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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abies balsameaPlant545.0 5050.0 3.09 *
Abies spectabilisLeaf150.0 515.0 -0.19 *
Abies albaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Abies sachalinensisBranches2400.0 2700.0 *
Abies albaPlant590.0 826.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Achillea millefoliumLeaf1.0 1000.0 -0.16 *
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 0.5 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acinos suaveolensShoot-- 9500.0 0.8 Jim Duke's personal files.
Acinos alpinusShoot-- 0.5 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela,A., Perez-Alonso,M.J., Jiminez,S.M. and Garcia,F.M. 1993. The Volatile Constituents of Acinus alpinus (L.) Moench ssp. meridionalis (Nyman). P.W. Ball Growing in Spain. Flav. & Frag. J. 8:127-130.)
Acorus calamusRhizome-- 280.0 -1.31 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Aesculus hippocastanumFlower Essent. Oil-- 177000.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache rugosaTissue Culture-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache foeniculumPlant1.0 35.0 -0.46 *
Agastache rugosaEssential Oil-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Agastache urticifoliaPlant-- 32.0 -0.46 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agastache nepetoidesPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Agathosma betulinaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Ageratum conyzoidesPlant0.8 6.5 -0.48 *
Ageratum conyzoidesShoot-- 420.0 -0.11 R. Vera, (1993); Chemical composition of the essential oil Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) from Reunion, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol.8, 257-260.
Aloysia citrodoraPlant1.0 7.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Alpinia galangaRhizome5.0 555.0 0.2 *
Alpinia galangaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 11600.0 -0.48 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf-- 900.0 -0.17 *
Alpinia galangaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 11600.0 -0.69 *
Amomum compactumSeed-- 960.0 -0.4 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Amomum xanthioidesSeed-- -- *
Anethum graveolensLeaf25.0 405.0 -0.2 *
Anethum graveolensEssential Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Anethum graveolensFruit24.0 1001.0 -0.46 *
Anethum graveolensSeed12.0 1001.0 -0.39 *
Anethum graveolensShoot Essent. Oil17500.0 31700.0 1.98 *
Angelica archangelicaSeed170.0 1500.0 -0.34 *
Angelica archangelicaSeed Essent. Oil-- 149000.0 0.29 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot35.0 5890.0 2.2 *
Angelica archangelicaRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Angelica sinensisRoot-- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica archangelicaFruit-- -- *
Aniba rosaeodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Annona squamosaPlant-- -- *
Apium graveolensRoot Essent. Oil-- 179000.0 0.77 *
Apium graveolensStem Essent. Oil-- 14000.0 -1.0 *
Apium graveolensSeed-- 300.0 -0.47 *
Apium graveolensLeaf Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -0.74 *
Apium graveolensSeed Essent. Oil10000.0 10500.0 -0.67 *
Apium graveolensEt12000.0 14000.0 -1.0 *
Apium graveolensFruit Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 -0.72 *
Aralia cordataRoot-- 475.0 -0.55 *
Artemisia dracunculusShoot100.0 1000.0 -0.05 *
Artemisia annuaShoot12.0 7840.0 0.63 *
Artemisia dracunculusEssential Oil-- 10000.0 -0.47 *
Artemisia vulgarisPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Artemisia capillarisEssential Oil-- -- *
Artemisia dracunculusRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Artemisia salsoloidesShoot-- 3300.0 0.18 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Artemisia herba-albaPlant-- -- *
Artemisia annuaLeaf1345.0 3760.0 0.02 *
Artemisia dracunculusLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Asiasarum heterotropoidesRoot-- -- *
Ballota nigraPlant-- 3.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Barosma betulinaLeaf-- -- *
Boswellia serrataEssential Oil-- -- *
Boswellia sacraResin Essent. Oil-- 35000.0 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Boswellia sacraResin, Exudate, Sap1050.0 71600.0 -1.01 *
Boswellia serrataResin, Exudate, Sap-- 9920.0 -1.17 Sabinsa: A series of well documented proprietary PR booklets, e.g.Sabinsa Corps. 1998. Bronchial Asthma - Its etiology and control with traditional herbal extracts. Sabinsa Corporation. Piscataway, NJ. 49 pp.
Boswellia sacraEssential Oil-- 410000.0 3.05 Wang, W., Zhu, Y. X., Liu, L. Z., Ling, D. K., Qin, X. L., Tian, J. G. 1993. Analysis of the Chemical Constitutents of Essential Oil of Boswellia carterii Birdwood from Somali. Yaowu Fenxi Zazhi 13 3: 170-173.
Calamintha nepetaPlant-- 40.0 -0.45 J. Ethnopharmacology, 39: 167.
