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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit7000.0 70000.0 0.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus manihotLeaf16100.0 138793.0 0.35 *
Abelmoschus esculentusSeed-- 47400.0 -0.01 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abies spectabilisWood-- 2600.0 -0.62 Wealth of India.
Abies spectabilisLeaf-- 40600.0 -1.38 Wealth of India.
Abrus precatoriusLeaf17000.0 81000.0 -0.67 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisLeaf-- 87000.0 -0.56 *
Acacia senegalLeaf-- 84000.0 -0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesianaLeaf10000.0 53800.0 -1.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilisFruit51000.0 57000.0 0.01 *
Acacia senegalFruit-- 71000.0 0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia decurrensSeed-- 38000.0 -0.3 *
Acacia tortilisSeed-- 59000.0 0.33 *
Acacia senegalSeed-- 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia niloticaSeed40000.0 54000.0 0.18 *
Acacia catechuLeaf-- 98000.0 -0.37 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf31000.0 159000.0 0.71 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefoliumPlant17700.0 100000.0 -0.38 *
Acrocomia totaiSeed-- 19800.0 -0.84 *
Acrocomia totaiFruit-- 103200.0 1.21 *
Actinidia chinensisFruit4500.0 41600.0 -0.39 *
Aegle marmelosFruit10400.0 44155.0 -0.32 *
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed14000.0 30000.0 -0.54 *
Aframomum meleguetaSeed25000.0 105000.0 1.72 Wealth of India.
Aframomum meleguetaFruit42000.0 103000.0 1.2 *
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 81000.0 -0.67 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Agave americanaPlant-- 124000.0 0.05 *
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant-- 97200.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 42000.0 -0.18 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeckLeaf101000.0 104000.0 -0.26 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed30000.0 36000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf10000.0 74000.0 -0.79 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaLeaf7000.0 90000.0 -0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf8000.0 75000.0 -0.77 *
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot12950.0 35000.0 -0.93 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf4000.0 128000.0 0.16 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower6000.0 52000.0 -0.38 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepaBulb4000.0 63000.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower4000.0 24000.0 -1.02 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot7000.0 31000.0 -1.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb10000.0 395000.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasumRoot9000.0 66000.0 -0.04 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot3000.0 30975.0 -1.04 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf8000.0 17700.0 -1.78 *
Aloe spp.Leaf-- -- *
Alpinia galangaRhizome10000.0 71000.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalisRoot8640.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf26000.0 240000.0 2.13 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusShoot-- 163000.0 1.4 *
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot3100.0 66000.0 -0.04 *
Amorphophallus konjacRoot-- 24000.0 -1.24 *
Amorphophallus konjacLeaf2000.0 77000.0 -0.74 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit2000.0 28000.0 -0.74 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed26000.0 32000.0 -0.48 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf12000.0 40000.0 -1.39 *
Ananas comosusFruit2800.0 36000.0 -0.54 *
Anemone coronariaSeed41000.0 45000.0 -0.09 *
Anethum graveolensPlant26000.0 205880.0 1.53 *
Anethum graveolensSeed64000.0 84000.0 1.09 *
Anethum graveolensFruit64000.0 84000.0 0.71 *
Angelica sinensisRoot12320.0 56000.0 -0.33 *
Annona squamosaFruit7000.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Annona cherimolaSeed12000.0 15500.0 -0.97 *
Annona glabraFruit9000.0 68000.0 0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona reticulataFruit5000.0 11100.0 -1.18 *
Annona cherimolaFruit6100.0 34000.0 -0.59 *
Annona diversifoliaFruit13700.0 48070.0 -0.22 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona muricataFruit5000.0 38000.0 -0.48 *
Anogeissus latifoliaLeaf-- 95000.0 -0.42 *
Anredera baselloidesTuber14000.0 93335.0 0.89 Wealth of India.
Anthriscus cerefoliumLeaf166000.0 178950.0 1.06 *
Apium graveolensPt6000.0 219000.0 1.04 *
Apium graveolensSeed6720.0 106294.0 1.76 *
Apium graveolensFruit6720.0 32000.0 -0.64 *
Apium graveolensRoot8300.0 100000.0 0.93 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf16000.0 74000.0 -0.79 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed16000.0 28000.0 -0.6 *
Arachis hypogaeaPlant73000.0 116000.0 -0.09 *
Aralia cordataLeaf6000.0 127660.0 0.16 *
Arctium lappaRoot7990.0 34000.0 -0.96 *
Arctium lappaLeaf8200.0 35600.0 -1.47 Wealth of India.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf5800.0 50000.0 -1.21 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiSeed6000.0 33000.0 -0.45 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Areca catechuSprout Seedling-- 10000.0 -1.43 *
Areca catechuSeed-- 15000.0 -0.99 *
Armoracia rusticanaRoot10620.0 59000.0 -0.24 *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant-- 200000.0 1.43 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot9000.0 31150.0 -1.04 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf22000.0 173220.0 0.96 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia absinthiumSeed-- 66000.0 0.55 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit5600.0 33400.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllusSeed15000.0 30990.0 -0.51 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit10000.0 37355.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed15000.0 85850.0 1.14 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arundo donaxStem-- 42000.0 -1.01 *
Arundo donaxPlant92000.0 150000.0 0.52 *
Asclepias syriacaLatex Exudate-- 12300.0 *
Asclepias syriacaSeed37000.0 42000.0 -0.18 *
Asimina trilobaFruit6000.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot-- 25000.0 -1.8 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot2900.0 29000.0 -1.1 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot6000.0 171000.0 1.58 *
Astragalus gummiferGum15000.0 30000.0 -1.0 *
Astragalus membranaceusRoot12800.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Avena sativaPlant18040.0 82000.0 -0.7 *
Avena sativaSeed19000.0 96000.0 1.45 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit3000.0 68965.0 0.32 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambolaFruit2600.0 52000.0 -0.12 *
Azadirachta indicaLeaf-- 112000.0 -0.12 *
Azadirachta indicaFruit-- 39000.0 -0.46 *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 19000.0 -1.94 Wealth of India.
