.0 -0.5 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 50000.0 -0.5 *
Panax ginsengRoot10600.0 50000.0 -0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf5500.0 90145.0 -0.51 *
Prunus serotinaStem1900.0 54000.0 -0.51 *
Diospyros virginianaStem22000.0 54000.0 -0.51 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed15000.0 30990.0 -0.51 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf18900.0 90000.0 -0.51 *
Allium cepaLeaf7000.0 90000.0 -0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vetiveria zizanioidesLeaf53000.0 90000.0 -0.51 *
Genipa americanaFruit2000.0 37000.0 -0.51 *
Lantana camaraFruit-- 37000.0 -0.51 *
Citrus sinensisFruit4100.0 36920.0 -0.51 *
Lens culinarisSeed21000.0 30875.0 -0.51 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot75000.0 80000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinereaSeed25150.0 30466.0 -0.52 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf76000.0 89000.0 -0.53 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaRoot-- 49000.0 -0.53 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Oxalis tuberosaRoot8000.0 49000.0 -0.53 *
Ananas comosusFruit2800.0 36000.0 -0.54 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower8100.0 45000.0 -0.54 *
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 30000.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ceratonia siliquaSeed-- 30000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus cembroidesSeed29000.0 30000.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniacaSeed10000.0 30000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed14000.0 30000.0 -0.54 *
Punica granatumFruit5000.0 35858.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Eugenia unifloraFruit2000.0 35715.0 -0.54 *
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 88000.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Paullinia yokoBark-- 61000.0 -0.55 *
Trifolium pratenseShoot-- 79000.0 -0.55 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed16700.0 29726.0 -0.55 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit5600.0 35345.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Zizyphus jujubaFruit6000.0 35000.0 -0.56 *
Spondias mombinFruit4000.0 35000.0 -0.56 *
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 87000.0 -0.56 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf13659.0 87000.0 -0.56 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit6000.0 34885.0 -0.56 *
Cicer arietinumSeed24000.0 28900.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Verbascum thapsusLeaf37840.0 86000.0 -0.58 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf-- 86000.0 -0.58 *
Myrica ceriferaBark13080.0 60000.0 -0.58 *
Castanea dentataSeed15600.0 28480.0 -0.58 *
Maclura pomiferaWood-- 3300.0 -0.59 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Spondias purpureaFruit6000.0 34000.0 -0.59 *
Annona cherimolaFruit6100.0 34000.0 -0.59 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 76900.0 -0.59 *
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 85000.0 -0.6 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed16000.0 28000.0 -0.6 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit5600.0 33400.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 29000.0 -0.6 *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit2000.0 33335.0 -0.6 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit6000.0 33335.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigraSeed23000.0 27770.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 84000.0 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Urtica dioicaLeaf16800.0 84000.0 -0.61 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit6150.0 32918.0 -0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Erythrina berteroanaShoot12000.0 76000.0 -0.62 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit7200.0 32800.0 -0.62 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Abies spectabilisWood-- 2600.0 -0.62 Wealth of India.
Castanea sativaSeed12300.0 27060.0 -0.63 *
Pinus edulisSeed22600.0 27000.0 -0.63 *
Nandina domesticaSeed-- 27000.0 -0.63 *
Larrea tridentataPlant28294.0 86000.0 -0.63 *
Juniperus communisFruit9920.0 32000.0 -0.64 *
Passiflora edulisFruit8000.0 32000.0 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Apium graveolensFruit6720.0 32000.0 -0.64 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit5900.0 31945.0 -0.64 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit29000.0 31800.0 -0.64 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf40000.0 82000.0 -0.65 *
Citrus reticulataFruit3900.0 31525.0 -0.65 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Pueraria montanaRoot14000.0 44600.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Feijoa sellowianaFruit5000.0 31250.0 -0.66 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rubus chamaemorusFruit4100.0 31250.0 -0.66 *
Sassafras albidumSeed24000.0 26000.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cichorium intybusRoot8900.0 44500.0 -0.66 *
Spondias dulcisFruit4000.0 31000.0 -0.66 *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 81000.0 -0.67 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 81000.0 -0.67 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf16000.0 81000.0 -0.67 *
Abrus precatoriusLeaf17000.0 81000.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot8200.0 44180.0 -0.67 *
Rubus idaeusFruit3880.0 30815.0 -0.67 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rollinia mucosaFruit7000.0 30700.0 -0.67 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ullucus tuberosusRoot6000.0 44000.0 -0.67 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- 30600.0 -0.67 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Terminalia belliricaLeaf49000.0 80000.0 -0.68 *
Rubus idaeusLeaf13520.0 80000.0 -0.68 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome10000.0 71000.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gardenia jasminoidesSeed-- 25000.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower5320.0 38000.0 -0.7 *
Secale cerealeSeed18000.0 24650.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Avena sativaPlant18040.0 82000.0 -0.7 *