Calamintha nepetaShoot-- 13.0 -0.15 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Calamintha nepetaLeaf-- 90.0 -0.22 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Callicarpa americanaLeaf-- 28.0 -0.22 *
Camellia sinensisLeaf-- -- *
Canarium indicumEssential Oil400.0 1000.0 -0.55 *
Capsicum annuumFruit-- -- *
Carum carviSeed4.0 540.0 -0.45 *
Carum carviFruit42.0 540.0 -0.58 *
Carum carviPlant-- 20.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Centella asiaticaEssential Oil-- 2000.0 -0.54 Jim Duke's personal files.
Centella asiaticaPlant-- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Centella asiaticaShoot-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chamaemelum nobilePlant-- -- *
Chenopodium ambrosioidesPlant440.0 4800.0 2.92 *
Chrysanthemum partheniumShoot-- 15.0 -0.15 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Chrysanthemum balsamitaPlant-- -- *
Chrysanthemum x morifoliumPlant3.0 14.0 -0.47 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum verumRoot Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum camphoraPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cinnamomum camphoraLeaf140.0 280.0 -0.21 *
Cinnamomum verumStem Bark-- -- *
Cinnamomum verumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -0.74 *
Cinnamomum aromaticumPlant-- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticumBark-- -- Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum verumBark Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 *
Cinnamomum verumBark20.0 236.0 1.0 *
Cistus ladaniferusLeaf40.0 31500.0 1.82 *
Citrus limonPetiole-- 90.0 *
Citrus sinensisFruit35.0 40.0 -0.71 *
Citrus mitisFruit Juice-- 5.6 1.0 *
Citrus limonLeaf Essent. Oil500.0 2000.0 -0.74 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus aurantiifoliaFruit80.0 240.0 -0.66 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus paradisiLeaf-- 55.0 -0.22 *
Citrus sinensisFruit Juice-- 0.22 -1.0 *
Citrus paradisiFruit-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Citrus limonFruit Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 -0.76 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulataFruit50.0 55.0 -0.7 *
Citrus limonPericarp Essent. Oil5000.0 14000.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisiPericarp12.0 47.0 *
Citrus aurantiumPlant-- -- *
Citrus sinensisPlant-- -- *
Citrus limonPericarp-- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus limonEssential Oil40.0 500.0 -0.56 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus aurantiumLeaf-- 1.0 -0.22 *
Cleistocalyx fullageriLeaf-- 59488.0 3.64 *
Cleonia lusitanicaLeaf90.0 170.0 -0.21 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Coleus barbatusStem Essent. Oil-- 66800.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 66800.0 -0.39 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatusRoot Essent. Oil-- 77000.0 -0.37 Jim Duke's personal files.
Collinsonia canadensisPlant-- -- *
Commiphora myrrhaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Coriandrum sativumSeed Essent. Oil11400.0 52980.0 -0.38 *
Coriandrum sativumFruit819.0 13780.0 2.88 *
Coriandrum sativumEssential Oil-- -- *
Coridothymus capitatusShoot-- 44.0 -0.14 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Crocus sativusSilk Stigma Style-- -- *
Croton eluteriaBark-- -- *
Croton lechleriPlant-- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Cuminum cyminumSeed9.0 330.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cuminum cyminumSeed Essent. Oil-- 3000.0 -0.72 *
Cuminum cyminumFruit9.0 330.0 -0.63 *
Cunila origanoidesShoot-- 812.0 -0.07 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Curcuma longaLeaf60.0 1440.0 -0.13 *
Curcuma zedoariaRhizome-- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Curcuma longaRhizome-- -- *
Curcuma longaRhizome Essent. Oil-- 5300.0 -0.91 *
Curcuma longaEssential Oil-- 5300.0 -0.51 *
Curcuma longaTuber-- -- *
Cymbopogon citratusPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon winterianusPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon nardusPlant78.0 312.0 -0.26 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Daucus carotaRoot-- 48.0 -0.77 *
Daucus carotaShoot-- 12.0 -0.15 *
Daucus carotaSeed12.0 1300.0 -0.36 *
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 0.7 -0.15 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 0.7 -0.15 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dictamnus albusShoot-- 1.0 -0.15 Baser, K.H.C., Kosar, M.Malyer, H. & Ozek, T. 1994. The Essential Oil Composition of Dictamnus albus from Turkey. Planta Med. 60:481-2
Dracocephalum thymifloraPlant-- 2.0 -0.48 *
Echinacea sppFruit-- -- Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
Elettaria cardamomumSeed Essent. Oil6900.0 17000.0 -0.62 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit Essent. Oil12000.0 16000.0 -0.64 *
Elettaria cardamomumFruit217.0 3000.0 0.06 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Elettaria cardamomumRoot Essent. Oil-- 123000.0 0.14 *
Elsholtzia pilosaShoot-- 7.6 -0.15 *
Elsholtzia blandaShoot-- 0.4 -0.15 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 1.2 -0.22 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia cristataShoot-- 0.1 -0.15 Kobold, U., Vostrowsky, O., Bestmann, H.J., Bisht, J.C., Pant, A.K., Melkani, A.B. and Mathela, C.S. 1987. Terpenoids from Elsholtzia Species; II. Constituents of Essential Oil from a New Chemotype of Elsholtzia cristata. Planta Medica 1987: 268-271.
