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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Malpighia glabraFruit16228.0 172231.0 10.42 *
Juglans regiaLeaf8000.0 13000.0 0.76 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rosa gallicaFruit5450.0 8470.0 0.24 *
Citrus limonFruit5208.0 5566.0 0.06 *
Juglans regiaFruit4500.0 15000.0 0.65 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vitis viniferaLeaf3490.0 3870.0 -0.08 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Fragaria sppLeaf3190.0 4350.0 -0.04 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rosa caninaFlower3000.0 13000.0 3.17 *
Armoracia rusticanaLeaf2440.0 4560.0 -0.02 *
Moringa oleiferaLeaf2200.0 8800.0 0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pimenta dioicaLeaf2012.0 2067.0 -0.25 *
Phragmites australisLeaf2000.0 9100.0 0.4 *
Morus albaLeaf2000.0 3000.0 -0.17 *
Tropaeolum majusLeaf2000.0 4650.0 -0.01 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansaLeaf1960.0 12200.0 0.69 *
Diospyros digynaFruit1915.0 9330.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Armoracia rusticanaRoot1800.0 10000.0 5.07 *
Momordica charantiaLeaf1700.0 12412.0 0.71 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Berberis vulgarisFruit1560.0 3800.0 -0.05 *
Hippophae rhamnoidesLeaf1500.0 3400.0 -0.13 *
Acalypha indicaLeaf1470.0 7540.0 0.26 Wealth of India.
Carica papayaLeaf1400.0 6222.0 0.13 *
Rosa caninaFruit1384.0 7400.0 0.18 *
Phytolacca americanaShoot1360.0 16184.0 0.41 *
Calendula officinalisFlower1330.0 3100.0 0.12 *
Armoracia rusticanaPlant1220.0 18200.0 3.68 *
Anethum graveolensPlant1214.0 1440.0 -0.26 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l.Leaf1200.0 7720.0 0.27 *
Artemisia absinthiumLeaf1200.0 2600.0 -0.2 *
Senna alexandrinaLeaf1130.0 5566.0 0.07 *
Phaseolus vulgarisLeaf1100.0 8333.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ficus caricaLeaf1050.0 3300.0 -0.14 *
Rumex crispusRoot1042.0 4054.0 1.67 *
Basella albaLeaf1020.0 14785.0 0.93 *
Rosa sppFruit1000.0 12500.0 0.49 *
Tropaeolum majusPt1000.0 1600.0 -1.02 *
Arachis hypogaeaLeaf980.0 4558.0 -0.02 *
Luffa aegyptiacaLeaf950.0 9596.0 0.45 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Leaf911.0 10360.0 0.52 *
Brassica oleracea var. italicaLeaf911.0 10360.0 0.52 *
Sida rhombifoliaLeaf900.0 4545.0 -0.02 *
Anacardium occidentaleLeaf890.0 2957.0 -0.17 *
Citrus mitisFruit884.0 11130.0 0.41 *
Byrsonima crassifoliaFruit840.0 9275.0 0.29 *
Raphanus sativusLeaf810.0 7043.0 0.21 *
Muntingia calaburaFruit805.0 3795.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manihot esculentaLeaf800.0 10000.0 0.48 *
Solanum melongenaLeaf790.0 5809.0 0.1 *
Coriandrum sativumLeaf780.0 6290.0 0.14 *
Blighia sapidaSeed780.0 2735.0 1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Actinidia chinensisFruit750.0 6370.0 0.11 *
Sambucus nigraLeaf739.0 11000.0 0.58 *
Boehmeria niveaLeaf730.0 5615.0 0.08 *
Artemisia vulgarisLeaf720.0 5670.0 0.08 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Brassica oleracea var. gemmiferaLeaf720.0 6069.0 0.12 *
Passiflora mollissimaFruit700.0 8750.0 0.26 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Raphanus sativusFruit690.0 7822.0 0.2 *
Lepidium sativumLeaf690.0 6510.0 0.16 *
Tropaeolum tuberosumRoot670.0 4800.0 2.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l.Flower660.0 9300.0 2.03 *
Diospyros virginianaFruit660.0 1855.0 -0.17 *
Carica papayaFruit640.0 4741.0 0.01 *
Urtica dioicaPlant640.0 2200.0 -0.08 Jim Duke's personal files.
