Data Views

Paginate rows. Click on column headings to sort table by that column
Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Pimpinella anisumSeed Essent. Oil800000.0 900000.0 1.0 *
Foeniculum vulgareSeed64800.0 800000.0 *
Foeniculum vulgareEssential Oil-- 692000.0 0.82 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil-- 680000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Tagetes filifoliaEssential Oil-- 620000.0 0.58 Abburraa, R. E., et al. 1990. Study of the Essential Oil of Tagetes filifolia (Asteraceae) as Potential Producer of Estragole and Anethole. An Asoc Quim Argent 78 3: 153-156. Fac Cience Exactas Fis Nat Univ Nac Cordoba Cordoba, Argentina.
Canarium indicumPlant34000.0 85000.0 *
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- 20000.0 -1.41 Jim Duke's personal files.
Persea americanaLeaf250.0 1555.0 2.23 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- 90.0 -0.33 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Sideritis scardicaShoot-- 80.0 Menkovic, N., et al. 1991. The Essential Oil of Sideritis scardica. Pl. Med. 57. Suppl. 2. pp. A137-A132.
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- 18.0 -0.46 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 12.0 -0.47 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Rheum palmatumRhizome-- 1.5 *
Glycyrrhiza glabraRoot-- 1.0 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf0.001 0.01 -0.49 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- -- -0.49 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Illicium verumPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Sassafras albidumRoot-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Ocimum basilicumPlant-- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Agastache rugosaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumPlant-- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Magnolia kobusLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumShoot-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumRoot-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumTissue Culture-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil-- -- *
Myrrhis odorataEssential Oil-- -- *
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- -- Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- -- Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Ononis spinosaRoot-- -- *
Anethum graveolensPlant-- -- Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
Myrrhis odorataPlant-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Citrullus colocynthisPetiole-- -- *
Persea americanaBark-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tagetes lucidaLeaf-- -- Tramil
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.