Bactris gasipaesSeed-- 19000.0 -0.87 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Bactris gasipaesFruit7200.0 32800.0 -0.62 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Balanites aegyptiacusSeed-- 33000.0 -0.45 *
Balanites aegyptiacusLeaf-- 127000.0 0.14 *
Balanites aegyptiacusShoot-- 66000.0 -0.85 *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit52000.0 81000.0 0.63 *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 81000.0 -0.67 *
Basella albaLeaf14000.0 202900.0 1.48 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit3000.0 76925.0 0.52 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- 100000.0 0.78 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- 100000.0 0.93 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bertholletia excelsaSeed31840.0 35342.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgarisRoot7600.0 140000.0 2.07 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf15000.0 250000.0 2.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Betula lentaLeaf-- 77000.0 -0.74 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Bixa orellanaSeed47000.0 54000.0 0.18 *
Bixa orellanaFruit10000.0 64100.0 0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapidaAril12000.0 449000.0 1.0 *
Blighia sapidaSeed14000.0 104000.0 1.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria niveaShoot134000.0 182000.0 1.84 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf21000.0 161540.0 0.75 *
Brassica oleraceaStem7000.0 111110.0 1.89 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf6000.0 98072.0 -0.37 *
Brassica junceaSeed53000.0 56500.0 0.26 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica nigraSeed50000.0 54112.0 0.19 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica rapaRoot7000.0 86000.0 0.53 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf15000.0 98500.0 -0.36 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf13700.0 97818.0 -0.37 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica junceaLeaf10000.0 108695.0 -0.18 *
Brassica nigraLeaf5830.0 99722.0 -0.34 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapaLeaf8000.0 170960.0 0.92 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower6600.0 121250.0 1.2 *
Brassica pekinensisLeaf190000.0 210000.0 1.61 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf5500.0 90145.0 -0.51 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot5700.0 90000.0 0.64 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Brassica chinensisLeaf8000.0 170960.0 0.92 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf2800.0 101708.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf2800.0 101708.0 -0.3 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot10700.0 138000.0 0.82 *
Brosimum alicastrumFruit9000.0 56250.0 -0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinenseRoot7810.0 71000.0 0.1 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit6000.0 34885.0 -0.56 *
Cajanus cajanPlant-- 58000.0 -1.14 *
Cajanus cajanLeaf-- 185000.0 1.17 *
Cajanus cajanSeed14000.0 46000.0 -0.06 *
Cajanus cajanFruit13000.0 51000.0 -0.15 *
Calathea macrosepalaFlower13000.0 168830.0 2.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calotropis sp.Seed-- 65500.0 0.53 *
Canarium indicumSeed-- 38500.0 -0.28 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed29000.0 48000.0 0.0 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit6000.0 53000.0 -0.09 *
Canna indicaRoot9000.0 53000.0 -0.42 *
Cannabis sativaSeed46000.0 71000.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosaFlower79000.0 140000.0 1.63 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 132000.0 0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant19000.0 161000.0 0.72 *
Capsicum annuumFruit13416.0 52000.0 -0.12 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit6000.0 65000.0 0.22 *
Carica papayaLeaf22000.0 154000.0 0.62 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica pentagonaFruit4000.0 58825.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papayaFruit2970.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Carica papayaSeed-- 88000.0 1.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Carthamus tinctoriusPlant15000.0 122000.0 0.02 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower5320.0 38000.0 -0.7 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed40000.0 45000.0 -0.09 *
Carum carviFruit56460.0 67620.0 0.28 *
Carum carviSeed55000.0 67620.0 0.59 *
Carya glabraShoot20000.0 110000.0 0.17 *
Carya ovataShoot25000.0 90000.0 -0.29 *
Carya illinoensisSeed16000.0 17000.0 -0.93 *
Casimiroa edulisFruit4800.0 27777.0 -0.75 *
Casimiroa edulisSeed11000.0 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia toraSprout Seedling-- 99000.0 0.92 *
Castanea sativaLeaf-- 44000.0 -1.32 *
Castanea mollisimaSeed16700.0 29726.0 -0.55 *
Castanea sativaSeed12300.0 27060.0 -0.63 *
Castanea dentataSeed15600.0 28480.0 -0.58 *
Catha edulisLeaf-- 16000.0 -1.81 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot16060.0 146000.0 2.24 *
Cedrela odorataSeed-- 83000.0 1.06 *
Ceiba pentandraWood-- 59000.0 1.99 *
Ceiba pentandraSeed61000.0 82000.0 1.03 *
Cenchrus biflorusShoot77000.0 116000.0 0.31 *
Cenchrus biflorusSeed16000.0 18000.0 -0.9 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf16050.0 150000.0 0.55 *
Ceratonia siliquaSeed-- 30000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ceratonia siliquaFruit-- 20000.0 -0.95 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 62000.0 -0.15 *
Chamissoa altissimaLeaf16670.0 166700.0 0.84 Tramil
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf24000.0 166000.0 0.83 *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 150000.0 0.52 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf11000.0 169230.0 0.89 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud13400.0 180110.0 -1.0 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf3060.0 17000.0 -1.79 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifoliumShoot-- 71000.0 -0.73 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 171000.0 0.9 *
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit4000.0 58000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit3000.0 22000.0 -0.9 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoSeed-- 37500.0 -0.31 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cicer arietinumSeed24000.0 28900.0 -0.57 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endiviaLeaf13590.0 240000.0 2.13 *
Cichorium intybusRoot8900.0 44500.0 -0.66 *
Cichorium intybusLeaf6000.0 180000.0 1.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot-- -- *
Cinchona sppSeed-- 60000.0 0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 17000.0 -2.04 Wealth of India.