Rumex acetosaLeaf630.0 12400.0 0.71 *
Brassica oleraceaStem620.0 6890.0 1.26 *
Rubus idaeusLeaf620.0 3670.0 -0.1 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant612.0 673.0 -0.44 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chenopodium albumPlant600.0 9000.0 1.52 *
Pisum sativumFruit600.0 5935.0 0.08 *
Achillea millefoliumLeaf580.0 3100.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Momordica charantiaFruit570.0 36447.0 1.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sclerocarya caffraFruit540.0 8190.0 0.22 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFruit540.0 3750.0 -0.05 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cola acuminataSeed540.0 1456.0 0.54 *
Trifolium pratenseFlower534.0 2966.0 0.08 *
Mangifera indicaLeaf530.0 2430.0 -0.22 *
Morinda citrifoliaLeaf520.0 2320.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleiferaShoot517.0 2425.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majoranaPlant514.0 555.0 -0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus sinensisFruit500.0 4071.0 -0.03 *
Rumex acetosellaLeaf500.0 12000.0 0.67 *
Hippophae rhamnoidesFruit500.0 14000.0 0.59 *
Acacia farnesianaLeaf490.0 2636.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper auritumLeaf490.0 3370.0 -0.13 *
Pouteria caimitoFruit490.0 1890.0 -0.17 *
Cichorium endiviaLeaf462.0 9302.0 0.42 *
Zizyphus jujubaFruit460.0 3882.0 -0.04 *
Perilla frutescensLeaf460.0 3286.0 -0.14 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Malva parvifloraPlant454.0 4745.0 0.52 *
Spondias purpureaFruit450.0 2025.0 -0.16 *
Brassica chinensisLeaf450.0 9713.0 0.46 *
Brassica rapaLeaf450.0 9713.0 0.46 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gliricidia sepiumLeaf440.0 3145.0 -0.15 *
Allium sativum var. sativumFlower440.0 3793.0 0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria viridisFruit430.0 1360.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinaleHerb430.0 13690.0 1.0 *
Petroselinum crispumPlant430.0 7695.0 1.21 *
Allium sativum var. sativumShoot420.0 1883.0 -0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantiumFruit420.0 3947.0 -0.04 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Fragaria sppFruit400.0 6948.0 0.15 *
Allium ampeloprasumFlower400.0 2367.0 -0.11 *
Pouteria campechianaFruit400.0 1475.0 -0.19 *
Asparagus officinalisRoot398.0 3976.0 1.63 *
Cucumis meloFruit397.0 4370.0 -0.01 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium cepaLeaf390.0 5000.0 0.02 *
Allium sativum var. sativumLeaf390.0 2868.0 -0.18 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSprout Seedling387.0 4161.0 2.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysanthemum coronariumBud370.0 4975.0 *
Erythrina berteroanaShoot370.0 2340.0 -0.26 *
Oxalis tuberosaRoot370.0 2284.0 0.66 *
Corchorus olitoriusLeaf370.0 4080.0 -0.07 *
Physalis peruvianaFruit365.0 2865.0 -0.11 *
Vigna unguiculataShoot360.0 3523.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsella bursa-pastorisPlant360.0 5500.0 0.7 *
Spondias dulcisFruit360.0 2750.0 -0.11 *
Sambucus canadensisFruit360.0 1782.0 -0.17 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataShoot360.0 3523.0 -0.2 *
Apium graveolensFruit357.0 1700.0 -0.18 *
Capsicum frutescensFruit350.0 23000.0 1.15 *
Amaranthus sp.Leaf345.0 6263.0 0.14 *
Verbascum thapsusLeaf341.0 776.0 -0.37 *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant340.0 3148.0 0.15 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosaFruit340.0 1600.0 -0.19 *
Citrus paradisiFruit337.0 3862.0 -0.04 *
Humulus lupulusFlower332.0 1782.0 -0.29 *
Genipa americanaFruit330.0 1020.0 -0.22 *
Rollinia mucosaFruit330.0 1450.0 -0.19 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Vicia fabaSeed330.0 1735.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium eduleShoot330.0 4460.0 -0.16 *
Ipomoea aquaticaLeaf320.0 7300.0 0.23 *
Cajanus cajanFruit320.0 1601.0 -0.18 *
Canavalia ensiformisFruit320.0 1488.0 -0.19 *
Petasites japonicusPt315.0 5725.0 1.66 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arracacia xanthorrhizaRoot310.0 1070.0 -0.03 *
Solanum quitoensisFruit310.0 7925.0 0.21 *
Ribes rubrumFruit300.0 2554.0 -0.13 *
Passiflora edulisFruit300.0 1205.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rumex crispusLeaf300.0 4054.0 -0.07 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrus mitisFruit Juice300.0 445.0 1.0 *