Elsholtzia polystachyaLeaf-- 1.2 -0.22 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Eryngium foetidumPlant5.0 25.0 -0.46 *
Eucalyptus melanophloiaLeaf-- 6.0 -0.22 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus leucoxylonLeaf-- 720.0 -0.18 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus stoateiLeaf-- 3290.0 -0.01 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus odorataLeaf-- 190.0 -0.21 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus salignaShoot-- 370.0 -0.11 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus intertextaLeaf-- 1920.0 -0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus paniculataShoot-- 355.0 -0.11 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sparsaLeaf-- 2495.0 -0.06 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf5.0 380.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus diversicolorShoot-- 710.0 -0.08 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraShoot-- -- *
Eucalyptus moluccanaShoot-- 935.0 -0.05 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodoraLeaf Essent. Oil2900.0 6000.0 -0.72 *
Eucalyptus bridgesianaLeaf-- 255.0 -0.21 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Eucalyptus maculataShoot-- 7330.0 0.58 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus forrestianaLeaf-- 10110.0 0.43 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus nova-anglicaLeaf0.1 1185.0 -0.15 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Eucalyptus bosistoanaShoot-- 1220.0 -0.03 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulusEssential Oil-- 52000.0 -0.1 *
Eucalyptus tetrapteraLeaf-- 4355.0 0.06 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus viridisLeaf-- 55.0 -0.22 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus ochrophloiaLeaf-- 21.0 -0.22 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus sideroxylonShoot-- 300.0 -0.12 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus porosaLeaf-- 2100.0 -0.09 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus erythrandraLeaf-- 4970.0 0.1 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus punctataShoot-- 3075.0 0.16 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus cupreaLeaf-- 1595.0 -0.12 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus oviformisShoot-- 315.0 -0.12 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus populneaLeaf-- 71.0 -0.22 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus dealbataShoot-- 235.0 -0.12 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus blakelyiShoot-- 0.1 -0.15 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus ceratocorysLeaf-- 3185.0 -0.02 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus melliodoraShoot-- 3000.0 0.15 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus brassianaLeaf-- 825.0 -0.17 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Eucalyptus incrassataLeaf-- 5295.0 0.12 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus angulosaLeaf-- 835.0 -0.17 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus globulusFruit Essent. Oil-- 40900.0 -0.31 *
Eucalyptus grandisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 689000.0 3.04 *
Eucalyptus fasiculosaLeaf-- 90.0 -0.22 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus behrianaLeaf-- 65.0 -0.22 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus tereticornisShoot-- 585.0 -0.09 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus desquamataLeaf-- 3000.0 -0.03 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus siderophloiaShoot-- 150.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus lansdowneanaLeaf-- 420.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus polyanthemosShoot-- 135.0 -0.13 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus largisparsaLeaf-- 2495.0 -0.06 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf1250.0 8750.0 0.34 *
Eucalyptus dolichorhynchaLeaf-- 1425.0 -0.13 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus cladocalyxShoot-- 260.0 -0.12 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus occidentalisShoot-- 1340.0 -0.01 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus camaldulensisShoot-- 410.0 -0.11 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maideniShoot-- 3000.0 0.15 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus astringensShoot-- 4325.0 0.28 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulusShoot-- 119000.0 11.72 *
Eucalyptus albensShoot-- 315.0 -0.12 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus botryoidesShoot-- 820.0 -0.07 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulusLeaf Essent. Oil5000.0 260000.0 0.68 *
Eucalyptus citriodoraEssential Oil-- -- *
Ferula gummosaPlant-- -- *
Ferula assa-foetidaGum-- 143000.0 *
Ferula assa-foetidaEssential Oil-- -- *
Ferula assa-foetidaSeed Essent. Oil-- 14300.0 -0.64 *
Ficus caricaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Foeniculum vulgareEssential Oil5800.0 56000.0 -0.07 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareRoot Essent. Oil-- 10000.0 -1.13 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgarePlant-- 480.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed Essent. Oil4700.0 12000.0 -0.66 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgareSeed200.0 8820.0 0.46 *
Foeniculum vulgareFruit200.0 8820.0 1.58 *
Glechoma hederaceaPlant4.0 22.0 -0.47 *
Gossypium spPlant-- -- *
Hedeoma hispidaPlant-- 18.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma reverchoniiPlant-- 525.0 -0.11 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma drummondiiPlant7.0 6780.0 4.32 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedeoma pulegioidesPollen Or Spore-- 4000.0 *
Hedeoma pulegioidesPlant24.0 210.0 -0.33 *
Hedychium flavumShoot-- 590.0 -0.09 *
Helianthus annuusPlant-- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Hesperis matronalisFlower-- -- Nielsen, J. K., Jakobsen, H. B., Friis, P., Hansen, K., Moller, J., Olsen, C. E. 1995. Asynchronous Rhythmus in the Emission of Volatiles from Hesperis matronalis Flowers. Phytochemistry, 38(4): 847-851.