Citrullus lanatusSeed-- 62000.0 0.42 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- 30600.0 -0.67 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit2000.0 3800.0 -1.37 *
Citrus mitisFruit5400.0 64000.0 0.19 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulataFruit3900.0 31525.0 -0.65 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Citrus aurantiumFruit5000.0 64000.0 0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitisFruit Juice6200.0 62000.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus paradisiFruit3050.0 110000.0 1.38 *
Citrus limonFruit-- 28000.0 -0.74 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Citrus sinensisFruit4100.0 36920.0 -0.51 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant17689.0 133000.0 0.22 *
Cnicus benedictusSeed-- 41000.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf17000.0 130000.0 0.2 *
Coccinia grandisFruit5000.0 72465.0 0.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nuciferaSeed9000.0 22000.0 -0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabicaSeed-- 37400.0 -0.32 *
Colocasia esculentaRoot8000.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf13000.0 155000.0 0.64 *
Colubrina texensisShoot-- 87000.0 -0.36 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensisLeaf16000.0 115940.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf15800.0 151000.0 0.57 *
Coriandrum sativumSeed6000.0 6600.0 -1.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativumLeaf19000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cornus floridaSeed-- 36000.0 -0.36 *
Corylus avellanaSeed17000.0 50000.0 0.06 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit8091.0 29000.0 -0.72 *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit29000.0 31800.0 -0.64 *
Crescentia alataSeed38000.0 39000.0 -0.27 *
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style42700.0 133000.0 1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Crotalaria junceaSeed-- 33000.0 -0.45 *
Croton tigliumSeed40000.0 60000.0 0.36 *
Cucumis sativusFruit3670.0 140000.0 2.16 *
Cucumis meloFruit6950.0 110000.0 1.38 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit7500.0 95238.0 1.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaLeaf-- 215000.0 1.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepoFlower4800.0 98970.0 0.69 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita sppFruit5550.0 96045.0 1.02 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaSeed31000.0 48000.0 0.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaFruit-- 95000.0 0.99 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita maximaLeaf18200.0 129100.0 0.18 *
Cucurbita pepoSeed47530.0 70000.0 0.67 *
Cucurbita foetidissimaRoot-- 49000.0 -0.53 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cuminum cyminumFruit58000.0 89000.0 0.84 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed58000.0 89000.0 1.24 *
Curcuma longaPlant9920.0 32000.0 -1.61 *
Curcuma longaRhizome9000.0 148000.0 0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuscuta europaeaPlant-- 80000.0 -0.74 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot75000.0 80000.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 14000.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaSeed33000.0 43000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaLeaf144000.0 165000.0 0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedataFruit7000.0 122800.0 1.71 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit-- 3000.0 -1.39 *
Cydonia oblongaSeed-- 13000.0 -1.05 *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- 43000.0 -1.41 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculusFlower10600.0 106000.0 0.85 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit6100.0 71000.0 0.37 *
Cypripedium pubescensRoot-- 58000.0 -0.27 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonisLeaf16000.0 145545.0 0.47 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot5700.0 35925.0 -0.9 *
Cytisus scopariusSeed-- 38000.0 -0.3 *
Daucus carotaRoot56000.0 79000.0 0.33 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot8200.0 44180.0 -0.67 *
Dioscorea bulbiferaTuber9000.0 31000.0 -1.32 *
Dioscorea alataRoot7000.0 35045.0 -0.93 *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 35000.0 -0.93 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot19680.0 82000.0 0.41 *
Diospyros virginianaLeaf-- 50000.0 -1.21 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit9000.0 25280.0 -0.81 *
Diospyros virginianaStem22000.0 54000.0 -0.51 *
Diospyros digynaFruit3700.0 29210.0 -0.71 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Durio zibethinusFruit8000.0 57895.0 0.03 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Echinacea sppRoot-- 80000.0 0.36 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpureaRoot20080.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit5900.0 31945.0 -0.64 *
Elaeagnus commutataFruit7000.0 51000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus angustifoliaSeed-- 24000.0 -0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensisFruit9000.0 17000.0 -1.03 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber11000.0 60000.0 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumFruit-- 54000.0 -0.07 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomumSeed-- 58000.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot12600.0 60000.0 -0.22 *
Elytrigia repensPlant61000.0 78000.0 -0.78 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant11760.0 56000.0 -1.17 *
Equisetum arvensePlant22684.0 106000.0 -0.27 *
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit4000.0 44000.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf15620.0 71000.0 -0.84 *
Eruca sativaSeed-- 48000.0 0.0 *
Eryngium creticusShoot-- 194700.0 2.13 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 146900.0 1.03 *
Erythrina fuscaLeaf14000.0 76000.0 -0.75 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot12000.0 76000.0 -0.62 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf46000.0 96250.0 -0.4 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit2000.0 16000.0 -1.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit4000.0 27210.0 -0.76 *