Tetragonia tetragonioidesLeaf300.0 5000.0 0.02 *
Zizyphus spina-christiFruit300.0 330.0 -0.26 *
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit291.0 4444.0 -0.01 *
Carica pentagonaFruit290.0 4265.0 -0.02 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxFruit290.0 942.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Feijoa sellowianaFruit280.0 1750.0 -0.18 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Brosimum alicastrumFruit280.0 1750.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vaccinium vitis-idaeaFruit280.0 1865.0 -0.17 *
Cucurbita pepoFlower280.0 5773.0 0.94 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Justicia pectoralisLeaf280.0 1867.0 -0.27 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus reticulataFruit280.0 3684.0 -0.06 *
Coccinia grandisFruit280.0 4058.0 -0.03 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Medicago sativaPlant276.0 1470.0 -0.25 *
Chrysanthemum coronariumLeaf270.0 4155.0 -0.06 *
Ribes uva-crispaFruit263.0 2397.0 -0.14 *
Capparis spinosaFlower260.0 2300.0 -0.13 *
Blighia sapidaAril260.0 1530.0 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome260.0 1844.0 1.97 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lobelia inflataLeaf255.0 2252.0 -0.23 *
Anacardium occidentaleFruit252.0 17500.0 0.8 *
Polymnia edulisRoot250.0 1400.0 0.15 *
Larrea tridentataPlant250.0 760.0 -0.42 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassicaRoot250.0 2415.0 0.73 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malva sylvestrisLeaf240.0 2855.0 -0.18 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pachira macrocarpaSeed240.0 255.0 -0.19 *
Durio zibethinusFruit240.0 1270.0 -0.21 *
Spinacia oleraceaPlant239.0 7595.0 1.19 *
Brassica nigraLeaf234.0 4013.0 -0.07 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l.Leaf233.0 3819.0 -0.09 *
Eugenia floribundaFruit230.0 1785.0 -0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Casimiroa edulisFruit230.0 1395.0 -0.2 *
Ullucus tuberosusRoot230.0 1750.0 0.35 *
Capsicum annuumFruit230.0 20982.0 1.02 *
Raphanus sativusRoot226.0 6216.0 2.91 *
Cyphomandra betaceaFruit223.0 2060.0 -0.16 *
Prunus salicifoliaFruit222.0 1415.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mimulus glabratusShoot220.0 2200.0 -0.26 *
Echinacea purpureaRoot212.0 843.0 -0.16 *
Brassica rapaRoot210.0 2580.0 0.83 *
Ipomoea batatasLeaf210.0 4234.0 -0.05 *
Theobroma bicolorFruit210.0 1010.0 -0.22 *
Spondias pinnataFruit210.0 2165.0 -0.15 *
Annona glabraFruit210.0 1590.0 -0.19 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Turnera diffusaLeaf206.0 983.0 -0.35 *
Ipomoea batatasRoot201.0 1186.0 0.03 *
Averrhoa carambolaFruit200.0 4935.0 0.02 *
Bromelia pinguinShoot192.0 3430.0 -0.21 *
Abelmoschus esculentusPlant190.0 2340.0 -0.04 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l.Leaf190.0 6774.0 0.18 *
Annona muricataFruit190.0 1540.0 -0.19 *
Hydrastis canadensisRoot189.0 681.0 -0.26 *
Eugenia brasiliensisFruit188.0 1290.0 -0.2 *
Lactuca sativaLeaf180.0 3000.0 -0.17 *
Mimosa pudicaLeaf180.0 2570.0 -0.21 *
Platonia insignisFruit180.0 1190.0 -0.21 *
Althaea officinalisRoot177.0 1640.0 0.29 *
Apium graveolensSeed171.0 1700.0 0.68 *
Myrciaria caulifloraFruit170.0 1770.0 -0.17 *
Allium ampeloprasumLeaf170.0 3019.0 -0.16 *
Allium ampeloprasumRoot170.0 1241.0 0.06 *
Solanum tuberosumTuber170.0 990.0 1.41 *
Crataegus laevigataLeaf166.4 1800.0 -0.28 *
Urtica dioicaLeaf166.0 830.0 -0.37 *
Murraya spFruit161.0 596.0 -0.25 *
Musa x paradisiacaFruit161.0 596.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pastinaca sativaRoot160.0 830.0 -0.17 *
Averrhoa bilimbiFruit160.0 4665.0 0.01 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Spondias mombinFruit160.0 1615.0 -0.18 *
Aspalathus linearisShoot157.0 94000.0 4.18 *
Schisandra chinensisFruit153.0 1022.0 -0.22 *
Gymnema sylvestreLeaf152.0 800.0 -0.37 *
Ephedra sinicaPlant151.0 721.0 -0.42 *
Passiflora quadrangularisFruit150.0 2680.0 -0.12 *
Passiflora quadrangularisSeed150.0 695.0 0.08 *
Annona reticulataFruit150.0 1400.0 -0.2 *
Passiflora foetidaFruit150.0 835.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes nigrumFruit150.0 10030.0 0.34 *
Ginkgo bilobaSeed150.0 545.0 -0.01 *