Houttuynia cordataEssential Oil-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Houttuynia cordataPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Humulus lupulusEssential Oil-- -- *
Humulus lupulusFruit-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hypericum perforatumShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Hypericum perforatumPlant13.0 245.0 -0.31 *
Hypericum perforatumLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Hyptis suaveolensPlant-- 215.0 -0.33 Recently became Internat. J. Crude Drug Res. 28(1,2,3,4):1990, page 74.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 48.0 -0.14 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis suaveolensShoot-- 48.0 -0.14 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 30.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisLeaf0.1 1460.0 -0.13 *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 170.0 -0.13 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 20.0 -0.15 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- -- Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 70.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 80.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 40.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 60.0 -0.14 Kerrola, K., Galambosi, B. and Kallio, H. 1994. Volatile Components and Odor Intensity of Four Phenotypes of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 776-781.
Hyssopus officinalisShoot-- 170.0 -0.13 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Illicium verumFruit50.0 1310.0 -0.38 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Isanthus brachiatusPlant-- 684.0 0.0 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Juglans nigraEssential Oil-- 17000.0 -0.41 *
Juglans nigraFruit-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit530.0 9200.0 1.68 *
Juniperus communisLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Juniperus virginianaLeaf-- -- *
Juniperus communisEssential Oil-- 336000.0 2.4 *
Juniperus sabinaPlant-- -- *
Juniperus communisFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Lantana camaraLeaf-- -- *
Lantana camaraShoot-- 35.0 -0.14 *
Larrea tridentataEssential Oil-- -- *
Laurus nobilisWood-- -- *
Laurus nobilisLeaf Essent. Oil1300.0 76600.0 -0.33 *
Laurus nobilisLeaf-- 125.0 -0.22 *
Laurus nobilisBark-- 27.0 -1.0 *
Laurus nobilisFlower-- -- -0.85 *
Laurus nobilisFruit Essent. Oil-- 93000.0 0.38 *
Lavandula angustifoliaPlant-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x hybridaShoot300.0 455.0 -0.1 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Lavandula x intermediaPlant28.0 120.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula latifoliaPlant90.0 748.0 0.05 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Leonotis leonurusSe-- 65.0 Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Leonurus cardiacaPlant6.0 28.0 -0.46 *
Lepechinia schiedianaPlant-- 200.0 -0.34 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lepechinia calycinaPlant-- 325.0 -0.25 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Leptospermum polygalifoliumLeaf116875.0 137500.0 8.7 *
Levisticum officinaleRoot20.0 200.0 -0.69 *
Lindera benzoinTwig35.0 43.0 *
Lindera benzoinLeaf-- 2.0 -0.22 *
Lindera benzoinFruit125.0 190.0 -0.67 *
Lippia albaPlant-- -- Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
Litsea glaucescensShoot90.0 140.0 -0.13 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Lycopersicon esculentumFruit-- -- *
Lycopus uniflorusPlant8.0 22.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lycopus virginicusPlant266.0 666.0 -0.01 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Magnolia denudataBulb-- -- *
Magnolia kobusFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataLeaf-- -- *
Magnolia denudataBark-- -- *
Magnolia fargesiiFlower-- -- *
Magnolia denudataFlower-- -- *
Magnolia officinalisPlant-- -- *
Magnolia denudataTwig-- -- *
Mangifera indicaFlower-- -- *
Marrubium vulgarePlant-- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Marrubium vulgareEssential Oil-- -- *
Melaleuca cajuputiLeaf-- 250.0 -0.21 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaEssential Oil23000.0 24000.0 -0.35 *
Melaleuca viridifloraLeaf-- -- Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca alternifoliaResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 -0.62 *
Melaleuca linariifoliaLeaf150.0 400.0 -0.2 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca leucadendraLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Melaleuca alternifoliaRoot Essent. Oil-- 9800.0 -1.13 *
Melaleuca alternifoliaLeaf200.0 700.0 -0.18 *
Melaleuca leucadendraPlant-- -- *
Meleleuca howeanaLeaf102.0 221.0 -0.21 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 9.0 -0.15 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha spicataEssential Oil2000.0 10000.0 -0.47 *