Eugenia unifloraFruit2000.0 35715.0 -0.54 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant6030.0 67000.0 -0.98 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant19404.0 126000.0 0.09 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed19000.0 24000.0 -0.72 *
Feijoa sellowianaFruit5000.0 31250.0 -0.66 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ferula assa-foetidaPlant15000.0 100000.0 -0.38 *
Ficus caricaLeaf53000.0 167000.0 0.85 *
Ficus caricaFruit5000.0 57000.0 0.01 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant17000.0 170000.0 0.89 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareSeed9720.0 90000.0 1.27 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit79600.0 93026.0 0.94 *
Fragaria sppFruit3900.0 52065.0 -0.12 *
Frangula purshianaBark18559.0 67000.0 -0.34 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant29500.0 250000.0 2.33 *
Garcinia mangostanaFruit2000.0 13140.0 -1.13 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Gardenia jasminoidesSeed-- 25000.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Genipa americanaFruit2000.0 37000.0 -0.51 *
Gentiana luteaRoot18040.0 82000.0 0.41 *
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf11520.0 48000.0 -1.25 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed14000.0 38000.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gleditsia triacanthosSeed38000.0 40000.0 -0.24 *
Gleditsia triacanthosFruit-- 54000.0 -0.07 *
Gliricidia sepiumSeed-- 35000.0 -0.39 *
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf5000.0 33000.0 -1.51 *
Gliricidia sepiumFlower6000.0 69000.0 0.01 *
Glycine maxSeed17000.0 61000.0 0.39 *
Glycine maxPlant55000.0 119000.0 -0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling8000.0 58000.0 -0.16 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxFruit16000.0 52000.0 -0.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot16799.0 107000.0 1.13 *
Gossypium spSeed34100.0 47000.0 -0.03 *
Grindelia squarrosaSeed-- 34000.0 -0.42 *
Guarea rusbyiBark-- 75000.0 -0.07 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf11400.0 60000.0 -1.04 *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot13490.0 71000.0 0.1 *
Helianthus annuusSeed26000.0 49300.0 0.04 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber11000.0 115500.0 1.68 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaLeaf10000.0 111000.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower2200.0 20000.0 -1.11 *
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit-- 5000.0 -1.34 Abstract (See species file)
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 81000.0 0.62 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed9000.0 132000.0 2.53 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgarePlant61000.0 235000.0 2.06 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulusFruit70000.0 100000.0 1.12 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Humulus lupulusFlower15996.0 86000.0 0.4 *
Hydnocarpus wightianaSeed-- 38300.0 -0.29 *
Hydnocarpus kurziiSeed-- 49300.0 0.04 *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot18900.0 54000.0 -0.39 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot18282.0 66000.0 -0.04 *
Hylocereus undatusFruit6000.0 38460.0 -0.47 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit5400.0 38860.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ilex paraguariensisSeed-- 13000.0 -1.05 *
Ilex paraguariensisLeaf-- 42500.0 -1.35 *
Indigofera tinctoriaLeaf-- 44000.0 -1.32 *
Inga edulisSeed13000.0 35425.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuilleiAril4000.0 25000.0 -1.0 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inula heleniumRoot15840.0 72000.0 0.13 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf13000.0 212500.0 1.65 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot7000.0 36064.0 -0.9 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf12000.0 259000.0 2.47 *
Jatropha curcasSeed-- 45000.0 -0.09 *
Juglans nigraPericarp3480.0 29000.0 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- 29000.0 -0.6 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- 29000.0 -0.72 *
Juglans regiaSeed12000.0 21000.0 -0.81 *
Juglans cinereaSeed25150.0 30466.0 -0.52 *
Juglans nigraSeed23000.0 27770.0 -0.6 *
Juncus effususLeaf-- 36000.0 -1.46 *
Juniperus virginianaShoot38000.0 88000.0 -0.34 *
Juniperus communisFruit9920.0 32000.0 -0.64 *
Justicia pectoralisLeaf23000.0 153000.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifoliaLeaf-- 36000.0 -1.46 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureusSeed6400.0 52762.0 0.15 *
Lablab purpureusFruit10000.0 56818.0 0.0 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf7700.0 290000.0 3.02 *
Lagenaria sicerariaSeed-- 44300.0 -0.11 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit4300.0 96400.0 1.03 *
Lantana camaraStem-- 35000.0 -1.3 *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 102900.0 0.01 *
Lantana camaraFruit-- 37000.0 -0.51 *
Larrea tridentataPlant28294.0 86000.0 -0.63 *
Lawsonia inermisLeaf-- 148000.0 0.51 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Lawsonia inermisSeed47500.0 52780.0 0.15 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lens culinarisSeed21000.0 30875.0 -0.51 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling9250.0 35833.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Leonotis nepetaefoliaSeed59000.0 65000.0 0.51 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lepidium sativumLeaf18000.0 169800.0 0.9 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot-- 50000.0 -0.5 *
Lepidium sativumSeed57000.0 60440.0 0.38 *
Licania platypusFruit9600.0 45480.0 -0.29 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissimaFruit19000.0 192300.0 3.51 *
Limonia acidissimaSeed50300.0 52290.0 0.13 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimumSeed26000.0 49000.0 0.03 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimumHay62000.0 72000.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Liquidambar styracifluaStem20000.0 120000.0 2.26 *