Artocarpus altilisFruit150.0 985.0 -0.22 *
Psidium cattleianumFruit150.0 2100.0 -0.15 *
Lens culinarisSprout Seedling148.0 605.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ananas comosusFruit148.0 4178.0 -0.02 *
Cucurbita sppFruit148.0 2340.0 -0.14 *
Vaccinium macrocarponFruit144.0 1200.0 -0.21 *
Myrica ceriferaBark143.0 656.0 1.41 *
Cyclanthera pedataFruit140.0 2800.0 -0.11 *
Scutellaria laterifloraPlant140.0 1025.0 -0.35 *
Pachyrhizus erosusPlant140.0 1845.0 -0.16 *
Eugenia unifloraFruit140.0 2115.0 -0.15 *
Sicana odoriferaFruit139.0 1270.0 -0.21 *
Mentha spicataLeaf135.0 9200.0 0.41 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bupleurum chinenseRoot132.0 1200.0 0.04 *
Vaccinium myrtillusFruit132.0 1650.0 -0.18 *
Inga edulisSeed130.0 355.0 -0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abelmoschus esculentusFruit130.0 2340.0 -0.14 *
Benincasa hispidaFruit130.0 6750.0 0.14 *
Sambucus nigraFruit128.0 1515.0 -0.19 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit125.0 878.0 -0.23 *
Plectranthus amboinicusLeaf120.0 2145.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Luffa aegyptiacaFruit120.0 2400.0 -0.14 *
Beta vulgarisLeaf120.0 3696.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vicia fabaFruit120.0 820.0 -0.23 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Elaeis guineensisFruit120.0 163.0 -0.27 *
Achillea millefoliumPlant119.0 672.0 -0.44 *
Vigna radiataSprout Seedling113.0 1506.0 0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Perideridia gairdneriRoot112.0 302.0 -0.47 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Solanum nigrumLeaf110.0 4067.0 -0.07 *
Licania platypusFruit110.0 1005.0 -0.22 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Chenopodium ambrosioidesLeaf110.0 1020.0 -0.35 *
Phyllanthus emblicaFruit110.0 27293.0 1.41 *
Dioscorea villosaRoot110.0 460.0 -0.38 *
Sechium eduleFruit110.0 1570.0 -0.19 *
Bactris gasipaesFruit110.0 828.0 -0.23 *
Rheum rhabarbarumLeaf110.0 1833.0 -0.27 *
Passiflora ligularisFruit108.0 950.0 -0.23 *
Portulaca oleraceaHerb105.0 7000.0 -1.0 *
Lagenaria sicerariaFruit101.0 2265.0 -0.14 *
Cydonia oblongaFruit100.0 960.0 -0.22 *
Allium sativum var. sativumBulb100.0 788.0 *
Asparagus officinalisShoot100.0 5714.0 -0.09 *
Prunus armeniacaFruit100.0 745.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Elaeagnus commutataFruit100.0 725.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSprout Seedling100.0 949.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mammea americanaFruit100.0 1515.0 -0.19 *
Peperomia pelucidaLeaf100.0 1280.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cichorium intybusLeaf100.0 2040.0 -0.25 *
Vitis viniferaFruit99.0 600.0 -0.25 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot98.0 626.0 -0.29 *
Amaranthus spinosusLeaf98.0 5030.0 0.02 *
Manihot esculentaRoot97.0 1530.0 0.23 *
Daucus carotaRoot91.0 775.0 -0.2 *
Quararibea cordataFruit90.0 660.0 -0.24 *
Cucurbita pepoFruit90.0 1071.0 -0.22 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysobalanus icacoFruit90.0 1420.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosumFruit90.0 230.0 -0.27 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Manilkara zapotaFruit90.0 625.0 -0.25 *
Symphytum officinaleLeaf88.0 800.0 -0.37 *
Prunus domesticaFruit86.0 699.0 -0.24 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hylocereus guatemalensisFruit80.0 515.0 -0.25 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Hylocereus undatusFruit80.0 515.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tragopogon porrifoliusRoot80.0 491.0 -0.37 *
Aegle marmelosFruit80.0 1330.0 -0.2 *
Rheum rhabarbarumPt80.0 2581.0 -0.38 *
Lycium chinenseLeaf80.0 769.0 -0.37 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trigonella foenum-graecumSeed78.0 600.0 0.02 *
Ruscus aculeatusRoot77.0 256.0 -0.5 *
Asimina trilobaFruit76.0 893.0 -0.23 *
Rubus idaeusFruit70.0 1870.0 -0.17 *
Prunus cerasusFruit70.0 873.0 -0.23 *
Phaseolus lunatusSprout Seedling70.0 194.0 -0.93 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinaceaRoot70.0 215.0 -0.52 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calathea macrosepalaFlower70.0 910.0 -0.55 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canna indicaRoot70.0 210.0 -0.53 *