Mentha pulegiumEssential Oil2000.0 26000.0 -0.33 *
Mentha x piperitaLeaf5.0 230.0 -0.21 *
Mentha longifoliaShoot7.0 1065.0 -0.04 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 13.0 -0.15 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 8.0 -0.15 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha spicataShoot-- -- *
Mentha pulegiumShoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Mentha aquaticaLeaf18.0 68.0 -0.22 *
Mentha spicataLeaf5.0 375.0 -0.2 *
Mentha arvensis var. piperascensPlant10.0 300.0 -0.27 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 14.0 -0.15 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha pulegiumLeaf Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 -0.71 *
Mentha x rotundifoliaLeaf4.0 430.0 -0.2 *
Mentha pulegiumPlant20.0 520.0 -0.11 *
Mentha aquaticaShoot-- 8.0 -0.15 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Micromeria thymifoliaLeaf-- 65.0 -0.22 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria dalmaticaLeaf-- 60.0 -0.22 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 585.0 -0.09 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria fruticosaLeaf1.0 390.0 -0.2 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria teneriffaeLeaf-- 2030.0 -0.09 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria croaticaLeaf-- 90.0 -0.22 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 195.0 -0.13 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria julianaLeaf-- 65.0 -0.22 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria congestaLeaf95.0 130.0 -0.22 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria variaShoot-- 585.0 -0.09 *
Micromeria myrtifoliaShoot-- 0.3 -0.15 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Micromeria fruticosaShoot-- 195.0 -0.13 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Minthostachys mollisShoot2.0 4.0 -0.15 Alkire, B.H., Tucker, A.O., and Maciarello, M.J. 1994. Tipo (Minthostachys mollis (Lamiaceae): An Ecuadorian Mint. Econ. Bot. 48(1): 60-64.
Moldavica thymifloraPlant-- 2.0 -0.48 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodoraPlant25.0 214.0 -0.33 *
Monarda didymaPlant5.0 350.0 -0.23 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda clinopodiaPlant-- 65.0 -0.44 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodoraFlower-- 115.0 0.12 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda mediaPlant137.0 434.0 -0.17 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda lindheimeriPlant-- 211.0 -0.33 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaLeaf50.0 90.0 -0.22 *
Monarda russelianaPlant-- 14.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda fistulosaPlant3.0 1823.0 0.81 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didymaFlower-- 18.0 -0.7 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Monarda punctataPlant40.0 1974.0 0.92 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodoraLeaf-- 65.0 -0.22 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Murraya koenigiiLeaf-- 9880.0 0.42 *
Myrciaria dubiaFruit-- -- *
Myrica ceriferaLeaf-- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragransLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed-- -- *
Myristica fragransSeed Essent. Oil106000.0 265000.0 1.09 *
Myristica fragransEssential Oil132000.0 265000.0 1.77 *
Myroxylon balsamumPlant-- -- *
Myrrhis odorataPlant-- -- Gruenwald, J. et al. 1998. PDR for Herbal Medicine. 1st ed. Medical Economics Co., Montvale, NJ. 1244 pp. (abbreviated as PHR or Physicians Herbal Reference in my mind)
Myrrhis odorataEssential Oil-- 100.0 -0.56 Hussain, R.A., et. al. 1990. Sweetening Agents of Plant Origin: Phenylpropanoid Constituents of Seven Sweet-Tasting Plants. Econ. Bot. 44 2: 174-182. Program Collab. Res. Pharm. Sci. Coll. Pharmacy Univ. Illinois at Chicago IL 60680, USA.
Myrtus communisPlant242.0 1420.0 0.52 *
Myrtus communisLeaf150.0 1900.0 -0.1 *
Nardostachys jatamansiPlant-- -- *
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 70.0 -0.14 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosaShoot-- 10.0 -0.15 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Ocimum tenuiflorumLeaf-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum canumShoot-- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum basilicumEssential Oil300.0 18000.0 -0.4 *
Ocimum gratissimumPlant15.0 155.0 -0.37 *
Ocimum kilimandscharicumLeaf40.0 85.0 -0.22 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum basilicumShoot Essent. Oil4600.0 7200.0 -0.46 *
Ocimum gratissimumLeaf23.0 43.0 -0.22 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Ocimum kilimandscharicumFlower55.0 105.0 0.03 Charles, D.J., and Simon, J.E. 1992. Essential Oil Constituents of Ocimum killimandscharicum Guerke. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 125-128.