Liquidambar styracifluaSeed-- 52000.0 0.12 *
Liquidambar styracifluaLeaf40000.0 82000.0 -0.65 *
Lobelia inflataLeaf5537.0 49000.0 -1.23 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf7000.0 71000.0 -0.84 *
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit4000.0 80000.0 0.6 *
Lupinus mutabilisSeed35000.0 39000.0 -0.27 *
Lupinus mutabilisFruit8000.0 28000.0 -0.74 *
Lupinus albusSeed32800.0 36580.0 -0.34 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf17000.0 163000.0 0.78 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit5700.0 105461.0 1.26 *
Macadamia sppSeed12400.0 17000.0 -0.93 *
Maclura pomiferaWood-- 3300.0 -0.59 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Maclura pomiferaLeaf-- 99600.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Malpighia glabraFruit2000.0 42000.0 -0.38 *
Malus domesticaFruit2300.0 43000.0 -0.35 *
Malva neglectaPlant172500.0 174500.0 0.97 *
Malva sylvestrisLeaf13000.0 155000.0 0.64 *
Malva parvifloraPlant23000.0 168000.0 0.85 *
Mammea americanaFruit1700.0 23070.0 -0.87 *
Mangifera indicaSeed-- 36600.0 -0.34 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf19000.0 133000.0 0.25 *
Mangifera indicaFruit4700.0 29140.0 -0.71 *
Manihot esculentaRoot5000.0 34300.0 -0.95 *
Manihot esculentaLeaf27000.0 135000.0 0.28 *
Manilkara zapotaFruit4000.0 24000.0 -0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot9000.0 37000.0 -0.87 *
Mauritia flexuosaFruit8000.0 17390.0 -1.02 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativaSeed44000.0 49830.0 0.06 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Medicago sativaPlant18800.0 100000.0 -0.38 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit3400.0 27000.0 -0.77 *
Melilotus albaSeed-- 41000.0 -0.21 *
Melilotus indicaPlant85000.0 131000.0 0.18 *
Mentha spicataPlant16000.0 140485.0 0.35 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant-- 73000.0 -0.87 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperitaLeaf21009.0 141000.0 0.39 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf5000.0 71000.0 -0.84 *
Mimosa hostilisPlant-- 34400.0 -1.56 *
Mimosa pudicaSeed36000.0 54000.0 0.18 *
Mimulus glabratusShoot15000.0 150000.0 1.1 *
Mirabilis expansaRoot7000.0 42000.0 -0.73 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf21000.0 149000.0 0.53 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantiaFruit4000.0 142000.0 2.21 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf15000.0 67000.0 -0.91 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaSeed32000.0 33333.0 -0.44 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaLeaf23000.0 92000.0 -0.47 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Moringa oleiferaShoot22600.0 105900.0 0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleiferaFruit9700.0 82200.0 0.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus albaLeaf80000.0 204000.0 1.5 *
Morus albaFruit7000.0 72000.0 0.4 *
Mucuna pruriensSeed30000.0 44000.0 -0.12 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit12000.0 59000.0 0.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya spFruit10090.0 38333.0 -0.47 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf15000.0 125000.0 0.11 *
Musa x paradisiacaPith-- 6000.0 -1.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaLeaf-- 88000.0 -0.54 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaShoot11710.0 158300.0 1.29 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 121000.0 1.41 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiacaSprout Seedling-- 143000.0 2.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiacaFruit10090.0 38333.0 -0.47 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiacaFlower-- 12000.0 -1.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria dubiaFruit2000.0 33335.0 -0.6 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit2000.0 24000.0 -0.85 *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- 127000.0 0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica ceriferaBark13080.0 60000.0 -0.58 *
Nandina domesticaSeed-- 27000.0 -0.63 *
Nasturtium officinaleHerb13000.0 179000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed9000.0 52000.0 0.12 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome9700.0 68000.0 -0.75 *
Nepeta catariaPlant6000.0 50000.0 -1.28 *
Nicotiana tabacumLeaf120000.0 250000.0 2.31 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nigella sativaSeed38000.0 53000.0 0.15 *
Nyssa sylvaticaStem15000.0 44000.0 -0.93 *
Nyssa sylvaticaLeaf25000.0 91000.0 -0.49 *
Ocimum tenuiflorumPlant-- 97500.0 -0.42 *
Ocimum sanctumSeed-- 2000.0 -1.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum tenuiflorumSeed-- 2000.0 -1.38 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ocimum basilicumPlant20000.0 153000.0 0.58 *
Oenothera biennisSeed47800.0 78000.0 0.91 *
Olea europaeaLeaf-- 61000.0 -1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaFruit64000.0 294000.0 6.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaeaTwig-- 85000.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit3000.0 27000.0 -0.77 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaBud-- 235000.0 1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indicaSeed31700.0 241000.0 5.81 *
Origanum majoranaPlant96900.0 123300.0 0.04 *
Origanum vulgarePlant69000.0 79720.0 -0.75 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativaPlant75000.0 185800.0 1.17 *
Oryza sativaSeed7000.0 57000.0 0.27 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot8000.0 49000.0 -0.53 *
Pachira macrocarpaSeed35000.0 37000.0 -0.33 *
Pachyrhizus erosusTuber5000.0 46080.0 -0.79 *
Panax ginsengRoot10600.0 50000.0 -0.5 *
Panicum maximumLeaf7100.0 160000.0 0.72 *
Papaver somniferumSeed65450.0 75060.0 0.82 *