Colocasia esculentaLeaf69.0 3625.0 -0.11 *
Angelica sinensisRoot67.0 304.0 -0.47 *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFruit65.0 1690.0 -0.18 *
Syzygium malaccenseFruit65.0 4615.0 0.0 *
Artocarpus altilisSeed65.0 275.0 -0.17 *
Persea americanaFruit65.0 994.0 -0.22 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumLeaf59.0 330.0 -0.41 *
Apium graveolensPt58.0 2778.0 -0.26 *
Allium schoenoprasumLeaf57.0 9875.0 0.47 *
Syzygium cuminiFruit57.0 1330.0 -0.2 *
Persea schiedeanaFruit57.0 698.0 -0.24 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Vigna unguiculataFruit56.0 2633.0 -0.12 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Salvia officinalisLeaf55.0 350.0 -0.41 *
Taraxacum officinaleRoot54.0 376.0 -0.43 *
Sonchus oleraceusLeaf50.0 625.0 -0.39 *
Peperomia pereskiifoliaLeaf50.0 335.0 -0.41 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit50.0 2952.0 -0.1 *
Beta vulgarisRoot50.0 868.0 -0.15 *
Morus albaFruit50.0 1040.0 -0.22 *
Lagenaria sicerariaLeaf50.0 330.0 -0.41 *
Annona cherimolaFruit50.0 725.0 -0.24 *
Aralia cordataLeaf50.0 1065.0 -0.35 *
Cichorium intybusRoot50.0 250.0 -0.5 *
Vigna radiataSeed48.0 53.0 -0.31 *
Artocarpus heterophyllusFruit45.0 435.0 -0.26 *
Equisetum arvensePlant45.0 208.0 -0.54 *
Pisum sativumSeed44.0 1892.0 0.8 *
Piper betelLeaf43.0 2130.0 -0.25 *
Eleutherococcus senticosusRoot42.0 200.0 -0.53 *
Lens culinarisSeed42.0 70.0 -0.3 *
Pyrus communisFruit40.0 250.0 -0.27 *
Gentiana luteaRoot40.0 183.0 -0.54 *
Solanum torvumFruit40.0 275.0 -0.27 *
Punica granatumFruit40.0 636.0 -0.24 *
Murraya koenigiiLeaf40.0 445.0 -0.4 *
Helianthus tuberosusTuber40.0 306.0 -0.72 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus angustifoliaFruit40.0 500.0 -0.25 *
Centella asiaticaLeaf40.0 374.0 -0.41 *
Eleocharis dulcisTuber40.0 317.0 -0.69 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisFlower40.0 405.0 -0.71 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sorbus aucubariaFruit39.0 2650.0 -0.12 *
Tabebuia heptaphyllaBark32.0 181.0 -0.34 *
Aloe spp.Leaf31.0 6260.0 0.14 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf30.0 201.0 -0.43 *
Fucus vesiculosusPlant30.0 258.0 -0.53 *
Theobroma cacaoFruit30.0 70.0 -0.28 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Cicer arietinumSeed30.0 56.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Erythrina fuscaLeaf30.0 780.0 -0.37 *
Chrysophyllum cainitoFruit30.0 640.0 -0.24 *
Syzygium jambosFruit30.0 2385.0 -0.14 *
Borago officinalisLeaf30.0 5005.0 0.02 *
Mangifera indicaFruit30.0 1760.0 -0.18 *
Maclura pomiferaFruit30.0 150.0 -0.28 Smith, J. L. and Perino, J. V. 1981. Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera): History and Economic Uses. Economic Botany 35(1): 24-41
Quercus albaBark29.0 127.0 -0.54 *
Cimicifuga racemosaRoot28.0 135.0 -0.57 *
Yucca baccataRoot27.0 131.0 -0.57 *
Ocimum basilicumLeaf27.0 2000.0 -0.26 *
Avena sativaPlant26.0 120.0 -0.57 *
Dioscorea pentaphyllaRoot26.0 140.0 -0.57 *
Silybum marianumLeaf26.0 120.0 -0.43 *
Lepidium meyeniiRoot25.0 2860.0 0.99 *
Psidium guajavaFruit24.0 18315.0 0.85 *
Tamarindus indicaFruit24.0 585.0 -0.25 *
Crataegus laevigataFruit24.0 85.0 -0.28 *
Hibiscus sabdariffaFlower22.0 200.0 -0.77 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiLeaf22.0 191.0 -0.43 *
Bixa orellanaFruit20.0 130.0 -0.28 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis ixocarpaFruit20.0 460.0 -0.26 *
Malus domesticaFruit20.0 402.0 -0.26 *
Vigna aconitifoliaSeed20.0 44.0 -0.31 *
Pinus edulisSeed20.0 21.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arctium lappaRoot20.0 85.0 -0.6 *
Limonia acidissimaFruit20.0 65.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus acidusFruit20.0 1279.0 -0.2 *
Carya illinoensisSeed20.0 21.0 -0.33 *
Pereskia aculeataFruit20.0 1250.0 -0.21 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cocos nuciferaSeed20.0 88.0 -0.29 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ficus caricaFruit20.0 2013.0 -0.16 *
Anacardium occidentaleSeed20.0 21.0 -0.33 *
Zingiber officinaleRoot20.0 288.0 -0.48 *
Taraxacum officinaleLeaf18.0 6520.0 0.16 *
Apium graveolensPlant17.0 129.0 -0.56 *
Apium graveolensShoot17.0 129.0 -0.36 *
Vigna unguiculataSeed16.0 17.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculataSeed15.0 75.0 -0.29 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Amorphophallus campanulatusRoot15.0 279.0 -0.49 *