Ocimum gratissimumShoot-- 55.0 -0.14 Vostrowsky, O., Garbe, W., Bestmann, H.J. and Maia, J.G.S. 1990. Essential Oil of Alfavaca, Ocimum gratissimum, from Brazilian Amazon. Zeitschr. Naturforschung 45(C): 1073-6.
Ocimum basilicumLeaf Essent. Oil3700.0 13000.0 -0.68 *
Ocimum basilicumPlant2.0 180.0 -0.35 *
Ocimum gratissimumFlower47.0 88.0 -0.11 Charles, D.J. and Simon, J.E. 1992. A New Geraniol Chemotype of Ocimum gratissimum L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 231-234.
Origanum vulgareShoot Essent. Oil8400.0 8800.0 -0.3 *
Origanum onitesPlant-- 16.0 -0.47 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 725.0 -0.08 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 1.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgareShoot-- 225.0 -0.13 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 325.0 -0.12 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum onitesShoot-- 60.0 -0.14 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum majoranaPlant15.0 86.0 -0.42 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 25.0 -0.14 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 2.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 1.0 -0.48 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 265.0 -0.12 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum minutiflorumShoot235.0 310.0 -0.12 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Origanum vulgareEssential Oil-- 14300.0 -0.43 *
Origanum onitesShoot-- 60.0 -0.14 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum majoranaEssential Oil-- 19000.0 -0.39 *
Origanum vulgarePlant6.0 143.0 -0.38 *
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 325.0 -0.12 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleumShoot-- 325.0 -0.12 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum vulgarePlant-- 730.0 0.04 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacumShoot-- 265.0 -0.12 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Panax ginsengRoot Essent. Oil-- -- *
Panax ginsengRoot-- -- *
Pelargonium graveolensEssential Oil1.0 3.0 -0.56 *
Pelargonium citrosumShoot-- 0.6 -0.15 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Pelargonium roseumShoot-- 126.0 -0.13 *
Perilla frutescensPlant-- -- J.S. Glasby Dict.Pls Containing 2ndary Metabolite. 1991.
Perilla frutescensShoot Essent. Oil-- 7000.0 -0.48 Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Petroselinum crispumFruit-- -- *
Petroselinum crispumSeed1.0 31080.0 2.89 *
Petroselinum crispumSeed Essent. Oil-- 444000.0 2.32 *
Petroselinum crispumFruit Essent. Oil2000.0 248500.0 2.44 *
Petroselinum crispumLeaf-- 5.0 -0.22 *
Petroselinum crispumRoot-- -- *
Peucedanum ostruthiumRoot480.0 3360.0 0.91 *
Peumus boldusLeaf1.0 1000.0 -0.16 *
Pilocarpus jaborandiLeaf-- 125.0 -0.22 *
Pilocarpus microphyllusLeaf-- 25.0 -0.22 *
Pimenta dioicaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- *
Pimenta racemosaLeaf-- 950.0 -0.16 *
Pimenta dioicaFruit-- 14.0 -0.72 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pimenta dioicaLeaf-- 20.0 -0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pimpinella anisumEssential Oil-- -- *
Pimpinella anisumSeed1.0 306.0 -0.47 *
Pimpinella anisumFruit1.0 306.0 -0.64 *
Pinus sylvestrisRoot Essent. Oil175000.0 200000.0 1.01 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Pinus gerardianaResin, Exudate, Sap700000.0 800000.0 0.88 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus sylvestrisPlant-- -- *
Pinus wallicianaLeaf-- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 312000.0 0.96 *
Pinus sylvestrisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Pinus palustrisResin, Exudate, Sap128600.0 160750.0 -0.78 *
Pinus insularisResin, Exudate, Sap270000.0 941000.0 1.24 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus roxburghiiResin, Exudate, Sap200000.0 300000.0 -0.42 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus sylvestrisFlower-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisLeaf600.0 2500.0 -0.06 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Pinus sylvestrisTwig-- -- *
Pinus sylvestrisEssential Oil-- -- *
Pinus kesiyaResin, Exudate, Sap270000.0 941000.0 1.24 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper cubebaFruit Essent. Oil3000.0 130000.0 0.87 *
Piper nigrumEssential Oil-- -- *
Piper cubebaFruit1100.0 2200.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Piper nigrumSeed Essent. Oil-- -- *
Piper nigrumFruit Essent. Oil45000.0 94000.0 0.4 *
Piper nigrumFruit-- 3810.0 0.28 *
Piper auritumLeaf-- -- Tramil
Pistacia lentiscusResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Pogostemon cablinPlant-- -- *
Polygonum hydropiperEssential Oil-- -- *
Porophyllum ruderalePlant27.0 40.0 -0.45 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Psidium guajavaEssential Oil-- -- *
Psidium guajavaLeaf Essent. Oil-- 378000.0 1.33 *
Psidium guajavaPericarp Essent. Oil-- -- *