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot11040.0 69000.0 0.04 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower3190.0 29000.0 -0.9 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit6000.0 33335.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed8000.0 37000.0 -0.33 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit7000.0 87500.0 0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulisSeed-- 18400.0 -0.89 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit4000.0 71000.0 0.37 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit8700.0 61900.0 0.14 *
Passiflora edulisFruit8000.0 32000.0 -0.64 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pastinaca sativaSeed-- 12000.0 -1.08 *
Pastinaca sativaRoot9800.0 90000.0 0.64 *
Paullinia cupanaSeed-- 14200.0 -1.01 Abstract (See species file)
Paullinia yokoBark-- 61000.0 -0.55 *
Peganum harmalaPlant34000.0 105250.0 -0.28 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf11000.0 141000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf23000.0 153335.0 0.61 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeataFruit3000.0 94000.0 0.97 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensLeaf20000.0 143000.0 0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensSeed10000.0 85000.0 1.12 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americanaFruit6000.0 56000.0 -0.02 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit7200.0 38725.0 -0.46 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Petasites japonicusPt14600.0 26545.0 -1.35 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispumPlant10823.0 137000.0 0.29 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf26000.0 177000.0 1.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusSeed15000.0 100000.0 1.57 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed31000.0 42000.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineusSeed28000.0 61000.0 0.39 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling5000.0 53763.0 -0.28 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit6000.0 156000.0 2.57 *
Phaseolus lunatusLeaf5000.0 179000.0 1.06 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusHay92000.0 123000.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus coccineusFruit16000.0 28000.0 -0.74 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed17000.0 62000.0 0.42 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling22000.0 61000.0 -0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatusFruit-- 40000.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus acutifoliusFruit-- 68000.0 0.29 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit5000.0 44800.0 -0.31 *
Phoenix dactyliferaSeed8900.0 18000.0 -0.9 *
Phoradendron serotinumLeaf-- 59000.0 -1.05 *
Phragmites australisShoot-- 108000.0 0.13 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phragmites australisRhizome-- 58000.0 -0.94 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus acidusFruit4000.0 70000.0 0.35 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit4000.0 25000.0 -0.82 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis ixocarpaFruit6000.0 82000.0 0.66 *
Physalis angulataFruit20000.0 200000.0 3.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis alkekingiFruit-- 5000.0 -1.34 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit8000.0 47000.0 -0.25 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisMesocarp18200.0 154295.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialisFlower17000.0 58220.0 -0.24 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas macrocarpaSeed-- 15000.0 -0.99 *
Phytelephas aequatorialisSeed7300.0 59400.0 0.35 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Pimenta dioicaLeaf76000.0 89000.0 -0.53 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit66000.0 77000.0 0.53 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed60000.0 100000.0 1.57 *
Pinus edulisSeed22600.0 27000.0 -0.63 *
Pinus pineaSeed43000.0 47155.0 -0.02 *
Pinus cembroidesSeed29000.0 30000.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus echinataShoot17000.0 42000.0 -1.4 *
Pinus gerardianaSeed29000.0 31350.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper betelLeaf23000.0 157500.0 0.68 *
Piper auritumLeaf24000.0 135000.0 0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper methysticumRoot-- 32000.0 -1.02 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Piper nigrumFruit42932.0 60000.0 0.09 *
Pistacia veraSeed24000.0 33000.0 -0.45 *
Pisum sativumFruit5600.0 55391.0 -0.03 *
Pisum sativumSeed8280.0 43138.0 -0.14 *
Pisum sativumPlant60000.0 191000.0 1.26 *
Plantago psylliumHull Husk-- 19800.0 -0.81 *
Plantago majorSeed18600.0 62000.0 0.42 *
Plantago psylliumSeed4796.0 22000.0 -0.78 *
Platonia insignisFruit10000.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot15000.0 20000.0 -1.36 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf12000.0 214285.0 1.68 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- 70000.0 0.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulisRoot3000.0 67000.0 -0.02 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb14000.0 159090.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp.Leaf17000.0 95000.0 -0.42 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit2000.0 11110.0 -1.18 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimitoFruit7000.0 27070.0 -0.77 *
Pouteria viridisFruit12000.0 37975.0 -0.48 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechianaFruit6000.0 23000.0 -0.87 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis julifloraLeaf-- 85000.0 -0.6 *
Prosopis julifloraFruit-- 48000.0 -0.22 *
Prosopis julifloraSeed35000.0 300000.0 7.58 *
Prunus serotinaLeaf29000.0 96000.0 -0.4 *
Prunus dulcisSeed21000.0 33022.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus salicifoliaFruit5600.0 35345.0 -0.55 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus armeniacaSeed10000.0 30000.0 -0.54 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Prunus persicaFruit4000.0 150000.0 2.42 *
Prunus domesticaFruit3810.0 170000.0 2.93 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit7000.0 105000.0 1.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus serotinaStem1900.0 54000.0 -0.51 *
Prunus persicaBark-- 63000.0 -0.48 *