Carthamus tinctoriusFlower14.0 100.0 -0.8 *
Erythroxylum cocaLeaf14.0 15.0 -0.44 *
Prunus persicaFruit14.0 1127.0 -0.21 *
Solanum melongenaFruit13.0 947.0 -0.23 *
Salix albaBark11.0 68.0 -0.76 *
Passiflora incarnataFlower11.0 100.0 -0.8 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf11.0 675.0 -0.38 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Serenoa repensFruit11.0 88.0 -0.28 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Garcinia mangostanaFruit10.0 255.0 -0.27 *
Corylus avellanaSeed10.0 22.0 -0.33 *
Elaeagnus umbellatusFruit10.0 57.0 -0.28 *
Phaseolus vulgarisFruit10.0 2389.0 -0.14 *
Euphrasia officinalisPlant10.0 67.0 -0.58 *
Pourouma cecropiaefoliaFruit10.0 55.0 -0.28 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Eriobotrya japonicaFruit10.0 840.0 -0.23 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisumFruit8.0 9.0 -0.28 *
Pimpinella anisumSeed8.0 9.0 -0.33 *
Melicoccus bijugatasFruit8.0 230.0 -0.27 *
Lablab purpureusFruit7.7 63.6 -0.28 *
Stellaria mediaPlant6.0 69.0 -0.58 *
Caulophyllum thalictroidesRoot5.7 51.5 -0.62 *
Inula heleniumRoot4.4 20.0 -0.63 *
Cnicus benedictusPlant4.0 30.0 -0.59 *
Psoralea esculentaRoot4.0 171.0 -0.55 *
Stachys officinalisPlant1.3 8.0 -0.59 *
Eriodictyon californicumLeaf0.4 1.7 -0.44 *
Phaseolus coccineusSeed-- 23.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuminum cyminumFruit-- 76.0 -0.28 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonisRoot-- 762.0 -0.21 *
Arachis hypogaeaSeed-- 190.0 -0.22 *
Prunus dulcisSeed-- 13.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Colocasia esculentaRoot-- 325.0 -0.46 *
Cajanus cajanSeed-- 1279.0 0.43 *
Phaseolus lunatusSeed-- 952.0 0.23 *
Phaseolus acutifoliusSeed-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cynara cardunculusFlower-- 828.0 -0.58 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus cembroidesSeed-- 10.0 -0.33 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stellaria mediaShoot-- -- -0.37 *
Curcuma longaRhizome-- 293.0 -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna mungoSeed-- 22.0 -0.33 *
Cuminum cyminumSeed-- 76.0 -0.29 *
Juglans regiaSeed-- 52.0 -0.31 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescensSeed-- 200.0 -0.22 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine maxSeed-- 849.0 0.17 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 317.0 -0.31 *
Canavalia ensiformisSeed-- 23.0 -0.32 *
Zea maysSeed-- 85.0 -0.29 *
Phaseolus vulgarisSeed-- 177.0 -0.23 *
Lablab purpureusSeed-- 1063.0 0.3 *
Phoenix dactyliferaFruit-- 750.0 -0.24 *
Lycium chinenseFruit-- 425.0 -0.26 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Triticum aestivumSeed-- -- *
Bertholletia excelsaSeed-- 7.0 -0.33 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Spirulina spp.Plant-- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophyllaFruit-- 85.0 -0.28 *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- 1782.0 -0.17 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Astragalus membranaceusRoot-- -- *
Tulipa gesnerianaStem-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cinnamomum verumBark-- 309.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Dioscorea villosaRhizome-- 149.0 -0.56 *
Inula heleniumLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- 830.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phaseolus coccineusFruit-- 270.0 -0.27 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Aleurites moluccanaSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- 4900.0 0.01 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aloe veraLeaf-- 6260.0 0.14 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Moringa oleiferaFruit-- 1200.0 -0.21 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Psidium guajavaSeed-- 8.0 -0.33 *
Juniperus communisFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisLeaf-- 600.0 -0.39 *
Citrus limonFruit Juice-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Althaea officinalisSeed-- 1640.0 0.65 *
Datura stramoniumPlant-- -- *
Catha edulisLeaf-- 1610.0 -0.29 *
Berberis vulgarisBark-- -- *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Albizia lebbeckSeed-- 17.0 -0.33 Wealth of India.