Diospyros digynaFruit3700.0 29210.0 -0.71 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mangifera indicaFruit4700.0 29140.0 -0.71 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 29000.0 -0.72 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit8091.0 29000.0 -0.72 *
Serenoa repensFruit3770.0 29000.0 -0.72 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus angustifoliaSeed-- 24000.0 -0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed19000.0 24000.0 -0.72 *
Mirabilis expansaRoot7000.0 42000.0 -0.73 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 71000.0 -0.73 *
Syzygium jambosFruit4000.0 28385.0 -0.73 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf2000.0 77000.0 -0.74 *
Betula lentaLeaf-- 77000.0 -0.74 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Cuscuta europaeaPlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Phaseolus coccineusFruit16000.0 28000.0 -0.74 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Citrus limonFruit-- 28000.0 -0.74 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lupinus mutabilisFruit8000.0 28000.0 -0.74 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit2000.0 28000.0 -0.74 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome9700.0 68000.0 -0.75 *
Origanum vulgarePlant69000.0 79720.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Casimiroa edulisFruit4800.0 27777.0 -0.75 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling9250.0 35833.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Erythrina fuscaLeaf14000.0 76000.0 -0.75 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber20000.0 46948.0 -0.76 *
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit4000.0 27210.0 -0.76 *
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 35000.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria caimitoFruit7000.0 27070.0 -0.77 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit3000.0 27000.0 -0.77 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit3400.0 27000.0 -0.77 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf61000.0 75000.0 -0.77 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf8000.0 75000.0 -0.77 *
Pterocarpus marsupiumLeaf-- 75000.0 -0.77 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Elytrigia repensPlant61000.0 78000.0 -0.78 *
Plantago psylliumSeed4796.0 22000.0 -0.78 *
Rosa caninaSeed-- 22000.0 -0.78 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cocos nuciferaSeed9000.0 22000.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ricinus communisSeed20000.0 22000.0 -0.78 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber5000.0 46080.0 -0.79 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf16000.0 74000.0 -0.79 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf10000.0 74000.0 -0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Quararibea cordataFruit3000.0 25850.0 -0.8 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 19800.0 -0.81 *
Tamarindus indicaLeaf26000.0 73000.0 -0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans regiaSeed12000.0 21000.0 -0.81 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit9000.0 25280.0 -0.81 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit4000.0 25000.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant23500.0 75570.0 -0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaPlant-- 75000.0 -0.83 *
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf15620.0 71000.0 -0.84 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf7000.0 71000.0 -0.84 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf5000.0 71000.0 -0.84 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 19800.0 -0.84 *
Terminalia arjunaLeaf-- 70900.0 -0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit2000.0 24000.0 -0.85 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit2000.0 24000.0 -0.85 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit4000.0 24000.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 66000.0 -0.85 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 73000.0 -0.87 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 19000.0 -0.87 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mammea americanaFruit1700.0 23070.0 -0.87 *
Pouteria campechianaFruit6000.0 23000.0 -0.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot9000.0 37000.0 -0.87 *
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf6000.0 68965.0 -0.88 *
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 18400.0 -0.89 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Sassafras albidumLeaf33000.0 68000.0 -0.9 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit3000.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Carica papayaFruit2970.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Asimina trilobaFruit6000.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed16000.0 18000.0 -0.9 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 18000.0 -0.9 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed8900.0 18000.0 -0.9 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot7000.0 36064.0 -0.9 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower3190.0 29000.0 -0.9 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot5700.0 35925.0 -0.9 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf15000.0 67000.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nyssa sylvaticaStem15000.0 44000.0 -0.93 *
Spartium junceumStem-- 44000.0 -0.93 *
Dioscorea alataRoot7000.0 35045.0 -0.93 *
Macadamia sppSeed12400.0 17000.0 -0.93 *
Carya illinoensisSeed16000.0 17000.0 -0.93 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed13000.0 17000.0 -0.93 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 35000.0 -0.93 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot2450.0 35000.0 -0.93 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot12950.0 35000.0 -0.93 *
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 58000.0 -0.94 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ceratonia siliquaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.95 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Manihot esculentaRoot5000.0 34300.0 -0.95 *
Arctium lappaRoot7990.0 34000.0 -0.96 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed14000.0 16000.0 -0.96 *