Prunus cerasusFruit4000.0 48000.0 -0.22 *
Psidium guajavaFruit4300.0 43200.0 -0.35 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit5000.0 44000.0 -0.33 *
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 30000.0 -0.54 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed6120.0 80863.0 0.99 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusLeaf19000.0 99360.0 -0.34 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusTuber20000.0 46948.0 -0.76 *
Pteridium aquilinumRhizome83000.0 92222.0 -0.27 *
Pteridium aquilinumLeaf6000.0 68965.0 -0.88 *
Pterocarpus marsupiumLeaf-- 75000.0 -0.77 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montanaRoot14000.0 44600.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatumFruit5000.0 35858.0 -0.54 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pyrus communisFruit2720.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Quararibea cordataFruit3000.0 25850.0 -0.8 *
Quercus stellataStem25000.0 84000.0 0.75 *
Quercus albaStem20000.0 76000.0 0.41 *
Quercus velutinaStem24000.0 62000.0 -0.17 *
Quercus rubraStem20000.0 66000.0 -0.0 *
Quercus albaBark31008.0 136000.0 2.0 *
Quercus suberCork1000.0 40000.0 *
Quercus phellosStem14000.0 42000.0 -1.01 *
Quisqualis indicaSeed65000.0 69519.0 0.65 *
Raphanus sativusRoot10000.0 185700.0 3.37 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf10000.0 194000.0 1.32 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt8000.0 160000.0 0.31 *
Rhizophora mangleLeaf89000.0 101000.0 -0.31 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 182000.0 1.1 *
Rhus glabraStem21000.0 67000.0 0.04 *
Rhus copallinaStem25000.0 61000.0 -0.21 *
Rhus copallinaLeaf27000.0 96000.0 -0.4 *
Rhynchosia minimaShoot-- 76900.0 -0.59 *
Ribes rubrumFruit6000.0 75000.0 0.47 *
Ribes nigrumFruit8050.0 61100.0 0.11 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit4000.0 183000.0 3.27 *
Ricinus communisLeaf-- 124000.0 0.09 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ricinus communisSeed20000.0 22000.0 -0.78 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacaciaSeed40000.0 47000.0 -0.03 *
Robinia pseudoacaciaLeaf61000.0 75000.0 -0.77 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit7000.0 30700.0 -0.67 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa caninaSeed-- 22000.0 -0.78 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa caninaFruit12716.0 68000.0 0.29 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant23500.0 75570.0 -0.82 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeusLeaf13520.0 80000.0 -0.68 *
Rubus idaeusFruit3880.0 30815.0 -0.67 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus chamaemorusFruit4100.0 31250.0 -0.66 *
Rumex crispusRoot39321.0 153000.0 2.44 *
Rumex acetosaLeaf11000.0 110000.0 -0.16 *
Rumex crispusLeaf15000.0 202703.0 1.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosellaShoot-- 81000.0 -0.5 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot19026.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Salix albaWood-- 8700.0 -0.34 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Salix albaBark18480.0 110000.0 1.12 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf13659.0 87000.0 -0.56 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit6150.0 32918.0 -0.61 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigraFruit8600.0 48765.0 -0.2 *
Santalum acuminatumFruit21000.0 90130.0 0.87 *
Sassafras albidumLeaf33000.0 68000.0 -0.9 *
Sassafras albidumStem11000.0 37000.0 -1.22 *
Sassafras albidumSeed24000.0 26000.0 -0.66 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Satureja hortensisPlant21100.0 105000.0 -0.29 *
Schinus molleFruit-- 54700.0 -0.05 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit6900.0 46000.0 -0.28 *
Sclerocarya caffraFruit2000.0 24000.0 -0.85 *
Sclerocarya caffraSeed48000.0 50000.0 0.06 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant13152.0 96000.0 -0.45 *
Secale cerealeSeed18000.0 24650.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Secale cerealeSeed-- 54750.0 0.21 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium eduleFruit4000.0 57145.0 0.01 *
Sechium eduleShoot8000.0 108100.0 0.13 *
Sechium eduleLeaf21600.0 122000.0 0.06 *
Senna obtusifoliaSeed42000.0 48100.0 0.01 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf20097.0 99000.0 -0.35 *
Serenoa repensFruit3770.0 29000.0 -0.72 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicumSeed42270.0 65000.0 0.51 *
Sesamum indicumLeaf-- 124000.0 0.09 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sicana odoriferaFruit6000.0 47620.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf16000.0 81000.0 -0.67 *
Silybum marianumPlant-- 63000.0 -1.05 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianumLeaf13860.0 63000.0 -0.98 *
Simmondsia chinensisSeed14000.0 16000.0 -0.96 *
Sinapis albaSeed44145.0 49280.0 0.04 *
Smilax officinalisRoot13230.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Smilax sppRoot13230.0 63000.0 -0.13 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf20000.0 147000.0 0.5 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber8100.0 85000.0 0.59 *
Solanum melongenaFruit5000.0 80000.0 0.6 *
Solanum torvumFruit11000.0 75000.0 0.47 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit6000.0 73000.0 0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf16000.0 235000.0 2.05 *
Sophora secundifloraSeed-- 32000.0 -0.48 *
Sophora japonicaSeed-- 39000.0 -0.27 *
Sorbus aucubariaFruit7300.0 57690.0 0.03 *
Sorbus aucubariaWood-- 6300.0 -0.45 *
Spartium junceumStem-- 44000.0 -0.93 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaRoot8000.0 23000.0 -1.27 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpaSeed29000.0 32000.0 -0.48 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant16850.0 285700.0 2.98 *
Spirulina spp.Plant-- 43000.0 -1.41 *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- 182000.0 1.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias mombinFruit4000.0 35000.0 -0.56 *
Spondias purpureaFruit6000.0 34000.0 -0.59 *
Spondias dulcisFruit4000.0 31000.0 -0.66 *