Ptychopetalum olacoidesRoot Essent. Oil-- 259000.0 1.67 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Pycnanthemum virginianumShoot6.0 145.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum beadleiShoot-- 21.0 -0.15 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum tenuifoliumShoot1.0 1020.0 -0.05 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumLeaf38.0 140.0 -0.22 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum montanumShoot7.0 272.0 -0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum curvipesShoot-- 84.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum verticillatumShoot-- 63.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioidesShoot84.0 88.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum albescensShoot16.0 54.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum setosumShoot20.0 1209.0 -0.03 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pilosumFlower38.0 140.0 0.32 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum loomisiiShoot2046.0 2646.0 0.12 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum torreyiShoot-- 20.0 -0.15 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum californicumShoot-- 144.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoidesShoot156.0 696.0 -0.08 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum muticumShoot29.0 200.0 -0.13 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum incanumShoot55.0 114.0 -0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ravensara aromaticaLeaf-- 60.0 -0.22 *
Ribes nigrumLeaf-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Ribes nigrumFruit-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosa centifoliaEssential Oil-- -- *
Rosa gallicaEssential Oil-- -- *
Rosa damascenaEssential Oil-- -- *
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceusShoot405.0 1740.0 0.03 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot-- 565.0 -0.09 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Rosmarinus officinalisEssential Oil79000.0 250000.0 1.64 *
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 34.0 -0.22 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus tomentosusShoot665.0 2830.0 0.13 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot990.0 2180.0 0.07 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot Essent. Oil-- 4400.0 -0.74 *
Rosmarinus officinalisPlant34.0 7225.0 4.63 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot680.0 1225.0 -0.03 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus x mendizabaliiShoot680.0 1500.0 0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisShoot1080.0 3000.0 0.15 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf-- 34.0 -0.22 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil-- 276000.0 0.77 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyxShoot680.0 1225.0 -0.03 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Ruta graveolensPlant-- -- *
Salvia dorisianaShoot-- -- -0.15 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Salvia trilobaPlant270.0 1800.0 0.79 *
Salvia officinalisEssential Oil11700.0 40100.0 -0.21 *
Salvia officinalisEt-- 35000.0 1.0 *
Salvia canariensisLeaf-- 670.0 -0.18 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Salvia sclareaPlant-- 3.0 -0.48 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Salvia officinalisPlant7.0 1540.0 0.61 *
Salvia officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil35000.0 55000.0 -0.45 *
Salvia gilliesiiShoot-- 55.0 -0.14 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Sassafras albidumLeaf0.1 5.0 -0.22 *
Sassafras albidumRoot1000.0 2000.0 0.22 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja montanaEssential Oil-- 6600.0 -0.5 *
Satureja parvifoliaShoot-- 20.0 -0.15 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cuneifoliaShoot-- 405.0 -0.11 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 225.0 -0.21 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 425.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja montanaPlant5.0 245.0 -0.31 *
Satureja douglasiiPlant299.0 884.0 0.14 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja thymbraShoot-- 480.0 -0.1 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Satureja odoraShoot-- 22.0 -0.15 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cilicicaShoot-- 150.0 -0.13 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 130.0 -0.22 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja hortensisPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Satureja subspicataPlant-- 30.0 -0.46 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Satureja grandifloraShoot-- 4.0 -0.15 Carnat, A., Chossegros, A., and Lamaison, J. 1991. The Essential Oil of Satureja grandiflora (L.) Scheele from France. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 361-362
Satureja obovataShoot300.0 510.0 -0.1 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Satureja obovataLeaf-- 330.0 -0.2 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja glabellaPlant-- 40.0 -0.45 *
Schinus molleFruit-- -- *
Sideritis mugronensisLeaf75.0 110.0 -0.22 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis athoaShoot-- 160.0 -0.13 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Sideritis mugronensisFlower15.0 410.0 2.58 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis pauliShoot-- 1540.0 0.01 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Sideritis germanicolpitanaPlant88.0 104.0 -0.41 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Skimmia arborescensLeaf325.0 1560.0 -0.12 *
Stachys germanicaPlant-- 67.0 -0.43 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Stevia rebaudianaLeaf-- 5.0 -0.22 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudianaFlower-- 4.0 -0.81 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Syringa vulgarisFlower-- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Tagetes filifoliaShoot-- 4.7 -0.15 *
Tagetes minutaPlant-- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Tagetes minutaFlower Essent. Oil-- 100.0 -1.0 *
Tagetes filifoliaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Tagetes minutaEssential Oil-- 10300.0 -0.47 *
Tagetes minutaLeaf Essent. Oil-- -- Zygadlo, J. S., Guzman, C. A., Grosso, N. R. 1994. Antifungal Properties of the Leaf Oils of Tagetes Minuta L. and T. filifolia Lag. J. Essent. Oil Res. 6 6: 617-621. Cat Quim Org Fac Cien Exact Univ Nacion Cordoba Cordoba 5000 Argentina.