Eryngium floridanumShoot-- 1958.0 -0.28 *
Corylus avellanaLeaf-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareLeaf-- 123600.0 11.02 Jim Duke's personal files.
Nepeta catariaPlant-- -- *
Berberis vulgarisLeaf-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Thuja occidentalisBranches-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant-- 1300.0 -0.29 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hypericum perforatumSeed-- 395.0 -0.1 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Parthenium integrifoliumRoot-- -- *
Leonurus cardiacaPlant-- 42.0 -0.58 *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.17 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Euphorbia hirtaLeaf-- 443.0 -0.4 *
Juglans nigraHull Husk-- -- *
Plantago psylliumSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Acacia senegalPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Juglans nigraFruit-- -- -0.28 *
Sophora japonicaLeaf-- 470.0 -0.4 *
Ginkgo bilobaFruit-- 640.0 -0.24 Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo bilobaLeaf-- -- *
Chrysanthemum partheniumPlant-- 330.0 -0.52 *
Citrullus lanatusFruit-- 94.0 -0.28 *
Pothomorphe sp.Plant-- -- *
Viburnum opulusFruit-- 126100.0 7.56 *
Syzygium aromaticumBark-- 810.0 1.98 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaFlower-- 600.0 -0.65 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia catappaSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indicaLeaf-- 263.0 -0.42 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trigonella foenum-graecumLeaf-- 520.0 -0.4 *
Allium cepaBulb-- -- *
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- 4900.0 0.01 *
Eupatorium perfoliatumPlant-- -- *
Thymus vulgarisLeaf-- -- -0.44 *
Dioscorea alataRoot-- 100.0 -0.59 *
Trigonella foenum-graecumShoot-- -- *
Papaver somniferumSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Alliaria petiolataPlant-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisRoot-- -- -0.65 *
Vigna angularisSeed-- -- *
Capparis spinosaFruit-- 1335.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Panax quinquefoliusPlant-- 39.0 -0.58 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf-- 588.0 -0.39 *
Capparis spinosaLeaf-- 710.0 -0.38 Wealth of India.
Piper nigrumFruit-- 10.0 -0.28 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rosa multifloraLeaf-- 2000.0 -0.26 *
Menyanthes trifoliataLeaf-- 2047.0 -0.25 *
Vitis viniferaStem-- 310.0 -1.19 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Frangula purshianaBark-- -- -1.01 *
Malva neglectaLeaf-- 1175.0 -0.33 *
Theobroma cacaoSeed-- 31.0 -0.32 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Plantago majorSeed-- -- *
Terminalia chebulaFruit-- 920.0 -0.23 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Macadamia sppSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgareFruit-- -- *
Bacopa monnieriShoot-- 630.0 -0.34 Wealth of India.
Platycodon grandiflorumRoot-- -- *
Rosa rubiginosaSeed-- 12500.0 7.17 *
Nelumbo nuciferaRhizome-- 15.0 -0.76 *
Marrubium vulgareFlower-- -- *
Nelumbo nuciferaSeed-- -- *
Trichosanthes anguinaFruit-- -- *
Musa x paradisiacaHull Husk-- 1380.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Punica granatumFruit Juice-- -- *
Ocimum sanctumLeaf-- 830.0 -0.37 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Nandina domesticaLeaf-- 100.0 -0.43 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Centella asiaticaPlant-- 138.0 -0.56 *
Perilla frutescensFlower-- -- Lamparska, K. 1966. Studies on Vitamin C Dynamics in Perilla ocymoides and in Calendula officinalis Grown in Short and Long Day Conditions. Zesz Nauk Uniw Mikolaja Kopernika Toruniu Biol, 8: 69-.
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- -0.65 *
Vigna mungoSprout Seedling-- 426.0 -0.74 *
Papaver somniferumFruit-- 1120.0 -0.21 *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- *
Origanum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Papaver somniferumTissue Culture-- -- *
Borago officinalisShoot-- 39.0 -0.37 Jim Duke's personal files.