Spondias pinnataFruit5000.0 52000.0 -0.12 *
Stachys officinalisPlant10080.0 60000.0 -1.1 *
Stellaria mediaPlant13031.0 157000.0 0.65 *
Sterculia urensGum-- 59200.0 1.0 *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf63000.0 130000.0 0.2 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatusStem38000.0 88000.0 0.92 *
Symphytum officinaleLeaf3960.0 36000.0 -1.46 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 140000.0 2.07 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium jambosFruit4000.0 28385.0 -0.73 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit3000.0 40000.0 -0.43 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccenseFruit1000.0 47000.0 -0.25 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark14857.0 83000.0 0.2 *
Tamarindus indicaSeed25000.0 32000.0 -0.48 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 35000.0 -0.76 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaLeaf26000.0 73000.0 -0.81 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFruit27000.0 39358.0 -0.45 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 171000.0 0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf18000.0 205000.0 1.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Taraxacum officinaleRoot11440.0 80000.0 0.36 *
Tephrosia purpureaLeaf77000.0 99600.0 -0.34 *
Terminalia catappaSeed24000.0 43000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia belliricaLeaf49000.0 80000.0 -0.68 *
Terminalia arjunaLeaf-- 70900.0 -0.84 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf18000.0 300000.0 3.19 *
Tetrapanax papyriferaPith-- 59000.0 1.0 *
Theobroma angustifoliumSeed18200.0 44600.0 -0.1 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit38000.0 90475.0 0.88 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolorSeed33000.0 41725.0 -0.19 *
Theobroma speciosumFruit15000.0 38460.0 -0.47 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolorFruit7000.0 89060.0 0.84 *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf21504.0 128000.0 0.16 *
Thymus vulgarisPlant113681.0 130809.0 0.18 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tilia sp.Fruit21000.0 66000.0 0.24 *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit79000.0 85313.0 0.74 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf46000.0 167000.0 0.85 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit5000.0 92590.0 0.93 *
Tridax procumbensLeaf-- 159000.0 0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trifolium pratenseSeed-- 41000.0 -0.21 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Trifolium pratenseFlower8100.0 45000.0 -0.54 *
Trifolium pratenseShoot-- 79000.0 -0.55 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed5070.0 39000.0 -0.27 *
Triticum aestivumSeed4000.0 12000.0 -1.08 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot4000.0 57000.0 -0.3 *
Tropaeolum majusShoot14000.0 102200.0 -0.01 *
Turnera diffusaLeaf18900.0 90000.0 -0.51 *
Ulex europaeusPlant16000.0 34000.0 -1.57 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulex europaeusSeed-- 43000.0 -0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ullucus tuberosusRoot6000.0 44000.0 -0.67 *
Ulmus rubraBark12464.0 76000.0 -0.04 *
Uncaria catechuPlant30000.0 50000.0 -1.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Urtica dioicaLeaf16800.0 84000.0 -0.61 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit4800.0 40000.0 -0.43 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit2500.0 18000.0 -1.0 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit2070.0 13845.0 -1.11 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit3840.0 48000.0 -0.22 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot16874.0 143000.0 2.15 *
Valerianella locustaPlant12000.0 166666.0 0.82 *
Vanilla planifoliaFruit45000.0 97000.0 1.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Verbascum thapsusLeaf37840.0 86000.0 -0.58 *
Vetiveria zizanioidesLeaf53000.0 90000.0 -0.51 *
Vicia fabaSeed11000.0 57900.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia fabaFruit8000.0 54800.0 -0.05 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculataSeed16000.0 120000.0 2.17 *
Vigna unguiculataFruit6000.0 49383.0 -0.19 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaFruit-- 54000.0 -0.07 *
Vigna mungoSeed32000.0 36000.0 -0.36 *
Vigna angularisSeed32600.0 37622.0 -0.31 *
Vigna aconitifoliaLeaf-- 138000.0 0.34 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot10500.0 102740.0 0.0 *
Vigna subterraneaSeed18000.0 42000.0 -0.18 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling3750.0 53025.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoPlant-- 126000.0 0.09 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed35000.0 56000.0 0.24 *
Vigna aconitifoliaFruit-- 144000.0 2.26 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot10500.0 102740.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed39270.0 45132.0 -0.08 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna subterraneaPlant-- 75000.0 -0.83 *
Vigna radiataSeed32210.0 37609.0 -0.31 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungoFruit-- 122000.0 1.69 *
Vigna aconitifoliaPlant126000.0 138000.0 0.31 *
Viscum albumLeaf-- 54000.0 -1.14 *
Vitellaria paradoxaSeed-- 18000.0 -0.9 *
Vitis viniferaFruit4290.0 77000.0 0.53 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 88000.0 0.92 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumRoot6000.0 146000.0 2.24 *
Xanthosoma sagittifoliumLeaf13000.0 129000.0 0.18 *
Yucca baccataRoot13520.0 65000.0 -0.07 *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 33000.0 -1.0 *
Zea maysSeed10000.0 90000.0 1.27 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome7700.0 200000.0 1.83 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot2450.0 35000.0 -0.93 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit44000.0 49000.0 -0.2 *
Zizyphus jujubaLeaf-- 86000.0 -0.58 *
Zizyphus jujubaShoot-- 108000.0 0.13 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit6000.0 35000.0 -0.56 *
Zizyphus jujubaSeed13000.0 17000.0 -0.93 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.