Tamarindus indicaFruit Essent. Oil-- -- *
Tanacetum vulgarePlant-- -- *
Tanacetum partheniumFruit Essent. Oil-- 2000.0 -0.82 *
Tanacetum partheniumShoot-- 15.0 -0.15 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Tanacetum partheniumEssential Oil-- 10000.0 -0.47 *
Telosma cordataFlower-- 31.0 -0.59 K. Furukawa, T. Arai, S. Hashimoto, (1993); Volatile components of Telosma cordata Merrill flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., Vol 8, 221-223.
Tetraclinis articulataResin, Exudate, Sap-- -- *
Teucrium salviastrumShoot-- 0.2 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 0.35 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium gnaphalodesShoot-- 8.0 -0.15 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium asiaticumShoot-- 0.18 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium poliumPlant-- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Teucrium pseudoscorodoniaShoot-- -- Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepisShoot-- 0.18 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium scorodoniaShoot-- 0.08 -0.15 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium divaricatumLeaf-- 365.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium micropodioidesLeaf-- 265.0 -0.21 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium poliumShoot-- 80.0 -0.14 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium kotschyanumLeaf-- -- -0.22 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium cypriumLeaf-- 430.0 -0.2 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Thymus capitatusPlant10.0 150.0 -0.38 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus saturejoidesShoot-- 1750.0 0.03 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 425.0 -0.11 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus zygisShoot60.0 490.0 -0.1 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 3.0 -0.15 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus vulgarisPlant15.0 1598.0 0.65 *
Thymus mastichinaPlant-- 260.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus riatarumShoot-- 230.0 -0.12 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus vulgarisEssential Oil-- 8000.0 -0.49 *
Thymus x citriodorusPlant-- 50.0 -0.45 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 32.0 -0.14 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 3.0 -0.15 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus serpyllumPlant1.0 362.0 -0.23 *
Thymus capitatusShoot-- 4.0 -0.15 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus broussonettiiShoot-- 860.0 -0.06 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus funkiiShoot-- 425.0 -0.11 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus zygisShoot-- 32.0 -0.14 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus longicaulisShoot-- 635.0 -0.08 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus orospedanusPlant-- 665.0 -0.01 J. Nat. Prod.
Tilia sp.Flower-- -- *
Trachyspermum ammiFruit99.0 720.0 -0.53 *
Trichostemma dichotomumShoot-- 35.0 -0.14 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Turnera diffusaLeaf50.0 100.0 -0.22 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Umbellularia californicaPlant360.0 1440.0 0.54 *
Vaccinium corymbosumFruit-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf Essent. Oil1000.0 239100.0 0.56 *
Valeriana officinalisRoot1.0 500.0 -0.54 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalisRoot Essent. Oil-- 25000.0 -0.96 *
Valeriana officinalisRhizome Essent. Oil-- -- *
Valeriana officinalisLeaf2.0 6095.0 0.17 Father Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
Valeriana officinalisEssential Oil-- -- *
Vetiveria zizanioidesRoot-- 15.0 -0.79 *
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf-- 21.0 -0.22 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castusFruit21.0 4000.0 0.33 *
Vitex agnus-castusFlower-- -- *
Vitex agnus-castusLeaf Essent. Oil-- 43200.0 -0.52 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castusFruit Essent. Oil-- 6.6 -0.85 Jim Duke's personal files.
Zea maysHusk Essent. Oil-- -- *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome-- 720.0 1.11 *
Zingiber officinaleRhizome Essent. Oil-- 39000.0 1.39 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.