Annona cherimolaSeed12000.0 15500.0 -0.97 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant6030.0 67000.0 -0.98 *
Silybum marianumLeaf13860.0 63000.0 -0.98 *
Phytelephas macrocarpaSeed-- 15000.0 -0.99 *
Areca catechuSeed-- 15000.0 -0.99 *
Astragalus gummiferGum15000.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud13400.0 180110.0 -1.0 *
Allium cepaBulb4000.0 63000.0 -1.0 *
Inga feuilleiAril4000.0 25000.0 -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 6000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Linum usitatissimumHay62000.0 72000.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 33000.0 -1.0 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb14000.0 159090.0 -1.0 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit2500.0 18000.0 -1.0 *
Quercus phellosStem14000.0 42000.0 -1.01 *
Arundo donaxStem-- 42000.0 -1.01 *
Paullinia cupanaSeed-- 14200.0 -1.01 Abstract (See species file)
Piper methysticumRoot-- 32000.0 -1.02 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Allium ampeloprasumFlower4000.0 24000.0 -1.02 *
Mauritia flexuosaFruit8000.0 17390.0 -1.02 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 61000.0 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit9000.0 17000.0 -1.03 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf11400.0 60000.0 -1.04 *
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot9000.0 31150.0 -1.04 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot3000.0 30975.0 -1.04 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 63000.0 -1.05 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cydonia oblongaSeed-- 13000.0 -1.05 *
Ilex paraguariensisSeed-- 13000.0 -1.05 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit2000.0 16000.0 -1.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phoradendron serotinumLeaf-- 59000.0 -1.05 *
Triticum aestivumSeed4000.0 12000.0 -1.08 *
Pastinaca sativaSeed-- 12000.0 -1.08 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot2900.0 29000.0 -1.1 *
Stachys officinalisPlant10080.0 60000.0 -1.1 *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 14000.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower2200.0 20000.0 -1.11 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit2070.0 13845.0 -1.11 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit2000.0 13140.0 -1.13 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 58000.0 -1.14 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 54000.0 -1.14 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf10000.0 53800.0 -1.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ephedra sinicaPlant11760.0 56000.0 -1.17 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit2000.0 11110.0 -1.18 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Annona reticulataFruit5000.0 11100.0 -1.18 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf5800.0 50000.0 -1.21 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf-- 50000.0 -1.21 *
Sassafras albidumStem11000.0 37000.0 -1.22 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf5537.0 49000.0 -1.23 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed6000.0 6600.0 -1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 24000.0 -1.24 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf11520.0 48000.0 -1.25 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot8000.0 23000.0 -1.27 *
Uncaria catechuPlant30000.0 50000.0 -1.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nepeta catariaPlant6000.0 50000.0 -1.28 *
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 12000.0 -1.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lantana camaraStem-- 35000.0 -1.3 *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- 44000.0 -1.32 *
Indigofera tinctoriaLeaf-- 44000.0 -1.32 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber9000.0 31000.0 -1.32 *
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- 5000.0 -1.34 Abstract (See species file)
Physalis alkekingiFruit-- 5000.0 -1.34 *
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- 42500.0 -1.35 *
Petasites japonicusPt14600.0 26545.0 -1.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot15000.0 20000.0 -1.36 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit2000.0 3800.0 -1.37 *
Abies spectabilisLeaf-- 40600.0 -1.38 Wealth of India.
Ocimum tenuiflorumSeed-- 2000.0 -1.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum sanctumSeed-- 2000.0 -1.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf12000.0 40000.0 -1.39 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit-- 3000.0 -1.39 *
Pinus echinataShoot17000.0 42000.0 -1.4 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 43000.0 -1.41 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 43000.0 -1.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Areca catechuSprout Seedling-- 10000.0 -1.43 *
Symphytum officinaleLeaf3960.0 36000.0 -1.46 *
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 36000.0 -1.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juncus effususLeaf-- 36000.0 -1.46 *
Arctium lappaLeaf8200.0 35600.0 -1.47 Wealth of India.
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf5000.0 33000.0 -1.51 *
Mimosa hostilisPlant-- 34400.0 -1.56 *
Ulex europaeusPlant16000.0 34000.0 -1.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longaPlant9920.0 32000.0 -1.61 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot7000.0 31000.0 -1.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf8000.0 17700.0 -1.78 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf3060.0 17000.0 -1.79 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 25000.0 -1.8 *
Catha edulisLeaf-- 16000.0 -1.81 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 19000.0 -1.94 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 17000.0 -2.04 Wealth of India.
Juglans nigraPericarp3480.0 29000.0 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp18200.0 154295.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Asclepias syriacaLatex Exudate-- 12300.0 *
Citrus mitisFruit Juice6200.0 62000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot-- -- *
Aloe spp.Leaf-- -- *
Quercus suberCork1000.0 40000.0 *
Olea europaeaTwig-- 85000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.