Pisum sativumSprout Seedling-- 1650.0 0.24 *
Carthamus tinctoriusSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Coix lacryma-jobiSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus fruticosusLeaf-- -- *
Filipendula ulmariaPlant-- -- *
Filipendula ulmariaFlower-- -- *
Smilax sppRoot-- -- *
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaFruit-- 490.0 -0.25 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonolobaShoot-- 2800.0 -0.24 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cuminum cyminumTissue Culture-- -- *
Actaea racemosaRoot-- 21.0 -0.63 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 426.0 -0.26 *
Tanacetum partheniumPlant-- 330.0 -0.52 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Medicago sativaLeaf-- -- *
Harpagophytum procumbensRoot-- -- *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusFruit-- 190.0 -0.27 *
Tribulus terrestrisLeaf-- 420.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psophocarpus tetragonolobusSeed-- -- *
Spirulina pratensisPlant-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus rhipidophyllaLeaf-- 1800.0 -0.28 *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf-- -- *
Alocasia macrorrhizaLeaf-- 50.0 -0.44 *
Aesculus hippocastanumSeed-- 24.0 -0.32 Jim Duke's personal files.
Hypericum perforatumShoot-- 16.5 -0.37 *
Chamaemelum nobileFlower-- 267.0 -0.75 *
Alocasia macrorrhizaRoot-- 572.0 -0.32 *
Aesculus hippocastanumLeaf-- 147.2 -0.43 Jim Duke's personal files.
Cyperus rotundusRoot-- 90.0 -0.59 *
Duchesnea indicaLeaf-- -- *
Rhamnus catharticaFruit-- -- *
Zea maysSilk Stigma Style-- 11.0 *
Rhamnus catharticaLeaf-- -- *
Ulmus rubraBark-- -- -1.01 *
Nigella sativaLeaf-- 2577.0 -0.2 *
Rubus idaeusSeed-- 300.0 -0.16 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Viscum albumFruit-- 7500.0 0.18 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- -- *
Phyllanthus emblicaPlant-- 15610.0 3.07 *
Spinacia oleraceaLeaf-- -- *
Spinacia oleraceaFruit Juice-- 55.0 -1.0 *
Berberis vulgarisRoot-- -- -0.65 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Panax ginsengLeaf-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed-- 1150.0 0.35 *
Curcuma longaPlant-- -- *
Dioscorea sp.Root-- 194.0 -0.54 *
Rhodymenia palmataPlant-- 120.0 -0.57 *
Theobroma bicolorSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Matricaria recutitaPlant-- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Annona diversifoliaFruit-- 140.0 -0.28 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Plantago majorPlant-- -- *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Hydrangea arborescensRoot-- -- *
Chondrus crispusPlant-- 130.0 -0.56 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acorus calamusPlant-- -- *
Balanites aegyptiacusFruit-- 390.0 -0.26 *
Tilia sp.Leaf-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- 309.0 0.13 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosaFruit-- -- -0.28 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.17 Watt, J.M. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. 1962. The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa. E. & S. Livingstone, Ltd. Edinburg & London. 1457 pp.
Cephaelis ipecacuanhaPlant-- -- *
Iris x germanicaFlower-- 4200.0 0.46 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed-- -- -0.34 *
Iris x germanicaLeaf-- 4860.0 0.01 *
Citrullus colocynthisFruit-- 122.0 -0.28 *
Iris x germanicaRoot-- 870.0 -0.15 *
Lycopus europeusPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Petroselinum crispumShoot-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumFruit-- 1220.0 -0.21 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- -- *
Coriandrum sativumFruit-- 920.0 -0.23 *
Hordeum vulgareSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinaleShoot-- 370.0 -0.35 *
Oryza sativaSeed-- -- *
Hordeum vulgareStem-- 3300.0 -0.07 *
Symphytum officinaleRoot-- 132.0 -0.57 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ruta graveolensLeaf-- 4790.0 0.0 *
Acacia niloticaPlant-- -- *
Smilax officinalisRoot-- -- *
Opuntia ficus-indicaFlower-- 940.0 -0.55 *
Tropaeolum majusFlower-- 1300.0 -0.43 *
Fagopyrum esculentumSeed-- -- -0.34 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Sinapis albaPlant-- -- *
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 110.0 -0.43 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syringa vulgarisLeaf-- 1315.0 -0.32 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Polygonum multiflorumRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Allium sativum var. sativumRoot-- -- *
Datura metelLeaf-- 2220.0 -0.24 *
Echinacea sppLeaf-- 2140.0 -0.25 Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Echinacea sppRoot-- 843.0 -0.16 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Areca catechuSeed-- -- *
Cannabis sativaSeed-- -- -0.34 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis alkekingiFruit-- 4000.0 -0.04 *
Juglans nigraPericarp-- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.